|Publication number||US6226794 B1|
|Application number||US 08/950,505|
|Publication date||May 1, 2001|
|Filing date||Sep 16, 1997|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1996|
|Also published as||CA2265958A1, CA2265958C, EP0927493A1, EP0927493A4, WO1998012874A1|
|Publication number||08950505, 950505, US 6226794 B1, US 6226794B1, US-B1-6226794, US6226794 B1, US6226794B1|
|Inventors||Bruce J. Anderson, Jr., Nadine Lamont, Sharyn L. Drasner, Arthur L. Greenberg|
|Original Assignee||Sarnoff Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (19), Referenced by (115), Classifications (36), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application claims benefit of U.S. provisional application No. 60/026,229, filed Sep. 17, 1996.
The present invention relates to an interactive information distribution system and, more particularly, to a set top terminal for interactively communicating with the information distribution system.
Recent advances in digital signal processing techniques and, in particular, advances in digital compression techniques, have led to a plethora of proposals for providing new digital services to a subscribers home via existing telephone and coaxial networks. For example, it has been proposed to provide hundreds of cable television channels to subscribers by compressing digital video, transmitting the compressed digital video over conventional coaxial cable television cables, and then decompressing the video at the subscriber's set top terminal. Another proposed application of this technology is a movie-on-demand system in which a subscriber communicates directly to the video service provider via telephone lines to request a particular video program from a video library and the requested video program is routed to the subscriber's home via telephone lines or via coaxial television cables for immediate viewing.
However, these present movie-on-demand video systems are not truly interactive systems wherein a subscriber can selectively access a large audio, video or data library and control the presentation of the selected information on a real time basis, as when a video program is played back using the viewer's conventional video cassette recorder. Most of the presently available systems have a simple control interface that permits the subscriber to merely order information without any further control of the presentation of the information. Typically the set top terminals in these forms of systems merely demodulate the signal from the cable network and present them to the viewer on the viewer's conventional television. Control information from the set top terminal to the service provider is typically carried by the telephone network. As such, only rudimentary commands are permitted, otherwise a dedicated telephone line would be necessary.
Therefore, there is a need in the art for a set top terminal that is capable of interacting with an interactive information distribution system to provide real time interaction with the services provided by the service provider.
The disadvantages heretofore associated with the prior art are overcome by the present invention. The present invention is a set top terminal for receiving information transmitted from a service provider, for receiving control information transmitted by a service provider, and for transmitting control information from the set top terminal to the service provider to interactively control the services that are being received. More specifically, the set top terminal receives in-band information from the service provider, e.g., menu images, data, video, audio, and the like, in a frequency band of 50-750 MHz. The control information transmitted by the set top terminal is carried in a frequency band of 15.5 to 29.5 MHz. As such, the set top terminal communicates using three independent communications channels: (a) an information channel; (2) a command channel; and (3) a back channel. The back channel information is modulated by the set top terminal using a binary phase shift key (BPSK) modulator. The command channel of control information received by the set top terminal from the network is transmitted using quadrature phase shift key (QPSK) modulation. The broadband information carried by the information channel is modulated using either quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) or a conventional analog modulated television signal modulation scheme such as NTSC, PAL, or SECAM. Prior to being modulated into a carrier frequency, both the command channel data and the information channel data are packetized using a transport protocol such as the Moving Pictures Experts Group transport protocol, a modified version of this protocol, or some other protocol that facilitates packet addressing and routing.
More specifically, the set top terminal of the present invention contains a diplexer that is coupled at its input to an RF feed from a source of video and control information. The diplexer has a single feed path to be used by the back channel, the command channel and the information channel. The diplexer, which acts as a T filter, couples the signal from the RF feed to a signal splitter that, in turn, couples the signal to two tuners (one tuner for the command channel signals and one tuner for the information channel signals). The command channel tuner and demodulator select a particular frequency carrying command channel information for the particular set top terminal, demodulate that information, depacketize the data and provide a data stream of control information to a microprocessor that controls the set top terminal.
The tuner for the information channel selects a particular channel on which information for the set top terminal is received and converts the RF signal to an IF signal. The IF signal, if it is an analog video signal, is processed by an NTSC demodulator in a conventional manner. Parallel to the NTSC demodulator is a digital television signal demodulator that demodulates QAM modulation, extracts data packets addressed to this set top terminal using an information channel transport decoder and finally, decodes the compressed video using an MPEG decoder to produce both digital video and digital audio signals. The digital video signal is then encoded using an NTSC encoder to produce a luminance and chrominance signal that is multiplexed and modulated using an RF modulator to generate a composite video signal on channel 3/4 for reception by a conventional television. In addition, there is an S video output, a composite video output and stereo audio output. To control the information, the user manipulates an infrared remote control to send commands to the set top terminal which has an infrared receiver that digitizes the information and couples it to a data/address bus for the microprocessor. The information on the bus is processed by the microprocessor, formatted into transmittable data which is modulated onto a carrier using the BPSK back channel modulator. The output of the modulator is amplified and coupled to the diplexer such that a single path input into the set top terminal is used for both transmitting and receiving information. The power level and transmission frequency used by the set top terminal are controlled by the microprocessor.
