|Publication number||US6364517 B1|
|Application number||US 09/028,663|
|Publication date||Apr 2, 2002|
|Filing date||Feb 24, 1998|
|Priority date||Feb 26, 1997|
|Also published as||US6181982|
|Publication number||028663, 09028663, US 6364517 B1, US 6364517B1, US-B1-6364517, US6364517 B1, US6364517B1|
|Inventors||Shoji Yuyama, Naoki Koike, Hirohisa Shimizu|
|Original Assignee||Kabushiki Kaisha Yuyama Seisakusho|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (18), Referenced by (59), Classifications (21), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This invention relates to a drug dispenser for storing and dispensing drugs according to prescriptions, and an input device through which prescribed drug names and their quantities are inputted into the dispensers.
A typical conventional drug dispenser of this type has a plurality of drug feeders set in storage shelves, and discharge means for discharging drugs in the feeders to a predetermined position. The discharge means discharge drugs, according to prescription data entered from outside, from a corresponding feeder.
An operator periodically removes the feeders from the shelves to check the number of drugs remaining in each feeder. If the operator finds any feeder running short of drugs, corresponding drugs are taken out of a drug stocker and are put into the feeder.
Such drug replenishment is carried out by an operator in the following manner. First, the operator removes all the drug feeders from the shelves. Then, the operator checks the number of drugs remaining in each feeder, selects feeders that need replenishment, puts the selected feeders on a worktable, memorizes or writes down all the drug names to be replenished, walks to the drug stocker, takes necessary drugs out of the stocker, brings them onto the worktable, puts them into the corresponding feeders, and then puts the feeders back into the shelves.
An operator has to do this troublesome work periodically. The intervals between such replenishment and stocktaking routines have to be sufficiently short, because otherwise some feeders may run out of drugs. If the drug dispenser is operated with some of the feeders empty, the dispenser will stop. This extremely lowers work efficiency.
An object of this invention is to reduce the workload on operators during replenishment and stocktaking of drugs stored in a drug dispenser.
According to this invention, there is provided a drug dispenser comprising a plurality of drug feeders in which are stored different kinds of drugs, a discharge means for discharging prescribed drugs from corresponding ones of the drug feeders according to a prescription, a memory means for storing data on the initial number of drugs in each of the drug feeders, a processing means for calculating the number of drugs currently remaining in each of the drug feeders by subtracting the number of drugs discharged from each of the drug feeders from the initial number of drugs in each of the drug feeders, and a display means for displaying the names of drugs if the number of drugs currently remaining in the any drug feeder is smaller than a predetermined value. A sensor may be provided to detect the number of drugs currently remaining in each of said drug feeders.
The drug dispenser according to this invention has a function of displaying a drug name if the number of drugs remaining in a corresponding drug feeder decreases below a predetermined value. An operator can thus easily see which drug feeders are short of drugs without the need to take out and look into the feeders.
Every time drugs are supplied into a feeder, a predetermined number may be added to the number of drugs remaining in the particular feeder before drugs are supplied. This eliminates the necessity to renew the number of drugs remaining in each feeder by inputting the number of drugs replenished every time drugs are replenished. Ordinarily, drugs in one box or two boxes are supplied into a feeder. Thus, the number of drugs supplied at one time is usually “predetermined” for each drug type, so that it is possible to use the “predetermined number”.
The names of drugs to be replenished may be displayed in the form of a list so that an operator can see the drug names more easily. Further, the drug names may be arranged in the order of their numbers. With this arrangement, drugs can be more easily taken out of the drug stocker because drugs are usually arranged in the order of their numbers in the stocker.
The displayed drug names may be printed out by a printer so that an operator does not have to memorize or write down the drug names.
From another aspect of this invention, there is provided an input device comprising an reader means for reading identification data affixed to each of a plurality of drug feeders of a drug dispenser, means for determining the name of drugs in the each drug feeder based on the identification data read by the reader means, a weighing means for weighing the each drug feeder containing drugs, a processing means for calculating the weight of the drugs in the each drug feeder based on the weight data obtained by the weighing means and calculating the number of drugs currently remaining in the each drug feeder by dividing the weight of the drugs in the each drug feeder by the unit weight of the drugs in the each drug feeder, and a transmission means for transmitting data on the drug names and the number of drugs remaining in the each drug feeder to the drug dispenser.
