|Publication number||US629291 A|
|Publication date||Jul 18, 1899|
|Filing date||Oct 6, 1898|
|Priority date||Oct 6, 1898|
|Publication number||US 629291 A, US 629291A, US-A-629291, US629291 A, US629291A|
|Inventors||Francis G Hall Jr, Irving E Burdick|
|Original Assignee||Francis G Hall Jr, Irving E Burdick|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (1)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
No. 6292!". Patented July l8, I899.
' F. a. HALL, 1R. & l. E. BURDICK.'
ELECTRIC ARC LAMP.
(Application filed Get. e, 1298.
I I d l! 1;
INVENTORS WITNESSES UNITED STATES PATENT OEEIcE.
FRANCIS G. HALL, JR, AND IRVING E. BURDICK, OF DANSVILLE, NElV YORK.
ELECTRIC-ARC LAM P.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 629,291, dated July 18, 1899. Application filed October 6, 1898. Serial No 692,799. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, FRANCIs G. HALL, Jr., and IRVING E. BURDICK,citizens of the United States, residing at Dansville, in the county of Livingston and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Electric-Arc Lamps, of which the following is a specification.
Our invention relates to improvements in I o arc-la1nps,whereby they shall be adapted more particularly for submarine lighting; and the object of our improvements is to provide such a lamp with an inclosing case wherein an arc of high candle-power may be formed under water at any desirable depth and for any desirable and reasonable continuous period of time.
Heretofore electric lamps have been in use forsubmarine purposes; but for the most part they have been of the incandescent type, and
all, so far we are aware, have been found unsuited for practical and eflicient purposes on account of their low candle-power. By our improvements we are enabled to use an arelamp of two thousand five hundred candlepower and oven We attain the object in view by the construction of the lamp-case and other details as illustrated in the accompanying drawings,
in which- Figure l is a side elevation of an arc-lamp embodying our improvements; Fig. 2, a vertical section of the same on a larger scale; and Fig. 3, a transverse section of Fig. 2 011 5 the line 00 0;, looking downward.
Similar letters refer to similar parts throu ghout the several views.
A represents the outer inclosing globe, of glass, which is made of suitable thickness to withstand heavy pressures and shocks.
13 is a cap into which the globe A is fitted with a water-tight joint, globe A and cap B forming together what we will hereinafter term the combustion-chamber of the lamp.
5 Above the cap 13 and integrally united thereto by means of the studs or columns 0 c c" c is a chamber 0, which contains the regulating or feed mechanism for the upper carbon and which we will hereinafter term the mechanismchamber. The chamber 0 is provided with a cap D, bolted or otherwise fastened. thereto with a water-tight joint. The
cap D is provided with an ear d, to which is secured the chain or cable by which the lamp is lowered into the water and held in position therein, a ring d being also provided for manipulating the lamp. At the top of the cap D is an extension E, through which the cable F, carrying the conduit wires, enters the mechanism chamber. This extension E is provided at the top with a stuffing-box e of any desired construction, whereby a watertight joint is made around the cable, and for safety we may also provide a second stuffingbox 6 where the cable passes into the interior of the chamber. In the cap of the stuffing-box is fastened a coil of springnvire G, which passes up forasuitable distance around the cable and terminates in a collar g, which is clamped to the cable F by means of a stufffling-box constructed similar to c in Fig. 2. This coiled spring G protects the cable where it enters the extension E and prevents it from being bent abruptly, so as to break the cable.
Chamber 0 may be made of any form and dimensions suitable to receive any desirable feed mechanism for the upper carbon, this mechanism and other details of the lamp forming no part of our present invention. After entering the mechanismchamber through the cap D the wires of the cable F are separated, the one, being connected to the solenoid and thence to the upper carbon and the other, 70, being carried down alongside the mechanism and passed through a hole in the stud c, whence it is carried to the binding-post m, from'which the current is conducted down the post an to the lower carbon M. This lower carbon and the inner or arc-inclosing globe O are supported from the plate P, which in turn is fastened, by means of studs p, (only one of which appears,) to the cap B. The manner of supporting and attaching the globe O and lower carbon herein shown, as already stated, are old and do not form part of our invention, the lamp with which we have experimented and for which the case-herein illustrated was designed being one manufactured by the General Electric Company, of Schenectady, New York. The upper carbon N passes down through a central stud c, which is provided with a bushin g a, of lava or other material which will be proof against the heat and gases of combustion which are generated within .the combustion-ehamber when the lamp is in operation. This bushing nis provided with a number of transverse annular grooves which form a gas packing, as will appear later on. The studs 0 c are solid and are designed solely to form strcngthenirig-sup ports between the cap B and the case Q, and more or less of them may be used. A checkvalve J of any suitable construction leads outfrom the cap 15, any excessive gas-pressure within the combnstion-chamber being relieved through said valve. The globe A is flanged at the top where it enters the cap 13 and is held therein by means of the ring I, the gland i on which is adapted to enter the cap B and compress the flange ol the globe between the gaskets 7b. The ringlis secured in place and the gland '2' forced up within the cap by means of the thumb-screws f, which are pivoted in lugs Z), cast on the periphery of the cap B and adapted to swing in and out of slots t" in the ring I. We have shown four of these thumb-screws; but any desirable number may be used, whereby a tight joint may be secured. Other clamping devices may also be used to accomplish this end. A heavy wire guard or cage It depends from the ring I to protect the globe A. To trim the lamp, it is only required to remove the ring I and globe A, after which both carbons may be removed and fresh ones substituted, the up per carbon being passed up through bushing n into its holder in the feed mechanism.
