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Publication numberUS6244665 B1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/251,566
Publication dateJun 12, 2001
Filing dateFeb 17, 1999
Priority dateFeb 17, 1999
Fee statusPaid
Also published asDE10001841A1, DE10001841C2
Publication number09251566, 251566, US 6244665 B1, US 6244665B1, US-B1-6244665, US6244665 B1, US6244665B1
InventorsDouglas E. Bise, Phillip W. Haga, Randall W. Oianen
Original AssigneeKennametal Pc Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Cutting toolholder with recessed groove for cutting tool removal
US 6244665 B1
Abstract
A toolholder for securing a cutting tool used for mining and construction applications whereby the holder has a recessed groove to provide access to the underside of a flange on the cutting bit to promote removal of the cutting tool from the toolholder.
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Claims(12)
What is claimed:
1. A holder for retaining a cutting tool wherein the cutting tool has a shank with an outside diameter and a tool mounting flange integral with the shank wherein the tool mounting flange has a greater outside diameter than the shank outside diameter thereby defining a shoulder with a tool mounting surface, wherein the holder comprises:
a) a body having a forward end and a cylindrical bore extending rearwardly therein along a longitudinal axis to define a bore wall and to receive the cutting tool shank at the forward end of the holder;
b) a generally planar face on the body circumscribing the bore and extending radially away from the bore to an outer wall, wherein the planar face of the body may contact the tool mounting surface of the cutting tool;
c) wherein a portion of the outer wall adjacent to the planar face is recessed to form an access groove, and
d) wherein the width of the access groove at the outer wall is less than the diameter of the bore of the body, thereby providing access for a removal tool to contact a portion of the tool mounting surface when the cutting tool is mounted within the holder.
2. The holder according to claim 1, wherein multiple portions of the outer wall are recessed to form multiple grooves.
3. The holder according to claim 1, wherein the access groove defines a groove axis which follows the surface of the groove and forms with the longitudinal axis a penetration angle (A) of between 20°-80°.
4. The holder according to claim 3, wherein the penetration angle (A) is 30°.
5. The holder according to claim 1, wherein the access groove defines a groove axis which bisects the groove and forms with the longitudinal axis an orientation angle (B) of between 0°-30°.
6. The holder according to claim 5, wherein the orientation angle (B) is 30°.
7. The holder according to claim 5, wherein the groove is generally arcuate when viewed along the groove axis from the planar face of the toolholder body into the bore.
8. The holder according to claim 5, wherein the groove is generally rectangular in shape when viewed along the groove axis from the planar face of the toolholder body into the bore.
9. The holder according to claim 1, wherein the planar face of the body has a width (W) and the groove penetrates the planar face to a depth of between 30-100% of the width (W).
10. The holder according to claim 9, wherein the groove penetrates the planar face to a depth of 75% of the width (W).
11. An assembly comprised of:
a) a cutting tool having a shank with an outside diameter and a tool mounting flange integral with the shank, wherein the tool mounting flange has a greater outside diameter than the shank outside diameter thereby defining a shoulder with a tool mounting surface;
b) a holder having:
i) a body having a cylindrical bore extending rearwardly therein along a longitudinal axis to define a bore wall and to receive the cutting tool shank;
ii) a generally planar face on the body circumscribing the bore and extending radially away from the bore to an outer wall, wherein the planar face of the body may contact the tool mounting surface of the cutting tool; and
iii) wherein a portion of the outer wall adjacent to the planar face is recessed to form an access groove and wherein the width of the access groove at the outer wall is less than the diameter of the bore of the body, thereby providing access for a removal tool to contact a portion of the tool mounting surface when the cutting tool is mounted within the holder.
12. A holder for retaining a cutting tool wherein the cutting tool has a shank and with an outside diameter and a tool mounting flange integral with the shank wherein the tool mounting flange has a greater outside diameter than the shank outside diameter thereby defining a shoulder with a tool mounting surface, wherein the holder comprises:
a) a body having a forward end and a cylindrical bore extending rearwardly therein along a longitudinal axis to define a bore wall and to receive the cutting tool shank at the forward end of the holder;
b) a generally planar face on the body circumscribing the bore and extending radially away from the bore to an outer wall, wherein the planar face of the body may contact the tool mounting surface of the cutting tool;
c) wherein a portion of the outer wall adjacent to the planar face is recessed to form an access groove, providing access for a removal tool to contact a portion of the tool mounting surface when the cutting tool is mounted within the holder, and
d) wherein the access groove defines a groove axis which bisects the groove and forms with the longitudinal axis an orientation angle (B) of 30°.
Description
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

1. Field of the Invention

This invention relates to a toolholder for holding a cutting tool. More particularly, this invention relates to a toolholder for holding a cutting tool in which the toolholder has a recessed groove to expose a portion of the underside of a flange on the cutting tool to assist in the removal of the cutting tool from the toolholder.