The teachings of the present invention can be readily understood by considering the following detailed description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, in which:
FIG. 1 depicts a high level block diagram of a set top terminal in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 2 depicts a detailed block diagram of an information channel transport depacketizer; and
FIG. 3 depicts a block diagram of a command channel transport depacketizer.
To facilitate understanding, identical reference numerals have been used, where possible, to designate identical elements that are common within the figure.
FIG. 1 depicts a block diagram of the set top terminal 100 of the present invention. The set top terminal contains an input port 102 that is coupled to a conventional cable or hybrid fiber-cable coax network (not shown). This network carries an information channel, a command channel, and a back channel. The information channel carries both analog signals (e.g., conventional cable television signals) and digital signals (e.g., interactive television signals). Specifically, at the distal end of the network is a interactive information service provider equipment that provides requested information and analog television signal via the information channel as well as command and control information for the set top terminal on the command channel. The service provider equipment also accepts requests and commands from the set top terminal transmitted via the back channel. The back channel information is generally carried using a frequency within the band 15.5 to 29.5 MHz. The command channel information is generally carried on a carrier in the 70 to 110 MHz band, but can be transmitted on any frequency in the 50-750 MHz band. The information channel occupies the band from 50 to 750 MHz. All these channels are propagated through a single network using frequency multiplexing.
An analog signal multiplexer 103 has one input coupled to input port 102 and a second input coupled to an RF modulator 184. This “bypass” multiplexer couples either the input port RF signal directly to a television or couples a channel 3/4 modulated signal to the television. The information carried by the channel 3/4 modulated signal are described below.
A diplexer 104 is a T filter that couples the back channel signal from the back channel modulator 115 onto the RF feed path to port 102 and passes the information channel and the command channel through the diplexer to their respective tuners 106 and 108. An RF splitter 105 is coupled to the output of the diplexer 104. The splitter couples the RF signal to both the command channel tuner 108 and the information channel tuner 106.
The command channel tuner 108 is software selectable tuning such that the set top terminal once installed has a particular frequency upon which it will receive all of its command channel information, but this frequency can be changed via commands from the service provider. The modulation received via the command channel is quadrature phase shift keyed (QPSK) having a data rate of 1 megabit per second. The data is carried using a modified MPEG-2 transport packet format subdivided into 23 byte cells. After packetizing and forward error correcting the information the effective bandwidth of the channel is 750 kilobits per second. The tuner selects one frequency within a number of available frequencies for demodulation. The IF signal from the tuner is filtered by a 1 MHz SAW filter 109 and amplified by AGC amplifier 114. A mixer 110 downconverts an RF signal from the jumper selectable tuner by mixing the output of the selectable tuner with a 40.75 MHz signal from a VCXO 112. Mixer 110 produces a baseband signal that is then filtered by a low pass filter 113. The amplified signal is then converted into a digital signal using a 6-bit analog-to-digital converter (ADC) 116 that produces a sequence of 6bit sample of the baseband command channel signal at a 2 MHz sampling rate. The digitized signal is coupled to a conventional QPSK demodulator 154. The QPSK demodulator also controls the VCXO 112 via a control signal amplified by amplifier 111. The QPSK demodulator is available within a demodulator integrated circuit available from Broadcom as model BCM3115.
To complete the demodulation of the QPSK signal and recover the command channel data, the output of the QPSK demodulator is processed (e.g., depacketized) by a portion of a field programmable gate array 120. The command channel depacketizer is discussed in detail with respect to FIG. 3 below. The depacketizer is implemented within a field programmable gate array (FPGA) 118 such as the model 8820 EPLD available from Altera. This FPGA is used to implement other circuits within the set top terminal including an address decoder, an interrupt controller, a clock divider, a switch controller, an LED controller, an IR receiver controller, an information channel depacketizer, a back channel modulator controller, and a 27 MHz clock error control circuit.
The command channel data is carried within a packetized signal using a modified MPEG transport protocol. Specifically, the command channel data is carried as a payload of a packet having 4 bytes of transport header and 184 bytes of payload data. The payload comprises a plurality of various length blocks of data. Each block is preceded by a 16 bit address and an 8 bit length designator. The block of data generally contains an acknowledge sequence, message number, data, and a CRC for the data. Once depacketized the block of data is coupled to the 16-bit microprocessor 126. The microprocessor 126 implements any instructions that are contained in the data stream.
To synchronize the depacketizing process, the command channel signal depacketizer finds the synchronization code in the transport packet header and confirms that it has an 0×47 value. Once the correct code is determine, the depacketizer looks at the synchronization code field in the transport header every 188 bytes. If the 0×47 value is not found in the header, the depacketizer awaits the next header to resynchronize. Once synchronized, the depacketizer ignores all other information in the transport header. The depacketizer compares the 16-bit address in each of the data blocks. If a block has an address that matches an address established by the microprocessor, the block is passed to the microprocessor. All other blocks are ignored.
