|Publication number||US6248427 B1|
|Application number||US 08/694,572|
|Publication date||Jun 19, 2001|
|Filing date||Aug 9, 1996|
|Priority date||Aug 16, 1995|
|Also published as||CA2183593A1, CA2183593C, CN1107299C, CN1151059A, DE29513170U1, EP0762365A1, EP0762365B1, EP0947971A2, EP0947971A3, EP0947971B1|
|Publication number||08694572, 694572, US 6248427 B1, US 6248427B1, US-B1-6248427, US6248427 B1, US6248427B1|
|Original Assignee||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (84), Non-Patent Citations (26), Referenced by (34), Classifications (10), Legal Events (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention is directed to an adhesive label for application upon a circumferential surface of a dry-cell battery having an axis and top- and bottom-surfaces, comprising a stretched, shrinkable, transparent cover foil with a top side and a bottom side and an imprint visible from the top side located beneath the cover foil and a contact adhesive layer located beneath the imprint wherein the adhesive label comprises along a generating line of the circumferential surface of the battery first edge segments superimposable in an overlapping fashion and second edge segments protruding or projecting beyond the end surfaces of the battery, which rest upon the end surfaces due to shrinking the cover foil thereon.
The cover foil provides protection for the battery against leakage and furthermore protects the label layers located beneath same, in particular the imprint, from mechanical damage. In addition the cover foil insulates the circumferential surface of the battery electrically against the environment. If a layer beneath the cover foil is electrically conductive, the cover foil insulates also this layer against the environment. Various adhesive labels of this type are known from the DE 33 42 309. These conventional adhesive labels are produced in such a way, that several layers partially from shrinkable foil are applied on a carrier layer located at the bottom in the finished label, with the topmost of these layers being provided with an imprint. The cover foil must then be fastened to the label material carrying the imprint. In order for the cover foil to adhere to the imprint, it is necessary to apply beforehand a separate laminating adhesive layer upon the imprint. The laminating adhesive must satisfy particularly high requirements, in view of the adhesive label fulfilling its function of protecting against leakage, being non-fading as well as durable in storage.
It is thus the aim of the invention to specify an adhesive label of the above-mentioned type, which can be manufactured more simply particularly by a different method. It should be especially possible to meet the different requirements of different battery embodiments by a greater variability of the build-up of the layers.
In order to solve this task, the imprint is applied in the invented adhesive label directly to the bottom side of the cover foil.
Differing from the above mentioned known adhesive labels, the build-up of the different layers of the adhesive layer proceeds from the cover foil. The printing is applied directly to the cover foil. The imprinted cover foil can in further fabrication steps be placed upon a composite succession of previously prepared label layers, preferably however the additional layers are consecutively placed upon the cover foil carrying the imprint. One single shrinkable foil, the cover foil, is sufficient. Preferably a layer is placed upon the imprint-free partial surfaces of the cover foil, which again carries the contact adhesive layer on its other side. This layer provided with the contact adhesive can exhibit a prevalent carrier function for the label material or, however, it can assume a carrier function subordinate to the cover foil.
The layer carrying the contact adhesive can rest directly upon the imprint and upon the partial surfaces of the cover foil not covered by the imprint. Depending upon the material combination selected, the adhesive connection between the layer carrying the contact adhesive and the cover foil could be insufficient under unfavorable conditions. It is preferred for this case to apply, preferably thermosensitively, a transparent primer layer upon the imprinted cover foil and upon this transparent primer layer to then apply the layer carrying the contact adhesive.
The layer carrying the contact adhesive can be formed from non-metallic materials, as for instance paper or plastics, wherein it is preferred that this is limited to the partial surfaces of the adhesive labels with exception of the first border segments and thus corresponds exactly to the length of the circumferential surface of the battery. Alternatively the carrying layer can be formed also from metallic material, in particular by a layer applied by aluminum vapor deposition in a vacuum. The material selection depends on the desired appearance of the label from the outside, since the layer carrying the contact adhesive constitutes a background for the imprint visible from the outside.
Furthermore, the layer carrying the contact adhesive can be formed by a composite arrangement of a bottom non-metallic partial layer, in particular paper and a metallic partial layer especially from aluminum foil resting on same; said metallic partial layer is herein preferably limited to the partial surfaces of the adhesive label excluding the second border segments and thus corresponds exactly to the height of the battery cylinder of the battery. This version results in an appealing background for the imprint and a particularly thin aluminum foil can be used herein, without affecting the thickness of the adhesive label, in particular, when a cover foil dimensioned to be very thin is used.
Preferably, the metallic partial layer is applied to the non-metallic partial layer as a foil by the foil transfer method, meaning it is vapor-deposited or sputtered upon same.
