|Publication number||US6234951 B1|
|Application number||US 08/782,471|
|Publication date||May 22, 2001|
|Filing date||Jan 10, 1997|
|Priority date||Feb 29, 1996|
|Also published as||CA2277856A1, EP1011787A1, EP1011787A4, US6582353, US6599230, US20010023308, WO1999042167A2, WO1999042167A3|
|Publication number||08782471, 782471, US 6234951 B1, US 6234951B1, US-B1-6234951, US6234951 B1, US6234951B1|
|Inventors||Roger N. Hastings|
|Original Assignee||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (130), Non-Patent Citations (7), Referenced by (61), Classifications (17), Legal Events (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is a continuation-in-part of U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/608,655 filed on Feb. 29, 1996 now U.S. Pat. No. 5,882,290 entitled INTRAVASCULAR RADIATION DELIVERY SYSTEM, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.
The present invention generally relates to intralumenal devices used to deliver radiation inside a living body. More specifically, the present invention relates to intravascular devices used to deliver radiation inside the vasculature of a patient for therapeutic purposes. Those skilled in the art will recognize the benefits of applying the present invention to similar fields not discussed herein.
Intravascular diseases are commonly treated by relatively non-invasive techniques such as percutaneous translumenal angioplasty (PTA) and percutaneous translumenal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). These therapeutic techniques are well-known in the art and typically involve the use of a balloon catheter with a guide wire, possibly in combination with other intravascular devices. A typical balloon catheter has an elongate shaft with a balloon attached to its distal end and a manifold attached to the proximal end. In use, the balloon catheter is advanced over the guide wire such that the balloon is positioned adjacent a restriction in a diseased vessel. The balloon is then inflated and the restriction in the vessel is opened.
Vascular restrictions that have been dilated do not always remain open. For example, the restriction may redevelop over a period of time, a phenomenon commonly referred to as restenosis. Various theories have been developed to explain the cause for restenosis. It is commonly believed that restenosis is caused, at least in part, by cellular proliferation over a period of time to such a degree that a stenosis is reformed in the location of the previously dilated restriction.
Intravascular radiation, including thermal, light and radioactive radiation, has been proposed as a means to prevent or reduce the effects of restenosis. For example, U.S. Pat. No. 4,799,479 to Spears suggests that heating a dilated restriction may prevent gradual restenosis at the dilation site. In addition, U.S. Pat. No. 5,417,653 to Sahota et al. suggests that delivering relatively low energy light, following dilatation of a stenosis, may inhibit restenosis. Furthermore, U.S. Pat. No. 5,199,939 to Dake et al. suggests that intravascular delivery of radioactive radiation may be used to prevent restenosis. While most clinical studies suggest that thermal radiation and light radiation are not significantly effective in reducing restenosis, some clinical studies have indicated that intravascular delivery of radioactive radiation is a promising solution to the restenosis enigma.
Since radioactive radiation prevents restenosis but will not dilate a stenosis, radiation is preferably administered during or after dilatation. European Patent No. 0 688 580 to Verin discloses a device and method for simultaneously dilating a stenosis and delivering radioactive radiation. In particular, Verin '580 discloses balloon dilatation catheter having an open-ended lumen extending therethrough for the delivery of a radioactive guide wire.
One problem associated with the open-ended lumen design is that bodily fluids (e.g., blood) may come into contact with the radioactive guide wire. This may result in contamination of the bodily fluid and require the resterilization or disposal of the radioactive guide wire. To address these issues, U.S. Pat. No. 5,503,613 to Weinberger et al. proposes the use of a separate closed-ended lumen in a balloon catheter. The closed-ended lumen may be used to deliver a radioactive guide wire without the risk of contaminating the blood and without the need to resterilize or dispose of the radiation source.
The closed-ended lumen design also has draw backs. For example, the addition of a separate delivery lumen tends to increase the overall profile of the catheter. An increase in profile is not desirable because it may reduce flow rate of fluid injections into the guide catheter and it may interfere with navigation in small vessels.
Another problem with both the open-ended and closed-ended devices is that radiation must travel through the fluid filled balloon in order to reach the treatment site. While this is not a problem for gamma radiation, it poses a significant problem for beta radiation which does not penetrate as well as gamma radiation. Beta radiation is considered a good candidate for radiation treatment because it is easy to shield and control exposure. In larger vessels (e.g., 0.5 cm or larger), a fluid filled balloon absorbs a significant amount of beta radiation and severely limits exposure to the treatment site.
The present invention overcomes these problems by providing a radiation delivery system that permits the use of an open-ended delivery lumen without the risk of blood contamination and without the need to dispose of or resterilize the radiation source. In addition, the present invention provides a radiation delivery system that permits beta radiation to be delivered through a balloon without a significant decrease in radiation exposure to the treatment site, even in large vessels.
One embodiment of the present invention may be described as a catheter having an open-ended lumen, a radiation source disposed in the open-ended lumen of the catheter and a closed-end sheath surrounding the radiation source. The closed-end sheath prevents blood and other fluids from coming into contact with the radiation source so that blood is not contaminated and the radiation source may be reused. The catheter may be a balloon catheter and may include a guide wire disposed in the open-ended lumen of the catheter. The open-ended lumen may be a full-length lumen or a partial-length lumen (e.g., a rapid exchange lumen). Preferably, the lumen is centered in the balloon for uniform radiation delivery. The catheter may also include a blood perfusion lumen under the balloon or around the balloon. The open-ended lumen in the catheter may have a reduced diameter adjacent the distal end of the catheter to prevent the radiation source from exiting the lumen. Alternatively, the closed-end sheath may have a ridge which abuts a corresponding restriction in the open-end lumen of the catheter to prevent the radiation source from exiting the lumen.
Another embodiment of the present invention may be described as a method of delivering radiation to a treatment site inside the vasculature of a patient using a the radiation delivery system described above wherein the method includes the steps of (1) inserting the catheter into the vasculature of a patient; (2) inserting the radiation source into the closed-end sheath; (3) inserting the radiation source and the closed-end sheath into the lumen of the catheter such that the radioactive portion is positioned adjacent a treatment site; and (3) exposing the vascular wall to radiation from the radiation source. Alternatively, the sheath nay be inserted into the catheter before the radiation source is loaded into the sheath. The method may also include the steps of (4) removing the radiation source from the catheter; and (5) removing the catheter from the patient. The catheter may be inserted into the vasculature over a guide wire and the guide wire may be removed from the catheter prior to exposing the vascular wall to radiation.