The IF output signal from tuner 106 is coupled, through switch 140, to both a digital signal demodulator circuit 130 as well as an analog signal demodulator 132. The analog demodulator contains a conventional NTSC signal demodulator module 134, an on-screen display (OSD) unit 136 and a Y/C separator 138. The output of the NTSC demodulator module 134 is a baseband video signal as well as a baseband audio signal. The baseband video is coupled to the OSD unit 136 that accepts commands from the microprocessor such that OSD functionality is provided in a conventional manner. The combined baseband video signal as well as the OSD information is coupled to the Y/C separator 138. The Y/C separator 138 generates a luminance signal and a chrominance signal derived from the baseband video. Thus, the inventive set top terminal demodulates all available conventional NTSC cable television channels in addition to the interactive services described below. Similar circuitry would be used for demodulating signals using other analog television formats such as PAL or SECAM.
The digital demodulator 130 contains a SAW filter 142 having a 6 MHz bandwidth and an amplifier 144. The SAW filter band limits the IF signal from the tuner 106. The amplifier 144 is gain controlled by the demodulator 154 to compensate for the insertion loss of the SAW filter 142 and input signal amplitude variations. The output of the amplifier 144 is coupled to a mixer 148 which combines a 38.75 MHz generated by the oscillator 146 with the IF signal to produce a complex output signal, i.e., a signal having in-phase and quadrature components. The complex signal is filtered by low pass filter 150 and then analog-to-digital (A/D) converted by 10-bit A/D converter 152. The A/D converter 152 produces a digital representation of the complex signal generated by low pass filter 150.
The output signal for the A/D converter is coupled to a QAM demodulator integrated circuit available from Broadcom as model BCM3115. This demodulator is supported by a 20.248840 MHz voltage controlled crystal oscillator (VCXO). The demodulated signal from the demodulator 154 is coupled to the information channel transport depacketizer 158. The information channel transport depacketizer 158 is further described with reference to FIG. 2 below. Suffice it to say that this depacketizer removes the transport packet headers and disregards any irrelevant programming material that is not addressed to this particular set top terminal. The output from the transport depacketizer 158 is a program stream containing requested programming for the subscriber using this particular set top terminal.
The program stream is coupled to compressed video decoder 160 (e.g., an MPEG decoder) which is available from LSI Logic as model LSI64002. The MPEG decoder is supported by one megabit of random access memory 162 and an optional additional one megabit memory 164. The MPEG decoder 160 is also supported by a clock generator 166 that supplies the decoder with a stable 27 MHz reference. The output signals of the MPEG decoder are a digital video signal and a digital audio signal.
The generator is coupled to a portion of the field programmable gate array 118 that is programmed as a clock error control circuit 166. In operation, the clock error control circuit 166 compares the local SCR information that is produced by the microprocessor 126 with the SCR generated by the MPEG decoder. The decoded SCR information is extracted from the program material by the MPEG decoder. The difference between the local SCR and the extracted SCR generates an error signal indicative of timing error between the service provider and the set top terminal. The error signal coupled as a control voltage to the 27 MHz clock generator 172 (Microclock model number MT 27701-015). The clock generator 172 derives the 27 MHz signal from a signal generated by a 14.31818 MHz oscillator. The frequency locked 27 MHz signal is used by the transport depacketizer 158, the NTSC encoder 175 and the MPEG decoder 160 to produce the video and audio signals carried by the information channel. Additionally, a clock divider which is part of the field programmable gate array 118 is used for generating an audio clock derived from the 27 MHz reference clock.
The digital video signal is coupled to an NTSC encoder 175 which is available from Phillips Consumer Electronics as model SAA7185. This encoder uses the digital video as well as the 27 MHz clock to generate luminance and chrominance signals as well as a composite video signal. The output signals from the NTSC encoder 175 are coupled to one input of an analog multiplexer 176. The other input pair to the analog multiplexer 176 is generated by the Y/C separator 138. The multiplexer, under control of a video output selection line 178, selects either the luminance and chrominance signals as well as the composite video generated from the digital video or the luminance and chrominance signals as well as the composite video generated from the analog video signals as an output signal for the set top terminal (e.g., an S-video output).
The composite video output of the analog multiplexer 176 is coupled to an RF modulator 182. The RF modulator is controlled by a channel 3/4 selection signal that informs the RF modulator on which television channel the output signal should be modulated. In response to this signal, the RF modulator 182 upconverts the composite video signal to either channel 3 or channel 4 of the broadcast television band. The upconverted signal is coupled to the second input of multiplexer 103.