The reader means reads and displays the name of drugs in each feeder. The number of drugs in any feeder and the drug name are transmitted to the drug dispenser. Based on this data, the number of drugs remaining in each feeder can be renewed easily.
There is also provided an input device comprising a reader means for reading identification data affixed to each of the plurality of drug feeders of the drug dispenser, and a transmission means for transmitting data, on drug names obtained based on the identification data read by the reader means, to the drug dispenser.
The term “drug names” herein used refers not only to the formal names of drugs but sometimes to abbreviations, code numbers, and other marks and symbols with which operators can specify drug types. The term “drug numbers” herein used refers to every kind of identification numbers and codes assigned to each drug type.
Other features and objects of the present invention will become apparent from the following description made with reference to the accompanying drawings.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a drug dispenser embodying this invention;
FIG. 2 is a block diagram of the drug dispenser of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3A shows how a stock file is registered;
FIG. 3B shows how a weight file is registered;
FIG. 4A shows how drug replenishment data are registered;
FIG. 4B shows a printout of the names of drugs to be replenished;
FIG. 5 shows how stocktaking is carried out;
FIG. 6 show a printout of a cumulative number of drugs supplied into each feeder;
FIG. 7 is a perspective view of an input device embodying this invention; and
FIG. 8 is a block diagram of the input device of FIG. 7.
Drug dispensers and input devices embodying this invention are described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The drug dispenser 1 shown in FIG. 1 includes a drug storage shelves 2, 3 each having a plurality of drug feeders 4, 5 in which are stored different kinds of injection fluid ampules, and a drug discharge means (not shown) provided in the shelves 2, 3 for discharging selected injection drugs from the shelves 2, 3 into buckets 7 which are carried on a conveyor 6 extending through the shelves 2, 3.
Each feeder 4 is an open-topped box and is removable from the laterally rotatable shelf 2. Any feeder 4 removed from the shelf 2 is hand-carriable. Drugs are put in the respective feeders 4 from their open tops and the feeders thus filled with drugs are set in the shelf. The feeders 5 can be drawn out of the shelf 3 but cannot be removed from the shelf 3. Ampules can be arranged in a plurality of rows in each feeder 5.
Buckets 7 are deposited one at a time on the conveyor 6 from a bucket stocker 8. Necessary drugs are put in the respective buckets 7 from selected feeders 4, 5 of the shelves 2, 3. A list 9 of drugs is put in each bucket from a printer unit 10. Then, the buckets are stacked in racks 11, 11′.
The drug dispenser 1 of this embodiment is comprehensively controlled by a computer 12. Referring to FIG. 2, the computer 12 comprises a processing unit 13 and file unit 14 connected to the processing unit 13. Connected to the processing unit 13 are the shelves 2, 3, bucket stocker 8, and printer unit 10.
The computer 12 is connected online to a host computer so that prescription data are entered from the host computer directly into the processing unit 13 of the computer 12. Based on prescription data received from the host computer or a keyboard 15, the processing unit 13 controls the shelves 2, 3, bucket stocker 8, and printer unit 10 to dispense drugs, feed buckets 7, and print drug lists 9.
The computer 12 also checks the quantity of drugs in each feeder 4, 5 as discussed next. This is done by entering the initial quantity of drugs in each feeder 4, 5 into the file unit 14 through a keyboard 15 or a mouse, subtracting the quantity of drugs discharged every time drugs are discharged from each feeder, and adding the quantity of drugs put in each feeder every time drugs are put in each feeder. When the quantity of drugs in any feeder drops below a predetermined level, the processing unit 13 indicates the name of drugs to be put in this feeder on a display 16. By checking the display 16, an operator can instantly see which drug is running short without the need to check the feeders 4, 5.
The quantity of drugs remaining in each feeder, cumulative quantity of drugs supplied into each feeder, and cumulative quantity of drugs discharged from each feeder are recorded in the file unit 14 as a stock file. The stock file may also be displayed on the display 16 in the form of a stock list as shown in FIG. 3A. The term “shelf number” as used in FIG. 3A refers to the serial number assigned to each drug storage area in each shelf. Such serial numbers make it easier for an operator to locate the drugs. Drug codes are abbreviations for drug names, which the computer 12 uses in handling drug names.