2. Description of the Prior Art

Rotatable cutting tools in toolholders have been common in the mining and construction industry for many years. However, one difficulty with these cutting tools occurs when the cutting tool is damaged or worn out and must be removed from the toolholder for replacement. One method for removing such a cutting tool involves striking the rear of the tool through the holder bore. However, on many machines using such toolholders, access to the rear of the holder bore is limited. A second method for removing the cutting tool involves the use of a hydraulic cylinder and pressure device which utilizes a wrench that slides into a groove on the head of the tool which by striking, physically forces the cutting tool from the toolholder. Both of these methods are slow and require extra equipment. Furthermore, both of these methods require an operator with training and experience.

U.S. application Ser. No. 09/166,634, filed Oct. 5, 1998 entitled “Cutting Bit Support Member With Undercut Flange For Removal” is co-pending and directed to a sleeve or a block for holding a cutting tool whereby the sleeve or block has an undercut portion to ease removal of the sleeve from a toolholder or removal of the block from a holder.

U.S. Pat. No. 5,374,111 entitled “Extraction Undercut For Flange Bits” and assigned to Kennametal Inc., the assignee of the current application, is hereby incorporated by reference and addresses the use of a rotatable cutting tool having a flange with an undercut whereby the undercut may be employed in conjunction with a prying tool to remove the rotatable cutting tool from the toolholder. Although it is relatively common to employ some sort of prying tool to physically remove a cutting bit from a toolholder, and such an undercut makes the removal of the cutting bit easier, the amount of material removed from the flange to form the undercut in limited because the structural integrity of the flange must be maintained when the force of the prying tool is applied against the flange.

The inventors of the subject application, realizing the need for easier removal of cutting tools from toolholders without removing material from the cutting bit flange, have sought a solution.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The invention is directed toward a holder for retaining a cutting tool having a shank with an outside diameter and a tool mounting flange integral with the shank wherein the flange has a greater outside diameter than the shank outside diameter thereby defining a shoulder with a tool mounting surface. The holder comprises a body having a forward end and a cylindrical bore extending rearwardly therein along a longitudinal axis to define a bore wall and to receive the cutting tool shank at the forward end of the holder and a generally planar face on the body circumscribing the bore and extending radially away from the bore to an outer wall, wherein the planar face of the body may contact the tool mounting surface of the cutting tool.

A portion of the outer wall adjacent to the planar face is recessed to form an access groove thereby providing access for a removal tool to contact a portion of the tool mounting surface when the cutting tool is mounted within the holder.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a perspective view of an assembled cutting tool and toolholder in accordance with the subject invention;

FIG. 2 is an exploded perspective view of the arrangement illustrated in FIG. 1;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of only the toolholder illustrated in FIG. 2;

FIG. 4 is a side view of the cutting tool and toolholder illustrated in FIG. 1 with a partial cross section showing internal details; and

FIG. 5 is a side view of the cutting tool and toolholder taken along lines “55” in FIG. 4.

DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

FIG. 1 illustrates a cutting tool 10, which is secured within a toolholder 100. The toolholder 100 is secured, for example, to a rotating drum (not shown) which may be used in mining or construction applications.

FIG. 2 illustrates an exploded perspective view of the same arrangement in FIG. 1. The cutting tool 10 generally includes a working head 15, having a head portion 20, which may be conical, and a tip 25 comprising a material such as cemented carbide or other hard material generally known in the field of mining and construction. A shank 30 of the cutting tool 10 is mounted within a cylindrical bore 110 of the toolholder 100 and secured therein by a retainer clip 32, which is recessed within a groove 34 in the shank 30. The shank 30 has an outside diameter D1 and a tool mounting flange 35, which has a diameter D2 that is greater than the shank outside diameter D1 thereby defining a shoulder 40 with a tool mounting surface 45.

The toolholder 100 is comprised of a body 105 having the cylindrical bore 110 extending from a forward end 115 rearwardly toward a rearward end 120 along a longitudinal axis L to define a bore wall 125 and to receive the cutting tool shank 30.

The body 105 has a generally planar face 130 circumscribing the bore 110 at the forward end 115 extending radially away from the cylindrical bore 110 to an outer wall 135. The planar face 130 of the body 105 may contact the tool mounting surface 45 of the cutting tool 10. A portion of the outer wall 135, adjacent to the planar face 130, is recessed to form an access groove 140. The access groove 140 provides access for a removal tool (not shown) to contact a portion of the tool mounting surface 45 and to assist in removing the cutting tool 10 from the toolholder 100. The width of the access groove 140 at the outer wall 135 is less than the diameter of the bore 110.

