Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.

Patents

  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS6366820 B1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/516,622
Publication dateApr 2, 2002
Filing dateMar 1, 2000
Priority dateMar 1, 2000
Fee statusPaid
Publication number09516622, 516622, US 6366820 B1, US 6366820B1, US-B1-6366820, US6366820 B1, US6366820B1
InventorsPhong D. Doan, Kerwyn Schimke, Sergey Safarevich
Original AssigneePacesetter, Inc.
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Interconnection technique between a cable conductor and an electrode of an implantable medical device
US 6366820 B1
Abstract
A method of joining an electrically-conductive elongate member, which may be a multi-strand cable, to an electrically-conductive electrode, possibly for an implantable medical device, requires that the free end of the electrically-conductive member be inserted axially into a longitudinally extending passage of a tubular crimp/weld sleeve. Thereupon, the crimp/weld sleeve is crimped onto the electrically-conductive elongate member to achieve firm engagement between the crimp/weld sleeve and the electrically-conductive elongate member. The crimp/weld sleeve is provided with a radially outward extending prominent member which may be one of a variety of shapes. The electrode is tubular, overlies the outer surface of a longitudinally extending lead body, and is formed with an aperture defined by a rim having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member. The crimp/weld sleeve is received in a recess adjacent the outer peripheral surface of the lead body and the prominent member is inserted into the aperture of the tubular electrode. A laser beam is directed transversely through the aperture of the electrode and onto the prominent member to simultaneously melt the prominent member and the electrode in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member and the electrode within the aperture. When operation of the laser beam ceases, a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve and the electrode is achieved.
Images(5)
Previous page
Next page
Claims(18)
What is claimed is:
1. A method of joining an electrically-conductive elongate member to an electrically-conductive termination component comprising the steps of:
(a) providing an elongated crimp/weld sleeve having a longitudinally extending passage for axially receiving the electrically-conductive elongate member;
(b) inserting a free end of the electrically-conductive elongate member into the passage of the crimp/weld sleeve;
(c) crimping the crimp/weld sleeve onto the elongate member to achieve firm engagement between the crimp/weld sleeve and the elongate member;
(d) forming a radially outward extending prominent member on the crimp/weld sleeve;
(e) forming in the termination component an aperture defined by a rim having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member;
(f) inserting the prominent member into the aperture of the termination component;
(g) directing a laser beam transversely of the termination component through the aperture therein and onto the prominent member to simultaneously melt the prominent member and the termination component in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member and the termination component within the aperture; and
(h) discontinuing operation of the laser beam to allow solidification of the mixture of the molten material of step (f) within the aperture to thereby achieve a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve and the termination component.
2. The method as set forth in claim 1 wherein:
the electrically-conductive elongate member includes a lead comprised of a multi-strand cable, each with a free end; and wherein
step (b) includes the step of inserting each free end of the multi-strand cable into the passage of the crimp/weld sleeve.
3. The method as set forth in claim 1 wherein step (e) includes the step of forming the aperture large enough to allow the laser beam to pass therethrough yet small enough to allow the simultaneous melting of the rim of the aperture and the termination component.
4. The method as set forth in claim 1 wherein:
the termination component is a tubular member having an inner peripheral surface proximately received on a lead body; and wherein
step (a) includes the step of positioning the crimp/weld sleeve within the tubular member such that the longitudinal axis of the crimp/weld sleeve is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the tubular member.
5. An implantable stimulation device comprising:
an electrically-conductive elongate member having a free end;
an elongated crimp/weld sleeve having a longitudinally extending passage for axially receiving the free end of the electrically-conductive elongate member, the crimp/weld sleeve being crimped into firm engagement with the elongate member;
a radially outward extending prominent member on the crimp/weld sleeve;
an electrically-conductive termination component having an aperture defined by a rim having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member; and wherein
the prominent member being inserted into the aperture of the termination component such that a laser beam directed transversely of the termination component through the aperture therein impinges on the prominent member to simultaneously melt the prominent member and the termination component in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member and the termination component within the aperture which, when solidified, achieves a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve and the termination component.