Description is now made of “standard number of drugs to be replenished”. When the stock of any kind of drugs, especially injection drugs, drops below a predetermined level, drugs of the corresponding kind are taken out from the drug stocker in a necessary amount (or number of drugs) and supplied into the respective feeder or feeders 4, 5. This value (i.e. the number of drugs to be replenished into each feeder) is recorded in the file unit 14 as the “standard number of drugs to be replenished”. With this arrangement, by simply designating the name of drugs that need replenishment, the computer automatically renews the drug stock data by adding the standard number of drugs to be replenished to the number of drugs currently remaining in each feeder.
The number of drugs currently remaining in each feeder may be calculated by weighing the drugs in each feeder 4, 5 with weight sensors mounted on the feeders 4, 5, and dividing the thus detected weight by the unit weight of the drugs in each feeder. When the total weight of drugs in each feeder 4, 5 and the unit weight of drugs in each feeder 4, 5 are entered into the file unit 14, this data are also displayed on the display 16 as shown in FIG. 3B. ID codes shown are reference codes indicating the kinds of drugs.
The names of drugs that need replenishment are listed on the display 6, as shown in FIG. 4A, so that an operator can instantly see which drugs need to be fetched from the storage shelf. The operator replenishes necessary drugs into corresponding feeders 4, 5 while consulting the display 16, puts the feeders 4, 5 back into the shelves 2, 3, operates the keyboard 15 or mouse to highlight the line corresponding to the drug that has been refilled (drug C in FIG. 4A), and presses a refill registration button.
The computer thus renews the stock data by adding the standard number of drugs to be replenished, which is 20 in this case, to the number of drugs remaining in each feeder. To replenish drugs by a number other than the standard number, the kind of drugs that needs replenishment (e.g. drug E in FIG. 4A) is highlighted, and the number of drugs actually replenished is entered into the corresponding space of the list. When replenishment is completed for all the drug types indicated on the display, a replenishment completion button is pressed.
If drugs have to be replenished by taking drugs out of a stock shelf, a list of the drugs to be replenished may be printed by a printer 17 provided beside the computer 12. Such a list makes it unnecessary for an operator to memorize or write down drug names.
For stocktaking, in which an operator checks if the data in the file unit 14 of the drug dispenser 1 are correct by actually looking into the feeders 4, 5, the computer 12 displays a stocktaking mode screen on the display 16 as shown in FIG. 5. If the actual number of drugs in any feeder does not coincide with the number indicated on the display, the number on the display is corrected to the actual number. Such periodical stocktaking increases the reliability of stock data on drugs in the feeders 4, 5.
The cumulative number of drugs replenished and that of drugs discharged may be printed out for each kind of drugs as shown in FIG. 6.
In this embodiment, when any feeder 4, 5 is replenished with drugs, an operator controls the keyboard 15 to highlight the name of the drug that has been replenished and presses the replenishment registration button to renew the stock data. The input device shown in FIG. 7 makes such stock data renewal easier.
As shown in FIGS. 7 and 8, the input device 20 comprises a bar code reader 21, an electronic balance 22, a display monitor 23, and keys 24. These parts 21, 22, 23, 24 are connected to a processing unit 25. The bar code reader 21 reads bar codes 18 affixed to the feeders 4 and transmits the coded drug names to the processing unit 25. The balance 22 weighs the total weight of drugs and the feeder 4 put thereon, and transmits the thus measured weight data to the processing unit 25. The processing unit 25 calls from a ROM the unit weight of the drug whose name has been received from the bar code reader 21 and the weight of the feeder 4 itself, and calculates the number of drugs in the feeder 4 based on the data received from the balance 22. The ROM is preferably an EEPROM such as a rewritable flash memory because the data in such a memory is renewable every time a new drug is added. RAM is used as a data processing work area for the processing unit 25.
The processing unit 25 displays the drug names read and their quantities on the display monitor 23. An operator can check if the data displayed is appropriate. If he wishes to correct anything wrong on the screen or write a comment or something like that on the screen, he can do this through the keyswitch 24.
The processing unit 25 transmits renewal data, i.e. data on coded drug names and their quantities (after replenishment) to the drug dispenser 1 through a wireless communication unit 19. The renewal data is received by a wireless communication unit 19 of the drug dispenser 1. The renewal data thus received is processed by the processing unit 13 and used to renew the stock data file in the file unit 14.
The input device 20 makes it possible to renew the stock data on the drugs in each feeder 4 of the dispenser 1 with high accuracy simply by reading the bar code affixed to any feeder 4 which has been replenished with drugs or which needs stocktaking, and placing this feeder on the electronic balance 22. This makes drug refilling and stocktaking work further easier.