In another particularly simple to manufacture embodiment, the contact adhesive layer lies directly upon the imprint and upon the partial surfaces of the cover foil devoid of the imprint. The layer carrying the contact adhesive in the above embodiments is eliminated. The cover foil is in this case the sole firm layer of the label and it alone assumes the carrier function. This embodiment can be manufactured to be particularly thin because of the low quantity of the layers, wherein the space, subject to standards specified for the dry cell battery, for filling same becomes larger.
The imprint is preferably printed upon the cover foil in colors from organic solutions or photocatalytic system without solvents by the mirror image action and reverse printing, meaning from below directly upon the cover foil in a mirror image manner, so that the imprint can be seen on the correct side from the top. These color systems are particularly suited for imprinting the shrinkable foil without changing or exfoliating in the course of the shrinkage process. Furthermore, they have the electric characteristics required for dry-cell batteries and are resistant to chemicals, which is particularly important in view of the leakage protection function of the battery label.
The cover foil is preferably made from shrinkable hard polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polystyrol, polyamide, particularly of a thickness of 25 to 60 micrometers or of polyethylene terephthalate or of polycarbonate, in particular of a thickness of 10 to 60 micrometers. So that the adhesive label after being shrunk upon the battery, adheres as firmly as possible and so that the adhesive label does not peel off the body of the battery also when subjected to unfavorable environmental conditions, the cover foil is stretched in circumferential direction of the dry-cell battery, so that the adhesive label has the greatest pre-stressing in circumferential direction after being shrunk on.
The various features of novelty which characterize the invention are pointed out with particularity in the claims annexed to and forming part of this disclosure. For a better understanding of the invention, its operating advantages and specific objects attained by its use, reference should be had to the accompanying drawings and descriptive matter in which there are illustrated and described preferred embodiments of the invention.
FIG. 1 Shows diagrammatically the application of an adhesive label upon a cylindrical body of a dry-cell battery.
FIG. 2 Shows a first embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section.
FIG. 3 Shows a second embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section.
FIG. 4 Shows a third embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section,
FIG. 5 Shows a fourth embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section,
FIG. 6 Shows a fifth embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section,
FIG. 7 Shows a sixth embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section,
FIG. 8 Shows a seventh embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section, and
FIG. 9 Shows an eighth embodiment of an adhesive label in cross section.
FIG. 2 shows a diagrammatic section through a first embodiment of an adhesive label. In the course of fabrication a cover foil 3 from stretched, shrinkable, transparent foil from hard PVC (polyvinyl chloride), PP (polypropylene), OPP (oriented polypropylene), PET (polyethylene terephthalate), PS (polystyrene), PE (polyethylene), PC (polycarbonate), or polyamide with a thickness of 20 to 70 micrometers is provided directly on the bottom side with an imprint 5 visible from the outside. When a PET- or a PC-foil is used, thicknesses of 10 to 60 micrometers are preferred.
In case of using a PP-, OPP-, PS- or PE-foil by way of a cover foil 3, the cover foil, in view of the unpolarized properties of the foil material, is provided prior to application of the imprint 5 with an adhesion imparting primer layer 3 a of a thickness of approximately 2 micrometers as a imprint adherence improvement agent. The primer layer 3 a increases the surface tension.
In order to make the imprint 5 adhere to the cover foil 3 in a satisfactory manner also without a primer layer 3 a, it is possible to polarize the cover foil 3 in the high frequency field with formation of caboxyle (corona treatment). The cover foil 3, the primer layer 3 a and the imprint 5 are permanently resilient, so that the label can also be shrunk upon the battery, even if kept in storage for several months, without the imprint 5 detaching itself from the cover foil 3. The cover foil 3 is the only shrinkable plastics foil layer of the adhesive label. It can carry additional layers on the top and bottom side. The imprint 5 and those partial surfaces of the cover foil 3 not carrying the imprint are covered by a metal layer 7 particularly from aluminum using a vapor deposition or a sputtering method. The metal layer 7 forms a background for the imprint 5 visible from the outside and is electrically insulated against the outside by the cover foil 3. A non-metallic layer 9 from plastics foil or paper is applied upon the bottom side of the metal layer 7. The metal layer 7 and the non-metallic layer 9 together form a carrier material 11 of the label 1.
Alternatively the metal layer 7 can be applied upon the non-metallic layer 9 separately from the cover foil 3, possibly it can be vapor-deposited or sputtered thereon, and the carrier material 11 resulting from these two partial layers 7, 9 is fastened, possibly by means of a primer layer, upon the imprinted bottom side of the cover foil 3, in particular by the application of heat.
The carrier material involved is provided with contact adhesive 13 on its bottom side, and thus the finished label 1 is placed upon an adhesion repellent, possibly siliconized, carrier band or tape 15, from which it is later transferred to a battery body by a dispensing device not shown here.
FIG. 2 shows the imprint 5 only diagrammatically with intermediate spaces.