A typical removal tool would be a rod used as a punch. The rod is placed against the tool mounting surface 45 and then the rod is struck with a hammer to impart a force against the tool mounting surface 45 thereby displacing the cutting tool 10 from the toolholder 100.

Although only a single groove 140 is needed for access by a removal tool, additional grooves may be included at different locations for providing different access points for the removal tool to contact the tool mounting surface 45 (FIG. 2) of the cutting tool 10. As illustrated in FIG. 3, multiple portions of the outer wall 135 of the toolholder 100 may be recessed to form multiple access grooves 140, 142, 144.

As shown in FIG. 3, the planar face 130 of the toolholder 100 has a width W and the groove 140 penetrates the planar face 130 to a depth of between 30-100% of the width W. Preferably, the groove penetrates the planar face 130 to a depth of a approximately 75% of the width W.

The access groove 140, when viewed along its groove axis GA, is generally arcuate in shape, as illustrated in FIG. 3. However, it should be appreciated that the groove may have many other shapes, including rectangular, when viewed along the same axis so long as access is provided to the tool mounting surface 45 of the cutting tool 10 to promote removal of the cutting tool 10.

FIG. 4 illustrates a side view with a section removed showing details of the access groove 142 illustrated in FIG. 3. The details of this groove 142 are identical to those of groove 140 which was previously discussed.

The access groove 142, when viewed from the side as in FIG. 4, defines a groove axis GA along a surface 143 of the groove 142. The groove axis GA forms a penetration angle A of between 20°-80° with the longitudinal axis L. A penetration angle A of 30° is preferred.

FIG. 5 shows a side view of the apparatus in FIG. 4 along arrows “55” in FIG. 4. It should be noted that FIG. 5 is a full view and the portion removed in the sectional view in FIG. 4 has been restored. When looking at the side of the toolholder 100, as seen in FIG. 5, the groove axis GA is defined by a line bisecting the groove 142. The projection of the groove axis GA in FIG. 5 with the longitudinal axis L forms an orientation angle B which may be between 0°-30° and is preferably 30°.

The present invention may be carried out in other specific ways different from those herein set forth without departing from the spirit and the essential characteristics of the invention. The present embodiment is therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restricted and all changes coming within the meaning of the equivalency range of the appended claims are intended to be embraced therein.

Patent Citations
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Non-Patent Citations
Reference
1Krampe & Co. GmbH, Advertisement entitled "HEX-BORE-52 System," (undated), (1 page).
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Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6364420 *Mar 22, 1999Apr 2, 2002The Sollami CompanyBit and bit holder/block having a predetermined area of failure
US6454360 *Oct 10, 2000Sep 24, 2002Sandvik Rock Tools, Inc.Ground-working tools for use in power rakes
US6478383Oct 18, 1999Nov 12, 2002Kennametal Pc Inc.Rotatable cutting tool-tool holder assembly
US6607249 *Nov 30, 2000Aug 19, 2003The Sollami CompanyConical bit penetrator pocket protector for earth displacement equipment
US6962395Feb 6, 2004Nov 8, 2005Kennametal Inc.Non-rotatable protective member, cutting tool using the protective member, and cutting tool assembly using the protective member
US8602503Jun 30, 2010Dec 10, 2013Caterpillar Pavinq Products Inc.Cutter assembly configured to allow tool rotation
USRE44690 *Nov 1, 2005Jan 7, 2014Phillip A. SollamiBit holders and bit blocks for road milling, mining and trenching equipment
DE102004057302B4 *Nov 26, 2004Jan 13, 2011Wirtgen GmbhMeißelhalter
WO2012012160A2 *Jun 29, 2011Jan 26, 2012Caterpillar Paving Products Inc.Cutter assembly configured to allow tool rotation
Classifications
U.S. Classification299/106, 299/79.1, 299/110, 403/11
International ClassificationE21B10/46, E21C35/19, B23D35/00, E21C35/18
Cooperative ClassificationE21C2035/1826, E21C35/18, E21C2035/191, E21C35/19
European ClassificationE21C35/19, E21C35/18
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 14, 2012FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Oct 6, 2008ASAssignment
Owner name: KENNAMETAL INC., PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KENNAMETAL PC INC.;REEL/FRAME:021630/0840
Effective date: 20080910
Sep 18, 2008FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Sep 29, 2004FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Oct 24, 2000ASAssignment
Owner name: KENNAMETAL PC INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KENNAMETAL INC.;REEL/FRAME:011052/0001
Effective date: 20001023
Owner name: KENNAMETAL PC INC. 1323 SOUTH SHAMROCK AVENUE MONR
Feb 17, 1999ASAssignment
Owner name: KENNAMETAL INC., PENNSYLVANIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:BISE, DOUGLAS E.;HAGA, PHILLIP W.;OJANEN, RANDALL W.;REEL/FRAME:009774/0840
Effective date: 19990210