|Publication number||US6296129 B1|
|Application number||US 08/715,300|
|Publication date||Oct 2, 2001|
|Filing date||Sep 16, 1996|
|Priority date||Sep 16, 1996|
|Publication number||08715300, 715300, US 6296129 B1, US 6296129B1, US-B1-6296129, US6296129 B1, US6296129B1|
|Original Assignee||American Fuji Seal, Inc.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (30), Referenced by (27), Classifications (9), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
1.1 Technical Field
The present invention relates to a method of wrapping containers, and articles obtained by such a method. More particularly, the present invention relates to a method for shrink-wrapping two portions of a container simultaneously by using a wrapping material having a perforation thereon.
1.2 Description of Related Art
Heat-shrinkable films have been widely used to wrap containers. When a heat-shrinkable film is applied onto the body portion of a container, it usually serves several purposes. First, the heat-shrinkable film can be a protective means for the container preventing potential damage caused in handling the container. Second, it can be used as a label having a trademark or specification of the product printed thereon. When a film is formed on the neck portion of the container, it can also serve as a sealing means. This is needed especially when the container's contents are volatile or oxygen-sensitive, such as food and certain pharmaceutical products.
Conventional processes for forming a body wrap or a neck wrap generally involve forming the heat-shrinkable film into a sleeve slightly larger in diameter than the dimension of the portion of the container to be wrapped, placing the sleeve over the container, and heating the sleeve to shrink it onto the container. Typical wrapping processes are disclosed in U.S. Pat. Nos. 4,013,496, 4,016,706, 4,983,238, and 5,240,529.
In such typical processes, only one of the body portion and the neck portion of the container are wrapped. If both the body wrap and the neck wrap are to be formed on the same container, one possible approach is to form the two wraps separately in a sequential manner. However, there is a problem that the earlier-formed wrap may be overheated as it would have to be exposed to the heat applied to shrink the wrap to be formed later. Efficiency of the procedures and ease of operation would also be an issue of concern. None of the above-mentioned patents recognized these problems inasmuch as they relate either to the formation of a body wrap or the formation of a neck wrap. Therefore, it would be highly desirable if the two wraps can be formed on the container simultaneously in the same procedure.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an efficient method for forming two heat-shrinkable wraps, one on the minor portion and the other on the major portion of a container simultaneously in a single procedure.
Another object is to provide an article comprising a container having a wrap on its minor portion and a wrap on its major portion formed by said method.
Yet another object is to provide a heat-shrinkable sleeve suitable for simultaneously wrapping the minor portion and the major portion of a container in a single procedures.
These and other objects of the present invention as well as the advantages thereof will be apparent from the following description and claims.
The present invention provides a method for wrapping a container having a minor portion and a major portion.
According to the method of the present invention, a heat-shrinkable sleeve having a perforation thereon is provided. The perforation is positioned such that, upon breakage of the perforation, the sleeve will be separated into a first subsleeve and a second subsleeve. The first subsleeve is adapted to wrap the minor portion of the container and the second subsleeve is adapted to wrap the major portion of the container. The perforation should be capable of breaking upon heating at a temperature to be applied to shrink the sleeve.
The sleeve is placed over the container in such a manner that, upon breakage of the perforation, the first subsleeve will encircle the minor portion of the container and the second subsleeve will encircle the major portion of the container.
Next, heat is applied to the sleeve sufficiently to cause the perforation to break due to shrinkage of the sleeve. The resulted first subsleeve and second subsleeve continue to shrink until they are in snug surface engagement respectively with the minor portion and the major portion of the container.
The present invention also provides an article obtained by the above method. The article comprises in combination a container having a minor portion and a major portion, and a first subsleeve wrapping the minor portion and a second subsleeve wrapping the major portion. The first subsleeve and the second subsleeve were connected as an integral sleeve through a perforation before being applied onto the container.
The present invention further provides a wrapping sleeve suitable for use in the above method. Accordingly, the sleeve has a perforation thereon positioned such that upon breakage of the perforation, the sleeve will be separated into a first subsleeve and a second subsleeve. The first subsleeve is adapted to wrap the minor portion of the container and the second subsleeve is adapted to wrap the major portion of the container.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the minor portion of the container is a neck portion and the major portion of the container is a body portion. Preferably, the neck portion and the body portion are cylindrical.
In another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the sleeve is made of a heat-shrinkable material.