In this, as in all subsequently described embodiments, the imprint 5 can, however, also be an area closed in itself, multi-colored, multi-layered, a combination of non-transparent printing colors and/or opaque printing colors. Special metal colors, thus also particles of an area wide vapor deposition brought into solution, also form a particularly closed in itself colored layer.
FIG. 1 shows diagrammatically the application of the adhesive label 1 upon a cylindrical battery body 50 of a rechargeable or non-rechargeable dry cell or appliance battery. The adhesive label 1 is placed with its contact adhesive layer 13 upon the circumference of the battery body 50 in such a way, that its longitudinal edges 17, not imprinted upon and having no carrier material 11, protrude beyond the end-surfaces 51, 51 of the battery body 50, wherein in particular the stretching direction of cover foil 3 runs in circumferential direction of the battery body 50. Then the adhesive label 1 is placed around the circumference of the battery body 50, so that the end regions 19, 19 of the adhesive label 1 overlap one another. Subsequently, the adhesive label is shrunk upon the battery body 50 by application of heat, so that the longitudinal edges 17 rest upon the end surfaces 51, 51 of the battery body 50 and additionally adhere to the end faces 51, 51 due to the contact adhesive 13. Due to the overlapping end regions 19, 19 and the longitudinal edges 17 resting upon the end surfaces of the battery body 50, the adhesive label encapsulates the battery body 50 and provides, in addition to the electric insulation of the cell, a protection against leakage. The externally located cover layer 3 protects the layers located beneath it from damage, in particular during the fabrication process of the battery beginning with the application of the label up to the packaging of the finished battery and resists also mechanical stresses in battery layers of the appliances being used.
FIG. 3 shows a second embodiment of the adhesive label 1. It differs from the version shown in FIG. 2 in that the carrier material 11 is a single layer. If the carrier material 11 is from metal, such as possibly aluminum, it can be vapor-deposited or sputtered upon the imprinted bottom side of the cover foil 3, possibly at a thickness of 2 to 7 Å. Alternatively, the metal layer 11 can be applied to a carrier not shown here, separately from the cover foil 3, from which carrier it is then transferred by means of a thermo-sensitive intermediate layer upon the imprint 5. This carrier represents preferably a foil acting as a system-conditioned assist means, which is pulled off after the transfer of the metal layer and is subsequently rolled up, thus no longer participating in the buildup of the layers. The contact adhesive 13 is applied directly upon the metal layer 11. Here also the cover foil 3 can, if necessary, be provided with a primer layer 3 a or subjected to a high frequency treatment prior to the imprinting process.
FIG. 4 shows a third embodiment of the adhesive label 1 similar to FIG. 3 having a single layer carrier material 11. The carrier material 11 consists of paper or plastics and is placed upon the imprinted bottom side of the cover foil 3 by means of a laminating adhesive layer 21 located in between. The laminating adhesive layer 21 is applied as a lacquer or glue in a liquid or semi-liquid phase and is cured or hardened by chemical reaction of the binder and the hardener component parts, by irradiation and/or by release of solvents. The laminating adhesive layer 21 can be pigmented in case of an imprint which is not closed in itself area-wise and can constitute an optical background for the imprint 5. The laminating adhesive layer 21 improves the adhesion of the carrier material 11 upon the imprinted bottom side of the cover foil 3. The laminating adhesive layer 21 has a thickness of 3.5 to 5 micrometers corresponding to 2.5 to 4 grams per meter square and forms a barrier against diffusion of solvents from the contact adhesive layer 13 located beneath same into the imprint and thereby its changing if kept in storage for a long time. The laminating adhesive layer 21 is an additional barrier against migrations of electrolyte and improves at the same time the electrical insulation properties of the label, without having to use an additional insulation layer. In this case also, the cover foil 3 can, if needed, be provided with a primer layer 3 a prior to imprinting or it can be subjected to a high frequency treatment.
FIG. 5 shows a fourth embodiment. As in previous embodiments an imprint 5 is directly provided to the cover foil 3 on its bottom side. Differing from the above versions, no separate carrier layer follows thereon, rather, the contact adhesive layer 13 is directly applied upon the imprinted bottom side of the cover foil 3. The cover foil 3 assumes here the sole carrier function for the adhesive label. The imprint 5 can be closed in itself area wise, so the surface of the battery body located beneath it is not visible. The imprint 5 improves the electric insulation of the label and prevents a diffusion of solvents from the contact pressure layer 13 or from electrolyte residues on the battery surface. The contact pressure layer 13 can be colored and forms then an optical background for an opaque imprint which is not closed in itself area wise. Here also, the cover foil 3 can if needed, be provided with a primer layer 3 a prior to imprinting same or can be subjected to a high frequency treatment.
