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Publication numberUS631175 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1899
Filing dateDec 30, 1897
Priority dateDec 30, 1897
Publication numberUS 631175 A, US 631175A, US-A-631175, US631175 A, US631175A
InventorsWilliam Parnall
Original AssigneeTom Bell Burns, William Parnall
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 631175 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 63!,175. Patented Aug. l5, I899. W. PARNALL.

TARGET (Application filed Dec. 80,

(No Model.) 2 Shaets8heet l.


WITNESSES INVENTOR No. 63|,I75. Patented Aug. l5, I899.



(Application filed Dec. 30, 1897.)

(No Model.) 2 sheets-rshoet 2.





SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 631,175, dated August 15, 1899. Application filed DecemberSO, 1897. fierial in. 664,597. (No model.)

To an whom it mag concern.- Be it known that 1, WILLIAM PARNALL, of Bristol, in the county of Gloucester,England,

have invented a new and Improved Target, of which the followingis a full, clear, and exact description.

My invention relates to an improvement in targets designed to facilitate the operation of the same and convenience in signaling the result of a shot.

My invention comprises novel features,

Figure 1 is a perspective view showing my target in the firing position. Fig. 2 isa front elevation of my target in the signaling position, and Fig. 3 is a plan view of the same.

In my device I make use of two targets, one of which has the rings of the usual target marked thereon and the other of which forms a dummy and which has means secured thereto for signaling the location and the character of the shots, one target being raised when the other is lowered.

It is of course understood that the lower portion of my device is to be protected against shots either by being sunk in a trench or by having a wall erected in front thereof.

Upon a suitable base B is placed a framework consisting of the two vertical posts A and A -connected at their upper ends by the cross-bar A, and in addition thereto a post 0, which lies alongside of the post A. The

upper ends of the posts A and O are provided with bearings G, within whichis mounted a shaft J. To this shaft is secured the target K by any suitable means which will prevent 3 its turning upon the shaft. .The shaft J passes through and is rigidly connected to' a slight extension K of one edge of the target, 5 a bar K continuing from said extension and I having a counterweight K adjustablymounti The shaft J has a pinion L seed thereon. cured to the rear end thereof and meshing with the pinion N, mounted on a stud N, immediately beneath the shaft L. Upon this stud N is secured the dummy targetMby its extension M. This extension has an arm M formed as a continuation thereof and carrying a counterweight M which is adjustable thereon. By reason of this construction it is evident that when one target rises the other must fall. The two targets are so placed in relation to each other that when one target is up the other is down, as is shown in Figs. 1 and 2. j

The targets themselves may be constructed of alight framework, covered by canvas, or be made of anyother construction desired.

They are so adjusted by means of the coun- 'terweights K and N that the targets are nearly balanced. Preferably the target K is made slightly heavier,s0 that when the catches are released the targetK will drop downward and the dummy M will rise. Upon the outer lower edge of the target K, when the same is in the firing position, is a downward extension K, which engages with a spring 0, so as to be held thereby inaraised. position. This spring is pressed to one sidewhen. the target rises and its upper end springs out so as to engage the lower end of the extension K and thus hold the target in elevated position. Upon the side of the extension K is a catch or tooth K which when the target falls to its lower position, as shown in Fig. 2, engages the tooth upon the pivoted catch P, so that the target is held in the lowermost position. The catch P is normally held in engagement with the tooth K by means of a spring P. The catches are released to free the brackets by means of cords Oand P leading, respectively, to the catches O and P. These cords are connected by one end to the operatinglever Q and are carried by suitable guidepulleys and connected, respectively, with the spring-catch O and the pivoted catch P,'so that both catches may be operated simultaneously by the same lever, and the target is released in whichever position it may be at the time.

The dummy target M has an arm R pivoted to the center thereof and carrying a plate S, which is of a color contrasting with the color of the dummy M. This target also has a ring T placed concentric with its center and provided with a number of recesses or holes T, adapted to be engaged by a projection or pin upon the rear side of the arm B. This arm has sufficient spring to permit the projection being raised out of the holes T and the arm swung to any position desired. \Vhen released in proper position, the projection at the rear of the arm R will enter one of the holes T and hold the arm in that position. This arm is preferably provided with a counterweight R at its rear end. The plate S is provided with a flap S, hinged thereto and colored upon one side to correspond with the color of the plate S, but upon its opposite side colored in contrast thereto. \Vhen this flap is in one position, as shown in Fig. 1, it will not be noticeable from adistance, but when swung to the other position, as shown in Fig. 2, it will be quite noticeable. This effect will be increased by having that portion of the plate S which is covered by the flap when in one position colored to correspond with the adjacent side of the flap, so that when it is swung to the position shown in Fig. 2 the figu re which will be outlined upon the plate is twice the size of the flap. This maybe used in signaling either the location of the shot or the character-that is, whether it is a plain bulls-eye that is, in the outer portion of the bulls-eyeor a central shot or one located near the center of the bulls-eye.