The audio signals (both baseband audio from the analog signal and digital audio from the digital signal) are processed by the audio decoder 188 which is available from Philips Consumer Electronics as model number TTA9855WPA. The digital audio from the MPEG decoder is coupled to an audio digital-to-analog converter (D/A) 190 which converts the digital audio signal into an analog audio signal and couples it to an analog multiplexer 194 within the audio decoder 188. The audio decoder contains a stereo decoder 192, an analog multiplexer 194, a volume control unit 196 and an audio summer 198. The stereo decoder operates on the baseband audio from the NTSC demodulator and provides a stereo audio output signal that is coupled to one input of the analog multiplexer 194. The other input of the analog multiplexer 194 is the stereo analog signal derived from the digital audio. The analog multiplexer selects, under control of the microprocessor 126 via the I2C control 212, either of the audio channels that corresponds to the video that is then being presented to the output ports of the set top terminal. The output signal from the analog multiplexer is coupled to a volume control unit 196 and, in turn, to an audio summer 198. The summer 198 passes the stereo audio output to the output ports of the set top terminal as well as providing a monophonic audio signal to the RF modulator. The monophonic audio is combined with the video signal and generated as an RF output signal on either channel 3 or channel 4. This RF output signal is a broadcast television signal containing both video and audio information in NTSC format.
The 16-bit microprocessor 126 is supported by 25 MHz crystal 200, an instruction read only memory (ROM) 202, random access memory (RAM) 204, a light emitting diode (LED) indicators 206, and an infrared receiver 208. The ROM 202 and RAM 204 as well as an I2C controller 212, an EEPROM 214 and the FPGA 118 are coupled to a data and address buses 216 that are used for interconnecting the various digital control components of the set top terminal.
The subscriber instructions are coupled from the IR receiver 208 to the FPGA 118 and, ultimately, to the microprocessor 126. If the instruction can be implemented locally (e.g., change channel, power on/off, volume control, and the like), the microprocessor 126 directly implements the command. However, if the instruction requires interaction with the service provider equipment (e.g., a new interactive menu, movie selection, system queries regarding billing and the like), the microprocessor transmits the instruction to the service provider via the back channel.
Specifically, the instruction is digitally modulated onto a carrier frequency using BPSK modulation. The BPSK modulator 115 contains a data shaping filter 121, a mixer 123 driven by a synthesizer 119, a power amplifier 125 and a bandpass filter 127. The mixer 123 upconverts the shaped data using a frequency from synthesizer 119. The frequency and power level used by the modulator are established by the microprocessor 126 via signals on a control lines 124 and 125. The frequency and power level are typically set in response to commands from the service provider equipment that are sent via the command channel. The LED 206 is driven by the FPGA 118 to indicate when the set top terminal is activated as well as other operational states. The infrared receiver 208 receives command and control instructions from an infrared remote control unit used by the subscriber.
The set top terminal of FIG. 1 demodulates both NTSC formatted analog television signals as well as digital television signals. In addition, the set top terminal receives command and control information through a command channel and generates back channel information using a back channel modulator. As such, a single set top terminal performs extensive functions to present and manipulate video information as displayed on a conventional television set.
FIG. 2 is a detailed block diagram of the information channel transport depacketizer 158 implemented as part of the FPGA 118. The transport depacketizer 158 contains an shift register 250, a header separator 252, a comparator 254, a D flip-flop 256, a program identification (PID) register 258, control logic 260, and clock driver 262 (a circuit that is outside of the FPGA 118 and contained in clock generator 172). The MPEG transport packet stream is coupled to the shift register 250 as well as the D terminal of the D flip-flop 256. The D flip-flop has its enable port grounded such that the flip-flop clocks all the transport stream data through to the MPEG decoder. The shift register buffers the transport packet and couples the packet information to the header separator 252 which removes the transport header from the transport packet stream in a conventional manner. The output from the header separator is coupled to one input of a comparator 254. The PID register 258 contains the program identification code for the program that is to be received by the set top terminal. A PID is contained within each transport stream packet. The comparator 254 compares the program identification code stored in the PID register 258 with the PID of each packet within the program stream generated from the header separator 252. When a comparison occurs that indicates the PID in a packet is the same as the PID of the PID register, the comparator 254 activates the enable port of the clock driver 262 (e.g., a clock driver that can be activated and deactivated). In response to the comparator output signal, the clock driver couples the 27 MHz clock to the MPEG decoder 160. If the PIDs do not match, the clock driver does not couple the clock to the decoder and the decoder does not function. As such, the data is packets that are not carrying the appropriate PID are ignored. Alternatively, the comparator output signal could be coupled to the enable port of the D flip-flop and control passage of the MPEG data to the decoder instead of controlling the clock availability.
To facilitate efficient operation of the information channel transport depacketizer 158 as implemented in an FPGA, the control logic 260 causes the PID comparison to be accomplished in two steps. Although a one step (13-bit) comparison is possible, it is more efficient to first compare five most significant bits (MSB) of the PIDs. IF there is not a match, the packet is ignored. If there is a match, then the remaining 8 bits are compared.
In operation, the server typically provides the set top terminal with a transport stream that may contain programming data for 10 different set top terminals (known as a neighborhood). As such, the transport depacketizer effectively produces a 10 to 1 data reduction, e.g., 1 out of every 10 program stream packets are decoded and the remainder are rejected. Under normal conditions, this results in each set top terminal processing a 2.6 Mbps channel of data. However, if a high bandwidth channel is required for a certain programming event, the server need only send more programming PID codes addressed to a particular set top terminal for that terminal to receive the higher band width channel. In other words, if a bandwidth doubling is required (e.g., 5.2 Mbps), then rather than having 1 out of 10 packets addressed to the set top terminal, 2 out of 10 packets would be addressed to a particular set top terminal. As such, a particular program would receive a doubling in effective bandwidth.