FIG. 6 shows a fifth embodiment similar to FIG. 5, whose imprint 5 carries however a laminating adhesive layer 21 on its bottom side similar to the one in FIG. 4. The laminated adhesive layer 21 is applied as a lacquer or glue in a liquid or a semi-liquid phase and hardens in a chemical reaction of binder-and-hardner components by irradiation and/or by a release of solvents. The laminating adhesive layer 21 can be pigmented in case the imprint is not closed within itself area wise and can form an optical background for the imprint 5. Furthermore, the laminating adhesive layer 21 also fulfills the function of a barrier against diffusion of solvents from the contact adhesive layer 13 applied on the bottom side of the laminating adhesive layer 21 or from electrolytes upon the surface of the battery body into the imprint 5 and protects said imprint from changes. This improves the durability of adhesion and the storage endurance of the label also under unfavorable conditions, such as high temperature and humidity. Here also the cover foil 3 can be provided with a primer layer 3 a if needed prior to imprinting same or be subjected to a high frequency treatment.
FIG. 7 shows a sixth variant. The cover layer 3, the primer layer 3 a possibly present in case of an unpolarized foil and the imprint 5 correspond to the version in FIG. 3. A laminating adhesive layer 21 corresponding to the embodiment in FIG. 4 is applied upon the imprint 5 and the partial surfaces of the cover layer 3 devoid of said imprint.
The laminating adhesive layer 21 improves the adhesion of a metal layer 7 placed upon same, for instance from aluminum corresponding to the version in FIG. 3. This metal layer 7 is sputtered or vapor-deposited at a thickness of 2 to 7 Å. Because of the micropartial accumulation or superposition of metal particles, the metal layer 7 is porous and has a clearly higher electrical resistance than metal foil. The metal layer 7 covers additionally unavoidable contaminations and stains upon the battery body 50.
Alternatively the metal layer 7 can be also be transferred as a foil to the laminating adhesive layer 21 by the transfer method. Herein, a metal foil 7 adhering to its proper carrier tape is placed upon the more firmly adhering laminating adhesive layer 21. Then the carrier tape having a low adhesion is pulled off the metal layer firmly adhering to the label material.
The laminating adhesive layer 21 constitutes a resilient connection between the metal layer 7 and the cover foil 3. This resilient connection prevents the metal layer from being distorted during shrinkage of the foil and in the course of labeling upon narrow radii of the battery body. The resilient connection absorbs shearing forces and warping in the label. At the same time, the resilient connection forms the barrier described previously in connection with FIG. 4, which prevents solvents from the contact adhesive 13, which can have penetrated into the pores of the metal layer 7, from diffusing into the imprint and changing same, as well as considerably improving the electrical insulation. The laminating adhesive 21, which has penetrated into the pores of the metal layer, hardens or cures said metal layer.
The laminating adhesive layer 21 can be a lacquer which, after being applied in liquid or semi liquid state, is hardened or cured by a chemical reaction of the binder and hardner component parts, irradiation and/or by perspiration of solvents. Prior to sputtering or vapor depositing the metal layer 7, it is possible to permit the laminating adhesive 21 to cure or harden. In case of the superposition of a metal foil, possibly by the foil transfer method, it is possible to place the metal foil on the not yet cured or hardened laminating adhesive layer 21, in order to utilize the adhering effect of the not yet cured lacquer. The laminating adhesive layer 21 can contain pigments for formation of an optical background for the imprint 5.
The contact adhesive layer 13 has, just as in the previous versions, a thickness of 10 to 25 micrometers and insulates the metal layer 7 electrically against the battery body 15. In case of using the laminating adhesive layer 21, the contact adhesive layer 13 can be thinner than 15 micrometers, since the laminating adhesive layer 21 has also insulating properties.
The contact adhesive 13 which has penetrated into the pores of the metal layer 7 insulates the pores and increases thus the electrical resistance of the metal layer 7.
The adhesion of the individual label layers must be arranged in such a way in the overlapping region 19 (FIG. 1) of the adhesive label, that, with the label placed upon the battery body 50, the stress in the shrunk cover foil 3 does not rip the laminating adhesive layer 21.
The laminating adhesive layer 21 is preferably a two-component adhesive or—lacquer including a binder and hardener, and the contact adhesive 13 represents as a rule a permanently resilient single component adhesive with stabilizers such as antioxidants, which prevent a hardening or curing and with this spalling as a result of an area rupture with a simultaneous high shear force in the contact region. Thereby, the laminating adhesive layer 21 adheres in the hardened state more strongly than the not hardened one and therefore permanently resilient contact adhesive 13. The adherence effect of the contact adhesive 13 in the overlapping region 19 of the cover foil 3 is adapted to the adhesive effect to the battery body 50 between the overlapping regions in such a way, that bursting of the overlap 19 is prevented.
FIG. 8 shows a seventh version, which differs from the version in FIG. 7 as far as the layer buildup between the imprint 5 and the metal layer 7 is concerned, otherwise, however, is identical to the version shown in FIG. 7 with all its embodiment variants.
