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Publication numberUS621537 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 21, 1899
Filing dateOct 13, 1898
Publication numberUS 621537 A, US 621537A, US-A-621537, US621537 A, US621537A
InventorsOscar P. Ostergren
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for liquefying gas
US 621537 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

I M76 21 12. 5am.

N0. s2|, 537. Patented Mar. 21', I899. 0. .P. OSTERGREN & M. BURGER. g

APPARATUS FOR LlllllEI-YING GAS.

(Application filed Oct. 1a, 1e9a. I (No Model.) 2 Sheets-Sheet 2'.

v :m 3 Y I T d Z Z ,Z' I 0 F INVENTORS WITNESSES. W I

rrnn STATES PATENT rror.

OSCAR P. OSTEBGREN AND MORIZ BURGER, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., ASSIGNf ORS TO THE GENERAL LIQUID AIR AND REFRIGERATING COMPANY, OF

NEW JERSEY.

APPARATUS FOR LIQUEFYING GAS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 621,537, dated March e1, 1899.

Application filed October 13, 1898. Serial No. 693,465. (No model.)

T on whom, it may concern.-

Be it known that we, OSCAR P. OSTERGREN, a subject of the King of Sweden and Norway, and MORIZ BURGER, a citizen of the Confederation of Switzerland, residents of New York, county of New York, State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Apparatus for Liquefaction of Gas, of which the following is a specification.

Our invention relates to an improved apparatus for refrigerating or liquefying aeriformfluids or gases, particularly atmosphericair;

and it consists in an apparatus adapted to receive air or gas in a compressed and partiallycooled form, the said air or gas being caused to pass through a spiral coil or spiral coils from the periphery to the center of the apparatus, Where it is received by a suitable collector. The said air or gas is rendered inby means of the action of the return currents of partially-expanded air or gas which are arranged after passing through various ex-pan-' sion-chambers in the middle of the apparatus and having been divided up to return through spiral channels running parallel to the beforementioned coils, the currents, however, flowing in a reverse direction or from the center to the periphery of the apparatus. After the gas or air has passed to the central collector it is divided into the several outgoing currents of different pressures by means of aseries of successive expansions, a part of the gas being conveyed through a return-channel at each expansion and the remaining part again expanded until i the final expansion takes place in a receiver at low pressure, Where a portion of the gas or air becomes liquefied and may be drawn off as desired. As a result of these successive expansions the incoming air is subjected to a more perfect cooling action, thereby increasing refrigeration and effecting economy in the operation. Each of the return currents is conveyed to a compressor and through a compressing and cooling system until they are all again brought to the inlet end of the apparatus, together with such fresh supply of air as may be necessary to take the place of that which has been liquefied.

The object of our invention is to carry on tensely cold in its passage, as above stated,

Figure 1 is a vertical section of an improved apparatus embodying our invention. Fig. 2 is a horizontal section therethrough. Fig. 3

is a diagrammatic View illustrating a system of compressors and coolers which may be employed. Fig. 4 is a detailed View on an enlarged scale. Fig. 5 is a detail view of a slightly-modified construction.

Similar letters of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures.

A designatesa stand-pipe arranged to communicate with a supply of air, gas,or aeriforni fluid, which it is adapted to receive in a compressed and partially-cooled state.

B B designate a series of coils arranged in spiral form and communicating at their outer ends with the stand-pipe A and at the their inner ends with the central collector-pipe C.

D designates a chamber inclosed by a larger pipe, which surrounds the smaller collectorpipe 0, the space between the two pipes constituting the said chamber.

E E designate a second series of coils also arranged in spiral form and disposed alternately With the coils B, all of the coils being substantially alike and superposed alternately one above the other in the same vertical plane, as shown in the drawings. The inner end of these second series of coilscommunicates with the chamber D and the outer ends with a discharge-pipe O.

As thus far described it will be seen that there are two series of coils constituting two channels, the one leading spirally from the inlet stand-pipe to the collector in the middle. of the apparatus and the other leading spirally from the chamber D to the dischargeipe.

p The alternate series of coils B B and E E,

superposed in parallel lines, as before'stated,

are soldered or otherwise secured together, and will thus, as shown more fully in detail Fig. 4, form a continuous spiral vertical wall. The coils are so disposed that between each turn of all the series constituting the wall a space will be left forming a third spiral channel F,which starts from the space G, inclosed by the first turn of the spiral around the pipe D, terminating at the end of the said spiral, and discharges into the collector II. The collector H is here shown as comprising a cylindrical casin g surrounding all the coils and supported by a suitable base-plate I. A cap J is provided to inclose the upper portion.

z'j designate packing arranged between the lowermost coil and the base-plate I and the topmost coil and the cap J in order to insure an air-tight joint.

