Button for badges
US 626035 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 626,035. v Patented May 30, i899. A. PHELPS.
BUTTON FOR BADGES.
A lication filed 00c. 29, 1898.
WITNESSES: L 9' INVENTOR= 6W1 7W BY MP 6" THE n Norms vzrzns c0 Pnom-urnou WASHINGTON u c UNIT D STATES PATENT FFICE.
AUGUSTUS PH LPS, OF NEWARK, NEW JERSEY.
BUTTON FOR BADGE'S.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 626,035, dated May 30, 1899.
Application filed October 29,1998.
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, AUGUSTUS PHELPS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Newark, in the county of Essex and State of New Jersey, have invented certainnew and useful Improvements in Buttons for Badges, 850.; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and to letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to certain improvements in that class of buttons adapted to be applied to garments for purposes of decoration and ornament ortodisplay emblems,insignia, political campaign devices, &c., or for other purposes common to buttons or badgebuttons.
The objects of the present construction are to reduce the cost of lock-pin buttons and to secure other advantages and results, some of which may be referred to hereinafterin connection with the description of the working parts.
The invention consists in the improved pinbutton for badges and other purposes and in the arrangements and combinations of parts of the same, all substantially as will be hereinafter set forth, and finally embraced in the clauses of the claim..
Referring to the accompanying drawings, in which like letters of reference indicate corresponding parts in'each of the several views, Figure 1 is a front plan of a button of my improved construction; and Fig. 2 is a section of the same, taken at line m. Fig. 3 is a rear view showing a construction in detail sometimes preferred. Fig. 4 is a detail plan of a pin and fastener or lock for the same, all in one integral piece. Fig. 5 is a section at line y, Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is a section at line .2, Fig. 7; and Fig. 7 shows a variation of the wire at the locking-tongue thereof.
In said drawings, a indicates the body of the button, having at its back a recess or cavity 1), with inwardly-extending side walls 19', forming a groove 0, into which is arranged a wire pieced, the said wirepiece being re- Serial No. 694,910.- (No model.)
tained in said groove by the spring-power of the curved wire or otherwise. The said wire piece 01 is preferably formed to fit within said "move 0 and be more or less perfectly concealed by the rearwardly and inwardly turned part of the body extending behind or under the wire piece. The body of the said wire piece d is more or less perfectly ring-shaped in plan, as indicated in Figs. 4 and 7, the curved wire extending around the whole interior circumference of the button-body or only partly around the same. At one side of the ring-shaped part of the wire, between its extremities, the same is bent or doubled inward toward the center, as shown at e, to form a locking-tongue, and at its opposite side one of the free ends of the wire is bent to lie diametrically across the round opening formed by the ring-shaped or curved part 61, the extremity being pointed to form a pin f to enable it to be readily and easily forced into or pinned to the garment and extending to the opposite locking-tongue formed by inwardly doubling the wire, as described.
Where the wire is bent from its circular course to form the locking-tongue e and pin f the inward edges or walls of the button-body are notched, as indicated at g h, to receive the inwardly-bent wire, the inward bends lying in said notches, thus locking the ring-shaped part against turning in the button-body and preventing an inappropriate disposition of the emblem or design thereon. The doubled part of the wire where it forms the locking-tongue e is turned backward from the plane of the ringshaped part, as shown in Figs. 2, 5, and 6, and extends preferably to or backward beyond the plane of the back of the button, as
in Fig. 2, so that the free end of the pin can be caught thereby and the point of the pin easily directed between the side parts 6 e of the locking-tongue to be protected thereby, which side parts lie apart sufficiently to enable the pin-point to easily enter between. The backward bend of the locking-tongue may be curved, as in Fig. 5, or have a step-. bend, as in Fig. 6. The pin also where bent diametrically from the course of the ringshaped part is bent backward, as at f, so-that the pin when locked will lie approximately flush withthe button-body back and enter and lie in the cloth without unduly stretching the latter from its smooth and proper relation in the garment.
The construction of the button-body a preferred is shown clearly in Figs. 2 and 3, where a indicates a front shell, and a a covering of cloth, celluloidal matter, or other material, either with or without an engraving, design, emblem, or the like thereon, said covering having its edges turned backward and inward under the said shell, and a is a collet held in place by the inward and backward turning of the shell in the ordinary manner and with the shell forming the groove to receive the ring-like part of the pin and tonguewire d. The collet a may be turned forward at its inner edge toward the back of the shell a distance sufficient to prevent the removal of the wire between, or said collet may permit the easy removal of said wire, so that the latter may be quickly applied to or removed from the body of the button by simply springing the ring-like or segmental part of the wire into place.
Having thus described the invention, what I claim as new is- 1. The improved button for badges, &c., comprising a button-body having a groove at the back, and a wire (Z, having a curved part to enter and be retained in said groove, and having a pointed part passing diametrically across the opening formed by the curved part, said wire being doubled to form a tongue at a point in line with the diametrical part, the doubled tongue being curved backward from the plane of the turned part and extending inward toward the center of the opening formed by said curved part to receive the end of the pointed part, substantially as set forth.
2. The improved button,com prising a body portion having a groove at the back and a wire curved to lie in said groove and having a pin extending diametrically across the back of the button and said wire being doubled at a point in line with the diametrical part, the
tongue, formed by doubling the wire inward or toward the center of the button, at its extremity, being curved backward to form a receptacle for the diametrically-extendin g part, access to which receptacle is open from opposite sides of said doubled part, substantially as set forth.
3. The improved button,comprising a body portion having a groove at the back formed by a backward and inward extension of the circumferential part of said body, the backward and inward extension being notched at opposite sides of said body portion, and a wire formed to lie in the said groove and having one end pointed and extending diametrically across the back of said body to form a pin, the said wire being doubled into the form of a tongue at a point in line with the diametrically-extending pin, said tongue lying in one of the notches of the body portion and extending from said body portion inward and backward to receive the pointed extremity of the pin, substantially as set forth.
4. The improved button comprising a body portion having notches at the back, and a wire bent double to form a tongue which tongue extends inward through one of said notches,the side parts e,e,of the tongue lying apart to receive the pointed end of the pin and the said tongue being turned backward from the plane of the body portion to permit the entrance of the pin between said side parts from eitherside of said tongue, the said wire being bent at a point opposite the tongue and forming said pin which latter extends to and is adapted to lie between the said side parts a, c, of the tongue, substantially as set forth.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 22d day of October, 1898.
CHARLES II. PELL, O. B. PITNEY.