US 623505 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 623,505. Patented Apr. 25, I899. F. c. AVERY.
(Application filed Oct. B, 1896.)
/ w BY ATTORNEYS.
ATENTI FREDERICK C. AVERY, OF TOLEDO, OHIO.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 623,505, dated April 25, 1899.
Application filed October 8, I896,
1'0 all wit/011'!) it vita/y concern.-
Be it known that I, FREDERICK C. AVERY, of Toledo, in the county of Lucas and State of Ohio, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Bicycle-Saddles, of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention is to improve and perfect that form of bicycle-saddle in which the seat portion and the horn portion are constructed with a view to adapting each to its independent usethat is to say, a seat portion to sustain all of the weight and a horn portion to sustain no part of the weight whatever and yet have all the advantages of a bicycle-horn so far as keeping the rider from slipping off forwardly or shifting laterally away from the median line.
My invention is an improvement upon the bicycle-seat shown and'described in another application for a patent filed by me April 7,
' 1896, Serial No. 586,554; and it consists in the peculiar construction and arrangement of the saddle-horn and supporting parts,which I will now proceed to describe.
Figure l is an inverted plan view, and Fig. 2 a longitudinal section through the middle, of one form of the saddle; and Figs. 3 and 4 are similar views of a modification thereof.
In the drawings, A represents the outside cover of the saddle, which is made of some yielding material, preferably leather of the same kind already employed for this purpose.
B is the seat-support, which can be made either of leather, canvas, metal,wood, or other desired material, and is flanged downwardly at the sides.
C is the seat-support connection by which the saddle is attached to the bicycle. This may be a spring or a rigid connection, which is bowed downwardly and has its front end firmly connected to a middle plate E and its rear end to a cantle-plate F. As shown in Fig. 1, the seat-support connection 0 is made in the form of two spring-bars,with their front ends arranged parallel and connected together andwith their rear ends spread apart with a divergent curve and seated in sockets ff formed in the cantle-plate, which latter is firmly riveted to the lower side of the rear edge of the seat-support B. The middle plate E is also riveted to the lower side of the front end of the seat-support B, and the springs or .J'erial No. 608,306. lNo model.)
connections C are extended beneath the same and then turned up, as seen in Fig. 2, and connected adjustably with the plate E by an adj Listing-screw 6, so that when the seat-support B is made of flexible material it may have its tension regulated as desired.
D is the yielding spring for the horn. This spring is' flat and stiff against lateral deflection and has its rear end formed with a longitudinal slot d and is adjustably but firmly fastened to the plate E by a screw-stem c and not 6, said screw-stem passing through the slot 01 of horn-spring D and also between the parallel front ends of the support-springs O C, while the nut c clamps both the front end 'of the seat-supporting springs and the rear end of the pommel-spring D tightly together and to the fixed plate E. The front end of the horn-spring D is seated in a pommel clip or socket d, formed as a metal casting or by stamping with a seat for the front end of the spring and ears by which it is riveted to the front end of the leather covering A. The spring D distends the front end of the leather covering A to form a horn or pommel of the saddle and allows it to readily yield in downward direction. This portion of the saddle in advance of the plate E, while acting perfectly as a yielding horn or pommel, is not intended to carry any portion of the riders weight.
In Figs. 3 and 4 I show a modification of the invention, in which the seat-support B is rigid and unyielding and is made of wood, sheet metal, or similar material. In this case there is no separate cantle-plate F nor middle plate E, but the rigid seat-support B is formed with screw-sockets at its front and rear ends on the under side to receive the fastening-screws 0 0 which secure the seat-so pport connection 0 to the seat-support B. In this case the seat-support connection 0 is a single rigid downwardly-bowed bar, whose ends are not adjustable in their relation to the seat-support B by reason of the rigid character of the latter. On the seatsupport B there is a padding E which is covered by the saddle-cover A to render the seat portion comfortably yielding. The horn portion, its spring D, and socket d are, however, just the same as shown in Figs. 1 and 2.
I am aware that it is not new to provide a bicycle-saddle with a horn portion sustained by an independent spring and with said horn portion made separate from the seat portion, and I make no broad claim to this.
My present case is also distinguished from the subject-matter of my former application by the fact that in the present case the pommel-spring is attached to the middle plate directly in an adjustable manner, and the same bolt which secures the rear end of the pommel-spring also secures the front end of the seat-support connection 0 and by the fact also that the present invention has a separate rear seat portion B beneath the cover.
It will be noticed that the saddle-cover not only covers the seat and extends forward to form the horn, but it is also formed to lie over the sides of the saddle, as shown in Figs. 2 and 4, and as this portion is also soft and yielding it will not chafe or-hurt the inside of the leg while it is in use. It is shown in the drawings that the seat portion of the saddle is somewhat narrower than the seat-cover, and in this way protects the leg, as the seatcover has only a little tension given it by the horn-spring. Again, it will be noticed that oneof the saddles shown has a pad between the seat portion and seat-cover, and the other style shown can have a similar pad applied to it, if desired. To accomplish this, it is only necessary to unhook the pommel socket or clip from the horn-spring and fold the seatcover backward, and then insert the pad between it and the seat portion. This pad may be of any soft material at the option of the rider. After the pad becomes hard or matted it can be taken out and softened and returned in the same way. This is an important advantage with this construction of saddle.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. A bicycle-saddle comprising a cover extending continuously with divergent edges from the front end of the pommel to the cantle, a separate rear seat portion, a rigid middle plate at the front part of the latter, and a separate pom m el-sprin g adj ustabl y attached to and extending from said middle plate to the front end of the pommel substantially as and for the purpose described.
2. A bicycle-saddle comprising a cover extending continuously from the front end of the pommel to the cantle, a subjacent rear seat portion having a rigid plate at its front end, a pommel-spring extending from this rigid plate to the front end of the pommel, and a seat-support connection secured at its rear end to the cantle and at its front end to the rigid plate on the front of the rear seat portion a screw nut or bolt for securing both the pommel-spring and seat-support connection, and an adjusting-screw for putting a tension on the rear seat portion substantially as shown and described.
3. A yielding horn saddle comprising a rear seat portion, a support for the rear seat portion connected thereto at its front and back ends, a covering for the rear seat portion extended forward and provided with a pommel clip or socket, and a supporting-spring having its front end seated in said clip and its rear end perforated and provided with a clamp-screw connecting both the rear end of the pommel-spring and the front end of the seat-support connection to the front portion of the seat-support substantially as shown and described.
1. A yieldinghorn saddle comprising a rear seat portion having downwardly-flanged sides, a covering extending over the same and beyond its front end and provided with a pommel clip or socket, a seat-support connection connected at its two ends to the seat portion within its downwardly-flanged sides, and a horn-spring having its front end seated in the pommel clip or socket, andits rear end attached to the seat portion between its downwardly-fl anged sides and secured by the same screw-nut that fastens the seat portion connection substantially as and for the purpose described.
FREDERICK C. AVERY.
ANNA E. COLE, H. II. DAWsoN.