The input device 20 determines the number of drugs in any feeder by weighing this feeder with the electronic balance 22. But the balance 22 may be omitted. In this case, only drug names are transmitted to the drug dispenser 1. Based on the drug names received, the drug dispenser 1 calculates the numbers of drugs to be supplied into the respective feeders and adds these numbers to the numbers of drugs remaining in the respective feeders before replenishment. The input device 20 without the balance 22 is more inexpensive. Instead of the wireless communication unit, data may be transmitted through alternate means e.g. an RS-232C cable.
With the drug dispenser and the input device according to this invention, an operator can easily see which feeders are short of drugs without looking into the respective feeders. After replenishment, the number of drugs remaining in each feeder is renewable easily. Thus, it is possible to reduce the workload on operators during periodical replenishment and stocktaking routines.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US3491870 *||Aug 31, 1967||Jan 27, 1970||Isserstedt Siegfried G||Vending machine with simultaneous dispensing means|
|US3921196 *||Mar 20, 1972||Nov 18, 1975||Richard J Patterson||Encoding and processing of drug prescription forms|
|US4107777 *||Jun 13, 1977||Aug 15, 1978||Anthes Imperial Limited||Dispensing system|
|US4418277 *||Nov 18, 1981||Nov 29, 1983||Hartmut Tremmel||Apparatus for collecting, transmitting and processing data stored in code, preferably in bar code|
|US4655026 *||Dec 11, 1985||Apr 7, 1987||Wigoda Luis T||Pill dispensing machine|
|US4780599 *||Jun 28, 1985||Oct 25, 1988||Baus Heinz Georg||Apparatus for retrieving stored information about various items in response to coding on the items|
|US4785969 *||Nov 10, 1986||Nov 22, 1988||Pyxis Corporation||Medication dispensing system|
|US4847764 *||May 21, 1987||Jul 11, 1989||Meditrol, Inc.||System for dispensing drugs in health care institutions|
|US5208762 *||Dec 6, 1990||May 4, 1993||Baxter International Inc.||Automated prescription vial filling system|
|US5272321 *||Aug 8, 1991||Dec 21, 1993||Sanyo Electric Co., Ltd.||Automatic vending machine having a bar code reader and bar coded columns and switches|
|US5337919 *||Feb 11, 1993||Aug 16, 1994||Dispensing Technologies, Inc.||Automatic dispensing system for prescriptions and the like|
|US5511594 *||Jun 23, 1992||Apr 30, 1996||Brennan; Eric L.||Modular pharmacy system and pharmacy process|
|US5597995 *||Nov 8, 1995||Jan 28, 1997||Automated Prescription Systems, Inc.||Automated medical prescription fulfillment system having work stations for imaging, filling, and checking the dispensed drug product|
|US5608643 *||Sep 1, 1994||Mar 4, 1997||General Programming Holdings, Inc.||System for managing multiple dispensing units and method of operation|
|US5797515 *||May 3, 1996||Aug 25, 1998||Adds, Inc.||Method for controlling a drug dispensing system|
|US5832693 *||Jan 22, 1997||Nov 10, 1998||Kabushiki Kaisha Yuyama Seisakusho||Apparatus for collecting ampules|
|US5838575 *||Dec 14, 1995||Nov 17, 1998||Rx Excell Inc.||System for dispensing drugs|
|US5852911 *||Feb 6, 1997||Dec 29, 1998||Kabushiki Kaisha Yuyama Seisakusho||Tablet dispenser|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6681549 *||Oct 26, 1999||Jan 27, 2004||Shenzhen 999 Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd.||Method and system with electronic control devices for blending of Chinese medicine|
|US6847861||Nov 30, 2001||Jan 25, 2005||Mckesson Automation, Inc.||Carousel product for use in integrated restocking and dispensing system|
|US7010389||Apr 7, 2004||Mar 7, 2006||Mckesson Automation, Inc.||Restocking system using a carousel|
|US7072737||Apr 7, 2004||Jul 4, 2006||Mckesson Automation, Inc.||Filling a restocking package using a carousel|
|US7228198||Apr 25, 2003||Jun 5, 2007||Mckesson Automation Systems, Inc.||Prescription filling apparatus implementing a pick and place method|
