|Publication number||US624732 A|
|Publication date||May 9, 1899|
|Filing date||Jan 31, 1899|
|Publication number||US 624732 A, US 624732A, US-A-624732, US624732 A, US624732A|
|Inventors||Everett H. Barney|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented May 9, I899. E. H. BABNEY.
3 K AT E.
(Application filed Jan, 31, 1899' 2 Sheen-Sheet II.
Patented May- 9, I899. E. H. BARNEY. SKATE.
(Application filed Jan. 81, 1899.) (No Model.)
2 Sheets-Shet 2.
NITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
EVERETT BARNEY, OF SPRINGFIELD, MASSACHUSETTS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 624,732, dated May 9, 1899.
Application filed January 31,1899. Serial No. 704,016. (No model.)
12) all whom it may concern:
Be it known that l, EVERETT H. BARNEY, a citizen of the United States of America, residing at Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have invented new and useful Improvements in Skates, of which the following is a specification.
This invention relates to skates, and particularly to devices for locking the same to the sole and heel of a shoe, the object being to provide improved lever-actuated devices of this class which are adapted to coact with a heel-abutment on the rear end of a heelplate which is fixed to the skate-runner; and the invention consists in the peculiar construction and arrangement of the heel-clamp and of the devices intermediate of the latter and the sole-clamps, whereby said clamps, both for the heel and the sole, are permitted to adjust themselves to their various bearings on the shoe when forced thereagainst, all as hereinafter fully described, and more particularly pointed out in the claims.
In the drawings forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a top plan View of a skate embodying my improvements and showing the free end of the clamp-lever turned outwardly. Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of the skate, showing the central part of the runner broken away and the toe, the end of one soleclamp, and the end of the clamp-lever broken off. Fig. 3 is a side elevation of the-skate, showing the position of clamping devices thereof when forced against the sole and heel of a shoe, the outline of the latter upon the skate being indicated in dotted lines. Fig. 4 is a perspective view of the sole and heel clamp connections, including the heel-clamp, and of the mechanism for adjusting and operating said clamps.
Referring to the drawings, A is the runner of the skate.
B is the sole-plate, rigidly secured on the runner in the usual manner, and G is the heel-plate, likewise rigidly secured to said runner and provided at its rear end With one or more heel-abutments d d and having a longitudinal slot 6 extending inwardly from the forward end thereof. Said slot has a rabbeted border, as shown in Fig. 2, thereby adapting it to receive the projecting borders of the round flat head of a bolt f in the said rabbeted border and provide for per mitting said bolt-head to slide longitudinally therein in consonance with the movements of a part on which the bolt is fixed, as below described. The face of said bolt-head is in the plane of the under surface of said heelplate, as indicated in Fig. 2, and thus pre sents no projecting part beyond said under surface that can obstruct the movements of other parts, below referred to, over said surface. Said sole-plate has a longitudinal slot h through its rear end a little inward from its extremity, through which a screw '11 passes, which unites the rear ends of the sole-clamps D D,( which are supported on the under side of said sole-plate in a well-known manner,) whereby their outer clamp-bearing ends may have simultaneous movements toward and from the opposite borders of said plate, which movements are induced by the clamp-operating devices below described. Said clamp uniting and operating devices contain. an aumatically extensible and flexible bar F, and said bar comprises a forward section 2 and a rear section 3, said bolt f being fixed on the latter, as also is the heel-clamp E, either integrally or otherwise, and means for uniting said sections as follows: One end of each of said bar-sections is so formed that when the two ends are brought together they overlap, as shown, and the union of said sections is effected by a transverse equalizing-bar 6, pivotally connected by its extremities to the adjoining ends of said box-sections by pins or rivets 7. The described manner of fittingthe adjoining ends of said rear and forward sections of said bar F one to the other and of uniting them by said equalizing bar 6 and the pivoted rivets 7 provides fora certain degree of separation of said sections, as shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 4, and for more or less of lateral deflection of said united ends, all for the purposes set forth below. A nut 8, having an arm lying against and pivotally connected to said bar 6 centrally between its ends, hangs downwardly at right angles to the under side of said bar and forms a screw connection be tween the adjusting screw-rod 9 and said bar 6. One end of said screw-rod 9 is rotatably connected with the base of the clamp-operating lever lO by a stud 12, fixed on the latter to one side of its pivot-point. Said lever is pivotally attached to the under side of said fixed heel-plate at m, Fig. 2.
The operation of the above-described devices for clamping the skate to a shoe is as follows: Swinging the free end of the operating-lever 10 to the position shown in Figs. 1 and 2, or still farther forward, imparts a forwardly-sliding movement to the said two-part bar F and the heel-clamp E thereon and an outward movement to the extremities of the sole-clamps D D, as illustrated in Fig. 1, thus bringing all of the clamps to positions which permit of receiving the sole and heel of the shoe therebetween ready to be clamped to the skate. The said lever is then swung in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 1, whereby the said sole and heel clamps are brought in contact with the opposite borders of the shoe-sole and the frontedge of the heel,as shown in Fig. 3. A greater strain upon one sole-clamp than the other, caused by a peculiar conformation of the borders of the sole, is compensated for by the described manner of connecting said lever to the forward section 2 of said flat bar F through said equalizingbar, the latter under said clamping strain so swinging as to permit the parts of the bar to separate more or less, and thus when the soleclamps are brought to a bearing against said sole edges permitting said section 3 of said bar, with the heel-clamp thereon, to move rearwardly and bring the latter against the inner border of the heel, as shown in Fig. 3.
Thus under certain conformations of the soleborders the said bar will part, showing uniform openings therebetween on each border, as in Fig. 1, and under other conditions of sole-shapes the clamping strain upon said bar may swing its pivotally-connected portions laterally more or less according to any unequal -strain upon either one of the soleclamps.
Having thus described my invention,what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. The combination with the movable sole and heel clamps of a skate, of a clamp-unitin g element comprising two bar-sections having overlapping extremities, a transverse equalizing-bar pivotally connected to said overlapping extremities, whereby said sections may move toward and from each other, a nut pivotally attached to said transverse bar, a clamp-operating lever hung to swing on said heel-plate, and a screw-rod connection between said nut and lever, substantially as described.
2. In a skate, a connection between the sole and heel clamps thereof comprising two bar-sections having overlapping adjoining extremities, united by a transverse equalizing- .bar pivotall y connected by its ends-to said extremities, substantially as described.
. EVERETT H. BARNEY.
H. A. CHAPIN, K. I. CLEMoNs.