Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS6305371 B1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/117,229
PCT numberPCT/SE1998/000846
Publication dateOct 23, 2001
Filing dateMay 8, 1998
Priority dateMay 12, 1997
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCA2288747A1, CA2288747C, CN1150948C, CN1255866A, EP0989874A1, WO1998051360A1
Publication number09117229, 117229, PCT/1998/846, PCT/SE/1998/000846, PCT/SE/1998/00846, PCT/SE/98/000846, PCT/SE/98/00846, PCT/SE1998/000846, PCT/SE1998/00846, PCT/SE1998000846, PCT/SE199800846, PCT/SE98/000846, PCT/SE98/00846, PCT/SE98000846, PCT/SE9800846, US 6305371 B1, US 6305371B1, US-B1-6305371, US6305371 B1, US6305371B1
InventorsPer Frid, Robert Jansen, Paul Wright
Original AssigneeAstrazeneca Ab
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inhalation for administering medicament by inhalation
US 6305371 B1
Abstract
An inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation and a method of manufacturing a housing of the same, the inhaler including a housing formed as a single-piece moulding having a first portion (18) which, in normal use, comes into contact with medicament and the mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled and a second portion (20) which defines at least part of the outer surface of the housing and, in normal use, does not come into contact with medicament or the mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled, wherein the material constitution of at least part of the second portion (20) defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing is different to the material constitution of the first portion (18).
Images(4)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(13)
What is claimed is:
1. An inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation, including a housing formed as a single-piece molding having a first portion which, in normal use, is contactable with medicament and a mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled and a second portion which defines at least part of an outer surface of the housing and, in normal use, is not contactable with medicament or a mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled, at least part of the second portion defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing having a material constitution which is different to the material constitution of the first portion to allow identification of the medicament to be administered.
2. The inhaler according to claim 1, wherein the at least part of the second portion includes a coloring pigment for identifying the medicament to be administered.
3. The inhaler according to claim 2, wherein, other than including a coloring pigment, the at least part of the second portion has generally the same material constitution as the first portion.
4. The inhaler according to any of claim 1, wherein the inhaler is a pressurized metered dose inhaler and the housing includes means for releasing a dose of medicament.
5. The inhaler according to claim 4, wherein said means comprises a nozzle block having a spray orifice configured to direct a spray into said first portion.
6. An inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation, comprising:
a housing formed as a single-piece molding having a first portion which, in use, is contactable with medicament and a mouth or nose of a user;
a second portion which defines at least part of an outer surface of said housing and, in use, is not contactable with medicament or a mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled;
at least part of the second portion defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing having a material constitution which is different to the material constitution of the first portion to allow identification of the medicament to be administered.
7. A method of manufacturing a housing of an inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation having a first portion which, in normal use, is contactable with medicament and a mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled and a second portion which defines at least part of an outer surface of the housing and, in normal use, is not contactable with medicament or a mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled, the method comprising the step of molding the first and second portions as a single piece, at least part of the second portion defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing being formed of a material of different constitution to that of the first portion to allow identification of the medicament to be administered.
8. The method according to claim 7, wherein the material for the at least part of the second portion is successively introduced into a mould with respect to the material for the first portion and the remainder of the second portion.
9. The method according to claim 7, wherein the least part of the second portion (20) includes a colouring pigment for identifying the medicament to be administered.
10. The method according to claim 9, wherein, other than including a coloring pigment, the at least part of the second portion has generally the same material constitution as the first portion.
11. The method according to claim 7, wherein the inhaler is a pressurized metered dose inhaler and the housing includes means for releasing a dose of medicament.
12. The method according to claim 11, wherein said means includes a nozzle block having a spray orifice configured to direct a spray into said first portions.
13. A method of manufacturing a housing of an inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation having a first portion which, in use, is contactable with medicament and a mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled and a second portion which defines at least part of an outer surface of the housing and, in use, is not contactable with medicament or a mouth or nose of a user, said method comprising molding said first and second portions as a single piece, at least part of the second portion defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing being formed of a material of different constitution to that of the first portion to allow identification of the medicament to be administered.
Description

The present invention relates to an inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation and a method of manufacturing a housing of the same.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Various kinds of inhaler are known for delivering metered doses of medicament for inhalation. Typically, pressurized liquid systems and dry powder systems are used to deliver medicament to a patient. In one pressurized liquid system a liquid containing medicament is stored in a pressurized container and a metered dose is delivered as an aerosol by a pressurized metered dose inhaler. In dry powder systems powder containing medicament is stored in individual blisters, on tape or in bulk in a chamber and a metered dose is provided by a dry powder inhaler.