|US7532948||Apr 26, 2007||May 12, 2009||Mckesson Automated Systems Inc.||Method for filling vials in an automated prescription filling apparatus|
|US7568627||Apr 7, 2004||Aug 4, 2009||Mckesson Automation, Inc.||Restocking of open shelving with a hand held device|
|US7669733||Nov 8, 2006||Mar 2, 2010||Jun Ho Kim||Cassette device for automatic medicine packaging apparatus|
|US7734478||Oct 18, 2005||Jun 8, 2010||Walgreen Co.||Method and apparatus for inter-pharmacy workload balancing using resource function assignments|
|US7753229||Sep 26, 2007||Jul 13, 2010||Mckesson Automation Systems Inc.||Vacuum pill dispensing cassette and counting machine|
|US7765108||Oct 18, 2005||Jul 27, 2010||Walgreen Co.||Method and apparatus for inter-pharmacy workload balancing|
|US7766242||Apr 7, 2004||Aug 3, 2010||Mckesson Automation, Inc.||Method of monitoring inventory on an open shelving system|
|US7774134||Jun 13, 2008||Aug 10, 2010||Walgreen Co.||Pharmacy network management system and method for searching for a pharmacy store location with a drive through|
|US7789267||Sep 26, 2007||Sep 7, 2010||Mckesson Automation Systems, Inc.||Vacuum pill dispensing cassette and counting machine|
|US7801642 *||Aug 18, 2004||Sep 21, 2010||Walgreen Co.||System and method for checking the accuracy of a prescription fill|
|US7831334||Apr 26, 2007||Nov 9, 2010||Mckesson Automation Systems Inc.||Method of transporting vials and cassettes in an automated prescription filling apparatus|
|US7831448||Apr 23, 2010||Nov 9, 2010||Walgreen Co.||Method and apparatus for inter-pharmacy workload balancing using resource function assignments|
|US7860730||Jun 7, 2010||Dec 28, 2010||Walgreen Co.||Method and apparatus for inter-pharmacy workload balancing|
|US7865263||Nov 24, 2004||Jan 4, 2011||Mckesson Automation, Inc.||Integrated suite of medical tools|
|US7894656||May 29, 2007||Feb 22, 2011||Jvm Co., Ltd||Method and apparatus for inspecting manual dispensing tray of automatic medicine packaging machine|
|US7930064||Nov 18, 2005||Apr 19, 2011||Parata Systems, Llc||Automated drug discrimination during dispensing|
|US7941325||Nov 14, 2008||May 10, 2011||Walgreen Co.||System and method of using a non-retail central filling facility to process pharmacy product prescriptions in a pharmacy retail network|
|US7941915 *||Nov 1, 2005||May 17, 2011||Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Installation/removal device, display change device, and dosing system|
|US7957929 *||Sep 22, 2004||Jun 7, 2011||Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Drug dispensing apparatus|
|US7967141||Nov 13, 2007||Jun 28, 2011||Beldico Integrated Solutions, S.A.||Device for the automatic detection of the movement of objects|
|US8019470||Sep 13, 2011||Mckesson Automation Inc.||High capacity drawer with mechanical indicator for a dispensing device|
|US8055513||Jul 12, 2010||Nov 8, 2011||Walgreen Co.||Pharmacy network management system and method for searching for a pharmacy store location|
|US8091213||Apr 11, 2011||Jan 10, 2012||Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Installation/removal device, display change device, and dosing system|
|US8145501||Oct 9, 2008||Mar 27, 2012||Walgreen Co.||System and method for performing pharmacy product filling using non-registered pharmacists|
|US8175891||Oct 18, 2005||May 8, 2012||Walgreen Co.||System for separating and distributing pharmacy order processing for compound medication|
|US8224483||Sep 8, 2010||Jul 17, 2012||Walgreen Co.||System for checking the accuracy of a prescription fill|
|US8284386||Nov 23, 2009||Oct 9, 2012||Parata Systems, Llc||System and method for verifying the contents of a filled, capped pharmaceutical prescription|
|US8311891||Oct 18, 2005||Nov 13, 2012||Walgreen Co.||System for separating and distributing pharmacy order processing for medication payments|
|US8315887||Oct 18, 2005||Nov 20, 2012||Walgreen Co.||System for separating and distributing pharmacy order processing for specialty medication|
|US8321236||Jan 29, 2003||Nov 27, 2012||Walgreen Co.||Method and apparatus for prescription processing|