K designates a valve fitted to the lower end of the central collector-pipe C and controlling the passage of gas or air therefrom. The Valve may be operated by a hand-wheel L, secured to the end of the valve-rod which passes through the collector-pipe.

M designates a chamber which will receive the gas or air passing through the valve K and from whence it may pass through the ports N into the chamber D.

P designates a valve fitted to the lower end of the chamber M and communicating with a receiver Q. The valve is operated by a hand-wheel secured to the valve-rod Which passes through the receiver to the exterior thereof.

R designates a chamber surrounding the receiver and communicating with the channel F through the space G. Ports 4" 4' connect the interior of the receiver with the chamber R. r

The operation of the apparatus is as follows: Air or other gaseous fluid in a compressed and partially-cooled form is received in the stand-pipe A, from whence it passes through the coils B B to the collector C. From the collector C it is expanded into the chamber M, (through the valve K,) and a portion thereof will then pass through the ports N into the chamber D and through the coils E to the discharge-pipe 0. Upon opening the valve I a certain portion of the highlycompressed and intensely-cold air or gas Will be expanded into the receiver Q,- when liquefaction will take place, and the liquefied gas or air will fall to the bottom thereof, to be drawn off by a suitable cock there provided. That portion of the air or gas which does not liquef y after passing the valve P will pass through the ports 0' 0' into the chamber R, to the space G through the spiral channel E into the collector II. The return passage of the air or gas through the coils E B and 'the channel F will produce an intense coldness, and these outgoing channels completely surrounding the incoming spiral and acting through contact directly on the metal wall of the same will have an exceedingly effective action on the incoming current of compressed air or gas to lower the temperature of same.

By reason of the spiral arrangement of all the channels the apparatus is rendered perfectly self-insulating, the hottest ends of both the incoming and outgoing currents being at the periphery, and an enormous cooling-surface is obtained in a compact form without any loss through conduction or radiation.

A system of compressors and coolers which may be employed is shown diagrammatically in Fig. 3, in which View the arrangement of the spiral coils is also shown diagrammatically in an exaggerated manner in order to more clearly illustrate same.

T is intended to represent a compressor for compressing air or gas at atmospheric pressure, and T a compressor for drawing the air or gas from the collector H. U U are their respective coolers. The air or gas coming from the collector II will be at about atmospheric pressure or less. T is acompresor for drawing the air or gas from the dischargepipe 0 of the coilsEE, &c. The compressor T receives the air or gas from said dischargepipe and compresses it, together with the partially-compressed air or gas from T U T U,

and from thence it passes through the required coolers and compressors, as U T U to the stand-pipe A. l

It will of course be understood that we do not limit ourselves to the system of compressors and coolers just described, as any arrangement which will compress and cool to a desired amount the air or gas to be liquefied and which will draw off the air or gas from the collector and coils and recompress same may be used in combination with our implane, one of said channels arranged to carry the ingoing currents of aeriform fluid, and the other of said channels arranged to carry the outgoing currents of expanded fluid, another spiral channel arranged intermediate of the coils of the first-mentioned spiral chan nels, and arranged to carry outgoing currents of further expanded fluid, a plurality of expansion-chambers with which said channels are connected, and connections between said expansion-chambers substantially as specified.

2. In a condenser for. an air or gas refrigerating and liquefying apparatus the combination of two spiral concentric channels, each comprising a series of spiral coils, the coils of each series being arranged alternately with each other and in the same vertical plane, and another spiral channel arranged intermediate of the coils of the first-mentioned spiral channels, one of said channels arranged to carry the ingoing currents of aeriform fluid, and the others of said channels arranged to carry the outgoing currents of expanded aeriform fluid, a plurality of expansion-chambers with which said channels are connected, and connection between said expansion-chambers, substantially as specified.

3. In a condenser for an air or gas refrigerating and liquefying apparatus the combination of two series of spiral channels consisting of coils, the coils of each series arranged alternately with each other, a spiral channel arranged intermediate of the coils of the firstmentioned spiral channels, a plurality of expansion-chambers with which the said channels are connected, and valves controlling the connection between the said expansion-chambers substantiallyas specified.

