US 623549 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 623,549. Patented Apr. 25, I899.
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' (Application filed Mar. 12, 1898.)
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llnrrn STATES PATENT OFFioE.
JOSEPH JAQUE, OF ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 623,549, dated April 25, 1899.
Application filed arch 12. 1898- Serial No. 673,621. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, JOSEPH JAQUE, a citizen of the United States, residing at St. Louis, in the State of Missouri, have in vented a new and useful Insole, of which the followingis a specification.
My invention relates to insoles, and has for its object to provide a simple, inexpensive, and eflicient insole of light weight and adapted to operate as a prompt absorbent of moisture,
such as perspiration, or any dampness which may enter the shoe through the sole, and also to provide means whereby the under or sole side of the absorbent medium may be venti lated.
Further objects and advantages of this invention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claims.
In the drawings, Figure 1V is a plan view of an insole constructed in accordance with my invention, one end of the lining being upturned. Fig. 2 is an enlarged sectional view of a portion of the insole. Fig. 3 is a plan View of a slightly-1nodified construction wherein the peripheral binding is omitted.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.
The insole embodying my invention con-- sists of a body portion 1, of blotting-paper, which is provided upon its inner or foot side with alining 2, of thin porous or mesh fabric, as of cotton, and provided upon its outer-sole side with a strengthening or protecting cover or backing 3, of haircloth, oil-cloth, or paper, or any equivalent thereof, a tissue haircloth being preferable, as being non absorbent, light, strong, and sufficiently porous to allow ventilation between the under surface of the blotting-paper body of the insole and the inner surface of the shoe-sole.
In Fig. 1 the device is shown provided with a peripheral binding 4:, of which the edges respectively overlap the backing and lining and are stitched to the same, this peripheral line of stitching 5 also engaging and extending through the several layers of the insole. In the construction illustrated in Fig. 3, however, this binding is omitted; but a line of stitching 5 is employed parallel with the edge of the insole and extending through the several layers thereof. In additionto the peripheral line of stitching, however, each insole is provided with a plurality of longitudinal lines of stitching 6, extending from the toe to the heel portion thereof and engaging all of the members of the device.
The essential feature of the construction embodying my invention resides in the superposition upon the inner surface of the blotting-paper body of the insole of a lining of open-mesh fabric which by pressure is embedded in the surface of the blotting-paper, whereby the blotting-paper is forced into the meshes of the lining and completes the surface thereof, and thus is brought close to the under surface of the foot resting thereon. As a means of permanently maintaining the lining in its countersunk or embedded position in the surface of the fibrous body portion of the insole suitable adhesive material, such as a light cement, may be employed, the-quantity and quality used being insufficient, however, to interfere with or detract from the absorbent qualities of the body portion of blotting-paper.
Owing to the promptness withwhich blotting-paper or any equivalent absorbent closetexture material will absorb moisture, it is obvious that the sole of a foot resting upon the lining will be maintained in a perfectly dry hygienic condition, due to the absorption of moisture in the form of perspiration or other exudations, while at the same time any moisture or dampness admitted to the shoe through the sole will be quickly taken up, and thus kept from contact with the foot. The lining which is interposed between the blotting-paper and the foot of the wearer by its specific construction does not interfere with a direct contact, and hence prompt communication of the moisture from the foot to the blottingpaper, but adds materially to the durability of the article by preventing the chafing and furring up of the material of the body portion by reason of the movement of the foot upon the surface thereof. The covering or backing which is applied to the exterior surface of the body of the insole also may be secured by cement in addition to the stitching employed and performs the function of strengthening and adding to the durability of the article.
Obviously the embedding of the lining in the surface of the body portion of blottingpaper or other absorbent fibrous material is accomplished by means of pressure, which may be applied by means of rollers through which the layers comprising the insole material may be passed.
It will be evident from the preceding description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, that my invention includes an insole comprising three superposed layers, the lower of which is of stiff non-absorbent open-mesh material, the upper of which is of open-mesh material, and the in tcrmediate of which is of absorbent material pressed into the meshes of the upper layer, in combination with means for uniting the three layers to form a unitary article.
Having described my invention, what I claim is- 1. A composite insole for foot-covering,
comprising a top layer of blotting-paper or absorbent material of like character, and a lining of thin open-mesh fabric adhesively secured to the top surface of the blottingpaper and embedded therein by pressure, whereby the absorbent material is forced into and through the meshes of the fabric, substantially as and for the purpose specified.
2. An insole comprising three superposed layers, the lower of which is of stiff, non-absorbent, open-mesh material, the upper of which is of open-mesh material, and the intermediate of which is of absorbent material pressed into the meshes of the upper layer, and means for uniting the threelayers to form a unitary article, substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
JonN THOMPSON, J. 1. DUTTON.