The laminating adhesive layer 21 applied to the imprint 5, which can correspond in its component parts to the version in FIG. 7, is resilient and forms a resilient connection between the cover foil 3 and the metal layer 7, so that said metal layer 7 is not damaged, possibly undulates or tears apart in the course of shrinking the cover foil 3 upon the battery body. This resilient connection absorbs shearing forces and warping in the label. The laminating adhesive layer 21 adheres more strongly than the contact adhesive 13.
A lacquer layer 22 is applied on the bottom side of the laminating adhesive layer 21, which lacquer layer 22 is harder and/or more dense than the laminating adhesive layer 21 and which assumes the barrier function described in connection with FIG. 7 against diffusion of solvents from the contact adhesive layer 13 or from electrolytes on the battery surface into the imprint 5. It is easy to sputter or vapor-deposit metal upon the lacquer layer 22 because of its strength and the thus treated lacquer layer 22 prevents passage of such solvents from the contact adhesive layer 13 and of electrolytes on the battery surface, which have already penetrated through the pores in the metal layer 7.
The laminating adhesive layer 21 and/or the lacquer layer 22 can be pigmented and can form an optical background for the imprint.
FIG. 9 shows an eighth version similar to FIGS. 7 and 8, however, with a modified laminating adhesive layer 21 which as far as its component parts are concerned can be configured to correspond to the embodiment shown in FIG. 7. The laminating adhesive layer 21 is applied upon the imprint 5 in a liquid or semi-liquid state and is subsequently partially cured or hardened in such a way by curing or hardening of the binder and the hardener shares by radiation and/or perspiration of solvents, that a resilient partial layer 21 a resting upon the imprints and a harder partial layer 21 b remote from the imprint 5 is formed, upon which subsequently the metal layer 7 can be very easily sputtered or vapor-deposited. The resilient partial layer 21 a serves as a resilient connection between the cover foil 3 and the metal layer 7, with the effect of the laminating adhesive layer 21 in the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, and the harder partial layer 21 b forms the barrier layer with the effect of the lacquer layer 22 in the version shown in FIG. 8 against diffusion of solvents from the contact adhesive layer 13 and of electrolytes on the battery surface through the pores in the metal layer 7 into the imprint 5. A laminating adhesive layer 21 and/or the lacquer layer 22 can be pigmented for formation of an optical background for the imprint 5.
A plurality of adhesive labels adheres detachably to a siliconized carrier band or tape 15.
While specific embodiments of the invention have been shown and described in detail to illustrate the application of the inventive principles, it will be understood that the invention may be embodied otherwise without departing from such principles.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2595963||Mar 1, 1948||May 6, 1952||Burndept Ltd||Primary electric cell|
|US3121021||Apr 18, 1960||Feb 11, 1964||Minnesota Mining & Mfg||Breathable surgical adhesive tapes|
|US3518152||Oct 22, 1965||Jun 30, 1970||Rohm & Haas||Apparatus for producing fabric-film laminates|
|US3535293||Aug 6, 1969||Oct 20, 1970||Ppg Industries Inc||High-strength pressure-sensitive adhesives|
|US3897295||Jun 2, 1972||Jul 29, 1975||Ppg Industries Inc||Ionizing radiation method for forming acrylic pressure sensitive adhesives and coated substrates|
|US4039707||May 22, 1975||Aug 2, 1977||General Electric Company||Article comprising a silicone pressure-sensitive adhesive and a releasable anti-stick layer and process of using same|
|US4124431||Mar 15, 1976||Nov 7, 1978||Stauffer Chemical Company||Dimensionally stable, calendered vinyl film|
|US4163822||Jul 26, 1976||Aug 7, 1979||Smith & Nephew Research Limited||Pressure sensitive adhesive material and method of preparation|
|US4217263||Feb 5, 1979||Aug 12, 1980||Dennison Manufacturing Company||Chemically-resistant adhesives and labels|
|US4230753||Jul 7, 1978||Oct 28, 1980||Stauffer Chemical Company||Pressure sensitive composite article|
|US4248762||Apr 5, 1978||Feb 3, 1981||Stauffer Chemical Company||Pressure sensitive products with decorative appearance|