4. In a condenser for an air or gas refrigerating and liquefyin g apparatus, the combination with a spiral channel for. incoming currents of aeriform fluid under pressure and a plurality of expansion-chambers, connected together, and with one of which the inner end of said channel is connected, of a plurality of spiral channels, concentric with the firstmentioned spiral channel, for outgoing expanded air of successively lower pressures, said spiral channels being connected with successive expansion-chambers, substantially as specified.

5. In a condenser for an air or gas refrigerating apparatus, the combination with a spiral channel for incoming currents of aeriform fluid under pressure, a plurality of expansion-chambers connected together, and with one of which the inner end of said channel is connected, and valves for controlling the connection between the said expansionchambers, of a plurality of spiral channels, concentric with the first -mentioned spiral channel for outgoing expanded air of successively lower pressures, said spiral channels being connected with successive expansionchambers, substantially as specified.

6. In a condenser for an air orgas refrigerating apparatus, the combination with a spiral channel for incoming current of aeriform fluid under pressure, a plurality of expansion-chambers, connected together, and with one of which the inner end of said channel is connected, and valves for controlling the connection between the said expansion-chambers, of a plurality of spiral channels concentric with the first-mentioned spiral channel for outgoing expanded air of successively lower pressures, said spiral channels being connected with successive expansion-chambers, means whereby said air or gas may be collected as liquefied anddrawn off when desired, substantially as specified.

7. In an apparatus for refrigerating and liquefying gas or air the combination with a spiral channel for incoming currents of aeriform fluid underpressure, a plurality of expansion chambers connected together, and with one of which the inner end of said channel is connected, and a plurality of spiral channels concentric with the first-mentioned spiral channel for outgoing gas or air of successively lower pressures said spiral channels being connected at their inner ends with successive expansion-chambers of a system of compressors and coolers whereby the expanded gas or air is conducted away from the last mentioned channels, compressed and cooled and returned to the first-mentioned channel and means for compressing and cooling fresh gas or air to take the place of that liquefied, substantially as specified.

8. In acondenser for an air or gas refrigerating and liquefying apparatus the combination with a series of spiral channels for incoming currents of compressed aeriform fluid, of a series of spiral channels for outgoing currents of expanded aeriform fluid, the said channels carrying the outgoing currents'bei-ng arranged to completely surround the channels carrying the incoming currents, a plurali'ty of successive expansion-chambers for different pressures connected together, and to the inner ends of the several channels, substantially as set forth.

9. In a condenser for an air or gas refrigerating and liquefying apparatus the combination of a stand-pipe, a central collector,a series of spiral coils connected .at their outer ends with the stand-pipe and at their inner ends with the collector, an expansion-chamber, a

communication between the collector and the expansion-chamber, another series of spiral coils arrangedalternately with the first series, and in the same vertical plane therewith, said coils being connected at their inner ends with said expansion-chamber and at their outer ends with a common return-pipe, another expansion -chamber, communicating with the aforesaid expansion chamber, and another spiral channel arranged intermediate of each turn of the spiral coils, the inner end of said channel being connected to the last-mentioned expansion-chamber, substantially as specified.

Signed at New York, N. Y., this 30th day of September, 1898.

OSCAR P. OSTERGREN. MORIZ BURGER. Witnesses as to Ostergren:

J. O. OHAPIN, S. M. GARDENHUE. Witnesses as to Burger:

B. BERNNARD, S. W. VANDIVERT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2446880 *Jun 28, 1941Aug 10, 1948Little Inc ADistillation and heat exchange apparatus
US2521369 *Nov 3, 1944Sep 5, 1950Air PreheaterMultifluid heat exchanger
US2529013 *May 10, 1945Nov 7, 1950American Locomotive CoHeat exchanger
US2578550 *Jan 25, 1946Dec 11, 1951Air PreheaterMultifluid heat exchanger
US6681764 *Jun 29, 1999Jan 27, 2004Sequal Technologies, Inc.Methods and apparatus to generate liquid ambulatory oxygen from an oxygen concentrator
US6698423 *Oct 19, 1999Mar 2, 2004Sequal Technologies, Inc.Methods and apparatus to generate liquid ambulatory oxygen from an oxygen concentrator
USRE43398 *Mar 1, 2006May 22, 2012Respironics, Inc.Methods and apparatus to generate liquid ambulatory oxygen from an oxygen concentrator
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationF25J2270/90