US 633804 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
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(Apumion and Apr. 25, 1899.
Pfentd sept. 2s, i399..
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, f UNITED STATESPATENT* OFFICE.
JOI-iN Cl-IAMBERLAN, OF DALLAS, OREGON.
I BumALivAuLr SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters recent No. 633,804, dated september 2e, ieee.' 4'
w Application filed April 25, 1899. Serial No. 714,422. (No model.)
To cal-Z whom, it 'nm/y concern/.-
Be it known that I, JOHN lV.' LAIN, a citizen of the United States, residing at Dallas, in the county of Polk and State of Oregon, have invented a new and useful Burial-Vault, of which the followngis a specification. 1
This invention relates to burial-vaults, and has for its object to provide a device of this character for eflicient service and wherein the parts are simple, strong, and durable and adapted to be yquickly and easily arranged for use. f
The invention consists in the construction and arrangement of the several parts, which will be more fully hereinafter described and l claimed.
. body portion ofthe vault.
In the drawings, Figure 1 is a vperspective view of a burial-vault constructed in accord# ance with my invention, a portion o f the lid or cover of the exterior shell being broken away to disclose 'the contained composite Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the same. Fig. VBis a similar view showing the outer shell, the lidy or cover being omitted, the casket-supporting studs,.the casket or core-box, and the composite vault proper up to the level of theup-n per surface of the core-box, and alsoshowing the upperor casket-retaining studs positioned for the introduction'cf the remaining portion of the material forforlningthe corn-l posite vault'proper.
Similar reference characters indicatel cor? responding parts in all the figures of the dra-wf ings. Y f
In the construction illustrated, l represents an outer box or shell having a top or cover 2, which is adapted to be applied subsequent to the formation of the composite'vault proper.
3 represents the hollow vault proper, which isconstructed of concrete or other composite,
material consisting of any preferred combination of sand and hydraulic cement.
4 represents a coreor casket containing bog;-
CHAMBER-` l In practice I place upon the door of the shell a series of four or more studs 5,'wl1ich may loey constructed of composite, material, such as concrete or the equivalent lhereof,and which are corrugated, as clearly shown iuFig. 3, thclengih of these studs or blocks being that which is determined 'upon for thethickness of the bottom wall of the vault proper. ter positioning these studs or blocks the bottom of the shell is filled to the level of the upper ends ofthe studs or blocks with the composite material which is to compose the vault proper. The core-box, which may consist of a casket or of the usual box in which the casket is placed previousto interment, is then placed upon the upper ends of the spacing studs or blocks, as indicated in Fig. 3, and the spare between the sidesot'the corebox and the walls of the shell is filled tothe levelof the top of the'core-box. Other studs vor spacing-blocks 6, similar in construction to those which arearranged upon the bottom or floor of the shell, are then positioned at suitable intervals upon the top of the core-box, and the remaining composite material which is to'form the rtop of the vault proper is filled into the shell to the level of the upper ends ofsaid studs or blocks,.after' which they-lid or cover 2 of the shell is applied.v The function of the spacing studs or blocks 5 and 6 is to terial during the setting or hardening of said material, whereby When completed the composite` vault proper consists of walls of a uniform thickness with the core-box positioned centrallytherein. Thus said studs or blocks perform the functions of gage-blocks, which are o fa length equal to the intervals, respectively, between the under surface of the corebox and the bottom of the shell and between the upper surface of theoore-box and the top orcover of the shell, and, being eXteriorly corrugated, these spacing or gage blocks become thoroughly and permanently embedded in the material forming the Walls of the vault proper or areinterlocked therewith and combine with the same to complete the top and bottom Walls of the vault proper. yWhen completed, therefore, the vault is of substantially integral construction when thespacing or gage blocks are IOC of the composite material which is used in the formation of the Walls of said vault proper;
but it will be understood that I do not desire to be limited toY using the same material and that Various other changes in the form, proportion, size, and minor details of construction within the scope of the appended claims may be resorted to Without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
Having described my invention, What I claim is l. A burial-Vault, comprising anY exterior shell, a contained core-box of precisely the same contour but smaller than the said shell and centrally located in the latter, a vault properof one integral mass of composite material occupying the surrounding space between the bottom, top, sides and ends of the core-bertrand the corresponding portions of the shell, and spacing-blocks embedded in the vault proper and terminally in contact re*- spectively with the top and bottom of the c0re-' box and the top and bottom Vof the shell.
2. A burial-vault, comprising an exterior shellV having the bottom, sides, and ends in planes'at right angles to each other, a coreboX of the same shape and smaller than the shell and centrally located in the latter, a Vault proper of one integral mass of composite material completely occupying the space between the core-box and the surrounding Walls of the shell andV spacing-blocks arranged in pairs between the tops and bottoms of the shell and core-box and embedded in the said composite material.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses.
JOHN W. CHAMBERLAIN.
E. HAYTER, Doc. P. PATTERSON.