In a lamp of this nature it is quite essential for the best results that the gases of consumption shall be excluded from the mechanism-chamber and also that said mechanismchambcr shall be kept at a low temperature. This we attain by separating the mechanism and combustion chambers in the manner shown. The water or air surrounding the lamp will circulate across the top of the cap 13 and around the studs c do 0', cooling the space between said chambers and preventing the heat imparted to the cap 13 from being conducted to the chamber C. The walls of this chamber 0 may also be corrugated to provide further cooling-surface for said chamber. In order to prevent the heated gases from rising into the chamber G, we provide a suitable stu tling-boxlaround the wire 7, ,which stulling-box may be packed with asbestos or other suitable packing, and around the car bon N we provide the grooved bushing '12 already described, which is of a diameter just sullicient to allow the carbon to pass freely therethrough. As the gases rise around the carbon they will enter the annular grooves in the bushing, and by reason of the surrounding cool fluid, whether air or water, will become condensed therein and provide a packing around the carbon,which will prevent the escape of gas into the mechanism-chamber G. \Vhcn the lamp is burned in air, the excess of heated gases of combustion and the internal pressure attendant thereon will be relieved through the cheek-valve J, and also where the lamp is used under water at shal low depths. ,Vhere the lamp is immersed to greater depths, the pressure within the lamp will become equalized by the pressure of the water outside, and the lamp will be at equilibrium inside and out. \Vehavc found that a lamp constructed upon these principles will burn under water for any desirable period and that an arc of very high candle-power may be used, thus lighting up a large area and enabling divers and other marine investigators to carry on their work with much greater facility than hitherto. Although an arc-lamp inclosed in this manner is especially designed and adapted for submarine lighting, it may also be used in the atmosphere with equally good results.
While we have hereinabove described our preferred form and construction of the lampcase and one that we believe will give the best results, we do not wish to be confined to the exact details as set forth, since deviations therefrom may be made without departing from the spirit of our invcntionas, for instance, the circulating-space between the mechanism and combustion chambers might be dispensed with and the cap 13 united directlyto chamber C; also, other forms of water-tight couplings between cap 13 and globe A maybe employed, and the guard ll maybe attached to the cap 13 instead of to the packing-ring I.
Ne are aware that arc-lamps of the in closed type have been madeheretot'ore with a practically air-tight inclosiug globe and a reliel.'- valve; but such lamps have not, so far as we are aware, been made adaptable for submarine lighting.
Having thus described our improvements, what we claim as our invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A two-part inclosing case for arc-lamps comprising a combustion chamber and a mechanism chamber, said chambers being separated and spaced apart the one from the other bystuds or columns, whereby a circulation of the surrounding iluid is etlected between said chambers, a passage for the upper carbon through one of the studs, a passage for a current-conductor through another of the studs, and gas-excluding packings in said passages.
2. The combination, with an arc-lamp, of a water-tight inelosing case or chamber for the lamp mechanism, a passage thcreinto provided with a stutlingbox through which the cable containing the current-eomluctors enters said chamber, a combustion-chamber comprising a metallic cap and glass globe depending from the mechanism-chamber and spaced apart therefrom, a water-tight coupling betweensaid globe and cap, water-tight connections between the two chambers through which the upper carbon and a current-conductor pass, and gas-excluding packings around said carbon and conductor.
3. In an inclosii'ig case for are-lamps, the
combination of a flanged globe forming a part of said case around the arc, a cap or socket piece to receive the flange of the globe, packing-gaskets on each side of said flange, a ring provided with a gland to compress said gaskets, clamping devices for securing said ring in place, and a protective cage depending from the ring and surrounding the globe.
at. In combination with an arc-lamp, a water tight and pressure-proof inclosing case wherein an arc of high candle-power may be produced at considerable depths under water, said case comprising a glass globe inclosing the arc, a metallic case inclosing and sup
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