|Publication number||US625022 A|
|Publication date||May 16, 1899|
|Publication number||US 625022 A, US 625022A, US-A-625022, US625022 A, US625022A|
|Inventors||William Henry Crist|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
WITNESSES Patented May l6, |899..
W. H. CBIST.
HOOK AND ,EYE.
(Application med Mar. 10, 1897.)
ZNVENTOR m: cams PETERS co. PNOTBLITHQ. wAsHiuuToN n c NITED STATES PATENT I OFFICE.
SPECIFICATION. formingpart of Letters Patent No. 625,022, dated May 16, 1899. Application filed March 1.0, 1897- Serial No. 626,716. (No model.)
in the artto which it appertains tomake and 1 use the same.
My invention relates to hooks and eyes, and
' particularly to a hook designed for use in con- I engaging with contiguous portions of the garment by which the hook is carried.
A further object of the invention is to pro- Vide such means for closing the throat of the hook as can yield only by the flexing of the hook-bill and not through any yielding quality inherent in the stop.
A serious disadvantage of the ordinary form of hook for the purpose named resides in the fact that the extremity of the bill is liable to catch in the meshes of lace and other light fabrics and cause the drawing or tearing thereof or at least inconvenience the wearer by the necessity of carefully disengaging said portion of the fabric. It is, therefore, a primary object of my invention, as above indicated, to provide a simple form of hook wherein the throat is completely closed, so as to exclude portions of-garments in connection with which the device may be usedand to so round or convex the extremity of the hook-bill as to afford no means for engagement with such articles.
The second-named object of my invention, being that of preventing independent yielding movement of the stop which is used to close the throat of the hook, I deem of importance, for the reason that a yielding'stop, being exposed to the strainsincident to engaging the eye with and disengagingthe same from the h0ok,is liable to affect the durability of the device and at the same time increase the cost of manufactu re thereof.
A further and less important object of my invention is to provide such a construction of hook as may be struck from a single blank of cross-sectionally rou'nd wire, no flattening or other manipulation of the device subsequent to the bending thereof being required in order to complete the article.
Further objects and ad vantages of this invention will appear in the following description, and the novel features thereof will be particularly pointed out in the appended claim.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of ahook constructed in accordance with 'my invention with an eye of the ordinary form engaged therewith. Fig. 2 is a plan view of the hook. Fig. 3 is a side view of the same.
Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding partsin all the figures of the drawings.
The hook 1 embodying my invention is shown in the drawings engaged with an eye 2 of the ordinary construction, said hook being struck from a single blank of cross-sectionally round wire, and comprising, essentially, a two-ply shank 3, of which the sides or members 4 are in contact throughout, and a twoply hook-bill 6, of which also the members are in contact throughout. These two-ply or plural-strand hook-bill and shank are formed from 'a blank of wire doubled upon itself at its center to arrange the sides in contact, and at an intermediate point these sides are again doubled upon themselves in a plane perpendicular to that of the first-named fold to form r a loop, of which one side forms the hook-bill and the other the shank, whereby the strands or plies of the hook-bill occupy positions in a plane parallel with those of the shank. Thus the extremity of the shank is formed by the free ends of the blank from which the hook is formed, and these extremities are coiled outwardly to form attaching-eyes 5, adapted to be secured in the ordinary or any preferred manner to the garment,while the extremity of the hook-bill is formed-by the central or first-formed loop of the blank. This looped portion of the blank is folded inwardly or toward the plane of the shank to form a coiled stop-eye 7, approximately round, and with the end thereof formed by said central loop of the blank in contact with the inner or under side of the hook-bill, whereby the stopeye is rigid with relation to the hook-bill and is non-yielding independently of the hookbill. This stop-eye closes the throat of the hook, whereby the eye 2 cannot enter the hook except by separating said stop-eye from the shank or increasing the interval there- .between, and the .outWardly-convexed construction of the stop-eye enables this separation to be accomplished by a forcible pressure of the eye against said stop. Obviously the passage of the eye 2 beyond the stop is followed by the return of the stop to its normal position to close the throat of the hook, whereby the accidental disengagement of the eye is prevented.
The exteriorly-convexed construction of the stop-eye affords no extremity or projection capable of engaging with an article of wearing-apparel, such as lace or the equivalent thereof, whereas the proper engagement of the eye 2 with the hook may be accom plished with little more effort-than is necessary in connection with the ordinary hook and eye. It will be seen, furthermore, that being constructed of a single blank of cross sectionally round wire the hook embodying my invention may be manufactured at a small cost, such manufacture consisting simply in the initial doubling of the blank at its center and the subsequent doubling or folding thereof at an intermediate point in a plane perpendicular to the first fold to form the approximately parallel hook-bill and shank,each of which is two-ply and of which the free ends consist, respectively, of the looped center of the blank and the extremities of the blank. The looped end of the blank is coiled inwardly or under the plane of the hook-bill to partly close the throat of the hook, the looped extremity bearing against the under side of the hook-bill to prevent independent movement of the stop, While the extremities of the blank are coiled outwardly to form the above-described attaching-eyes. This inturned coil, which forms the stop-eye 7 and which bears terminally against the inner or under side of the hook-billto partly close the throat of the hook, is of a diameter somewhat less than the width of the hook-throat, but is of sufficient size to prevent the accidental disengagement of an eye from the hook or the engagement thereof without pressing outwardly upon the stop-eye, and thus deflecting the latter, with the hook-bill, from the normal position occupied thereby, it being understood that the contact of the extremity of the coil with the inner or under side of the hook-bill prevents the yielding of the coil independently of the bill.
Having described my invention, what I claim is- The herein-described hook member of a garment-fastener, the same consisting of a looped blank, of which the parallel sides are bent at an intermediate point to form a shank portion 4 and a hook-bill 6, and of which the center, at the extremity of the hook-bill, is turned under, or toward the shank portion, to form an exteriorly-convexed coil 7, to prevent the extremity of the hook-bill from engaging adjacent portions of a garment, the throat of the hook-bill being approximately closedby said coil, and the latter being held from yielding, independently of the hook-bill, by the contact of the loop with the under or inner surface of the hook-bill, substantially as specified.
In testimony whereof I have signed this specification in the presence of the subscribing witnesses.
WILLIAM HENRY ORIST.
MAX L. MITCHELL, THOS. H. HAMMOND, JAMES Yosr.
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