All such inhalers include parts which come into contact with medicament and parts, some in common with the parts which come into contact with medicament, which come into contact with the mouth or nose of a user. It will be appreciated that it is important to ensure that those parts do not have any adverse effect on either the medicament or the user.

It is an aim of the present invention to provide an improved inhaler and a method of manufacturing a housing of the same in view of this requirement.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

Accordingly, the present invention provides an inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation, including a housing formed as a single-piece molding having a first portion which, in normal use, comes into contact with medicament and the mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled and a second portion which defines at least part of the outer surface of the housing and, in normal use, does not come into contact with medicament or the mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled, wherein the material constitution of at least part of the second portion defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing is different to the material constitution of the first portion.

The at least part of the second portion can have many different material constitutions, for instance in including a coloring pigment for identifying the medicament to be administered and/or being formed of a rubberized material to provide for improved grip.

In this way, a range of housings having a single basic design can be developed for use with different medicaments. This approach has the particular advantage that, because the second portion of each of the housings does not come into contact with medicament or the mouth or nose of a user and the first portion of each of the housings is formed of the same material, in many countries throughout the world it is only be necessary to obtain regulatory approval for one housing in the entire range.

Preferably, other than a coloring pigment in the at least part of the second portion, the first and second portions have generally the same material constitution. Where the first and second portions are formed of polymeric materials, those portions are in a preferred embodiment formed of the same polymeric material even if of a different grade. In this way, the molding of the housing is simplified, since the first and second portions of the housing will bond together more readily and the problems associated with using materials having different thermal expansion characteristics are avoided. In practice, the coloring pigment in the at least part of the second portion is conveniently provided from a master batch which includes pigment, a polymer base or carrier (which may be different to the basic polymeric material of the first and second portions) and processing aids such as lubricants and dispersion agents.

Preferably, the first portion has a relatively simple material constitution, in particular without a coloring pigment. In this way, the risk of chemical leaching from the first portion is minimized.

The present invention also provides a method of manufacturing a housing of an inhaler for administering medicament by inhalation having a first portion which, in normal use, comes into contact with medicament and the mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled and a second protion which defines at least part of the outer surface of the housing and, in normal use, does not come into contact with medicament or the mouth or nose of a user through which medicament is inhaled, the method comprising the step of molding the first and second portions as a single piece, wherein at least part of the second portion defining at least part of the outer surface of the housing is formed of a material of different constitution to that of the first portion.

Preferably, the material for the at least part of the second portion is successively introduced into a mold with respect to the material for the first portion and the remainder of the second portion.

Alternatively, the housing may be moulded by insert molding. That is, material is introduced into a first mold to form part of the housing and then that part is transferred to another mold into which another material is introduced to complete the housing. In this way, the first portion of the housing which comes into contact both with medicament and the mouth or nose of a user is formed of a material suited for the medical purpose and for which regulatory approval has already been obtained, whilst the at least part of the second portion is formed from another material of different constitution.

By providing the housing as a single-piece molding the housing is more robust than a housing formed of separate components. Moreover, it is impossible for a user to tamper with the housing. If the first and second portions of the housing were to be provided by separate components it would be open to a user to interchange parts from one housing for use with one medicament with parts from another housing for use with another medicament which would lead to cross-contamination. Furthermore, the housing is less expensive to manufacture as a single-piece molding than as separate moldings which would have to be assembled.

The present invention recognises for the first time that multi-part molding techniques may be applied in this field with particular advantages, specifically relating to the conflicting demands of material contact with medicament and the mouth or nose of a user in some parts of the housing and desired variation in other parts of the housing.

It will be appreciated that the method of manufacture of the present invention is not limited to two-stage molding and the housing may have many parts formed integrally from different material constitutions.

In a preferred embodiment the inhaler is a pressurized metered dose inhaler and the housing is the actuator of the pressurized metered dose inhaler.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described hereinbelow by way of example only with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:

FIGS. 1 to 3 illustrate front, side and vertical sectional views of an actuator of a pressurized metered dose inhaler in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention;

FIGS. 4 to 6 illustrate front, side and vertical sectional views of an actuator of a pressurized metered dose inhaler in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention; and

FIGS. 7 to 9 illustrate front, side and vertical sectional views of an actuator of a pressurized metered dose inhaler in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS

FIGS. 1 to 3 illustrate an housing of a pressurized metered dose inhaler in accordance with a first embodiment of the present invention. The housing comprises a first, main tubular section 2, one, the upper, end of which is open and provides an opening 4 into which a container (not illustrated), in this embodiment an aerosol canister having a valve stem, is in use inserted and the other, lower, end of which is closed by a wall member 5.