|US8364504||Mar 4, 2011||Jan 29, 2013||Walgreen Co.||Pharmacy network management system and method for ordering prescriptions|
|US8374965||Nov 23, 2009||Feb 12, 2013||Parata Systems, Llc||System and method for verifying the contents of a filled, capped pharmaceutical prescription|
|US8393075||Dec 23, 2011||Mar 12, 2013||Yuyama Mfg. Co., Ltd.||Installation/removal device, display change device, and dosing system|
|US8467897||Aug 27, 2010||Jun 18, 2013||Rxsafe Llc||Pharmaceutical storage and retrieval system and methods of storing and retrieving pharmaceuticals|
|US8510131||Jan 22, 2013||Aug 13, 2013||Walgreen Co.||Pharmacy network management system and method for refilling prescriptions|
|US8583276||May 7, 2013||Nov 12, 2013||Rxsafe Llc||Pharmaceutical storage and retrieval system and methods of storing and retrieving pharmaceuticals|
|US8666541||Jun 20, 2012||Mar 4, 2014||Walgreen Co.||System and method for checking the accuracy of a prescription fill|
|US8666780||Oct 18, 2005||Mar 4, 2014||Walgreen Co.||System for separating and distributing pharmacy order processing|
|US8775198||Jul 25, 2007||Jul 8, 2014||Walgreen Co.||System and method for performing a remote verification of a pharmacy fill utilizing an image to image comparison|
|US8825196||Oct 8, 2013||Sep 2, 2014||Rxsafe Llc||Pharmaceutical storage and retrieval system and methods of storing and retrieving pharmaceuticals|
|US8908163||Sep 12, 2012||Dec 9, 2014||Parata Systems, Llc||System and method for verifying the contents of a filled, capped pharmaceutical prescription|
|US20040158507 *||Dec 8, 2003||Aug 12, 2004||Meek Robert B.||Inventory management and replenishment system|
|US20040172289 *||Feb 28, 2003||Sep 2, 2004||Dejan Kozic||Method and system for remotely verifying a prescription|
|US20040176873 *||Feb 25, 2003||Sep 9, 2004||Kim Jun Ho||Pharmaceutical automation system|
|US20040188523 *||Apr 7, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Richard Lunak||Method of monitoring inventory on an open shelving system|
|US20040188524 *||Apr 7, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Richard Lunak||Method of initiating and recording a pick with a hand held device|
|US20040193315 *||Apr 7, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Richard Lunak||Restocking system using a carousel|
|US20040193316 *||Apr 7, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Richard Lunak||Restocking of open shelving with a hand held device|
|US20040193317 *||Apr 7, 2004||Sep 30, 2004||Richard Lunak||Filling a restocking package using a carousel|
|US20050113969 *||Nov 24, 2004||May 26, 2005||Mckesson Automation Inc.||Integrated suite of medical tools|
|EP1923033A1 *||Nov 14, 2006||May 21, 2008||Beldico Integrated Solutions S.A.||Device for automatic movement detection of an object|
|WO2006055956A2 *||Nov 21, 2005||May 26, 2006||Mckesson Automated Prescriptio||Automated drug discrimination during dispensing|
|WO2008001019A2 *||Jun 29, 2007||Jan 3, 2008||Bertrand Juchs||Device for storing and dispensing objects|
|WO2009138538A1 *||May 12, 2009||Nov 19, 2009||Microtiker, S.L.||Apparatus for the automatic dispensing and semi-automatic repositioning of commercial products|
|U.S. Classification||700/231, 700/240, 235/385, 221/7, 235/435, 221/8, 235/375, 700/223|
|International Classification||G06Q10/08, G07F5/18, A61J3/00|
|Cooperative Classification||G07F9/026, G07F5/18, G06Q10/087, G07F11/002, G07F17/0092|
|European Classification||G06Q10/087, G07F17/00P, G07F11/00B, G07F9/02D, G07F5/18|
|Feb 24, 1998||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: KABUSHIKI KAISHA YUYAMA SEISAKUSHO, JAPAN
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:YUYAMA, SHOJI;KOIKE, NAOKI;SHIMIZU, HIROHISA;REEL/FRAME:008999/0382
Effective date: 19980203
|Sep 30, 2005||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Sep 28, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Nov 8, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 2, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|May 20, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20140402