|Publication number||US621293 A|
|Publication date||Mar 14, 1899|
|Filing date||Sep 9, 1898|
|Publication number||US 621293 A, US 621293A, US-A-621293, US621293 A, US621293A|
|Inventors||George F. Crass|
|Original Assignee||F One|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
.No. 621,293. Patented Mar. I4, I899, G. F. GRASS.
' ,CHA'IN PIPE wmzncu.
(Application filed Sept. 9, 1898.) (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet l.
0%@% mam h Attorney.
No. 62|,293. Patented Mar. l4, I899. G. F. GRASS.
CHAIN PIPE WRENCH.
(Apphcat n filed 5 pt 9 1898) (No Model.) 2 Shams-Sheet 2.
f Fig.6. F397.
Witnesses. 44% @%/%M JZ WZ.
UNITED STATES Fries.
PATENT GEORGE F. GRASS, OF ITHAOA, NEW YORK, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO GUY WV. SLOOUM, OF SAME PLACE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 621,293, dated March 14, 1899.
Application filedSeptemher 9,1898- Serial No. 690,561. (No model.)
To aZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, GEORGE F. ORAss, of Ithaca,in the county of T0mpkins,in the State of New York, have invented new and useful Improvements in Ohain Pipe-Trenches, of which the following, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, is a full, clear, and exact description.
My invention relates to chain tongs or pipewrenches; and the object is to provide a simple, efiicient, and positive-acting tool 'of this class. I
My improved chain wrench consistsof a handle, one or a pair of jaws pivoted yieldingly to one end of the handle, a chain having one end pivoted to the same end of the handle or one or both of the jaws, and one or a pair of hooks on and near the same end of .the handle to engage the chain. The handle or shank may be of any suitable and wellknown shape, but is preferably made of equal thickness throughout its length and with its edges somewhat tapered, as indicated in the drawings.
My invention consists in certain other com binations of parts hereinafter described, and specifically set forth in the claims.
In the drawings hereto annexed and forming a part of this specification, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my preferred form of pipewrench applied to a piece of pipe in position to turn the same. Fig. 2 is an edge View of a portion of the same wrench, showing the pair of jaws. Fig. 3 is an edge view of a portion of a wrench having a single pivoted jaw, and Fig. 4 is a side view of the same. Figs. 5, 6, and 7 are different forms or modifications of jaws that may be used in my improved wrench. Fig. 8 is a side elevation of my improved wrench provided with the common link or log chain, and Fig. 9 is an edge view of a portion of this wrench.
Referring specifically to the drawings, A indicates the handle or shank of the wrench, the greater portion of the handle being broken away because of its length. I
Figs. 1 and 2 show a wrench having a pair of pivoted and yielding jaws B B. Each of said jaws is formed of a flat piece of metal having a convexly-curved edge provided with teeth I) to engage the pipe or rod to be turned. This curved edge extends between diametrically opposite sides of the jaw, said jaw be the shape and size of the jaws to receive them.
The curved end of the handle lies between the jaws, but does not extend quite to the teeth thereon. A rivet f passes through the centers of the jaws and. the end of the handle. The recesses are made of sufficient size to allow the jaws to rock slightly on the pivot or rivet f, and this allows them to yield when the wrench is applied to the pipe, so that more than a single tooth will engage the pipe during its operation. The shoulders at d, forming the stops or shoulders d d on the handle, are slightly beveled to form a good bearing-surface for the stopsc c on the jaws, when the jaws are moved to one side or the other. On opposite sides of the pair of jaws and pivoted on the ends of the said rivet are a pair of long links 9 g, which extend berate the inner links and hold them apart.
Instead of providing the rivets with enlarged central portions '2' washers may be used to separate the links. The links of the chain are of sufiicient length and the chain is otherwise constructed to allow spaces of equal size between the rivets to permit the hooks D D, projecting from the side edges of the shank A, to enter and engage one of. the rivets. Any rivet may be engaged by either of the hooks, depending upon the diameter of the pipe or rod around which the chain is passed. The tool is reversible and is operated in exactly the same way whichever side of the toothed jaws be applied to the pipe. The teeth on the jaws shown in Fig. 1 are shaped as ratchet-teeth and are pitched in opposite directions on opposite sides of the center to secure a positive grip upon the pipe and to insure against slipping.