Yet another embodiment of the present invention may be described as a method of delivering radiation to a treatment site inside the vasculature of a patient using a gas-filled balloon catheter and a radiation source wherein the method includes the steps of: (1) inserting the catheter into the vasculature such that the balloon is adjacent to a treatment site; (2) inserting the radiation source into the catheter such that the radioactive portion is adjacent to the balloon; (3) inflating the balloon with a gas; and (4) exposing the treatment site to radiation from the radiation source through the gas in the balloon. The balloon may be inflated prior to or subsequent to inserting the radiation source. Preferably beta radiation is used, but other radioisotopes may be employed.
FIG. 1 is a partially sectioned side view of an embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken at A—A in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 is a side view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention including a helical-shaped balloon.
FIG. 4 is a side view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention including a toroidal-serpentine-shaped balloon.
FIGS. 5a, 5 b and 5 c are partially sectioned side views of an alternative embodiment of the present invention including a rapid-exchange guide wire lumen.
FIG. 6 is a partially sectioned side view of an alternative embodiment of the present invention including a perfusion lumen passing through the balloon.
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view taken at B—B in FIG. 6.
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectioned side view of an alternative sheath of the present invention.
The following detailed description should be read with reference to the drawings in which similar parts in different drawings are numbered the same. The drawings, which are not necessarily to scale, depict exemplary embodiments and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Examples of suitable materials, dimensions, parts, assemblies, manufacturing processes and methods of use are described for each embodiment. Otherwise, that which is conventional in the field of the invention may be implemented. Those skilled in the field will recognize that many of the examples provided have suitable alternatives which may also be utilized.
Refer now to FIGS. 1 and 2 which illustrate a radiation delivery system 10 of the present invention. Radiation delivery system 10 includes a catheter 11 having an open-ended lumen 12 extending therethrough. A closed-ended sheath 13 surrounds a radiation source 14 (such as a guide wire) disposed in the open-ended lumen 12. An after-loader 22 may be connected to the proximal end of the radiation source 14 to advance and retract the radiation source 14 and safely contain it when not in use.
The catheter 11 includes an inflatable balloon 15 having an interior 16 which is in fluid communication with an inflation lumen 17. The catheter 11 illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2 has a coaxial shaft construction including an inner tube 23 and an outer tube 24. Other shaft constructions may be employed such as a dual lumen shaft design illustrated in FIG. 6. A manifold 18 is connected to the proximal end of the catheter 11 and includes a guide wire port 19 and a flush port 20 both of which are in fluid communication with the open-ended lumen 12. The guide wire port may include a toughy-borst (not shown) to seal about the proximal end of the closed-end sheath 13. The manifold 18 also includes an inflation port 21 which is in fluid communication with the inflation lumen 17 and the interior 16 of the balloon 15.
The closed-end sheath 13 preferably extends to the proximal end of the catheter 11 and may include means for connection to the after-loader 22. The closed-end sheath 13 may be formed of polyethylene, PTFE coated polyimide or other suitable flexible material. The closed-end sheath 13 may have a length of about 100 to 300 cm depending on the length of the catheter 11. A wall thickness between 0.0002 and 0.005 inches is preferred to minimize profile and radiation absorption.
As included with catheter 11 illustrated in FIGS. 1 and 2, the open-ended lumen 12, closed-ended sheath 13, radiation source 14, after loader 22 and toughy-borst are also included with catheters 31, 41, 51 and 61 as illustrated in FIGS. 3, 4, 5 and 6 respectively. In addition, those skilled in the art will appreciate that the various features of each catheter 11, 31, 41, 51 and 61 may be mixed and matched depending on the desired result. For example, the rapid exchange features of catheter 51 may be incorporated into perfusion catheter 61, resulting in a perfusion rapid exchange catheter for the delivery of radiation. As another example, the centering balloon 35 or 45 may be contained inside balloon 15 of catheters 11 and 61 to provide a centering function, even in curved vasculature.
Refer now to FIGS. 3 and 4 which illustrate alternative radiation delivery catheters 31 and 41. Alternative catheters 31 and 41 may be used in place of catheter 11 for the radiation delivery system 10 illustrated in FIG. 1. Except as described herein, the design and use of alternative catheters 31 and 41 is the same as catheter 11. Alternative catheter 41 may be made as described in co-pending U.S. patent application Ser. No. 08/608,655 which is incorporated herein by reference. Similarly, alternative catheter 31 may be made as described in the above-referenced case except that the balloon 35 is wound in a helical shape rather than a serpentine shape.
With reference to FIG. 3, alternative catheter 31 includes a helically-shaped balloon 35 which is wound around the distal end of the catheter 31. When the helically-shaped balloon 35 is inflated, a helically-shaped perfusion path 36 is defined between the balloon 35, the shaft 37 and the inside surface of the blood vessel. The blood perfusion path 36 allows blood to flow across the treatment site while the balloon 35 is inflated. In addition, the concentric and flexible helical shape of the inflated balloon 35 maintains the distal portion of the catheter 31 centered in the vessel, even around turns in the vasculature. Having the catheter 31 centered in a vessel permits the uniform distribution of radiation to the treatment site.
The distal end of the shaft 37 may include a reduced diameter tip 38 with a corresponding reduced inside diameter open-ended lumen (not visible). The reduced inside diameter permits a conventional guide wire to exit out the distal end of the catheter 31 but prohibits the sheath 13 and radioactive source wire 14 from exiting. This assumes, of course, that the sheath 13 or radioactive source wire 14 is larger than the guide wire. A reduced diameter tip may be included on any of the catheters described herein.