By the means for counterbalancing the targets herein described it is possible to make the targets so that they will operate very quickly and with the expenditure of very little force. It is preferred that the target K should be slightly heavier, so that as soon as released it will commence to sink. It is possible by this means to make the target operate more quickly and with less expenditure of force than by any other.

Having thus fully described my invention,

I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent 1. An indicating mechanism for targets, comprising a frame having a lever pivoted centrally thereon and adjustable in various angular positions, and a plate carried by said lever.

2. An indicating mechanism for targets, comprising a frame having a lever pivoted centrally thereon and adjustable in various angular positions, a plate carried by said 1ever, and a hinged signal upon said plate, having one side colored to correspond with that of the plate, and the other side of a contrasting color.

3. A target comprising a framework having two upright posts on one side, and one upright post on the other side, two frames mounted to swing about centers at the upper ends of the two posts, connecting mechanism gearing the two frames to swing in opposite directions, a catch arranged near the bottom of the two posts, another catch arranged near the top of the single post for holding the target to both its positions and a cord with pulley and operating-lever for releasing the lockingcatches, substantially as shown and described.

4. An indicating mechanism for targets, comprising a dummy target, an arm pivoted centrally thereon and provided with a locking-pin, the target having a concentric series of holes adapted to be engaged by said pin, and an indicating'plate carried by said arm.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4743032 *Jan 2, 1987May 10, 1988Ata Training Aids Pty. Ltd.Multiple target mechanism
US6073932 *Sep 16, 1998Jun 13, 2000Elliott; Jerry R.Target raising and lowering device
US6659467 *Nov 2, 2001Dec 9, 2003B.M.T.L., Inc.Telescoping housing
US6726208 *Mar 8, 2002Apr 27, 2004Gerald A. WilkusStand for targets
US7293774Apr 26, 2006Nov 13, 2007Shawd Jarid GMoving shooting target system
US7303192 *Apr 3, 2006Dec 4, 2007Action Target, Inc.Drop turn target
US7427069Aug 30, 2006Sep 23, 2008Action Target, Inc.Folding target stand
US7469903Aug 18, 2006Dec 30, 2008Action Target Acquisition Corp.Target clamping system
US7497441Sep 8, 2006Mar 3, 2009Action Target, Inc.Adjustable target mount
US7653979Jul 20, 2007Feb 2, 2010Action Target Inc.Method for forming ballistic joints
US7775526Jul 26, 2006Aug 17, 2010Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US7793937Oct 13, 2008Sep 14, 2010Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US7914004Sep 16, 2009Mar 29, 2011Action Target Inc.Method for using a multifunction target actuator
US7950666 *Nov 6, 2008May 31, 2011Action Target Inc.Omnidirectional target system
US8016291Jul 19, 2010Sep 13, 2011Action Target Inc.Multifunction target actuator
US8091896Jul 2, 2010Jan 10, 2012Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US8128094Jul 2, 2010Mar 6, 2012Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US8162319 *Apr 8, 2011Apr 24, 2012Action Target Inc.Method for advancing and retracting a target
US8235390 *Jun 17, 2010Aug 7, 2012Larry SpikesAutomated target assembly
US8276916Jul 20, 2007Oct 2, 2012Action Target Inc.Support for bullet traps
US8469364May 7, 2007Jun 25, 2013Action Target Inc.Movable bullet trap
US8550465Aug 17, 2006Oct 8, 2013Action Target Inc.Multifunction target actuator
US8579294Dec 20, 2011Nov 12, 2013Action Target Inc.Emergency stopping system for track mounted movable bullet targets and target trolleys
US8684361Jan 13, 2012Apr 1, 2014Action Target Inc.Target system
US9217623Mar 25, 2013Dec 22, 2015Action Target Inc.Bullet deflecting baffle system
US9228810Jul 15, 2013Jan 5, 2016Action Target Inc.Bullet trap
US20070024006 *Apr 3, 2006Feb 1, 2007Thomas MarshallDrop turn target
US20070040334 *Aug 18, 2006Feb 22, 2007Thomas MarshallTarget clamping system
US20090014961 *Sep 22, 2008Jan 15, 2009Kyle BatemanFolding target stand
US20090179382 *Nov 6, 2008Jul 16, 2009Nicholas StincelliOmnidirectional target system
US20100013162 *Sep 16, 2009Jan 21, 2010Thomas WrightMethod for using a multifunction target actuator
US20100276888 *Jul 19, 2010Nov 4, 2010Thomas WrightMultifunction Target Actuator
US20110180997 *Apr 8, 2011Jul 28, 2011Nicholas StincelliOmnidirectional target system
Cooperative ClassificationF41J7/00