In yet another preferred embodiment of the present invention, at least one of the first subsleeve and the second subsleeve is a preprinted label.
In still another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the container is a plastic bottle or a glass bottle.
FIG. 1 shows a preferred embodiment of the article obtained according to the present invention.
FIG. 2 shows a preferred embodiment of the wrapping sleeve of the present invention.
FIG. 3 shows a preferred embodiment of the wrapping material of the present invention.
FIGS. 4A, 4B and 4C show the steps for carrying out a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 4A shows a sleeve of the present invention before it is placed over a container. FIG. 4B shows the sleeve being placed over the container. FIG. 4C shows the sleeve breaking at a perforation and being separated into two subsleeves covering the neck portion and the body portion of the container.
Referring to FIG. 1, an article obtained according to the present invention is generally designated by numeral reference 10. The article 10 consists of a container 9 having a neck portion 11 and a body portion 13. A first subsleeve 3 is adapted to wrap around the neck portion 11 and a second subsleeve 5 around the body portion 13.
The present invention applies to virtually any containers 9 that call for wrappings on their different portions. Preferably, container 9 is a plastic or glass container used to contain pharmaceutical or food products. The container 9 can have two portions including a body portion 13 and a neck portion 11. In a preferred embodiment, the body portion 13 is of major dimension and the neck portion 11 is of minor dimension. The neck portion 11 and/or the body portion 13 are preferably cylindrical in shape. The container 9 can have an opening (not shown) at the neck portion 11. A closure 15 can be used to cap the opening.
The subsleeves 3 and 5 can serve various purposes. For example, they can function as a protective wrap of the container 9 preventing the container 9 from damage during shipment. The first subsleeve 3 on the neck portion 11 of the container 9 can also function as an airtight or hermetic sealing means. In a preferred embodiment, the first subsleeve 3 and/or the second subsleeve 5 can be a preprinted label. In this case, the first subsleeve 3 is preferably long enough to cover the skirt edge 17 of the closure 15 as shown in FIG. 1. The first subsleeve 3 and the second subsleeve 5 are preferably made of a heat-shrinkable material, such as a heat-shrinkable plastic material.
FIG. 2 shows a sleeve 1 according to the present invention. The sleeve 1 is composed of a first subsleeve 3 and a second subsleeve 5 connected by a perforation 7. The sleeve 1 is preferably made of a heat-shrinkable plastic material, e.g., a heat-shrinkable plastic material. Generally, the sleeve 1 should have an internal diameter slightly larger than the major dimension of the container 9 and a height substantially corresponding to the exterior height of the container 9. Therefore, with appropriate positioning of the perforation 7, the first subsleeve 3 and the second subsleeve 5 will each be capable to cover substantially the neck portion 11 or body portion 13 of the container 9. As described above, the first subsleeve 3 and/or the second subsleeve 5 can be a preprinted label.
The perforation 7 on the sleeve 1 can be in various patterns. The perforation 7 is designed so that it can be broken when the sleeve 1 is heat shrunk onto the container 9. As a result, the sleeve 1 is separated as the first subsleeve 3 and the second subsleeve 5. In a preferred embodiment, a circumferential perforation 7 is formed on the sleeve 1.
In another preferred embodiment as shown in FIG. 3, a wrapping material 30 is formed with a plurality of individual sleeve segments 32. Each segment 32 has a perforation 7 thereon and is suitable for use in the present invention. Each of these individual sleeve segments 32 takes a predetermined length of the wrapping material and can be cut from the wrapping material in the process of wrapping the container 9.
FIGS. 4A, 4B and 4C illustrate the steps in a method for wrapping a container 9 according to the present invention. As shown in FIG. 4A, a sleeve 1 according to the present invention is provided having a first subsleeve 3 and a second subsleeve 5. The first and the second subsleeves 3 and 5 are connected by a perforation 7.
In carrying out the method of the present invention, sleeve 1 with a perforation 7 is placed over the container 9, as shown in FIG. 4A, with first subsleeve 3 substantially covering neck portion 11 of container 9 and second subsleeve 5 substantially covering body portion 13 of container 9. Then, as per FIG. 4B, sufficient heat is applied to the sleeve 1 in a conventional manner, causing sleeve 1 to shrink. As the sleeve 1 shrinks, the first subsleeve 3 and the second subsleeve 5 pull apart from each other. As shown in FIG. 4C, the sleeve 1 thus breaks at the perforation 7 and is separated into two independent subsleeves 3 and 5. The two subsleeves 3 and 5 continue to shrink until they become in snug surface engagement with the neck portion 11 and the body portion 13 of the container 9, respectively.