With reference to FIG. 4, alternative catheter 41 includes a toroidal-serpentine-shaped balloon 45. When the serpentine-shaped balloon 45 is inflated, a linear perfusion path 44 is defined between the balloon 45, the shaft 47 and the inside surface of the blood vessel. The blood perfusion path 44 allows blood to flow across the treatment site while the balloon 45 is inflated. As with the helical balloon described above, the concentric and flexible serpentine shape of the inflated balloon 45 maintains the distal portion of the catheter 41 centered in the vessel, even around turns in the vasculature. Having the catheter 41 centered in a vessel permits the uniform distribution of radiation to the treatment site. A further advantage of the serpentine-shaped balloon 45 is the relative linearity of the perfusion path 44 which tends to minimize resistance to blood flow.
Catheter 41 may also include two radiopaque markers 46 to facilitate radiographic placement in the vasculature. The distal end of the shaft 47 may include a reduced diameter tip 48 with a corresponding reduced inside diameter open-ended lumen (not visible). The reduced inside diameter permits a conventional guide wire to exit out the distal end of the catheter 41 but prohibits the sheath 13 and radioactive source wire 14 from exiting.
It is also contemplated that both the helical balloon 35 and the serpentine balloon 45 may be covered with an elastomeric sleeve to aid in collapsing the balloon 35/45 upon deflation. This sleeve would be connected to the shaft adjacent the proximal and distal ends of the balloon 35/45. It is further contemplated that this sleeve may include perfusion holes both proximally and distally to permit blood perfusion along the perfusion path 36/44 defined by the balloon 35/45. If a gas is used to inflate the balloon 35/45 in large diameter vessels (e.g., peripheral vasculature), it is preferred to not permit perfusion of blood which would otherwise absorb beta radiation. In such a situation, the sleeve would not include per fusion holes.
Refer now to FIGS. 5a, 5 b and 5 c which illustrate a rapid-exchange embodiment of the present invention. Alternative catheter 51 may be used in place of catheter 11 for the radiation delivery system 10 illustrated in FIG. 1. Except as described herein, the design and use of alternative catheter 51 is the same as catheter 11.
Rapid-exchange catheter 51 includes an elongate shaft 57 with a manifold 52 connected to the proximal end and a balloon 45 connected to the distal end. Although catheter 51 is shown with a serpentine balloon 45 and a corresponding linear perfusion path 44, any of the balloon types described herein may be used.
The manifold 52 includes a balloon inflation port 53 which is in fluid communication with the balloon 45 via a conventional inflation lumen. A radiation source entry port 54 is also included in the manifold 52. The entry port 54 communicates with the open-ended lumen and permits the insertion of the sheath 13 and radiation source 14. The open-ended lumen terminates in a reduced diameter tip 58 which permits a conventional guide wire 56 to exit out the distal end of the catheter 51 but prohibits the sheath 13 and radioactive source wire 14 from exiting.
The guide wire 56 enters the shaft 57 at the proximal guide wire tube 55. The guide wire tube 55 is located near the distal end of the catheter to permit catheter exchange without the need for an extension wire or wire trapping device. As best seen in FIG. 5c, the guide wire tube 55 has sufficient length such that the guide wire 56 may be pulled back and out of the open-ended lumen. In particular, the distance from the proximal end of the guide wire tube 55 to the distal end of the catheter 51 is less than the length of the guide wire extending outside of the patient's body. With the guide wire pulled back, the radioactive source wire 14 and the sheath 13 may be inserted into the entry port 54 to the distal end of the catheter 51.
Refer now to FIGS. 6 and 7 which illustrate an alternative perfusion catheter 61. Alternative catheter 61 may be used in place of catheter 11 for the radiation delivery system 10 illustrated in FIG. 1. Except as described herein, the design and use of alternative catheter 61 is the same as catheter 11.
Perfusion catheter 61 includes an elongate shaft 67 with a manifold 18 connected to the proximal end and a balloon 16 connected to the distal end. The shaft 67 is a multi-lumen type extrusion including an open-ended lumen 62 and an inflation lumen 63. Inflation lumen 63 provides fluid communication between the inflation port 21 and the interior of the balloon 16. Open ended lumen 62 is in communication with entry port 19 for the insertion of a guide wire (not shown) or the radioactive source 14 and sheath 13. A guide wire extension tube 64 is connected to the distal end of the multi-lumen shaft 67 and rigidly connects to the distal end of the balloon 15.
Catheter 61 includes a series of perfusion ports 65 which are in fluid communication with the distal portion of the open-ended lumen 62. The perfusion ports 65 permit blood to flow across the treatment site via the open-ended lumen while the balloon 15 is inflated.
With reference now to FIG. 8, an alternative sheath 81 is illustrated. Alternative sheath 81 may be used in place of sheath 13 for the radiation delivery system 10 illustrated in FIG. 1. Except as described herein, the design and use of alternative sheath 81 is the same as sheath 13.
Sheath 81 includes a proximal portion 82 and a distal portion 83, wherein the proximal portion 82 includes a relatively thicker wall and larger outside diameter. The thicker wall tends to absorb radiation to reduce the amount of unwanted exposure, particularly exposure of the medical personnel. The larger outside diameter of the proximal portion 84 may be used in conjunction with a corresponding restriction in the open-ended lumen 12 of any of the catheters described herein. Specifically, the leading edge or ridge 86 of the proximal portion 82 may abut a mating restriction in the open-ended lumen 12 such that the sheath 81 cannot be advanced beyond that point. The leading edge 86 and the mating restriction in the open-ended lumen serve the same function as the reduced diameter tip described previously and may be used in lieu thereof. In other words, the leading edge 86 and the mating restriction in the open-ended lumen would permit a conventional guide wire 56 to exit out the distal end of the catheter but would prohibit the sheath 81 and radioactive source wire 14 from exiting the distal end of the catheter.
The closed-end sheath 81 may include means for connection to the after-loader 22. The closed-end sheath 81 may be formed of polyethylene, PTFE coated polyimide or other suitable flexible material. The closed-end sheath 81 may have a length of about 100 to 300 cm depending on the length of the catheter 11. On the distal portion 83, a wall thickness between 0.0002 and 0.005 inches is preferred to minimize profile and radiation absorption. On the proximal portion 82, a wall thickness between 0.040 and 1.0 inches is preferred to maximize radiation absorption without significantly compromising profile. The outside diameter of the proximal portion 82 may be greater than the vascular access size on the portion of the sheath 81 that remains outside the body. Once the radiation source is inside the body, the risk of exposure of beta radiation to medical personnel in diminished.
