US 634887 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 634,887. Patented Oct. I7, |899.
S. G. GOSS.
(Application led Aug. 19, 1897.)
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No. 634,837. Patented oct. I7, |899.
v S. G. GUSS.
(Application led Aug. 19, 1897.)
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Unirse Sterns sri @unica SAMUEL Cr. GCSS, CF CHICAGO, lLLlNClS.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 634,887, dated @ctober` 1'7, 1899.
Application filed August 19, 1897. Serial No. 648,852. (No model.)
To ctZZ whom it may concern.:
Be it known that I, SAMUEL G. Goss, a citi- Zen of the 'United States, residing in Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful lmprovements in Bicycles, of which the following is a specification.
My invention relates to bicycles, and has for its object to provide a combined bicycle and musical instrument whereby the rider when so disposed may treat himself and others in his immediate neighborhood to a musical accompaniment as he rides along.
To this end my invention consists ot' a detachable frame secured Within the bicycle frame, a series of vibratory strings strung across said detachable frame, a plurality of spring-pressed hammers pivoted to said detachable frame and arranged to vibrate said strings, a rotatable shaft, a cylinder on said shaft provided With means for actuating said hammers, a worurwheel keyed to said shaft, a rocloshait mounted transversely in said detachable frame, a Worm-frame on said rockshai't carryingr a Worm adapted to mesh with said Worm-gear, means for rotating said Worm from the pedal-shaft of the bicycle, an operating-lever for said Worm-frame on said rockshaft, and a spring-catch for locking said lever and holding said Worm in engagement with said Worm-Wheel.
ln the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation of a bicycle embodying my invention, parts of the Wheels being broken away. Fig. 2 is an edge view of the frame by which the various parts of the music-producing devices are attached to the bicycle-frame. Fig. 3 is a plan view of a part of the driving mechanism. Fig. et is an enlarged detail, being a side elevation of the parts oi the driving mechanism. Fig. 5 is a vertical section on line 5 5 of Fig. 1. Fig. 6 is a partial side elevation showing a modification. Fig. 7 is a plan view of parts of the driving mechanism shown in Fig. G.
In the drawings, 8 9 lO ll indicate the members of the frame of the bicycle, which, as here shown, is of the ordinary diamondframe type. l2 indicates tue handle-bars, 13 14 the Wheels, 15 the pedal-shaft, 1G 17 the pedal-cranks, 18 the'sprocket-Wheel on the pedal-shaft, 19 the chain, and 2O tue sprocketwlleel carried by the rear Wheel, all oi which are of the usual construction.
21 indicates a frame which is arranged to vlit inside of the frame formed by the members S 9 10 11, the fram 2l being slightly smaller than said bicycle-frame and being scoured to the members S l) 10 by clamps 22, as shown in 1. Theframe 21 may be readily removed by loosening the bolts 23, by which the clamps 22 are secured to the tubing of the bicycle-frame.
2e indicates a cross-bar extending across the frame 2l, preferably in a horizontal po sition, forming a triangular frame, to which are secured Wires 25 of diiilei'ent lengths, the whole being arranged somewhat after the manner of a harp or the Wires of a piano. A greater or less number of Wires maybe used, as desired, depending upon the elabcrateness of'the instrument. rlhe Wires may be pro vided with tuning-pegs, so that they may be turned When necessary.
26 indicates a pad carried by the bar 2l, which serves to cushion the hammers, as will be hereinafter described.
27 indicates a pivot-rod mounted in suitable brackets 23 at opposite ends ofthe frame 2l, preferably ou the'bar 2e, which pivot-rod extends parallel with the bar 24 an d carries a series of independent hammers 29 and springs 60, said hammers being equal in number to the Wires 25 and being in alinement with them, so that as the hammers are rocked upon the pivot-rod they may be caused to strike their respective strings. The pad 26 is so arranged as to hold the hammers out of contact with the wires, but to permit their lying in close proximity thereto, so that the stroke of the hammers will be elastic and they will be caused to rebound out of contact with the Wires immediately after striking them. The hammers are normally held in contact with the pad 25 by the springs GO, which are connected to the hammers as well as to the pivotrod 27.
The dillerent hammers are operated to produce musical sonnes or to play tunes by an operating device consisting in the f rm of the apparatus herein shown of a cylinder 30, arranged substantially parallel With the pivotrod 27 and provided with a series of pins 3l, projecting from its surface and adapted to strike levers 32 carried b i and )ro'ectine' 3 h from the hammers 29, as shown in Fig. 5.. The arrangement is such that as the cylinder 30 rotates in the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 5 when a pin 3l arrives opposite one of the levers 32 by the movement of the cylinder' said pin will cause said lever' to rock upon the pivot-rod 27, throwing the hammer 29, to which said lever' is connected, outward away from t-he corresponding wire, such outward movement of the haunner continuing until the pin passes beyond the lever' 32, when the hammer 29 will be thrown back quickly by the action of the spring GO and will strike the wire, producing a musical sound, afterward returning to its normal position. Obviously by arranging the pins 3l in such manner on the cylinder 30 as to trip the different hammers at proper times the instrument will be caused to play any desired tune. ln fact, by increasing the number of wires to provide the requisite number of octaves and properly arranging the pins on the cylinder SO the instrument may be caused to play even the most complicated pieces.