The foregoing description is intended to illustrate the present invention, and it is understood that changes and variations can be made in the foregoing embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention which is defined in the following claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2790285||Jul 27, 1953||Apr 30, 1957||Goodyear Tire & Rubber||Secondary closures|
|US3014320 *||Dec 19, 1960||Dec 26, 1961||Grace W R & Co||Method of applying shrink covers|
|US3110554||Jun 5, 1961||Nov 12, 1963||Mitsubishi Plastics Ind||Method for labeling packages|
|US3235112 *||Oct 2, 1963||Feb 15, 1966||Continental Can Co||Container protective wrapper|
|US3604584||Jun 10, 1969||Sep 14, 1971||Anchor Hocking Corp||Method for protecting glassware and the article produced thereby|
|US3698586||Sep 2, 1970||Oct 17, 1972||Midland Glass Co||Plastic encased glass container|
|US3733002 *||Oct 12, 1970||May 15, 1973||M Fujio||Sealed container|
|US3767496||Jun 30, 1971||Oct 23, 1973||Owens Illinois Inc||Method of making a plastic-covered glass container|
|US3811591 *||Oct 16, 1972||May 21, 1974||New England Nuclear Corp||Dually sealable, non-leaking vial for shipping radioactive materials|
|US4011122||Sep 29, 1975||Mar 8, 1977||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Method for producing plastic-covered containers|
|US4013496||Nov 22, 1974||Mar 22, 1977||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Method for producing shrunken pilfer-proof neck labels on containers|
|US4016706||Mar 31, 1976||Apr 12, 1977||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Method of controlling shrinkage of a sleeve wrap on a container|
|US4018640||May 14, 1976||Apr 19, 1977||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Decorative neckband label for a bottle|
|US4034131||Oct 2, 1975||Jul 5, 1977||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Container with improved heat shrunk cellular sleeve|
|US4051265 *||Aug 26, 1976||Sep 27, 1977||Celanese Corporation||Package for light and oxygen sensitive food|
|US4172873||Jul 3, 1978||Oct 30, 1979||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Method for applying a heat shrinkable sleeve to a plastic bottle|
|US4248030||May 4, 1979||Feb 3, 1981||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Method for assembling plastic sleeve preforms and containers|
|US4447280||Oct 22, 1981||May 8, 1984||Malthouse Martin D||Labelling machine|
|US4496409||Jul 5, 1983||Jan 29, 1985||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Methods and machines for placing and heating oriented plastic heat-shrinkable sleeves on containers|
|US4544073 *||Jan 30, 1984||Oct 1, 1985||Bristol-Myers Company||Bottle-overcap combination|
|US4608284 *||Jan 22, 1985||Aug 26, 1986||Cellu-Craft Inc.||Heat shrinkable label and related container|
|US4661188||Oct 21, 1985||Apr 28, 1987||Owens-Illinois, Inc.||Method of applying a plastic label to a container|
|US4923557||Aug 1, 1988||May 8, 1990||Trine Manufacturing Co., Inc.||Apparatus and method for applying a heat shrink film to a container|
|US4983238||Oct 24, 1988||Jan 8, 1991||Mitsui Toatsu Chemicals, Inc.||Method for manufacturing a thermoplastic container with a label|
|US5186988 *||Dec 7, 1990||Feb 16, 1993||Merle Dixon||Gift wrapping|
|US5240529||Jan 8, 1992||Aug 31, 1993||B & H Manufacturing Co., Inc.||System for applying heat shrink film to containers and other articles and heat shrinking the same|
|US5383558 *||Sep 11, 1992||Jan 24, 1995||Kraft General Foods, Inc.||Sealed container|
|US5512120||Jul 1, 1994||Apr 30, 1996||Trine Manufacturing Company, Inc.||Apparatus and method for applying a label to a container|
|US5524782 *||Jan 13, 1994||Jun 11, 1996||Brit Corporation||Bottle improvement for shrink banded caps|
|US5605230 *||Oct 11, 1994||Feb 25, 1997||Elr, Inc.||Sealed label having anti-counterfeit construction|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6581972 *||Dec 11, 2000||Jun 24, 2003||Fuji Seal, Inc.||Tubular label, elongated tubular member and method of manufacturing the same, as well as labeled container|
