Combined drawer guide and support
US 625576 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 625,576. Patented May 23, I899.
F. MACEY. COMBINED DRAWER GUIDE AND SUPPORT.
(Application filed Km. 12, 1898.)
INVENTOR: From mac/e rm: uonms PErzas ca. worauwu. WASHINGTON, n. c.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FRANK MAOEY,'OF GRAND RAPIDS, MICHIGAN.
COMBINED DRAWER cums AND SUPPORT.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 625,576, dated May 23, 1899.
Application filed March 12, 1898. Serial No. 673,565. (No model.)
To all whom, it may concern.-
Be it known that I, FRANK MACEY,.a citizen of the United States, residing at Grand Rapids, in the county of Kent and State of Michigan, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in a Combined Drawer Guide and Support; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact de scription of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates to improvements in a combined drawer guide and support; and its object is to provide the same with certain new and useful features hereinafter more fully described, and particularly pointed out in the clai ms,reference being had to the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section of a device embodying my invention, taken on the line 1 1 of Fig. 2, with the drawer and slide extended; Fig. 2, a transverse section of the same withthe drawer and slide run back within the case and on a line cutting the rear end of both the slide and drawer; Fig. 3, a perspective detail showing the under side of the drawer; Fig. 4, a perspective detail of the slide, the guides, and the lower part of the case, with the slide partially drawn out and parts broken away; and Fig. 5 an enlarged detail of the outer end of the slide.
Like letters refer to like parts in all the figures.
A represents any suitable case to receive the drawer and provided with the usual frame A on which the drawer slides.
B is the drawer, having its bottom B at a distance above the bottom of its sides and front equal to the thickness of the longitudinally-movable supporting-slide O, which slide consists of a suitable strip, having a longitudinal groove D in its upper side and open at its outer end and a laterally-projecting transverse piece inserted at its rear end,forming tongues E to engage and traverse grooves J in the adjacent sides of the parallel guides I I, arranged at each side of said slide and in the same horizontal plane. To hold the guides in place, they are provided with tenons I at each end, which tenons engage grooves in the cross-bars of the frames A,and stops K are inserted in said grooves between the guides and also at each side of the same. To limit the movement of the slide, ablock Fis detachably secured to its under side and provided with buffers F, of felt, rubber, or other suitable materiahto engage the cross-bars of the frame A. Said block is of such length and so lo cated that when the slide and drawer are run back into the case the front end of the slide engages the inner side of the drawer-front and the back engages the rear cross-bar of the frame A, thus serving as a stop for the drawer, and when the slide 0 is drawn outward it will project about one-half of its length and a little beyond the middle of the drawer when stoppedby the block F. In the bottom of the drawer and near the middle thereof is'a pin G, which projects downward and traversesthe groove D and is vertically removable therefrom.
G G are blocks on the bottom and at the rear of the drawer, which blocks engage and traverse the outer sides of the guides I.
H is a hook near the outer end of the slide 0, pivoted in a chamber D. Said hook has an outer inclined end H and at the opposite side of the pivot an extension H, having oppositely-inclined faces, the shape being such that when the hook swings into the grooveD the extension H recedes therefrom, and vice versa, as indicated by dotted lines in Fig. 5.
The operation of my device is asfollows: When the drawer is within the case, the pin G is in the rear part of the groove D, and the blocks G G engage the guidesl 1, near the rear ends thereof. As the drawer moves for= ward said blocks traverse the outer sides of the guides and the pin G traverses the groove D until the drawer is about half-way out, when the pin engages the stop-hook H. Should the hook be open, thepin will engage the incline of the extension'IF'and move the hook to proper position to engage the pin. The slide 0 now moves out with the drawer until stopped by'engagement of the forward end of the block F with the frame. Thus the blocks G G traverse the guides I I on the outside, the pin traverses the groove D, and the slide traverses the inner sides of the guides, the drawer thus being effectually guided in its outward or inward movements. The drawer when fully out of the case can be drawn out no farther, but may be lifted vertically at the front to disengage the pin from the hook and can then be taken away altogether. When extended, as shown in Fig. 4, the rear end of the slide is effectually held down by the tongues E in the grooves J, its middle rests on the front bar of the frame A, l
and its outer end extends to or beyond the middle of the drawer, which latteris thus effectually supported as well as guided thereby.
When the drawer is returned to the case, the pin need not be placed in the groove D behind the hook, but may be entered at the end of the groove, and it will strike the inclined end 11 of the hook and move it out of the way side, guide-blocks on the drawer adapted to embrace and traverse the guides, and vertically detachable from the same, and a .pin projecting from the bottom of the drawer,
and traversing the groove in the slide, and also vertically removable therefrom substanhook and traversing the groove in the slide,
tially as described.
2. The combination of a drawer-supporting frame, a slide above the plane of the frame and projecting beyond the same when drawn out, and having a longitudinal groove, guides at each side of said slide, and in the same plane therewith and having grooves in their inner sides, a transverse strip in the slide engaging said grooves and traversing the same, a drawer, guide-blocks on the rear of the drawer-engaging and traversing the outer sides of the guides, and vertically detachable therefrom, a pin near the middle of said drawer traversing said groove and also vertically detachable therefrom, a stop in the outer end of said groove to engage the pin, and a stop on the slide to limit its movement, substantially as described.
3. In combination with a case andadrawer, a slide beneath said drawer and supporting the same and having a longitudinal groove open at the. outer end, a pin in said drawer traversing said groove, a hook pivoted on said slide adjacent to the groove, said hook having an inclined outer end, substantially as described.
4. In combination with a case and drawer, a longitudinally-movable slide beneath the' drawer and having a longitudinal groove in its upper side open at the forward end, a pin in the drawer to traverse said groove, a hook pivoted adjacent to said groove having an inclined outer end and an extension at the opposite side of its pivot, said extension having oppositely-inclined sides, substantially as described.
5. In combination with a case and a drawer, parallel guides having grooves in their adjacent sides, a slide having tongues traversing said grooves, and a groove in its upper side, and a stop-hook entering said groove, guideblocks on said drawer to traverse the outer sides of said guides, and a pin in said drawer traversing the groove in the slide and engaging the hook, substantially as described.
6. In combination with a case having a drawer-supporting frame, and a drawer, parallel guides having grooved inner sides, a slide between said guides having a groove open at its outer end, a hook pivoted adjacent to said groove and having an inclined outer end, a pin in thedrawer engaging the guide-blocks on the d rawer engaging the outer sides of the guides, and a stop-block on the slide engaging the end bars of the frame, substantially as described.
7. The combination of a case, adrawer-supporting frame, a drawer, parallel guides, a slide between said guides, and connected to the same by a tongue and groove, and having a groove in its upper surface, and a pivoted hook near the end of said groove, a stop-block on said slide engaging the end bars of the frame, guide-blocks on the drawer traversing said guides, and a pin in said drawer engaging the stop-hook and traversing the slot in said slide, substantially as described.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
LUTHER V. MoUL'roN, LEWIS E. FLANDERS.