The command channel transport depacketizer 120 has a similar form as that shown in FIG. 2. However, as depicted in the block diagram of FIG. 3, the PID register is replaced with TID and broadcast TID registers 304. These registers contain TID codes to facilitate the depacketizer 120 searching for data blocks carrying a TID address corresponding to the particular terminal. In addition, all terminals utilize a broadcast TID to enable the service provider to send global instructions to all set top terminals. Thus, a terminal will receive and process any commands having the TID or the broadcast TID. To control processing of data blocks, the comparator 308 is coupled to the enable port of the D flip-flop 310. As such, the comparator controls activation and deactivation of the D flip-flop 310. The control logic 306 that is coupled to the header separator 302 and the TID comparator 308 contains counter circuit 312 that is preset with a value contained in the length designator of each data block. The counter circuit then counts down as bits in the data block are clocked through the shift register 300. When the counter attains zero, the depacketizer captures the next address for TID comparison and resets the counter with the new length designator value. If the data blocks are of fixed length, then a counter circuit may not be necessary and the control logic simply enables the comparison process every predefined number of bits. Additionally, to increase the comparison speed, the TID comparison is accomplished in two steps, e.g., two 8 bit comparisons.
Although various embodiments which incorporate the teachings of the present invention have been shown and described in detail herein, those skilled in the art can readily devise many other varied embodiments that still incorporate these teachings.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4538174||May 16, 1983||Aug 27, 1985||Communications Patents Limited||Two-way subscriber TV system with multiple subscriber's sets|
|US4553161||Sep 6, 1984||Nov 12, 1985||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Upstream data packet time slot synchronization with downstream VBI for two-way CATV system|
|US4987486||Dec 23, 1988||Jan 22, 1991||Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.||Automatic interactive television terminal configuration|
|US5408259||Dec 30, 1993||Apr 18, 1995||Northern Telecom Limited||Data modulation arrangement for selectively distributing data|
|US5408260||Jan 11, 1994||Apr 18, 1995||Northern Telecom Limited||Customer premises ADSL signal distribution arrangement|
|US5477263||May 26, 1994||Dec 19, 1995||Bell Atlantic Network Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for video on demand with fast forward, reverse and channel pause|
|US5481542 *||Nov 10, 1993||Jan 2, 1996||Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.||Interactive information services control system|
|US5499047||Nov 28, 1994||Mar 12, 1996||Northern Telecom Limited||Distribution network comprising coax and optical fiber paths for transmission of television and additional signals|
|US5535206||Feb 7, 1995||Jul 9, 1996||Zenith Electronics Corporation||Upstream data transmission system for cable television|
|US5594492||Apr 26, 1995||Jan 14, 1997||Bell Atlantic Network Services, Inc.||Method and apparatus for rapid channel selection|
|US5638112 *||Aug 7, 1995||Jun 10, 1997||Zenith Electronics Corp.||Hybrid analog/digital STB|
|US5661517||Apr 8, 1996||Aug 26, 1997||Messagephone, Inc.||Interactive intelligent video information system|
|US5729279 *||Jan 26, 1995||Mar 17, 1998||Spectravision, Inc.||Video distribution system|
|US5754941 *||Feb 6, 1995||May 19, 1998||Broadband Technologies, Inc.||Point-to-multipoint broadband services drop with multiple time slot return channel for customer premises equipment served by fiber optic telecommunication system employing STS-based transmission format containing asynchronous transfer mode cells|
|US5867485 *||Jun 14, 1996||Feb 2, 1999||Bellsouth Corporation||Low power microcellular wireless drop interactive network|
|US5963557 *||Apr 11, 1997||Oct 5, 1999||Eng; John W.||High capacity reservation multiple access network with multiple shared unidirectional paths|
|US5990927 *||Dec 2, 1993||Nov 23, 1999||Discovery Communications, Inc.||Advanced set top terminal for cable television delivery systems|
|EP0730382A2||Feb 28, 1996||Sep 4, 1996||General Instrument Corporation||Configurable hybrid medium access control for cable metropolitan area networks|
|WO1992017027A1||Mar 19, 1992||Oct 1, 1992||Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.||Apparatus for generating and collecting viewing statistics|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6574798 *||Apr 12, 1999||Jun 3, 2003||Sasktel||System and controller for control and distribution of audio and video signals|
|US6622308 *||Mar 23, 1999||Sep 16, 2003||Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.||Automatic digital television (DTV) bypass for a CATV converter using a CATV tuner|
|US6636222||Aug 18, 2000||Oct 21, 2003||Broadcom Corporation||Video and graphics system with an MPEG video decoder for concurrent multi-row decoding|
|US6636607 *||Aug 13, 1999||Oct 21, 2003||Ati International Srl||Method and apparatus for controlling display of content signals|
|US6654423 *||Dec 1, 2000||Nov 25, 2003||Lg Electronics Inc.||PID/section filter in digital television system|
|US6661422||Aug 18, 2000||Dec 9, 2003||Broadcom Corporation||Video and graphics system with MPEG specific data transfer commands|