|US4248918||Jun 7, 1978||Feb 3, 1981||Stauffer Chemical Company||Pressure sensitive products and adhesive formulations|
|US4264657||Jul 30, 1979||Apr 28, 1981||Custom Made Packaging Inc.||Foam based structure #1|
|US4313986||Dec 7, 1979||Feb 2, 1982||Dennison Manufacturing Company||Chemically-resistant adhesives and labels|
|US4627154||Sep 3, 1985||Dec 9, 1986||Duracell Inc.||Cell jacketing|
|US4627641||Aug 12, 1983||Dec 9, 1986||Kabushiki Kaisha Ishida Koki Seisakusho||Two-color thermosensitive label|
|US4704173||Jul 15, 1986||Nov 3, 1987||Wolfgang Hoffman||System for applying heat shrink film to containers and other articles and heat shrinking the same|
|US4801514||Jul 2, 1987||Jan 31, 1989||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US4911994||Oct 5, 1988||Mar 27, 1990||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US5032477||Dec 21, 1989||Jul 16, 1991||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US5190609||Apr 2, 1991||Mar 2, 1993||Avery Dennison Corporation||Stable pressure sensitive shrink label technique|
|US5262251||May 17, 1991||Nov 16, 1993||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US5292566||May 22, 1990||Mar 8, 1994||National Label Company||Battery label with non-shrinkable top layer|
|US5312712||Apr 9, 1993||May 17, 1994||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US5326654||Jun 28, 1993||Jul 5, 1994||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US5328738||Jan 11, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||Ccl Label, Inc.||Metallized label|
|US5358804||Jun 28, 1993||Oct 25, 1994||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|US5368953||Mar 14, 1994||Nov 29, 1994||Duracell Inc.||Battery cell jacket|
|US5665443||Apr 29, 1996||Sep 9, 1997||Fuji Seal, Inc.||Heat sensitive label for packaging a dry-cell battery|
|US5747192||May 31, 1996||May 5, 1998||Avery Dennison Corporation||Single ply PSA labels for battery applications|
|US5766795||Sep 2, 1997||Jun 16, 1998||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gmbh||Multilayer adhesive label|
|CA2095104A1||Apr 28, 1993||Jul 12, 1994||Barron G. Mckillip||Metallized label|
|DE2939466A1||Sep 28, 1979||Apr 17, 1980||Dennison Mfg Co||Etikettenvorratsbogen fuer stromempfindliche und metallisierte etiketten|
|DE3211331A1||Mar 27, 1982||Oct 14, 1982||Union Carbide Corp||Mit einem hitzeschrumpfbaren klebestreifen umhuellte und versiegelte galvanische trockenzelle|
|DE3245057A1||Dec 6, 1982||Jul 21, 1983||Duracell Int||Verfahren zur herstellung eines batteriegehaeuses, sowie mittels dieses verfahrens hergestelltes dekoriertes batteriegehaeuse und verfahren zur umhuellung einer batterie, sowie mittels dieses verfahrens hergestellte batterie|
|DE3639772A1||Nov 21, 1986||Jun 19, 1987||Daimatsu Kagaku Kogyo Kk||Glossy heat-sensitive coloured sticker|
|DE3823379A1||Jul 9, 1988||Jan 11, 1990||Rolf Ritter Kg||Self-adhesive label|
|DE3941257A1||Dec 14, 1989||Jun 20, 1991||Unipress Olaf Kierchner||Laminated sheet with labels - has hot embossed intermediate sheet inked on side towards adhesive|
|DE4211281A1||Apr 3, 1992||Oct 7, 1993||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik||Etikett zum Aufkleben auf ein Gefäß aus Polystyrol|
|DE8216905A||Title not available|
|EP0043243A1||Jun 25, 1981||Jan 6, 1982||Unilever Plc||Decorative laminate|
|EP0180811A2||Oct 12, 1985||May 14, 1986||Ricoh Electronics, Inc.||Heat insulated thermosensitive paper|
|EP0286222A2||Mar 1, 1988||Oct 12, 1988||Aladdin Label, Inc.||Plastic advertising insert for food packages|
|EP0358445A2||Sep 5, 1989||Mar 14, 1990||Tonen Sekiyukagaku K.K.||Polyethylene composite film and label|
|EP0368326A2||Nov 9, 1989||May 16, 1990||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gesellschaft Mit Beschränkter Haftung||Adhesive label to be stuck on a container|
|EP0505689A1||Jan 29, 1992||Sep 30, 1992||Zweckform Etikettiertechnik Gesellschaft Mit Beschränkter Haftung||Label containing a hologram|
|EP0506202A1||Mar 27, 1992||Sep 30, 1992||Avery Dennison Corporation||Label|
|EP0606699A1||Jul 5, 1993||Jul 20, 1994||Ccl Label, Inc.||Metallized labels|
|EP0947971A2||Aug 14, 1996||Oct 6, 1999||Steinbeis Packaging GmbH||Adhesive label|
|FR1449743A||Title not available|
|FR2459520A1||Title not available|
|FR2484115A1||Title not available|
|FR2501398A1||Title not available|
|FR2674979A1||Title not available|
|FR2680132A1||Title not available|
|FR2715494A1||Title not available|
|GB1123187A||Title not available|
|GB1228858A||Title not available|