|US7430842||Dec 2, 2004||Oct 7, 2008||Pharmachemie B.V.||Protected vial, and method for manufacturing same|
|US7665638||Oct 28, 2005||Feb 23, 2010||The Sun Products Corporation||Packaged liquid laundry compositions|
|US8038023 *||May 21, 2008||Oct 18, 2011||Sonoco Development, Inc.||Molded container with degassing valve|
|US8282754||Sep 25, 2008||Oct 9, 2012||Avery Dennison Corporation||Pressure sensitive shrink label|
|US8522514 *||Jun 24, 2010||Sep 3, 2013||Dr Pepper/Seven Up, Inc.||Beverage containers having coated labels with modified gas barrier properties and related methods|
|US8535464||Apr 4, 2008||Sep 17, 2013||Avery Dennison Corporation||Pressure sensitive shrink label|
|US8932706||Oct 27, 2005||Jan 13, 2015||Multi-Color Corporation||Laminate with a heat-activatable expandable layer|
|US9221573||Jan 21, 2011||Dec 29, 2015||Avery Dennison Corporation||Label applicator belt system|
|US9221578 *||Aug 19, 2011||Dec 29, 2015||Aaron J. Timmerman||Vending machine food bottle with inlet and outlet valve|
|US9227761 *||Oct 23, 2008||Jan 5, 2016||Jesse A. Knaack||Bottle protection device|
|US20040089398 *||Nov 7, 2003||May 13, 2004||Sonoco Development, Inc.||Splice for a heat shrinkable label|
|US20040232023 *||May 21, 2003||Nov 25, 2004||Unilever Bestfoods North America||Asymmetric package for market appeal|
|US20050035081 *||Aug 11, 2004||Feb 17, 2005||Fitch Russell M.||Tamper resistant beverage bottle|
|US20050274687 *||Jun 14, 2005||Dec 15, 2005||Mccutchan Michael D||Package comprising shrink label for personal care products|
|US20060037287 *||Dec 2, 2004||Feb 23, 2006||Pharmachemie B.V.||Protected vial, and method for manufacturing same|
|US20070095779 *||Oct 28, 2005||May 3, 2007||Conopco, Inc., D/B/A Unilever||Packaged liquid laundry compositions|
|US20090107947 *||Oct 23, 2008||Apr 30, 2009||Knaack Jesse A||Protective device|
|US20090289073 *||Nov 26, 2009||Sonoco Development, Inc.||Molded Container with Degassing Valve|
|US20110081715 *||Apr 7, 2011||Biomerieux Inc.||Single layer plastic test sample culture bottle|
|US20110240588 *||Oct 6, 2011||Soremartec S.A.||Method for making containers, and corresponding container|
|US20110314772 *||Jun 24, 2010||Dec 29, 2011||Patrick George||Beverage containers having coated labels with modified gas barrier properties and related methods|
|US20130126462 *||Nov 16, 2012||May 23, 2013||Wisys Technology Foundation, Inc.||Ultraviolet-Blocking Recyclable Plastic Container|
|CN103619717A *||Aug 15, 2011||Mar 5, 2014||卡夫食品集团品牌有限责任公司||Perforated shrink wrap sleeves and containers|
|WO2005123525A1||Jun 14, 2005||Dec 29, 2005||The Procter & Gamble Company||Package for personal care products comprising a shrink label|
|WO2006019292A1 *||Aug 17, 2005||Feb 23, 2006||Pharmachemie B.V.||Protected vial, and method for manufacturing same|
|WO2012024218A1||Aug 15, 2011||Feb 23, 2012||Kraft Foods Global Brands Llc||Perforated shrink wrap sleeves and containers|
|U.S. Classification||215/12.1, 215/246, 215/12.2|
|International Classification||B65D23/08, B65D55/08|
|Cooperative Classification||B65D55/0854, B65D23/0878|
|European Classification||B65D23/08D5, B65D55/08B3|
|Sep 17, 1996||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: AMERICAN FUJI SEAL, INC., NEW JERSEY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:KAWASAKI, KAZUHIKO;REEL/FRAME:008201/0522
Effective date: 19960909
|Nov 9, 2004||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: FUJI SEAL INTERNATIONAL, INC., JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:AMERICAN FUJI SEAL, INC.;REEL/FRAME:015355/0521
Effective date: 20041018
|Mar 29, 2005||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 13, 2009||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Oct 2, 2009||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Nov 24, 2009||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20091002