|US6661427||Nov 9, 1999||Dec 9, 2003||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with video scaler|
|US6700588||Nov 9, 1999||Mar 2, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Apparatus and method for blending graphics and video surfaces|
|US6721837||Dec 17, 2002||Apr 13, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with unified memory architecture|
|US6731295||Nov 9, 1999||May 4, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with window descriptors|
|US6738072||Nov 9, 1999||May 18, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with anti-flutter filtering and vertical scaling feature|
|US6744472||Nov 9, 1999||Jun 1, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with video synchronization feature|
|US6768774||Aug 18, 2000||Jul 27, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Video and graphics system with video scaling|
|US6781601||Feb 5, 2002||Aug 24, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Transport processor|
|US6798420||Aug 18, 2000||Sep 28, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Video and graphics system with a single-port RAM|
|US6812789 *||Jul 18, 2002||Nov 2, 2004||Harris Corporation||RF power amplifier digital gain flattening over multiband frequencies|
|US6853385 *||Aug 18, 2000||Feb 8, 2005||Broadcom Corporation||Video, audio and graphics decode, composite and display system|
|US6927783 *||Nov 9, 1999||Aug 9, 2005||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with anti-aliased text and graphics feature|
|US6961956 *||Sep 4, 2001||Nov 1, 2005||General Instrument Corporation||Simplified digital settop box|
|US6965993||Mar 29, 2002||Nov 15, 2005||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream|
|US6976265||Oct 8, 1998||Dec 13, 2005||Ati International Srl||Method and apparatus for controlling display of content signals|
|US7007170||Jan 20, 2004||Feb 28, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for securely providing content viewable on a secure device|
|US7013283 *||Nov 16, 2000||Mar 14, 2006||Sarnoff Corporation||System and method for providing programming content in response to an audio signal|
|US7043473||Nov 20, 2001||May 9, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Media tracking system and method|
|US7061937 *||Sep 8, 2000||Jun 13, 2006||Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba||Communication system|
|US7110006 *||Nov 23, 2004||Sep 19, 2006||Broadcom Corporation||Video, audio and graphics decode, composite and display system|
|US7150045||Dec 14, 2001||Dec 12, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method and apparatus for protection of electronic media|
|US7165175||Sep 6, 2000||Jan 16, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Apparatus, system and method for selectively encrypting different portions of data sent over a network|
|US7299292||Oct 1, 2004||Nov 20, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream to a virtual smart card client system|
|US7328345||Jan 29, 2003||Feb 5, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method and system for end to end securing of content for video on demand|
|US7356143||Feb 24, 2006||Apr 8, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc||System, method, and apparatus for securely providing content viewable on a secure device|
|US7376831||Aug 25, 2006||May 20, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Selectively encrypting different portions of data sent over a network|
|US7380117||Jun 30, 2005||May 27, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream|
|US7406174||Oct 21, 2003||Jul 29, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System and method for n-dimensional encryption|
|US7543317||Aug 17, 2004||Jun 2, 2009||The Directv Group, Inc.||Service activation of set-top box functionality using broadcast conditional access system|
|US7594271||Sep 22, 2003||Sep 22, 2009||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method and system for real-time tamper evidence gathering for software|
|US7640435||Dec 27, 2005||Dec 29, 2009||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for securely providing content viewable on a secure device|
|US7817608||Sep 6, 2006||Oct 19, 2010||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Transitioning to secure IP communications for encoding, encapsulating, and encrypting data|
|US7911483||Nov 9, 1999||Mar 22, 2011||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with window soft horizontal scrolling mechanism|
|US7920151||May 26, 2009||Apr 5, 2011||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with video scaler|
|US7991049||May 11, 2004||Aug 2, 2011||Broadcom Corporation||Video and graphics system with video scaling|
|US8055894||Apr 30, 2008||Nov 8, 2011||Google Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream with bandwidth based variation|
|US8063916||Oct 8, 2004||Nov 22, 2011||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics layer reduction for video composition|
|US8065733||Sep 18, 2006||Nov 22, 2011||Google, Inc.||Method for evolving detectors to detect malign behavior in an artificial immune system|
|US8079043||Mar 12, 2009||Dec 13, 2011||The Directv Group, Inc.||Service activation of set-top box functionality using broadcast conditional access system|
|US8141118 *||Jul 26, 2004||Mar 20, 2012||Microsoft Corporation||Data broadcasting receiver power management|
|US8199154||Jul 12, 2011||Jun 12, 2012||Broadcom Corporation||Low resolution graphics mode support using window descriptors|
