US 628104 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 628mm Patented 1 4 |'9 J. B. MARSHALL. "y 8 9` WIN D 0W.
(Applicstion led Aug. 31, 1898.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 2.
" UNITED .STATES s PATENT OFFICE.
JOHN BARTON MARSHALL, FRESNO, CALIFORNIA.
SPECIFICATION forming partof vLettersjPatentlNo.` 628,104, datedJuly 4,189.9.
Application led August 31,1898. Serial No. 689,942. (No model.) i
To @ZZ whom t may concern: I BeA it known that I, JOHN BARTON MAR- SHALL, a citizen of the United States, residing at Fresno, in the county of Fresno and State of California, have invented a new and-useful Window, of which the following is a specification.
The invention relates to improvements in windows.
The object of the present invention ,is to improve the construction of windows and to provide a simple and comparatively inexpensive one adapted to permit the sashes to .be entirely removed or detached at the top and swung downwardand outward to afford convenient access to their outer faces, soV thatv able the sash-cords to be readily detachedl from the sashes when it is desired to' swing the latter outward or entirely remove them and also to permitthe sash-cords to be quickly connected to the sashes when desired.
The invention consists in the construction and novel combination `and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and pointed out in the claims hereto appended.
In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of a window constructed in accordance with this invention, one of the sashes being swung outward and downward. Fig. '2 is a vertical sectional view, the sashes being in operative position. Fig. 3 is a vertical sectional view of one side of the window, the section being taken at right angles to Fig., 2. Fig. 4. is an enlarged detail perspective view of one of the upper corners of one of the sashes, illustrating the construction for detachably connecting the sash-cord with the same. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective view of one of the catches for engaging the sash-cord. Fig. 6 is a detail perspective view of the .T -shaped plate which connects the sections of the bead or strip. Fig. 7 is a detail sectional view of the T-shaped plate and the adjacent portions of the sections of the bead.
Like numerals of reference designate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.
l designates a windowframe or casing provvided at opposite sides' with verticalgrooves `Zand-forming Waysfor and receiving projections or studs 5 and 6 of upper and lower sashes? and 8, and the vertical grooves or ways are intersected by horizontal grooves or ways 9,-,and l0, locatedbetween the ends of .the vertical grooves and forming entrances to the lsame to permit the studs or projections vof the sashes to be introduced into and removed from the vertical grooves or ways to remove and replace the sashes The upper horizontal groove 9 is located near the middle of the window-framaand the lower groove l0 is located a considerable distance above the bottom of the'window, the distance between the grooves 9 and l() being equalto the space between 'the projections `or, studs, so that when the latter are brought opposite the horizontal grooves the sashes'may'be readily removed from and replaced in the windowframe.
When it is desired to Wash theouter face of the lower sash, its upper studs or projections are swung out of the horizontal grooves 9, the lower ones remaining' in the vertical grooves, and the sash is then lowered and is adapted to rest upon the bottom of the Win- `dowand upon a stand or other suitable support. The upper sash may then' be `lowered vThe studs or projections are provided with threaded Shanks which arie embedded in the side edges of the sashes, and in order to enable them to slide freely through the horizonto the same position and lie upon the lower i sash,- the lower horizontal grooves 10 being a sufficient distance above the bottom of the window to permit this arrangement.
are provided with registering kerfs extending longitudinally of the window and receiving webs or iianges 14 of T-shaped plates 15. Each T-shaped plate, which is constructed of angle-iron or anged metal, has its web or flange extending across the joint and fitting in both kerfs, and the outer portion of each plate is secured by suitable fastening devices to the upper section 12.' The upper end of the lower section is detachably interlocked with the T-shaped plate, and when the fastening devices are withdrawn it may be readily disengaged from the same.
The sash-cords 16 and 17 of theupper and lower sashes pass over pulleys 1S of the ordinary construction and are connected in the usual manner to sash-weights. In order to enable the sash-cords to be readily detached from or connected to the sashes, the latter are provided at each side near the top with a longitudinal groove 19, having its lower end enlarged to receive a catch 20. The catch 2O consists of a plate bent at an angle to form an inclined lower arm and a substantially horizontal upper arm. The recess at the lower end of the groove 19 has an inclined wall to fit the lower arm of the catch and forms an upper shoulder or stop to support the horizontal arm, which is bifurcated to receive the sash-cord. The sash-cord, which is adapted to lie in the groove 19, ext-ends through the bifurcation of the horizontal arm of the catch and is provided with a knot 21 or other suitable stop, which is received within the recess. The sash-cord is adapted to be readily disconnected from the sash by withdrawing the knot from the recess, and the window is provided with suitable hooks 22, arranged to receive the free ends of the sashcords to prevent the sash-weights from drawing them into the boxes or wells of the window frame or casing.
Theinvention has the following advantages: rlhe window, which is simple and easily constructed, is adapted to permit the sashes to be either entirely removed or swung outward and downward to arrange them in a horizontal position and expose their outer faces, so that they may be conveniently cleaned from the interior ofa room. The sash-cords may be readily detached from the sashes and quickly connected to the same, and when they are not connected to the sashes they are held to prevent them from being drawn into the window frame or casing by the sash-weights.
Changes in the form, proportion, and minor details ot' construction may be resorted to without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of this invention.
What is claimed is- 1. In a window, the combination of a window-frame provided with vertical grooves arranged in pairs at opposite sides thereof, said window-frame having upper and lower horizontal grooves located near the middle of the sash and at a point above the lower ends of the grooves, the upper and lower sashes provided with rigid horizontal studs adapted to slide in the vertical grooves and to pass through the horizontal grooves, the lower studs of both the sashes forming pivots and adapted to permit the sashes to swing downward to a horizontal position upon the bottom of the window-frame when the upper portions of the sashes are detached from the sash-cords and when the upper studs are disengaged from the grooves, and the beads arranged at opposite sides of the window-frame and having removable sections adapted to permit the sashes to swing downward to a horizontal position, substantially as described.
2. In a window, the combination with upper and lower sashes provided with horizontal studs, of a window-frame provided at opposite sides with vertical grooves to receive the studs and having horizontal grooves intersecting the vertical grooves, beads arranged at opposite sides of a window-frame and composed of upper and lower sections having registering kerfs, and the T-shaped plates secured to the beads and having their webs or flanges fitting in the kerfs,'substantially as described.
In testimony that I claim 4the foregoing as my own I have hereto aiiixed my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
J OI-IN BARTON MARSHALL.
V. ERIoKsoN, HENRY HAMMER.