The housing further comprises a second tubular section 6 which extends substantially laterally from the other, that is, the lower, end of the main tubular section 2; the second tubular section 6 acting as a mouthpiece which is in use gripped in the lips of a user and having an opening 8 at the distal end thereof through which medicament is in use inhaled. The housing still further comprises a nozzle block 10 which extends upwardly from the wall member 5 into the main tubular section 2. The nozzle block 10 includes a tubular bore 12 which is located on the longitudinal axis of the main tubular section 2. One, the upper, end of the tubular bore 12 is open and provides an opening 14 into which is received the valve stem of a container. The other, lower, end of the tubular bore 12 includes a laterally-directed spray orifice 16 which is configured to direct a spray into the second tubular section 6. The housing is integrally formed as a single-piece molding, first and second portions 18, 20, in this embodiment essentially lower and upper halves, of which are formed of polymeric materials of different constitution. Typically, the material of the second portion 20 includes a coloring pigment representative of the medicament with which the housing is to be used. In coloring a part of the housing with a pigment specific to the medicament with which it is to be used cross-contamination of medicaments can be avoided.

In use, with an aerosol canister fitted in the housing, a user grips the mouthpiece provided by the second tubular section 6 in his/her lips. The user then depresses the base of the canister which extends out of or is at least close to the opening 4 in the main tubular section 2 so as to release a dose of medicament from the aerosol canister and at the same time inhales so as to inhale the dose of medicament.

FIGS. 4 to 6 illustrate an housing of a pressurized metered dose inhaler in accordance with a second embodiment of the present invention. This housing is almost identical in construction to the actuator of the inhaler of the above-described first embodiment. For this reason, and in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of description, only the constructional differences will be mentioned and reference should be made to the preceding description. The housing of this embodiment differs from the actuator of the above-described first embodiment only in that the first and second portions 18, 20 are differently configured. In this embodiment the second portion 20 is formed as a panel in the main tubular section 2. In a preferred embodiment the panel provided by the second portion 20 includes printed information, for instance as a transparent decal with opaque lettering.

FIGS. 7 to 9 illustrate an actuator of a pressurized metered dose inhaler in accordance with a third embodiment of the present invention. This housing is almost identical in construction to the housing of the inhaler of the above-described first embodiment. For this reason, and in order to avoid unnecessary duplication of description, only the constructional differences will be mentioned and reference should be made to the preceding description. The housing of this embodiment differs from the actuator of the above-described first embodiment only in that the first and second portions 18, 20 are differently configured. In this embodiment the second portion 20 is formed as a series of substantially axially-directed strips in the main tubular section 2. In a preferred embodiment the strips provided by the second portion 20 are formed of a rubberized material to assist the user in gripping the actuator.