|US8243924||Jun 11, 2008||Aug 14, 2012||Google Inc.||Progressive download or streaming of digital media securely through a localized container and communication protocol proxy|
|US8386771||Nov 8, 2011||Feb 26, 2013||Google Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream with bandwidth based variation|
|US8493415||Apr 5, 2011||Jul 23, 2013||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with video scaler|
|US8526612||Jan 3, 2007||Sep 3, 2013||Google Inc.||Selective and persistent application level encryption for video provided to a client|
|US8532075||Oct 18, 2010||Sep 10, 2013||Google Inc.||Transitioning to secure IP communications for encoding, encapsulating, and encrypting data|
|US8621093||May 21, 2008||Dec 31, 2013||Google Inc.||Non-blocking of head end initiated revocation and delivery of entitlements non-addressable digital media network|
|US8621631||Nov 22, 2011||Dec 31, 2013||Google Inc.||Method for evolving detectors to detect malign behavior in an artificial immune system|
|US8683218||Jul 23, 2008||Mar 25, 2014||Google Inc.||System and method for N-dimensional encryption|
|US8689016||Nov 30, 2006||Apr 1, 2014||Google Inc.||Tamper prevention and detection for video provided over a network to a client|
|US8751800||Apr 2, 2012||Jun 10, 2014||Google Inc.||DRM provider interoperability|
|US8752194||Aug 14, 2012||Jun 10, 2014||Google Inc.||Progressive download or streaming of digital media securely through a localized container and communication protocol proxy|
|US8848792||Aug 1, 2011||Sep 30, 2014||Broadcom Corporation||Video and graphics system with video scaling|
|US8868464||Feb 7, 2008||Oct 21, 2014||Google Inc.||Preventing unauthorized modification or skipping of viewing of advertisements within content|
|US8891765||Dec 11, 2012||Nov 18, 2014||Google Inc.||Method, manufacture, and apparatus for content decryption module|
|US8984285||Dec 12, 2012||Mar 17, 2015||Google Inc.||Use of generic (browser) encryption API to do key exchange (for media files and player)|
|US9003558||Jul 19, 2012||Apr 7, 2015||Google Inc.||Allowing degraded play of protected content using scalable codecs when key/license is not obtained|
|US9038147||May 1, 2014||May 19, 2015||Google Inc.||Progressive download or streaming of digital media securely through a localized container and communication protocol proxy|
|US9077997||Jan 22, 2004||Jul 7, 2015||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with unified memory architecture|
|US9110902||Aug 15, 2012||Aug 18, 2015||Google Inc.||Application-driven playback of offline encrypted content with unaware DRM module|
|US9129092||Sep 11, 2012||Sep 8, 2015||Google Inc.||Detecting supported digital rights management configurations on a client device|
|US9183405||Jun 25, 2012||Nov 10, 2015||Google Inc.||Method, manufacture, and apparatus for content protection for HTML media elements|
|US9223988||Nov 30, 2012||Dec 29, 2015||Google Inc.||Extending browser functionality with dynamic on-the-fly downloading of untrusted browser components|
|US9239912||Jun 25, 2012||Jan 19, 2016||Google Inc.||Method, manufacture, and apparatus for content protection using authentication data|
|US9311459||Jul 15, 2015||Apr 12, 2016||Google Inc.||Application-driven playback of offline encrypted content with unaware DRM module|
|US9326012||Jun 29, 2012||Apr 26, 2016||Google Inc.||Dynamically changing stream quality when user is unlikely to notice to conserve resources|
|US9542368||Dec 11, 2012||Jan 10, 2017||Google Inc.||Method, manufacture, and apparatus for instantiating plugin from within browser|
|US9575665||Jul 2, 2015||Feb 21, 2017||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with unified memory architecture|
|US20010002907 *||Dec 1, 2000||Jun 7, 2001||Lg Electronics Inc.||PID/ section filter in digital television system|
|US20020108037 *||Mar 29, 2002||Aug 8, 2002||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream|
|US20020133828 *||Mar 16, 2001||Sep 19, 2002||Foster Mark J.||Method, apparatus and system for video delivery using head-end pass through|
|US20030046713 *||Sep 4, 2001||Mar 6, 2003||General Instrument Corporation||Simplified digital settop box|
|US20030142129 *||Jan 31, 2002||Jul 31, 2003||Kleven Michael L.||Content processing and distribution systems and processes|
|US20030206174 *||Apr 25, 2003||Nov 6, 2003||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with line buffer control scheme|
|US20040012441 *||Jul 18, 2002||Jan 22, 2004||Mackey Christopher David||RF power amplifier digital gain flattening over multiband frequencies|
|US20040078575 *||Jan 29, 2003||Apr 22, 2004||Morten Glenn A.||Method and system for end to end securing of content for video on demand|
|US20040130558 *||Nov 13, 2003||Jul 8, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Apparatus and method for blending graphics and video surfaces|
|US20040153873 *||Sep 22, 2003||Aug 5, 2004||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method and system for real-time tamper evidence gathering for software|
|US20040169660 *||Feb 3, 2004||Sep 2, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with color look-up table loading mechanism|
|US20040184616 *||Jan 20, 2004||Sep 23, 2004||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for securely providing content viewable on a secure device|
|US20040199771 *||Apr 2, 2004||Oct 7, 2004||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method for tracing a security breach in highly distributed content|
