|Publication number||US623945 A|
|Publication date||Apr 25, 1899|
|Filing date||Apr 22, 1898|
|Publication number||US 623945 A, US 623945A, US-A-623945, US623945 A, US623945A|
|Inventors||Sarah E. Oolclazer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (1), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 623,945. Ratented Apr. 25, I899. S. E. COLCLAZER.
HAT HOLDER FOB SEATS, 8w.
(Application filed Apr. 22, 1898.)
UNITED STATES PATENT Grates.
SARAH E. OOLOLAZER, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA, ASSIGNOR TO THE HAT HOLDER AND NOVELTY COMPANY, OF SAME PLACE.
HAT-HOLDER FOR SEATS, 84C.
. SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 623,945, dated April 25, 1899.
Application filed April 22, 189 8- $erial No. 678,450. (N0 modem To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, SARAH E. OoLoLAzER, a citizen of the United States, residing in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, have invented Im-' or in atrunk, closet, cloak-room, railway-car,
boat, or other structure, so that it will be retained in position without liability of injury either to the material or trimming of the hat and without any risk of its being shaken from the holder by reason of movement of thelatter, a feature of the construction as applied to theater-chairs being that it does not interfere with the application of a mans hat to the wire holder with which such theater-chairs are usually provided, and a general feature of construction being that the holder can be compressed into small compass when not in use, so that it will not be in the way or occupy space needed for other purposes.
In the accompanying drawings 1 have illustrated my invention as applied to a theaterchair. I
Figure l is a perspective View of a series of theater-chairs with seats turned up, so as to illustrate both forms of hat-holder applied to the under side of the same, myimproved hatholder being shown both in the expanded and in the compressed condition. Fig. 2 is a view of the seat, showing a ladys hat suspended beneath the same. Fig. 3 is a similar view showing a mans hat applied to the ordinary wire holder and showing my improved holder compressed, so as to be out of the way of said hat; and Fig. 4 is an enlarged sectional View of the holder in its preferable form.
The holder consists simply of a coiled spring 1 and a casing 2 of flexible and penetrable material, preferably textile material, inclosing said spring, the latter and its cover or casing being suitably secured to the under side of the seat 3 or to the lid or tray of a trunk, the shelf of a closet, or to any other structure from which it is desired to suspend a hat. The spring and its covering being normally distended or projected, the holder is adapted to enter the interior of a ladys hat,
which can be securely confined to the holder by means of an ordinary hatpin passed through the hat and holder from side to side, the compressibility of the holder permitting it to adapt itself to the hat irrespective of the height of the crown of the same and providing for the suspension of the hat, so that it is entirely free from contact with the under side of the seat or other structure to which the holder is secured. Hence neither the material nor the trimming of the hat is liable to meet with injury from contact with such structure.
In order that the holder when not in use may be compressed and retained in the compressed condition, so as to be out of the way when used in a trunk or in connection with any other structure in which it will be inconvenient in the expanded form, and, in the case of a theater-chair especially, to reduce it to such small dimensions that it will not interfere with the application of a mans hat to theordinary bent-wire retainer 4: on the bottom of the chair, I use in connection with my improved hat-holder a compressing and retaining device which in a simple form may consist of a flap 5, of leather, metal, or other available material, which, if flexible, may be secured or, if rigid, may be hinged to the seat or other structure on one side of the holder and provided with a detachable fastening on the other side of said holder, whereby when the latter is compressed the retainer may be drawn over the same and held by its fastener in order to prevent the expansion of the holder again until the retainer is released.
My improved hat-holder provides a means whereby ladies may suspend their hats without risk of injury and without any danger 0 of the hat being thrown from the holder by movements of the latter, such as occur when it is used in connection with a trunk or on a railway-car, boat, or other moving vehicle, the collapsibility of the holder in the case of a trunk rendering it more acceptable than the cardboard or wire-gauze holders which have sometimes been used, and which when not in use for the purpose for which they are intended occupy a space which is frequently zoo needed for other purposes, while in the ease of a theater-chair the compressibility of the holder entirely frees it from the objection to which a rigid holder would be subjectnamely, the interference with the application of a mans hat to the usual wire holder on the seat.
I prefer to use for the casing or cover 2 of the holder a textile material of a character which will permit of numerous punctures without materially injuring the same, and I prefer in all cases to use the internal coiled spring, although the material of the portion 2 of the holder may in some cases be of itself elastic, which will render the use of the spring uni'iecessary.
Having thus described my invention, 1 claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent l. A theater-chair or other structure having a hat-holder com posed of material which is pcnetrablc, is capable of being compressed or collapsed, and is adapted to retain a hatpin or like fastening, in combination with means for projecting orextending said holder.
2. A theater-chair or other structure having a normally-projecting elastic hat-holder, composed of material which is penetrable, and compressible and is adapted to retain a hatpin or like fastening.
2-3. A theater-chair or other structure having a hat-holder composed of material which is penetrable, is capable of being com pressed or collapsed, and is adapted to retain a hatpin or like fastening, in eon'lbination with means for retaining it in the collapsed or compressed condition.
4. A theater-chair or other structure having a normally-projecting elastic hat-holder, composed of a material which is penetrable, is capable of being compressed or collapsed, in combination with a movable retainer for confining said holder in the compressed condition.
5. A theater-chair or other structure having a projecting hat-holder consisting of a coiled spring, and aeasing or covering of flexible and penetrable material.
6. As a new article of manufacture, a theater-chair or other structure having a bentwire hat-holder thereon,and also having a hatholder composed of material which is penctrable, is capable of being compressed or collapsed and is adapted to retain a hat-pin or like fastening, with means for retaining said compressible hat-holder in a compressed or collapsed condition.
7. As a new article of manufacture, a theater-chair or other structure having a bentwire hat-holder thereon,and also having a hatholder composed of material which is penetrable, is capable of being compressed or collapsed, and is adapted to retain a hat-pin or other fastening, in combination with a movable retainer for confining said hat-holder in the compressed or collapsed condition.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification in the presence of two subscribing witnesses.
SARAH E. COLCLAZER.
F. E. BEcHroLD, .Tos. II. KLEIN.
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