Sheath 81 may also include a radiopaque marker 84 to facilitate radiographic placement of the sheath 81 and radioactive wire 14. Such a radiopaque marker 84 may also be included on sheath 13.
Sheath 81 may also include a series of annular magnets 85. Magnets 85 may be used to interact with a series of magnets connected to the catheter 11, 31, 41, 51 or 61 or a series of magnets connected to a guide catheter (not shown). This general arrangement is described in more detail in PCT publication WO 95/21566 which is fully incorporated herein by reference. The interacting magnets provide a means to longitudinally control and stabilize the position of the radiation source relative to the patient and treatment site.
In practice, catheters 11, 31, 41, 51 and 61 may be used to deliver radiation to the vascular wall in the following manner. After vascular access is established and a guide catheter is in position (if desired), the catheter 11/31/41/51/61 is inserted into the patient with the distal portion adjacent the treatment site. If a guide wire is used, the guide wire may be inserted prior to or simultaneously with the catheter. The balloon is then inflated to a low pressure sufficient to center the balloon in the vasculature and prevent movement of the catheter relative to the treatment site. Optionally, the balloon may first be inflated to a higher pressure in order to dilate the treatment site. If desired, the balloon may be inflated with a gas such as nitrogen, carbon dioxide or other non-toxic gas to minimize the absorption of radiation by the inflation media. After dilatation, the balloon is maintained in an inflated state, preferably at a low pressure, to center the catheter in the vascular lumen. The sheath 13 is placed over the radiation wire 14, preferably ahead of time, and the two are advanced into the open-ended lumen using an after-loader system. Optionally, the sheath 13 is first loaded into the open-ended lumen of the catheter and the proximal end of the sheath is connected to the after-loader, followed by insertion of the radioactive source wire 14. The toughy-borst is maintained sufficiently loose to allow advancement and may be locked to fully seal about the sheath 13 once the radiation wire 14 and sheath 13 are in the desired position. If a guide wire is used in the open-ended lumen, the guide wire is preferably retracted to permit passage of the radioactive wire 14 and sheath 13. If a rapid exchange catheter 51 is used, the guide wire is pulled back into the proximal guide wire tube 55. The vascular wall is then exposed to radiation (preferably beta radiation) for the desired period of time. The radioactive wire 14 and sheath 13 are removed from the catheter 11/31/41/51/61 and the catheter is removed from the patient.
While the specification describes the preferred embodiments, those skilled in the art will appreciate the spirit and scope of the invention with reference to the appended claims. Claims directed to methods of the present invention may be read without regard as to the order of the steps unless contraindicated by the teachings herein.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2546761||Jan 13, 1950||Mar 27, 1951||Radium Chemical Company Inc||Radium nasopharyngeal applicator|
|US2862108||Jun 18, 1953||Nov 25, 1958||Asea Ab||Device for containing and exposing a radioactive material|
|US2955208||May 10, 1955||Oct 4, 1960||Technical Operations Inc||Radiographic device|
|US3060924||Jun 1, 1960||Oct 30, 1962||Rush Joseph C||Apparatus for application of radioactive substance to pelvic cancer|
|US3147383||May 16, 1962||Sep 1, 1964||Technical Operations Inc||Apparatus for manipulating radioactive material to and from a storage chamber|
|US3324847||Oct 16, 1964||Jun 13, 1967||Elias G Zoumboulis||Radioactive catheter|
|US3505991||Feb 13, 1968||Apr 14, 1970||Us Air Force||Intracorporeal vascular prosthetic blood irradiator|
|US3643096||Feb 27, 1969||Feb 15, 1972||Gen Nuclear Inc||Radioactive source shield with safe position indicator|
|US3669093||Dec 30, 1969||Jun 13, 1972||Goedecke Hans||Apparatus for giving medical treatment by irradiation from radioactive substances|
|US3750653||Sep 8, 1970||Aug 7, 1973||School Of Medicine University||Irradiators for treating the body|
|US3811426||May 21, 1973||May 21, 1974||Atomic Energy Commission||Method and apparatus for the in-vessel radiation treatment of blood|
|US3861380||Oct 24, 1972||Jan 21, 1975||Commissariat Energie Atomique||Radioactive source projector|
|US3866050||Nov 9, 1973||Feb 11, 1975||Atomic Energy Of Canada Ltd||Remotely controlled brachytherapy unit|
|US3927325||Jul 10, 1974||Dec 16, 1975||Us Energy||Tissue irradiator|
|US4096862||May 17, 1976||Jun 27, 1978||Deluca Salvatore A||Locating of tubes in the human body|
|US4220864||Jun 13, 1978||Sep 2, 1980||Kurt Sauerwein||Radiographic apparatus|
|US4225790||Nov 27, 1978||Sep 30, 1980||Technical Operations, Incorporated||Storage reel assembly|
|US4244357||Jan 5, 1979||Jan 13, 1981||Morrison Richard A||Method and apparatus for homogeneously irradiating the vaginal mucosa with a linear source uterovaginal applicator|
|US4281252||Oct 26, 1979||Jul 28, 1981||Technical Operations, Inc.||Coupling apparatus for portable radiography systems|
|US4314157||Jun 21, 1979||Feb 2, 1982||Industrial Nuclear Company, Inc.||Safety lock for radiography exposure device|
|US4364376||Dec 26, 1979||Dec 21, 1982||Bigham Keith E||Method and device for injecting a bolus of material into a body|
|US4584991||Dec 15, 1983||Apr 29, 1986||Tokita Kenneth M||Medical device for applying therapeutic radiation|
|US4588395||Oct 28, 1980||May 13, 1986||Lemelson Jerome H||Catheter and method|
|US4631415||Sep 25, 1984||Dec 23, 1986||Kurt Sauerwein||Radiation treatment apparatus|