|US20040207644 *||May 10, 2004||Oct 21, 2004||Broadcom Corporation||Graphics display system with anti-flutter filtering and vertical scaling feature|
|US20050084110 *||Oct 21, 2003||Apr 21, 2005||Palmer Thomas E.||System and method for n-dimensional encryption|
|US20050120125 *||Oct 1, 2004||Jun 2, 2005||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream to a virtual smart card client system|
|US20060020972 *||Jul 26, 2004||Jan 26, 2006||Microsoft Corporation||Data broadcasting receiver power management|
|US20060026627 *||Sep 29, 2005||Feb 2, 2006||Ivan Yang||Method and apparatus for controlling display of content signals|
|US20060041903 *||Aug 17, 2004||Feb 23, 2006||Kahn Raynold M||Service activation of set-top box functionality using broadcast conditional access system|
|US20060059563 *||Jun 30, 2005||Mar 16, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream|
|US20060061682 *||Sep 22, 2004||Mar 23, 2006||Bradley Bruce R||User selectable content stream|
|US20060069649 *||Sep 19, 2005||Mar 30, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method and system for providing secure CODECS|
|US20060101287 *||Dec 27, 2005||May 11, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for securely providing content viewable on a secure device|
|US20060143481 *||Feb 24, 2006||Jun 29, 2006||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System, method, and apparatus for securely providing content viewable on a secure device|
|US20060174294 *||Dec 29, 2005||Aug 3, 2006||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Digital broadcasting receiver for receiving analog broadcasting and a method thereof|
|US20070067643 *||Sep 21, 2005||Mar 22, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System and method for software tamper detection|
|US20070083937 *||Oct 5, 2006||Apr 12, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method and apparatus for protection of electronic media|
|US20070101123 *||Aug 25, 2006||May 3, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Selectively encrypting different portions of data sent over a network|
|US20070104097 *||Sep 6, 2006||May 10, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Transitioning to secure ip communications for encoding, encapsulating, and encrypting data|
|US20070153704 *||Nov 29, 2006||Jul 5, 2007||Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd.||Traffic information providing apparatus and operating method using automatically scrolling display screen|
|US20070160208 *||Jan 3, 2007||Jul 12, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Selective and persistent application level encrytion for video provided to a client|
|US20070168484 *||Sep 18, 2006||Jul 19, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Method for evolving detectors to detect malign behavior in an artificial immune system|
|US20070180231 *||Jan 31, 2006||Aug 2, 2007||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Preventing entitlement management message (EMM) filter attacks|
|US20080015999 *||Jan 19, 2006||Jan 17, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Securely ingesting encrypted content into content servers|
|US20080279369 *||Jul 23, 2008||Nov 13, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||System and method for n-dimensional encryption|
|US20080294786 *||May 21, 2008||Nov 27, 2008||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Non-blocking of head end initiated revocation and delivery of entitlements in a non-addressable digital media network|
|US20090003600 *||Jun 11, 2008||Jan 1, 2009||Widevine Technologies, Inc.|
|US20090327698 *||Apr 30, 2008||Dec 31, 2009||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Process and streaming server for encrypting a data stream with bandwidth based variation|
|US20110032981 *||Oct 18, 2010||Feb 10, 2011||Widevine Technologies, Inc.||Transitioning to secure ip communications for encoding, encapsulating, and encrypting data|
|WO2003103281A1 *||Nov 20, 2002||Dec 11, 2003||I.F.I. Istrade Finance And Investment S.A.||Digital upgrade module for analogue television set|
|WO2006052711A1 *||Nov 3, 2005||May 18, 2006||Scientific-Atlanta, Inc.||Digital set-top terminal configured to receive analog signals|
|U.S. Classification||725/131, 725/116, 348/E05.114, 348/E07.049, 348/E05.108, 348/E05.005, 725/126|
|International Classification||H04N7/173, H04N5/44, H04N5/00, H04L27/38, H04N21/434, H04N21/61, H04N21/6332, H04N5/46, H04N7/10|
|Cooperative Classification||H04N7/17309, H04N21/6168, H04N21/434, H04N5/46, H04N5/4401, H04N7/173, H04N7/102, H04N21/6332, H04N7/10, H04N5/4446|
|European Classification||H04N21/6332, H04N7/173, H04N21/61U2, H04N21/434, H04N7/10C, H04N7/173B, H04N7/10, H04N5/46, H04N5/44N, H04N5/44T|
|Sep 16, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SARNOFF CORPORATION, NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ANDERSON, BRUCE J., JR.;LAMONT, NADINE;DRASNER, SHARYN L.;AND OTHERS;REEL/FRAME:008786/0551;SIGNING DATES FROM 19970912 TO 19970916
|Nov 1, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|May 27, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: MEDIATEK, INC., TAIWAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:SARNOFF CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:016283/0355
Effective date: 20041022
|Nov 3, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Dec 8, 2009||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Oct 2, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12