Figs. 3 and 4 show my improved pipewrench with a single jaw B of the same shape as those hereinbefore described. \Vhen a single jaw is used, the head or large end of the shank is recessed or concaved to correspond with the shape and size of and to receive the smaller hemispherical portion Z) of the jaw, and the latter is secured to the head of the shank by a pair of links E E on opposite sides of the head and jaw, the latter parts being of equal thickness. A rivetjpasses through one pair of ends of the links and the shank, and another rivet 7; passes through the opposite ends of the links and the center of the jaw. The latter rivet is of sufficient length to pass through another pair of links g g, which is secured to the end of the chain C. The wrench having a single jaw works substantiallyin the same manner as that having the pair of jaws; but the latter, having a pair of yielding jaws, which can move slightly relatively to each other, forms a more positive engagement with the pipe, which may have a slightly irregular surface.
Fig. 5 shows a triangular-shaped jaw, the two sides Z l being straight and serrated and converging to form substantially an acute angle. The serrated sides of this jaw may, however, be slightly convexed or concaved, if desired.
Fig. 6 shows a cam-shaped form of jaw, which may be used on a non reversible wrench or one having onlya hook on one side for engagement with the chain.
Fig. 7 shows a jaw having a concaved toothed edge m to engage the pipe. Various forms of jaws may be used without departing from my invention, and therefore I do not desire to be limited to the forms of jaws herein shown and described.
Figs. 8 and 9 show a wrench substantially the same as that shown in Figs. 1 and 2, but having a different style of chain 0 attached thereto by means of a clevis F. The hooks D on the shank are made somewhat narrower than the shank to permit them to pass through the links. This form of chain is adapted for large and heavy work. It will be obvious that any suitable and well-known form of chain may be used.
It will be seen by the drawings that my improved chain wrench is applied in the usual manner. The toothed jaws are placed in 0011- tact with the pipe, and the chain is passed around the pipe and fastened to one of the hooks.
Having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. In a chain wrench, the combination with a handle, of a jaw provided with teeth pivoted yieldingly upon the head of said handle, one end of a chain connected to the head of the handle, and means on the handle near the head to engage the chain, as and for the purpose set forth.
2. In a chain wrench, the combination with a handle, of a jaw having a convexly-curved edge provided with teeth, said jaw being pivoted to rock on the head of the handle, one end of a chain connected to the head of the handle, and means on the handle to engage the chain at different points along its length, substantially as described and shown.
3. In a chain wrench, the combination with a handle, of a jaw formed of a disk having a convexly-curved edge provided with teeth, a smooth curved edge on its opposite side nearer the center, and shoulders on diametrically opposite sides and between the two curved portions, a recess in the head of the handle to receive the smaller curved portion of the jaw, a pivot securing the jaw to the head, a chain connected to the pivot, and a hook on the handle to engage the chain, as and for the purpose set forth.
4. In a chain wrench, the combination with a handle, of a pair of jaws pivoted yieldingly upon opposite sides of the head of said handle, said jaws being provided with teeth, one end of a chain connected to the head of the handle, and means, on the handle near the head to engage the chain, as set forth.
5. In a chain wrench, the combination with a'handle having recesses on opposite sides of the head, a pairof jaws having curved toothed edges pivoted to the said head of the handle and adapted to rock in said recesses on the pivot, a pair of links connecting the ends of the rivet forming the pivot with one end of a chain, a chain having rivets therein equally spaced apart, and projections on the side edges of the handle to engage the rivets, as set forth.
6. In a chain wrench, the combination with a handle having recesses on opposite sides of the head, a pair of jaws having curved toothed edges pivoted to the said head of the handle and adapted to rock relatively to each other in said recesses on the pivot, a pair of links connecting the ends of the rivet forming the pivot with one end of a chain, a chain having rivets therein equally spaced apart, and projections on the side edges of the handle to engage the rivets, as set forth.
7. In a chain wrench, the combination with a handle having recesses in the flat sides of ,ICO
the head thereof, jaws in the recesses and head of the handle to engage the chain, subpivoted to the head, said jaws having constantially as described and shown. IO VeX1y-cnrved edges provided with teeth and In testimony, whereof I have hereunto shoulders on opposite sides to engage shoulsigned my name.
5 ders 0n the said head, links connected to the GEORGE F. GRASS. [L. 3.]
ends of the rivet passing through the jaws, v Witnesses: one end of a chain connected to the said links, ROBERT REID, and hooks 011 the opposite side edges of the WV. G. SABIN.
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