|US4702228||Jan 24, 1985||Oct 27, 1987||Theragenics Corporation||X-ray-emitting interstitial implants|
|US4706652||Dec 30, 1985||Nov 17, 1987||Henry Ford Hospital||Temporary radiation therapy|
|US4763642||Apr 7, 1986||Aug 16, 1988||Horowitz Bruce S||Intracavitational brachytherapy|
|US4763671||Apr 25, 1986||Aug 16, 1988||Stanford University||Method of treating tumors using selective application of heat and radiation|
|US4782834||Jan 6, 1987||Nov 8, 1988||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Dual lumen dilatation catheter and method of manufacturing the same|
|US4784116||Jul 29, 1987||Nov 15, 1988||Theragenics Corporation||Capsule for interstitial implants|
|US4815449||Mar 30, 1987||Mar 28, 1989||Horowitz Bruce S||Delivery system for interstitial radiation therapy including substantially non-deflecting elongated member|
|US4819618||Mar 11, 1987||Apr 11, 1989||Liprie Sam F||Iridium/platinum implant, method of encapsulation, and method of implantation|
|US4851694||Jan 27, 1988||Jul 25, 1989||Campaignie ORIS Industrie||Device for driving and positioning a source holder in an applicator used in radiotherapy|
|US4861520||Oct 28, 1988||Aug 29, 1989||Eric van't Hooft||Capsule for radioactive source|
|US4881937||Jul 10, 1987||Nov 21, 1989||Eric van't Hooft||Method of treating a part of the body with radioactive material and a trolley for use therein|
|US4897076||Nov 25, 1985||Jan 30, 1990||Puthawala Ajmel A||Detachable and remote controllable afterloading device for radiation|
|US4936823||May 4, 1988||Jun 26, 1990||Triangle Research And Development Corp.||Transendoscopic implant capsule|
|US4963128||Mar 21, 1989||Oct 16, 1990||University Of Virginia Alumni Patents Foundation||Chest tube and catheter grid for intrathoracic afterload radiotherapy|
|US4969863||Oct 28, 1988||Nov 13, 1990||Eric van't Hooft||Adaptor for remote after-loading apparatus for radiotherapy|
|US4976266||Jul 25, 1988||Dec 11, 1990||United States Department Of Energy||Methods of in vivo radiation measurement|
|US4976680||Oct 7, 1988||Dec 11, 1990||Hayman Michael H||Apparatus for in situ radiotherapy|
|US4976690||Mar 22, 1990||Dec 11, 1990||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Variable stiffness angioplasty catheter|
|US5030194||Nov 15, 1989||Jul 9, 1991||Eric van't Hooft||Method and apparatus for effecting radioactive therapy in an animal body|
|US5032113||Apr 13, 1989||Jul 16, 1991||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Innerless catheter|
|US5059166||Dec 11, 1989||Oct 22, 1991||Medical Innovative Technologies R & D Limited Partnership||Intra-arterial stent with the capability to inhibit intimal hyperplasia|
|US5084001||Aug 9, 1990||Jan 28, 1992||Eric van't Hooft||Method and apparatus for effecting radioactive therapy in an animal body|
|US5084002||Aug 4, 1988||Jan 28, 1992||Omnitron International, Inc.||Ultra-thin high dose iridium source for remote afterloader|
|US5092834||Oct 12, 1990||Mar 3, 1992||Omnitron International, Inc.||Apparatus and method for the remote handling of highly radioactive sources in the treatment of cancer|
|US5103395||Aug 20, 1990||Apr 7, 1992||Spako David W||System for remote positioning of a radioactive source into a patient including means for protection against improper patient exposure to radiation|
|US5106360||Feb 11, 1991||Apr 21, 1992||Olympus Optical Co., Ltd.||Thermotherapeutic apparatus|
|US5120973||May 1, 1991||Jun 9, 1992||Isotopen-Technik Dr. Sauerwein Gmbh||Method and device for inserting a radioactive radiation source into an applicator and withdrawing it therefrom|
|US5139473||Aug 30, 1991||Aug 18, 1992||Omnitron International, Inc.|
|US5141487||Dec 12, 1989||Aug 25, 1992||Liprie Sam F||Attachment of radioactive source and guidewire in a branchy therapy source wire|
|US5147282||Oct 9, 1990||Sep 15, 1992||William Kan||Irradiation loading apparatus|
|US5163896||Jan 16, 1991||Nov 17, 1992||Best Industries, Inc.||Pellet for a radioactive seed|
|US5176617||Oct 21, 1991||Jan 5, 1993||Medical Innovative Technologies R & D Limited Partnership||Use of a stent with the capability to inhibit malignant growth in a vessel such as a biliary duct|
|US5183455||Nov 5, 1990||Feb 2, 1993||Omnitron International, Inc.||Apparatus for in situ radiotherapy|
|US5199939||Feb 23, 1990||Apr 6, 1993||Dake Michael D||Radioactive catheter|
|US5213561 *||Mar 19, 1992||May 25, 1993||Weinstein Joseph S||Method and devices for preventing restenosis after angioplasty|
|US5267960||Jan 29, 1992||Dec 7, 1993||Omnitron International Inc.||Tissue engaging catheter for a radioactive source wire|
|US5282781||Oct 25, 1990||Feb 1, 1994||Omnitron International Inc.||Source wire for localized radiation treatment of tumors|
|US5302168||Sep 5, 1991||Apr 12, 1994||Hess Robert L||Method and apparatus for restenosis treatment|
|US5308356 *||Feb 25, 1993||May 3, 1994||Blackshear Jr Perry L||Passive perfusion angioplasty catheter|
|US5344383||Aug 14, 1992||Sep 6, 1994||Wang Liping||Apparatus for radioactive treatment inside the human body and the method using the same|
|US5354257||Jan 29, 1991||Oct 11, 1994||Med Institute, Inc.||Minimally invasive medical device for providing a radiation treatment|
|US5370685||Jul 16, 1991||Dec 6, 1994||Stanford Surgical Technologies, Inc.||Endovascular aortic valve replacement|
|US5391139||Feb 23, 1994||Feb 21, 1995||William Beaumont Hospital||Real time radiation treatment planning system|
|US5405309||Apr 28, 1993||Apr 11, 1995||Theragenics Corporation||X-ray emitting interstitial implants|
|US5409015||May 11, 1993||Apr 25, 1995||Target Therapeutics, Inc.||Deformable tip super elastic guidewire|
|US5411466||Mar 28, 1994||May 2, 1995||Robert L. Hess||Apparatus for restenosis treatment|
|US5425720||Jan 27, 1993||Jun 20, 1995||Rogalsky; Alena||Medical needle unit|
|US5429582||Jun 14, 1991||Jul 4, 1995||Williams; Jeffery A.||Tumor treatment|
