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Publication numberUS626480 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 6, 1899
Filing dateDec 19, 1898
Publication numberUS 626480 A, US 626480A, US-A-626480, US626480 A, US626480A
InventorsFanny Eveline Bemelmans
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 626480 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 626,480. Patented June 6, I899.



(Application filed Dec. 19, 1698 INVENTCU? UNTTnn STATES PATENT OFFICE.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 626,480, dated June 6, 1899.

Application filed December 19, 1898. Serial No. 699,629. (N0 model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, FANNY EVELINE BEM- ELMANS, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Philadelphia, county of Philadelphia, and State of Pennsylvania, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Car-Fenders, of which the followingis a specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming a part thereof, in

which similar letters and figures of reference In the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification, Figure 1 is a side elevation of my improved fender, showing the same attached to the platform of a car. Fig. 2 is an inverted plan view, and Fig. 3 is a front elevation.

In the practice of my invention I employ a lattice-work structure A, constructed upon the lazy-tongs principle and comprisinga series of cross-bars a, pivotally connected to each other by rivets a. These said bars are composed of metal, and they are of a thickness sufficient. to insure durability, while at the same time they are slightly resilient in order to withstand the strain of an impact without danger of injury to the general structure. This lattice-work is pivotally connected at its central rear section to a hanger B, Which depends from the car-platform, and it rests upon longitudinal parallel rods 0, which slide within boxes (Z of hangers D, depending from the car-platform and preferably secured to the longitudinal beams 1, forming part of the car. Connected to the outer ends of these said rods is a transverse plate E, which has a flexible cushion' 9 upon the outer face thereof. This said plate is also secured to the central forward sections of the lattice-work by means-of a rearwardly-projected lug or plate 8. As a means for locking the lattice- Work in its forward or extended position pins d are provided. These said pins are connected to chains 61 depending from the hang ers D, and they engage apertures leading through the boxes (1 and the rods 0, thus permitting the said rods to be securely locked in position Within the said boxes, as illustrated clearly by Fig. 1 of the drawings.

The invention further consists of a folding gate F, comprising a lattice-work similar to the body of the fender and composed of crossbars f, connected to each other by means of rivets f. One end of this said lattice-work engages a post G, which depends from one side of the car-platform, one end bar of the lattice-work being pivoted to a rigid projection on the bottom of the post G, the other end bar engaging a sliding collar adapted to move vertically upon said post, whereby the whole gate can be folded against the post when the fender is not in use.

The end of the gate opposite to the post G has a hook f pivoted thereto, and this said hook engages an eye f depending from the carplatform for the purpose of locking the gate in its open position, as shown in the drawings. This said gate acts as a means for pre venting a body from being carried beneath the car-wheels after it is picked up by the fender.

The operation of this fender is similar to that of any other fender, with the exception that when it is not in use the fender is folded beneath the car, and in order to so fold the same it is simply necessary to remove the pins 01 and fold up the lattice-Work by pushing upon the same in a rearward direction.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

1. A car-fender comprising a lattice-work body constructed upon the lazy-tongs principle and adapted to be folded beneath the car, said lattice-work being connected at its rear end to the car and at its front end to a transverse bufier and longitudinal rods connected to said buffer and supporting the latticework, said rods being slidable in boxes upon the car, substantially as shown and described.

2. A oar-fender comprisingahorizontal lattice-work body composed of a series of crossbars pivotally connected to each other upon the lazy-tongs principle, and a framework bars connected to each other upon the lazy- 3 tongs principle, and depending supports for 1 i the said fender, said supports comprising T hangers and sliding rods, and a folding gate extended transversely across the car to the rear of the said lattice-work body, the said gate comprising a series of bars connected to each other upon the lazy-tongs principle, and

means for hanging the gate and for locking 20 the same in the extended or operative position, substantially as shown and described. In testimony that I claim the foregoing as 3 my invention I have signed my name, in presence of two witnesses, this 15th day of De- 25 cember, 1898.



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US4961605 *Sep 19, 1988Oct 9, 1990Body Guard, Inc.Extendable protective trim
US6203079 *Nov 23, 1998Mar 20, 2001Automotive Technologies International, Inc.Damped crash attenuator
US6343821Mar 19, 2001Feb 5, 2002Automotive Technologies International, Inc.Damped crash attenuator
US6523872Dec 24, 2001Feb 25, 2003Automotive Technologies International, Inc.Damped crash attenuator
US6619491 *Oct 1, 2002Sep 16, 2003Thomas S. PayneCollision attenuator
US6814246Jun 10, 2003Nov 9, 2004Payne Thomas SCollision attenuating system
US6845874Jun 13, 2003Jan 25, 2005Thomas S. PayneCollision attenuating system
US7341397 *Jul 18, 2005Mar 11, 2008Murphy William TUtility trailer and safety barrier for street repair
US20040020888 *Jun 13, 2003Feb 5, 2004Payne Thomas S.Collision attenuating system
US20060028013 *Jul 15, 2005Feb 9, 2006Schmitt Stephen EHigh durability printed livestock tag and tracking system
US20070012534 *Jul 18, 2005Jan 18, 2007Murphy William TUtility trailer and safety barrier for street repair
US20080252087 *Apr 3, 2008Oct 16, 2008Benteler Automobiltechnik GmbhBumper system
US20100181784 *Mar 28, 2010Jul 22, 2010Omnitek Partners LlcCollision Barrier Device For Projecting Loads
Cooperative ClassificationB60R21/34