The cylinder 30 is caused to rotate by the forward movement of the bicycle through the instrumentality of the following mechanism:
33 indicates a worm wheel or gear, which is mounted upon one of the ,journalsl-lof the cylinder SO and is keyed thereto. 'lhe worin-gear 3311s adapted to mesh with a worm 35, mounted in a frame Se, the frame 30 being pivotally sugported upon a shaft 37, suitably mounted on the frame 2l near the wormgear The shaft 3G is rocked to move the worm into and out of mesh with the wormgear 33 by means of a lever 38, which is connected to the shaft 37 and, as shown in Fig. 4, is arranged in position to be operated bythe rider from his seat.
39 indicates a spring-catch for locking the vlever 38 in position to hold the worm in mesh with the wor'm -gear 38. The worm 35 is caused to rotate by the forward movement of the bicycle by means cf pulleys 40 Ill, the former being mounted upon a worn'r-shaft t3 and the latter upon the pedal-shaft l5. A belt e3 serves to drive the pulley #l0 from the pulley tl.
le indicates an idler around which the belt passes, as shown in Fig. l.
The pulley Ll0 is loosely mounted upon the shaft -l-B and carries a clutch-section 45, adapted to engage a clutch-section 4G, mounted upon the shaftet-Q and keyed thereto. A spring 47 normally holds the two clutch-sections in engagement with each other. The teeth of the clutch-sections-/lr ilo are ratchet-teeth and are so arranged that when the pulley 40 is rotated by the for'ward movement of the bicycle suelr movement will be communicated to the shaft L25 but reverse motion of the pulley l() will not he communicated to said shaft. lly
this construction forward movement of the bicycle will cause the worm 35 to rotate; but in the case of baok-pedaling the clutch-section -Lt5 will simply move over the clutch-section C without rotating the wor'm 35, thus cease? avoiding danger of damaging the cylinder il() or the hammers.
As shown in Fig. l, the journals 3l of the cylinder 30 are mounted in bearings 4S il) at opposite sides of the frame 2l, and in order that the cylinder' may be removed when desired the socket at the bearing t8 'is made quite deep, so that the cylinder 30 may be moved to the right sufficiently to release the opposite journal 3l from its bearing, thus releasing the cylinder. A spring t9 exerts an endwise pressure upon the cylinder' 30 and serves to hold the journal at the opposite end thereof in its bearing, preventing' accidental displacement of the cylinder.
ln Figs. t3 and 7 l have shown a modified arrangement ofthe driving apparatus,involving the use of be'.'-elgears and a shaft in lieu of the pulleys and belt shown in Fig. l., 50 indicating the shaft, which at its lower end is provided with a bevel-gear 5l, meshing with a bevel-gear 52, mounted upon the pedal-shaft l5, and at its upper end carries a bevel-gear 53, which meshes with a gear 5t, mounted upon the shaft 42, which carries the worm lythis arrangement the rotation of the pedalshaft will cause the gear 5l to rotate, and the rotary movement of the gear 5t is communicated to the shaft l2 by means of .a ratchetclutch 55, which is mounted upon the shaft Lt2 and is keyed thereto by a feather' 5G, permitting longitudinal movementof the clutch 55 upon said shaft. Vne clutch 55 engages the ratchet-clutch section at the rear of the bevel-gear 5l, so that forward movement only of the bicycle will cause the shaft 42 to rotate. A lever' 57 provided for shifting the clutch 55 to throw it into and out of mesh with the gear' 5lin order that the musical instrument may be stopped or started at pleasure. 5S indicates a latch for the lever' 57.
That which l claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The combination with a bicycle, of a dctachable frame secured within the bicycleframe, a series of vibratory strings strung across said detachable frame, a plurality of spring-pressed hammers pivoted on said detachable frame and arranged to vibrate said strings, a rotatable shaft, a cylinder on said shaft provided with means for actuating said hammers, a worm-wheel keyed to said shaft, a rock-shaft mounted transversely in said detachable frame, a worm-frame on said rockshaft carrying awor'm adapted to mesh with said worm-gear', means for rotating said worm from the pedal-shaft of the bicycle, an operating-lever for said worm-f rame on said rockshaft,and a spring-catch for locking said lever and holding said worm in engagement with said worm-wheel, substantially as described.
SAMUEL G. GOSS.
Witnesses JOHN L. Jamison, IIoLnEs A. TILDEN.