|US5484384||Oct 11, 1994||Jan 16, 1996||Med Institute, Inc.||Minimally invasive medical device for providing a radiation treatment|
|US5498227||Sep 15, 1993||Mar 12, 1996||Mawad; Michel E.||Retrievable, shielded radiotherapy implant|
|US5503613||Jan 21, 1994||Apr 2, 1996||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Apparatus and method to reduce restenosis after arterial intervention|
|US5503614||Jun 8, 1994||Apr 2, 1996||Liprie; Samuel F.||Flexible source wire for radiation treatment of diseases|
|US5532122||Oct 12, 1993||Jul 2, 1996||Biotraces, Inc.||Quantitation of gamma and x-ray emitting isotopes|
|US5538494||Mar 17, 1995||Jul 23, 1996||Hitachi, Ltd.||Radioactive beam irradiation method and apparatus taking movement of the irradiation area into consideration|
|US5540659||Aug 30, 1994||Jul 30, 1996||Teirstein; Paul S.||Irradiation catheter and method of use|
|US5556389||Mar 31, 1994||Sep 17, 1996||Liprie; Samuel F.||Method and apparatus for treating stenosis or other constriction in a bodily conduit|
|US5575749||Sep 27, 1990||Nov 19, 1996||Omnitron International, Inc.||Ultra-thin high dose radioactive source wire|
|US5605530||Mar 23, 1995||Feb 25, 1997||Fischell; Robert E.||System for safe implantation of radioisotope stents|
|US5611767||Sep 16, 1994||Mar 18, 1997||Oncocath, Inc.||Radiation treatment of tumors using inflatable devices|
|US5616114||Dec 8, 1994||Apr 1, 1997||Neocardia, Llc.||Intravascular radiotherapy employing a liquid-suspended source|
|US5618266||Sep 30, 1994||Apr 8, 1997||Liprie; Samuel F.||Catheter for maneuvering radioactive source wire to site of treatment|
|US5624372||Jan 31, 1994||Apr 29, 1997||Omnitron International, Inc.||Source wire for localized internal irradiation of tissue|
|US5643171||Nov 15, 1994||Jul 1, 1997||Neocardia, Llc||Method and apparatus for uniform radiation treatment of vascular lumens|
|US5649924||Jan 10, 1995||Jul 22, 1997||Trimedyne, Inc.||Medical device for irradiation of tissue|
|US5653683||Feb 28, 1995||Aug 5, 1997||D'andrea; Mark A.||Intracavitary catheter for use in therapeutic radiation procedures|
|US5662580||Feb 10, 1995||Sep 2, 1997||Neocardia, Llc||Combined angioplasty and intravascular radiotherapy method and apparatus|
|US5674177||Jul 17, 1995||Oct 7, 1997||Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe Gmbh||Vascular implant|
|US5683345||Oct 27, 1994||Nov 4, 1997||Novoste Corporation||Method and apparatus for treating a desired area in the vascular system of a patient|
|US5688220||Jun 12, 1995||Nov 18, 1997||Schneider (Europe) A.G.||Medical appliance for treatment by ionizing radiation|
|US5707332||Nov 30, 1995||Jan 13, 1998||The Trustees Of Columbia University In The City Of New York||Apparatus and method to reduce restenosis after arterial intervention|
|US5720717||Jan 24, 1997||Feb 24, 1998||D'andrea; Mark A.||Intracavitary catheter for use in therapeutic radiation procedures|
|US5722984||Jan 16, 1996||Mar 3, 1998||Iso Stent, Inc.||Antithrombogenic radioactive coating for an intravascular stent|
|US5728042||Dec 29, 1995||Mar 17, 1998||Schneider (Europe) A.G.||Medical appliance for ionizing radiation treatment having radiopaque markers|
|US5730698||May 9, 1995||Mar 24, 1998||Fischell; Robert E.||Balloon expandable temporary radioisotope stent system|
|US5782740||Aug 29, 1996||Jul 21, 1998||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Radiation dose delivery catheter with reinforcing mandrel|
|US5782742||Jan 31, 1997||Jul 21, 1998||Cardiovascular Dynamics, Inc.||Radiation delivery balloon|
|US5795286||Aug 15, 1996||Aug 18, 1998||Cathco, Inc.||Radioisotope impregnated sheet of biocompatible material for preventing scar tissue formation|
|US5800333||Feb 20, 1996||Sep 1, 1998||United States Surgical Corporation||Afterloader provided with remote control unit|
|US5803895||Jul 22, 1996||Sep 8, 1998||Huels Aktiengesellschaft||Flexible adaptable plastic elements with equidistantly embedded catheters for radiotherapy|
|US5807231||Oct 31, 1995||Sep 15, 1998||Omnitron International, Inc.||Source wire for localized internal irradiation of tissue|
|US5816259||Jan 13, 1997||Oct 6, 1998||Rose; Samuel||Method for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer by the accumulation of radioactive precipitates in targeted cells|
|US5816999||Jul 24, 1997||Oct 6, 1998||Bischoff; Jeffrey||Flexible catheter for the delivery of ionizing radiation to the interior of a living body|
|US5820553||Aug 16, 1996||Oct 13, 1998||Siemens Medical Systems, Inc.||Identification system and method for radiation therapy|
|US5833593||Nov 9, 1995||Nov 10, 1998||United States Surgical Corporation||Flexible source wire for localized internal irradiation of tissue|
|US5840008||Nov 13, 1995||Nov 24, 1998||Localmed, Inc.||Radiation emitting sleeve catheter and methods|
|US5840009||Dec 5, 1995||Nov 24, 1998||Isostent, Inc.||Radioisotope stent with increased radiation field strength at the ends of the stent|
|US5840064||Apr 15, 1996||Nov 24, 1998||United States Surgical Corporation||Method and apparatus for treating stenosis or other constriction in a bodily conduit|
|US5843163||Jun 6, 1996||Dec 1, 1998||Wall; William H.||Expandable stent having radioactive treatment means|
|US5851171||Nov 4, 1997||Dec 22, 1998||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Catheter assembly for centering a radiation source within a body lumen|
|US5851172||May 8, 1995||Dec 22, 1998||Omnitron International, Inc.||Afterloader with active force feedback|
|US5855546||Jun 3, 1997||Jan 5, 1999||Sci-Med Life Systems||Perfusion balloon and radioactive wire delivery system|
|US5857956||Jun 7, 1995||Jan 12, 1999||United States Surgical Corporation||Flexible source wire for localized internal irradiation of tissue|
