|Publication number||US628580 A|
|Publication date||Jul 11, 1899|
|Filing date||Jun 10, 1898|
|Priority date||Jun 10, 1898|
|Publication number||US 628580 A, US 628580A, US-A-628580, US628580 A, US628580A|
|Original Assignee||Benjamin Gray|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (2), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 628,580. Patented July ll, I899. B. GRAY.
HAIR GUBLING IRON.
(Application filed June 10, 1898.
@ UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
BENJAMIN GRAY, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 628,580, dated July 11, 1899.
Application filed June 10,1898. flerial No. 633,108. (No model.)
To aZZ whom i m y con ern: be crimped. Fig. 2 is an end view of the Be it known that I, BENJAMIN GRAY, a citi same. Fig. 3 is asectional view taken through zen of the United States, residing at Los Anthe pivot of the device. Line 2 2, Fig.1, in-
geles, in the county of Los Angeles and State dicates the line of section. Fig. 4 is a sec* 5 of California, have invented new and useful tional view showing my invention as manu- Improvement'sin Hair-Crimpers, of which the factured from sheet metal. Fig. 5 is a plan following is a specification. view of the mandrel, showing the flutes thick- I have found in practice that it is very dif enedat the rear end. 6o ficult to produce a satisfactory device for In the drawings, A represents the mandrel,
1o crimping hair in that if the device is not so which in practice I have made from aluminiarranged as to leave the hair at the edges of um, as shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, but may the crimps substantially in line with the base be made of any suitable metal, either cast or of the crimps the result is that the crimps are stamped, as shown in Fig. 4. This mandrel not distinct, the tendency of the hair is to is provided with flutes a, preferably three in 15 rise up from the head and to straighten, and number, and each outer flute is provided the entire eifect is not only unartistic, but with an outwardly-projecting lipa', which untidy. has its upper face a arranged substantially One object of my invention is to produce in line with the base of the flutes.
a hair-crimper with which a ladys hair may B is the jaw, which is provided with two 20 be quickly erimped and in a highly-artistic inner flutes b and two outer flutes I). These and efieetive manner. I have also found that flutes fit into and are chambered between in a crimping-iron in which the flutes fit the flutes a of the mandrel and in turn chamclosely into each other the hair is liableto be her the flutes of the mandrel, and each outer caught between the flutes before the crimper flute b has its lower edge or bottom 1') ar- 25 is fully closed, and further movement of the ranged to fit against the upper face of the crimper in closing either shears or mashes outwardly-projecting lip a of the mandrel the hair, or, if the hair is caughtin two places when the jaw is closed against the mandrel. with a flute therebetween, the hair is broken The flutes are made of such a size that when or stretched by the closing of the flutes. This the outer flutes I) rest upon the lips a there 0 is an objection which has interfered very mawill be a space S between the flutes in which terially with the successful use of crimpingto chamber the hair. Thus the hair will be irons. caught only between the flutes I) and the lips A further object of my invention is to proa, and the crimper must be fully closed bevide a crimping-iron in which there will be fore the hair becomes gripped, and therefore 3 5 no possibility of stretching, breaking, mashthere can be no stretching or grinding of the ing, or shearing the hair. hair, as would bethe case did the flutes con- A further object of my invention is to simtact with each other. These flutes are at their plify the construction of devices of this kind rear ends beveled or rounded outwardly, as and to so arrange the various parts that when shown, and the mandrel and the jaw are each 0 the crimper in its preferred form is assembled provided with an outwardly-projecting prong and ready for operation the pivot by which A B, respectively, to which are secured hanthe partsarepivotedtogetherwillbeinvisible. dles A B", which are of the ordinary con- A further object of my invention is to prostruction. vide means for pivoting the mandrel and the In order to provide neat, cheap, and artistic 5 jaw together, so that not only will the pivot means for pivoting together the fluted membe satisfactory in use, but will be cheap in hers shown in Figs. 1, 2, and 3, I provide a application and impossible of displacement. pivot-hole (l, passing through the flutes a and The accompanying drawings illustrate my also passing through the inner flutes b of the loo invention. jaw and one of the outer flutes b of such jaw.
