|Publication number||US6217511 B1|
|Application number||US 09/269,127|
|Publication date||Apr 17, 2001|
|Filing date||Jul 14, 1998|
|Priority date||Aug 23, 1997|
|Also published as||DE29715168U1, WO1999009878A1|
|Publication number||09269127, 269127, PCT/1998/4360, PCT/EP/1998/004360, PCT/EP/1998/04360, PCT/EP/98/004360, PCT/EP/98/04360, PCT/EP1998/004360, PCT/EP1998/04360, PCT/EP1998004360, PCT/EP199804360, PCT/EP98/004360, PCT/EP98/04360, PCT/EP98004360, PCT/EP9804360, US 6217511 B1, US 6217511B1, US-B1-6217511, US6217511 B1, US6217511B1|
|Original Assignee||Olympus Winter & Ibe Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (16), Referenced by (6), Classifications (9), Legal Events (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a surgical endoscope with a shaft and a main body mounted proximally to the shaft, an operative duct for passing a surgical instrument through the body, and optics extending through the endoscope.
Endoscopes of this type are held and guided by the surgeon in the fingers of one hand when performing surgery. The fingers seize the endoscope by its main body.
The surgeon must manually move the endoscope in order, for example, to insert it into an aperture in a patient's body. This insertion entails rotating, pivoting, pushing and pulling the endoscope which is furthermore required to exactly follow the surgeon's manual guidance to prevent injury to the patient's tissue or vessels.
As a result, absolutely reliable gripping contact between the fingers of the guiding hand and the endoscope must be assured. The surgeon's other hand holds the proximal end of an operative tool inserted into the endoscope's operative duct and, by driving that tool, performs specific functions at the site of surgery.
Endoscopes of this type are used in particular in the form of ureteroscopes. The surgeon must insert the ureteroscope through the patient's urethra, pass it through the bladder space and then guide the ureteroscope through the ostium into the ureter. The described path is traversed while rotating, pivoting and pushing the ureteroscope. Reliable gripping contact between the fingers of the guiding hand and the ureteroscope must be assured to preclude injuring delicate tissue, for instance the bladder or ureter, by unintended ureteroscope displacements.
Conventional endoscopes incur the substantial drawback of lacking dedicated gripping surfaces. Such endoscopes are seized at arbitrary sites, almost anywhere on the main body which, however, does not allow secure and convenient gripping. Truly safe handling cannot be achieved. Because the main body is seized in a more or less unconstrained manner, there may follow undesired actuation of functional elements such as valves, switches or the like.
Accordingly, an object of the present invention is to provide an endoscope of the type discussed above which provides for reliable gripping contact between the fingers and the endoscope's main body, thereby securely holding and guiding the endoscope.
The endoscope of the invention is fitted with a thumb-grip and a finger-grip. Accordingly, the endoscope no longer is seized just anywhere on the main body, but rather it is seized at sites dedicated to the thumb and fingers. In this manner, the endoscope may be held conveniently and without fatigue. The invention allows firm gripping in order to also absorb or exert high forces. Because of the reliable finger action on the dedicated gripping surfaces, the danger of erroneous actuations caused by spuriously driving valves, switches or the like is reduced.
In an especially advantageous embodiment, the thumb grip is situated above the endoscope axis, allowing the surgeon to hold the endoscope by a large area. This ergonomic design prevents premature fatigue, for instance, of the surgeon's arm.
In an advantageous manner, providing a second finger grip allows still more reliable gripping of the endoscope. The endoscope is held between the fingers of one hand, for instance, between the index and the middle fingers of one hand and the thumb of the same hand. In other words, the endoscope is held at three points.
In a further embodiment, providing fiber optics extending transversely to the main body, and using the fiber optics as the second finger grip allows saving one component which lowers costs.
In a further advantageous embodiment, an ocular or camera adapter projects obliquely from the main body and the thumb grip is mounted at an acute angle therebetween. An ergonomically advantageous gripping position is secured to prevent the thumb from being wedged into the angle apex.
By situating the thumb grip in the ocular, the instrument insertion along the proximal endoscope axis can be made very short and thereby the endoscope can be made shorter and more easily handled.