|GB2103008A||Title not available|
|GB2184672A||Title not available|
|GB2193834A||Title not available|
|GB2198412A||Title not available|
|JP54178785A||Title not available|
|JPH0566537A||Title not available|
|JPH0737103A||Title not available|
|JPH0752311A||Title not available|
|JPH01289990A||Title not available|
|JPH04325679A||Title not available|
|JPH05213566A||Title not available|
|JPH05225236A||Title not available|
|JPH05319758A||Title not available|
|JPS564675A||Title not available|
|JPS4993459A||Title not available|
|JPS6431346A||Title not available|
|JPS52131124A||Title not available|
|JPS52131126A||Title not available|
|JPS56150545A||Title not available|
|JPS57210563A||Title not available|
|JPS59123161A||Title not available|
|JPS62177864A||Title not available|
|JPS63164158A||Title not available|
|WO1993017462A1||Feb 3, 1993||Sep 2, 1993||Rand Mcnally & Co||Improved multi-layer labels|
|WO1994019835A1||Feb 15, 1994||Sep 1, 1994||Duracell Inc||Battery cell jacket|
|WO1996042115A2||Jun 7, 1996||Dec 27, 1996||Avery Dennison Corp||Single ply psa label for battery applications|
|1||"Die Herstellung von Haftklebstoffen", BASF, Dec. 1979 (including English language translation).|
|2||"Labels Makes Batteries Last Longer", Packaging, A Cahners Publication, May 1986.|
|3||"Paper Converting" 1979, vol. 20, No. 4, pp. 1 to 8, and 22.|
|4||A.A. Fedulova, et al. Technology of Multi-Layer Print Boards, Moscow, 1990 pp. 30-31, section 3.1, "Copper Foil".|
|5||Den här produkten blev en av de mest Iönsamma fr Svensk Fackhandel 1981, Sweden 1981, 14 sheets.|
|6||Draft of letter to Chinese Patent Office.|
|7||Duracell Information: Batterie Historie, undated.|
|8||Excerpt from Dictionary of Adhesion Terms with pertaining translation. (No Date).|
|9||Haftetikett ersetzt Stahlmantel Super Power im neuen Anzug, Verpackungs-Rundschau Jun. 1983. Ast.|
|10||Haftklebstoffbeschichtung Aus Der Sicht Der Industriellen Anwendung, H.P. Ast., undated.|
|11||Handbook of Adhesives, 2nd Edition, Irving Skeist, New York 1977, p. 552.|
|12||Handbook of Adhesives, 3rd Edition, Irving Skeist, New York 1990, pp. 641-663.|
|13||Handbook of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive Technology, 2nd Ed. Donatas Satas, New York 1989, pp. 746, 747, 766, 767, 768 and 807.|
|14||Handbook of Pressure-Sensitive Adhesive Technology, Donatas Satas, New York, 1982, pp. 397-399, 481 and 572.|
|15||L émballage En Matiére Plastique El Le Développement De LÉtiquetage Adhésif Plastique, Technigie Technologie, H.P. Ast, Mar. 1984, pp. 21-27.|
|16||Letter dated May 5, 2000 from National Label Company Inc.|
|17||Memorandum, Avery Label Systems Ltd., Apr. 24, 1984.|
|18||Memorandum, Avery Label, Jan. 7, 1982.|
|19||O.D. Parfenov, Technology of Micro-Circuits, Moscow, 1986, pp. 248-249, "Insulation by Polyamide Lacquer" and Insulation by Polyamide Film.|
|20||Paper, Film & Foil Converter, Mar. 1985, p. 107.|
|21||Pressure Sensitive Products, Skeist Laboratories, New Jersey 1984, pp. 294 and 319.|
|22||Pressure-Sensitive PV Battery Covers From West Germany, Determination of the Commission in Investigation No. 731-TA-452 (Preliminary) Under the Tarriff Act of 1930, Together With the Information Obtained in the Investigation, USITC Publication 2265, Mar. 1990.|
|23||Pressure-Sensitive PVC Battery Covers From West Germany, USITC Publication 2265, Mar. 1990.|
|24||Publication Classification of Adhesives with a translation of the passages named in the notice of opposition. (No Date).|
|25||Selbstklebe-Etiketten aus Kunstoff für Packmittal aus Kunststoff, H.P. Ast., published in Die Verpackung 1/84 Küsnacht.|
|26||U.N. Tschernjaev, et al., Technology of Production of Integrated Macro-Circuits and Microprocessors, Moscow, 1987, p. 46, section Metallization.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6537634 *||Dec 6, 2000||Mar 25, 2003||Tesa Ag||Adhesive security tape for detecting unauthorized broaching of a package|
|US6883286||Nov 8, 2002||Apr 26, 2005||Wright Of Thomasville, Inc.||Flooring display panel with durable label|
|US7709070||Dec 13, 2002||May 4, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Articles and methods for applying color on surfaces|
|US7722938||Oct 12, 2005||May 25, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Dry paint transfer laminate|
|US7727607||Feb 16, 2007||Jun 1, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Multi-layer dry paint decorative laminate having discoloration prevention barrier|