Finally, it will be understood by a person skilled in the art that the present invention has been described in its preferred embodiments and can be modified in many different ways without departing from the scope of the present invention as defined by the appended claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3636949 *Aug 8, 1969Jan 25, 1972Armstrong Kropp Dev CorpInhalation-initiated aerosol dispenser
US4765348 *Dec 12, 1986Aug 23, 1988Brown & Williamson Tobacco CorporationNon-combustible simulated cigarette device
US5135141 *May 29, 1991Aug 4, 1992Plasti-Form Enterprises, Inc.Molded plastic garment hanger with two part plastic indicia tab
US5460171 *Nov 13, 1992Oct 24, 1995Pesenti; YvanSynchronization device for aerosol appliances with pressurized regulating bottle
US5533498 *Jun 2, 1992Jul 9, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyAerosol actuator having a linearly arranged canister receiving cavity, valve stem receptacle, orifice, and deagglomeration chamber
US5544647 *Nov 29, 1994Aug 13, 1996Iep Group, Inc.Metered dose inhalator
US5704344 *Sep 6, 1996Jan 6, 1998Cole; Jeanne M.Device for relieving anxiety in respiratory patients
US5785216 *Sep 30, 1994Jul 28, 1998Spotless Plastics Pty. Ltd.Method of molding hangers and apparatus for implementing method
US5797392 *Jan 22, 1997Aug 25, 1998Direct-Haler A/SInhaler
US5814252 *Jun 7, 1995Sep 29, 1998Spotless Plastics Pty. Ltd.Method of molding coinjected plastic garment hangers
US5839429 *Aug 20, 1997Nov 24, 1998Astra AktiebolagMethod and apparatus in connection with an inhaler
US5941241 *May 12, 1997Aug 24, 1999Weinstein; Robert E.Method and device for organizing and coordinating the combined use of topical aerosols for the treatment of respiratory disorders
US5975127 *Feb 28, 1996Nov 2, 1999Dray; R. F.Shut-off valve
US6085950 *Mar 3, 1998Jul 11, 2000Spotless Plastics Pty. Ltd.Coinjected plastic garment hangers
EP0360463A2Sep 7, 1989Mar 28, 1990FISONS plcInhalation devices with a reduced risk of blockage
WO1991019524A2Jun 14, 1991Dec 26, 1991Rhone-Poulenc Rorer LimitedInhaler
WO1996026755A1Feb 26, 1996Sep 6, 1996Duncan Marr And Company LimitedA cover for a drug dispenser
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6955169Jun 27, 2002Oct 18, 2005Khan Khaja HInhaler device
US7007689Nov 3, 2003Mar 7, 2006Astrazeneca AbInhalation device
US7785514 *May 17, 2007Aug 31, 2010Mccarthy Peter TSnorkels, flexible tubes, mouthpieces and methods
US7914770Mar 29, 2011Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Formulation for a metered dose inhaler using hydro-fluoro-alkanes as propellants
US8062264Apr 5, 2006Nov 22, 2011Glaxo Group LimitedFluid dispensing device
US8136519Dec 13, 2005Mar 20, 2012Valois S.A.S.Device for dispensing a fluid product
US8147461Mar 10, 2005Apr 3, 2012Glaxo Group LimitedFluid dispensing device
US8347879May 7, 2003Jan 8, 2013Glaxo Group LimitedFluid dispensing device
US8357352Jun 29, 2005Jan 22, 2013Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbhAerosol suspension formulations containing TG 227 ea or TG 134 a as propellant
US8518377Apr 4, 2007Aug 27, 2013Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Gbmh Co. KgAerosol suspension formulations with TG 227 ea or TG 134 a as propellant
US8752543Nov 2, 2004Jun 17, 2014Glaxo Group LimitedFluid dispensing device
US8973784Jan 29, 2009Mar 10, 2015Trudell Medical InternationalDispensing device
US9320862Jun 13, 2014Apr 26, 2016Glaxo Group LimitedFluid dispensing device
US20040134489 *Nov 3, 2003Jul 15, 2004Astrazeneca AbInhalation device
US20040184994 *Mar 19, 2004Sep 23, 2004Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Formulation for a metered dose inhaler using hydro-fluoro-alkanes as propellants
US20050224525 *May 7, 2003Oct 13, 2005Davies Michael BFluid dispensing device
US20060002863 *Jun 29, 2005Jan 5, 2006Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbhAerosol suspension formulations containing TG 227 ea or TG 134 a as propellant
US20070131717 *Nov 2, 2004Jun 14, 2007Davies Michael BFluid dispensing device
US20070138207 *Mar 10, 2005Jun 21, 2007Glaxo Group LimitedFluid dispensing device
US20070267012 *May 17, 2007Nov 22, 2007Mccarthy Peter TSnorkels, flexible tubes, mouthpieces and methods
US20080249459 *Apr 5, 2006Oct 9, 2008Glaxo Group LimitedFluid Dispensing Device
US20090092559 *Apr 4, 2007Apr 9, 2009Boehringer Ingelheim Pharma Gbmh Co. KgAerosol suspension formulations with TG 227 ea or TG 134 a as propellant
US20090139518 *Jan 29, 2009Jun 4, 2009Trudell Medical InternationalDispensing device
CN1930054BMar 10, 2005May 12, 2010葛兰素集团有限公司A fluid dispensing device
EP1915985A1Mar 19, 2004Apr 30, 2008Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc.Formulation for a Metered Dose Inhaler Using Hydro-Fluoro-Alkanes as Propellants
WO2005087615A1 *Mar 10, 2005Sep 22, 2005Glaxo Group LimitedA fluid dispensing device
WO2006064159A1 *Dec 13, 2005Jun 22, 2006Valois SasDevice for dispensing a fluid product
WO2007136792A2 *May 18, 2007Nov 29, 2007Mccarthy Peter TSnorkels, flexible tubes, mouthpieces and methods
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/203.12, 128/200.14, 128/200.23
International ClassificationA61M11/00, A61M15/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61M2205/6081, A61M15/009
European ClassificationA61M15/00P
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Jul 24, 1998ASAssignment
Owner name: ASTRA PHARMACEUTICALS LTD., UNITED KINGDOM
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:FRID, PER;JANSEN, ROBERT;WRIGHT, PAUL;REEL/FRAME:010143/0626;SIGNING DATES FROM 19980622 TO 19980707
Mar 30, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: ASTRAZENECA UK LIMITED, ENGLAND
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:ASTRA AB;ASTRA PHARMACEUTICALS LIMITED;REEL/FRAME:011705/0156
Effective date: 20010125
Mar 29, 2005FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Mar 20, 2009FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
May 31, 2013REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Oct 23, 2013LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Dec 10, 2013FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20131023