|US5863284||Aug 20, 1996||Jan 26, 1999||Localmed, Inc.||Devices and methods for radiation treatment of an internal body organ|
|US5863285||Jan 30, 1997||Jan 26, 1999||Cordis Corporation||Balloon catheter with radioactive means|
|US5865720||Mar 6, 1997||Feb 2, 1999||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Expandable and retrievable radiation delivery system|
|US5871436||Jul 19, 1996||Feb 16, 1999||Advanced Cardiovascular Systems, Inc.||Radiation therapy method and device|
|US5871437||Dec 10, 1996||Feb 16, 1999||Inflow Dynamics, Inc.||Radioactive stent for treating blood vessels to prevent restenosis|
|US5873811||Jan 10, 1997||Feb 23, 1999||Sci-Med Life Systems||Composition containing a radioactive component for treatment of vessel wall|
|US5879282||Jan 21, 1997||Mar 9, 1999||Cordis A Johnson And Johnson Company||Catheter having an expandable radioactive source|
|US5882290||Feb 29, 1996||Mar 16, 1999||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Intravascular radiation delivery system|
|US5882291||Dec 10, 1996||Mar 16, 1999||Neocardia, Llc||Device and method for controlling dose rate during intravascular radiotherapy|
|US5891091||May 6, 1996||Apr 6, 1999||Teirstein; Paul S.||Irradiation catheter and method of use|
|US5897573||Apr 22, 1997||Apr 27, 1999||Rosenthal; David||Radioactive medical suture and method of making the same|
|US5899882||Apr 4, 1996||May 4, 1999||Novoste Corporation||Catheter apparatus for radiation treatment of a desired area in the vascular system of a patient|
|CA2166915C||Jan 10, 1996||Dec 10, 2002||Mark A. D'andrea||Intracavitary catheter for use in therapeutic radiation procedures|
|WO1995019807A1 *||Jan 20, 1995||Jul 27, 1995||Univ Columbia||Apparatus and method to reduce restenosis after arterial intervention|
|1||Fackelmann, "Harbinger of a Heart Attack", Science News, vol. 151, Jun. 14, 1997, pp. 374-375.|
|2||Lommatzsch et al., "Radiation effects on the optic nerve observed after brachytherapy of choroidal melanomas with 106Ru/106Rh plaques", Graefe's Arch. Clin. Exp. Ophthalmology, vol. 232, pp. 482-487, 1994.|
|3||Radiotherapy of Intraocular and Orbital Tumors, Springer-Verlak publishers, Berlin Heidelberg and New York, copyright 1993, pp. 23-30 and 363-367.|
|4||Raloff, "Nuclear Medicine Gets Friendlier-Experimental Therapies Seek to Poison Just the Disease", Science News, vol. 152, Jul. 19, 1997, pp. 40-41.|
|5||Raloff, "Nuclear Medicine Gets Friendlier—Experimental Therapies Seek to Poison Just the Disease", Science News, vol. 152, Jul. 19, 1997, pp. 40-41.|
|6||Sutherland, "Managing Cancer Through Synergy", Administrative Radiology Journal, Nov. 1996, pp. 21-27.|
|7||Tjho-Heslinga et al., "Results of ruthenium irradiation of uveal melanoma", Radiotherapy Oncology, vol. 29, pp. 33-38, 1993.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6398709||Oct 19, 1999||Jun 4, 2002||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Elongated member for intravascular delivery of radiation|
|US6416457||Mar 9, 2000||Jul 9, 2002||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||System and method for intravascular ionizing tandem radiation therapy|
|US6416492||Sep 28, 2000||Jul 9, 2002||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Radiation delivery system utilizing intravascular ultrasound|
|US6438401 *||Aug 11, 2000||Aug 20, 2002||Alpha Intervention Technology, Inc.||Indentification and quantification of needle displacement departures from treatment plan|
|US6471671||Aug 23, 2000||Oct 29, 2002||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Preloaded gas inflation device for balloon catheter|
|US6514191||Jan 25, 2000||Feb 4, 2003||Schneider (Europe) A.G.||Medical appliances for the treatment of blood vessels by means of ionizing radiation|
|US6582352||Jan 2, 2001||Jun 24, 2003||Schneider (Europe) A.G.||Medical appliance for treatment by ionizing radiation|
|US6582353||Jul 18, 2000||Jun 24, 2003||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Intravascular radiation delivery system|
|US6599230||Mar 14, 2001||Jul 29, 2003||Scimed Life Systems, Inc.||Intravascular radiation delivery system|
|US6616629||Jun 14, 1999||Sep 9, 2003||Schneider (Europe) A.G.||Medical appliance with centering balloon|
|US7273445||Apr 30, 2004||Sep 25, 2007||Board Of Trustees Of The University Of Illinois||Intraocular brachytherapy device and method|
|US7276019||Mar 8, 2005||Oct 2, 2007||Retinalabs, Inc.||Ophthalmic treatment apparatus|
|US7497819||Mar 6, 2007||Mar 3, 2009||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US7497820||Mar 19, 2007||Mar 3, 2009||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US7662082||Nov 4, 2005||Feb 16, 2010||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US7736292||Oct 31, 2006||Jun 15, 2010||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Brachytherapy apparatus and methods of using same|
|US7744520||Feb 11, 2005||Jun 29, 2010||Neovista, Inc.||Method and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US7803102||Nov 7, 2006||Sep 28, 2010||Neovista, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US7803103||Nov 15, 2006||Sep 28, 2010||Neovista Inc.||Methods and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US7862496||Mar 16, 2006||Jan 4, 2011||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US7862498||Oct 6, 2007||Jan 4, 2011||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US7887476||Nov 8, 2006||Feb 15, 2011||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Helical brachytherapy apparatus and methods of using same|
|US7951060||Jun 2, 2010||May 31, 2011||Neovista, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US8100818||Jul 19, 2007||Jan 24, 2012||TDH Partners, Inc.||Beta radiotherapy emitting surgical device and methods of use thereof|