50 Figure 1 is a side elevation of a device em- The pivot d is inserted through the pivotbodying my invention, showing the jaws sepahole in the outer flute of the jaw into position rated from each other to receive the hair to in the pivot-holes in the inner flutes of both the jaw and the mandrel, with its outer end resting against the outer flute b, which is not provided with a pivot-hole. The pivot is of such length that when thus seated its rear end will be clear or practically clear of the outer flute having the pivot-hole, and a plug 12', of material preferably the same as that of which the jaws are formed, is inserted into the pivot-hole in such outer flute and secured by any suitable means. After the plug is fastened in place the outer surface of the jaw will be buffed, so that there will be no ap-.
' pearance upon the outside of the pivot or of the plug. The pivot-holes and pivot are located between the bases and apexes of the flutes at the rear of the fluted portions, so that'the implement-Will open sufflciently wide although the pivot is not set into an offset part. Bythismeanstheimplementisadapted to be manufactured cheaply either by means of castings or stamped metal. The rear portions of the flutes, through which the pivot passes, are also made thicker than the front or crimping end of the flutes, so that they fit closely together, as shown in Fig.3, and thereby hold the crimping portion of the flutes in proper positionthat is to say, they cannot shift sidewise into engagement with each other to thereby grip the hair and grind or mash it, as they might do if the flutes did not fit tightly together at that portion forming the hinge. Ois a spring for holding the jaw normally closed.
It is essential in order that the crimping of the hair be effective that the outer flutes 19' seat against the lips or projections a, and also that the flutes a and the flutes b be of such size as to leave a space between them when the flutes b are thus seated against the lips. This leaves sufficient space between the inner flutes to chamber the hair and to yet allow the outer flutes b to clamp the hair.
firmly against the lips a and to thus produce a distinct crimp at this point. This is-essential or otherwise the crimp will come out, the outer crimp being much more liable to come out than the inner crimps.
In Fig. 3 I have shown the device constructed of sheet metal stamped into form. In this construction one of the outer flutes b will be sprung outward sufficient to permit the introduction of the pivot, after which it may be sprung back in place to retain the pivot in position.
In practical operation, the device being assembled as shown in Fig. 1, the mandrel and the jaw are heated by any suitable means. A suitable quantity of hair is placed between themandrel and the jaw and the jaw is closed down upon the mandrel. By reason of the inner flutes not fitting tightly together thehair will easily and freely slip over the flutes until the outer flutes 19' seat firmly against the lips a. \Vhen this occurs, the hair is held rigidly in position and is allowed to remain until the crimping is effected, when the jaws are opened and the device is used to crimp another portion of the hair.
By reason of the inner flutes being of such size as to leave a space between them, even when the outer flutes b are seated against the lips a, all stretching, shearing, or breakin g of the hair is avoided,since sufficient space is left to allow the hair to slip freely until the outer flutes are seated fully against the lips. When this is done, there can be no further movement of the jaw and the mandrel with relation to each other, and therefore there is no possibility of stretching or breaking the hair.
Now, having described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a hair-crimper, the combination set forth of a mandrel provided on its upper face with flutes, the outer flutes being each provided with an outwardly-projecting lip having its upper face substantially in line with the base of the flutes; the jaw provided on its under face with flutes fitting into and embracing between them the flutes of the mandrel, the bottoms of the outer flutes of the jaw being adapted to seat against the outwardly-proj ectin g lips of the mandrel; a pivot arranged near one end of the flutes, passing through the flutes of the jaw and the mandreland pivoting the jaw and the mandrel between the bases and apexes of the flutes to each other; and a spring arranged to hold the jaws normally closed.
2. In a hair-'crimper, the combination set forth of a mandrel provided with a flute and with the projecting lips; a jaw pivoted to the mandrel and provided with the flutes, the outer flutes of the jaws being adapted to seat against the lips, the flutes being of such size that when the outer flutes are seated against the lips a space will be left between the inner flutes in Which to chamber the hair.
3. In a crimping-iron, the combination set forth of a mandrel and a jaw each provided with flutes and pivoted together by a pivot passing through the flutes, such flutes being thicker at the point of pivoting than at the crimping portion, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.
' B. GRAY.
O. J. PYLEs,
ALFRED I. TOWNSEND.
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