The invention is shown in illustrative and schematic manner in the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a side elevation of a surgical endoscope fitted with a thumb-grip and a finger-grip;
FIG. 2 is a side elevation of a surgical endoscope comprising a laterally oblique ocular fitted with one thumb-grip and one finger-grip; and
FIG. 3 is a side elevation of a surgical endoscope according to FIG. 1 but with a camera mounted at the proximal end of the main body and a fiber optics adapter at this camera and a bilateral finger-grip.
FIG. 1 shows a surgical endoscope consisting distally of a shaft 1 and proximally of a main body 2. Main body 2 is fitted with a fiber optics hookup 3 and an instrument intake stub 4 oblique to main body 2. An ocular 5 at the proximal end of main body 2 may also be used as a camera adapter. This figure also shows a first finger grip 6 with a distal gripping surface 7 and a thumb grip 8 with a proximal gripping surface 9.
The thumb and the finger of the hand guiding the endoscope are shown in highly schematic manner: the endoscope is gripped by the thumb 10, the middle finger 11 and the fourth finger 12. The index finger 13 and the small finger 14 are also indicated. This FIG. clearly shows how the fiber optics hookup 3 also serves as a second finger grip.
FIG. 2 shows a surgical endoscope with an ocular 5′ oblique to the main body 2′ and with a proximal instrument intake stub 4′ extending in the axial direction. In this embodiment, thumb grip 8′ is mounted on ocular 5′.
Lastly, FIG. 3 shows an endoscope without an obliquely projecting fiber optics hookup. It shows a main body 2″ on which is affixed a first finger grip 6 together with a second finger grip 15. The two finger grips 6 and 15 are integral with each other in this embodiment. Second finger grip 15 of this embodiment is fitted with two distal gripping surfaces 16 and 17 to hold, in this instance, middle finger 11 and index finger 13. Fourth finger 12 acts on gripping surface 7 of first finger grip 6. In this design, also, reliable gripping is assured by three gripping surfaces.
In this embodiment, fiber optics 18 is connected to a camera 19 proximally mounted on ocular 5. A camera cable 20 is also shown.
The two finger grips 6 and 15 also may be mounted in a slight variation from the shown 180° position. Furthermore, thumb grip 8 and finger grip 6 of FIG. 1 may be mounted at an angle somewhat different from the one of 180° shown therein.
The manner shown in the above Figures in which the endoscope is held with the fingers, namely between the middle and fourth fingers, also can be varied. Illustratively the endoscope may be held between the index and the middle fingers.
Other designs also are conceivable. For instance, thumb grip 8′ of FIG. 2 may be mounted in clamped manner between ocular 5′ and main body 2′ or between the ocular 5′ and instrument insertion stub 4′.
The finger grips also may be designed for all four fingers of one hand and correspondingly be fitted with four distal gripping surfaces. The grips may also be closed on themselves to constitute finger and/or thumb rings.
Additionally, the grips may be designed in a manner to allow retrofitting conventional endoscopes with them, for instance in the form of plug-on plastic molded parts. Also all grips may be combined into one component which then is joined as one unit to the endoscope.
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|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6971987||Sep 20, 2002||Dec 6, 2005||The Chinese University Of Hong Kong||Apparatuses for securing medical devices to humans and methods for facilitating the manipulation of secured medical devices|
|US7927271||Apr 19, 2011||C.R. Bard, Inc.||Endoscope tool coupling|
|US8075478||Dec 13, 2011||Campos Jorge A||System, apparatus, and method for viewing a visually obscured portion of a cavity|
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|US20070270640 *||May 17, 2006||Nov 22, 2007||John Dimitriou||Endoscope tool coupling|
|US20090247827 *||Mar 27, 2009||Oct 1, 2009||U.S. Endoscopy Group, Inc.||Endoscope Gripping Device|
|U.S. Classification||600/131, 600/164, 600/106|
|International Classification||A61B1/04, G02B23/24|
|Cooperative Classification||A61B1/042, G02B23/2476|
|European Classification||G02B23/24D, A61B1/04D|
|Mar 19, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: OLYMPUS WINTER & IBE GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HELD, MANFRED;REEL/FRAME:009923/0826
Effective date: 19990126
|Oct 30, 2001||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Oct 12, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 2, 2008||RR||Request for reexamination filed|
Effective date: 20080701
|Sep 24, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Sep 1, 2009||B1||Reexamination certificate first reexamination|
Free format text: THE PATENTABILITY OF CLAIMS 1 AND 2 IS CONFIRMED. CLAIMS 3-5 WERE NOT REEXAMINED.
|Sep 27, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12