|US8292795||Sep 22, 2010||Oct 23, 2012||Neovista, Inc.||Methods and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US8323171||Oct 4, 2007||Dec 4, 2012||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using same|
|US8353812||Jun 3, 2009||Jan 15, 2013||Neovista, Inc.||Handheld radiation delivery system|
|US8365721||Aug 27, 2010||Feb 5, 2013||Neovista Inc.||Methods and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US8398534||Jan 22, 2010||Mar 19, 2013||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US8430804||Jan 7, 2009||Apr 30, 2013||Salutaris Medical Devices, Inc.||Methods and devices for minimally-invasive extraocular delivery of radiation to the posterior portion of the eye|
|US8475353||Aug 18, 2009||Jul 2, 2013||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Brachytherapy apparatus, systems, and methods for using them|
|US8509916 *||Dec 16, 2002||Aug 13, 2013||Medtronic, Inc.||Bilumen guide catheters for accessing cardiac sites|
|US8517907||Nov 24, 2008||Aug 27, 2013||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US8562504||May 7, 2010||Oct 22, 2013||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US8568284||Feb 22, 2010||Oct 29, 2013||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US8597169||Jan 16, 2013||Dec 3, 2013||Salutaris Medical Devices, Inc.||Methods and devices for minimally-invasive extraocular delivery of radiation to the posterior portion of the eye|
|US8608632||May 19, 2011||Dec 17, 2013||Salutaris Medical Devices, Inc.||Methods and devices for minimally-invasive extraocular delivery of radiation and/or pharmaceutics to the posterior portion of the eye|
|US8636635||Aug 18, 2009||Jan 28, 2014||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Brachytherapy apparatus, systems, and methods for using them|
|US8684899||Jan 27, 2010||Apr 1, 2014||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US8690746||Jun 29, 2009||Apr 8, 2014||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US8708955||Jun 2, 2009||Apr 29, 2014||Loma Vista Medical, Inc.||Inflatable medical devices|
|US8771161||Dec 18, 2009||Jul 8, 2014||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US8795145||May 7, 2009||Aug 5, 2014||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using same|
|US8814775||Mar 18, 2010||Aug 26, 2014||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US9067063||Nov 3, 2010||Jun 30, 2015||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US9072893||Jun 1, 2007||Jul 7, 2015||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US9186488||Jun 2, 2009||Nov 17, 2015||Loma Vista Medical, Inc.||Method of making inflatable medical devices|
|US20040116878 *||Dec 16, 2002||Jun 17, 2004||Byrd Charles L.||Bilumen guide catheters for accessing cardiac sites|
|US20050027156 *||Apr 30, 2004||Feb 3, 2005||Jose Pulido||Intraocular brachytherapy device and method|
|US20050177019 *||Mar 8, 2005||Aug 11, 2005||Dejuan Eugene Jr.||Ophthalmic treatment apparatus|
|US20060100475 *||Nov 4, 2005||May 11, 2006||White Jack C||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US20060111605 *||Sep 15, 2005||May 25, 2006||Larsen Charles E||Methods and apparatus for intraocular brachytherapy|
|US20070106108 *||Mar 16, 2006||May 10, 2007||Hermann George D||Brachytherapy Apparatus and Methods for Using Them|
|US20070142695 *||Mar 6, 2007||Jun 21, 2007||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US20070167664 *||Oct 31, 2006||Jul 19, 2007||Hermann George D||Brachytherapy apparatus and methods of using same|
|US20070167665 *||Nov 8, 2006||Jul 19, 2007||Hermann George D||Helical brachytherapy apparatus and methods of using same|
|US20100004581 *||Jan 7, 2009||Jan 7, 2010||Salutarismd||Methods and devices for minimally-invasive extraocular delivery of radiation to the posterior portion of the eye|
|US20100036190 *||Feb 11, 2010||Murphy Brent D||Internal radiation shield for brachytherapy treatment|
|US20100099939 *||Dec 18, 2009||Apr 22, 2010||Cianna Medical, Inc.||Expandable brachytherapy apparatus and methods for using them|
|US20100121129 *||Jan 22, 2010||May 13, 2010||Theragenics Corporation||Expandable brachytherapy device|
|US20130237950 *||Mar 12, 2013||Sep 12, 2013||Abbott Cardiovascular Systems Inc.||Length and diameter adjustable balloon catheter|
|International Classification||A61F2/958, A61M36/04, A61N5/10, A61M29/02, A61M25/01|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M25/0127, A61M2025/105, A61M2025/1047, A61M2025/0177, A61N5/1002, A61M2025/1095, A61N2005/1003, A61M25/1002|
|European Classification||A61N5/10B1, A61M25/10A, A61M25/01C8|
|Jan 10, 1997||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCIMED LIFE SYSTEMS, INC., MINNESOTA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:HASTINGS, ROGER N.;REEL/FRAME:008396/0335
Effective date: 19970109
|Sep 14, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCIMED LIFE SYSTEMS, INC., MINNESOTA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HASTINGS, ROGER N.;HEKTNER, THOMAS R.;REEL/FRAME:009444/0345;SIGNING DATES FROM 19980901 TO 19980908
|Mar 12, 1999||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SCIMED LIFE SYSTEMS, INC., MINNESOTA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:HASTINGS, ROGER N.;HEKTNER, THOMAS R.;KUME, STEWART M.;REEL/FRAME:009811/0457;SIGNING DATES FROM 19990302 TO 19990308
|Nov 27, 2000||AS||Assignment|
|May 21, 2002||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Jun 15, 2004||CC||Certificate of correction|
|Sep 29, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Nov 6, 2006||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: BOSTON SCIENTIFIC SCIMED, INC.,MINNESOTA
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:SCIMED LIFE SYSTEMS, INC.;REEL/FRAME:018505/0868
Effective date: 20050101
|Sep 18, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Sep 28, 2012||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 12