|US7807246||Jun 9, 2003||Oct 5, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Dry paint transfer laminate|
|US7842363||Dec 12, 2006||Nov 30, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Differential release system for a self-wound multilayer dry paint decorative laminate having a pressure sensitive adhesive|
|US7842364||Dec 12, 2006||Nov 30, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Differential release system for a self-wound multilayer dry paint decorative laminate having a pressure sensitive adhesive|
|US7846522||Aug 15, 2005||Dec 7, 2010||The Procter & Gamble Company||Discoloration-resistant articles for applying color on surfaces and methods of reducing discoloration in articles for applying color on surfaces|
|US7897227||Nov 29, 2007||Mar 1, 2011||The Procter & Gamble Company||Articles and methods for applying color on surfaces|
|US7897228||Dec 13, 2007||Mar 1, 2011||The Procter & Gamble Company||Articles and methods for applying color on surfaces|
|US7905981||Jun 9, 2003||Mar 15, 2011||The Procter & Gamble Company||Method of making a dry paint transfer laminate|
|US8158227||Mar 23, 2006||Apr 17, 2012||Applied Extrusion Technologies, Inc.||Solvent resistant labels and containers including said labels|
|US8282754||Sep 25, 2008||Oct 9, 2012||Avery Dennison Corporation||Pressure sensitive shrink label|
|US8535464||Apr 4, 2008||Sep 17, 2013||Avery Dennison Corporation||Pressure sensitive shrink label|
|US8574692||Apr 10, 2007||Nov 5, 2013||Sancoa International Company, L.P.||Metallized shrinkable label|
|US9183766||Aug 6, 2013||Nov 10, 2015||Ccl Label, Inc.||Metallized shrinkable label|
|US9221573||Jan 21, 2011||Dec 29, 2015||Avery Dennison Corporation||Label applicator belt system|
|US20030134114 *||Dec 19, 2002||Jul 17, 2003||The Procter & Gamble Company||Articles and methods for applying color on surfaces|
|US20040007019 *||Jul 12, 2002||Jan 15, 2004||Kohli Jeffrey T.||Method of making high strain point glass|
|US20040161568 *||Jun 9, 2003||Aug 19, 2004||Truog Keith L.||Dry paint transfer laminate for use as wall covering|
|US20040185235 *||Jan 30, 2004||Sep 23, 2004||Philip Emery||Shrinkable battery label|
|US20040247837 *||Jun 9, 2003||Dec 9, 2004||Howard Enlow||Multilayer film|
|US20050050719 *||Feb 11, 2003||Mar 10, 2005||Hassenzahl Steven Lee||Label with adhesive on two sides|
|US20050227051 *||Apr 25, 2005||Oct 13, 2005||Wright William D Jr||Flooring display panel with durable label|
|US20060115647 *||Mar 14, 2005||Jun 1, 2006||Van Willigen Arnoud L||Stick-on nameplate for a measuring instrument|
|US20060201041 *||Apr 16, 2004||Sep 14, 2006||Ccl Battery Label Gmbh||Sticker comprising a metallisation layer protected against corrosion|
|US20060228504 *||Mar 23, 2006||Oct 12, 2006||Wilkie Andrew F||Solvent resistant labels and containers including said labels|
|US20090041992 *||Jun 15, 2005||Feb 12, 2009||Fuji Seal International, Inc.||Battery Packaging Labels|
|US20090176123 *||Apr 10, 2007||Jul 9, 2009||Mckillip Barron G||Metallized Shrinkable Label|
|US20110177326 *||Jun 24, 2009||Jul 21, 2011||Upm Raflatac Oy||Battery label and a battery|
|CN100403354C||Apr 16, 2004||Jul 16, 2008||Ccl电池标记有限公司||Sticker comprising a metallisation layer protected against corrosion|
|WO2004072930A1 *||Feb 2, 2004||Aug 26, 2004||Flexcon Co Inc||Shrinkable battery label|
|WO2004093219A1 *||Apr 16, 2004||Oct 28, 2004||Steinbeis Ibl Gmbh||Sticker comprising a metallisation layer protected against corrosion|
|U.S. Classification||428/203, 428/354, 428/220|
|International Classification||H01M2/02, G09F3/04, G09F3/10|
|Cooperative Classification||Y10T428/2848, G09F3/10, Y10T428/24868|
|Aug 9, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ZWERCKFORM ETIKETTIERTECHNIK GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AST, HANS-PETER;REEL/FRAME:008166/0716
Effective date: 19960801
|Nov 22, 1999||AS||Assignment|
|Jul 13, 2000||AS||Assignment|
|Dec 16, 2004||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Nov 22, 2005||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: CCL BATTERY LABEL GMBH, GERMANY
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:STEINBEIS IBL GMBH;REEL/FRAME:017057/0231
Effective date: 20050908
|Sep 30, 2008||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 28, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 19, 2013||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Aug 6, 2013||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20130619