6. The implantable stimulation device as set forth in claim 5 wherein the electrically-conductive elongate member includes a lead comprised of a multi-strand cable, each with a free end received into the passage of the crimp/weld sleeve, the crimp/weld sleeve being crimped into firm engagement with each strand of the multi-strand cable.
7. The implantable stimulation device as set forth in claim 5 wherein the aperture in the termination component is large enough to allow the laser beam to pass therethrough yet small enough to allow the simultaneous melting of the rim of the aperture and the termination component.
8. The implantable stimulation device as set forth in claim 5 wherein:
the termination component is a tubular member having an inner peripheral surface proximately received on a lead body; and wherein
the crimp/weld sleeve is positioned within the tubular member such that the longitudinal axis of the crimp/weld sleeve is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the tubular member.
9. The implantable stimulation device as set forth in claim 5 wherein the prominent member is a radially outward extending cylindrical post.
10. The implantable stimulation device as set forth in claim 5 wherein:
the crimp/weld sleeve includes first and second opposed ends; and wherein
a pair of longitudinally-extending spaced-apart cuts through the crimp/weld sleeve define a tab member which, when bent about a transverse fold line, projects radially outward from the crimp/weld sleeve.
11. The implantable stimulation device as set forth in claim 5 wherein the crimp/weld sleeve includes:
first and second opposed ends;
an outer peripheral surface;
a peripheral flange lying in a plane extending transverse of the longitudinally extending passage axis and projecting radially outward beyond the outer peripheral surface therein; and wherein
the termination component has a transversely extending slot for freely receiving a portion of the peripheral flange therein.
12. A lead for an implantable stimulation device comprising:
a longitudinally extending lead body having an outer peripheral surface, at least one longitudinally extending lumen, and a recess adjacent the outer peripheral surface and in communication with the lumen;
an electrically-conductive elongate member having a free end received in the longitudinally extending lumen;
an elongated crimp/weld sleeve having a longitudinally extending passage for axially receiving the free end of the electrically-conductive elongate member, the crimp/weld sleeve being crimped into firm engagement with the elongate member;
a radially outward extending prominent member on the crimp/weld sleeve; and
an electrically-conductive termination component having an aperture defined by a rim having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member; and wherein
the prominent member is adapted to be inserted into the aperture of the termination component such that a laser beam directed transversely of the termination component through the aperture therein impinges on the prominent member to simultaneously melt the prominent member and the termination component in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member and the termination component within the aperture which, when solidified, achieves a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve and the termination component.
13. The lead of claim 12 wherein the electrically-conductive elongate member includes a lead comprised of a multi-strand cable, each with a free end received into the passage of the crimp/weld sleeve, the crimp/weld sleeve being crimped into firm engagement with each strand of the multi-strand cable.
14. The lead of claim 12 wherein the aperture in the termination component is large enough to allow the laser beam to pass therethrough yet small enough to allow the melting of the rim of the aperture and the termination component simultaneously.
15. The lead of claim 12 wherein:
the termination component is a tubular member having an inner peripheral surface proximately received on a lead body; and wherein
the crimp/weld sleeve is positioned within the tubular member such that the longitudinal axis of the crimp/weld sleeve is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the tubular member.
16. The lead of claim 12 wherein the prominent member is a radially outward extending cylindrical post.
17. The lead of claim 12 wherein:
the crimp/weld sleeve includes first and second opposed ends; and wherein
a pair of longitudinally-extending spaced-apart cuts through the crimp/weld sleeve define a tab member which, when bent about a transverse fold line, projects radially outward from the crimp/weld sleeve.
18. The lead of claim 12 wherein the crimp/weld sleeve includes:
first and second opposed ends;
an outer peripheral surface;
a peripheral flange lying in a plane extending transverse of the longitudinally extending passage axis and projecting radially outward beyond the outer peripheral surface there; and wherein
the termination component has a transversely extending slot for freely receiving a portion of the peripheral flange therein.
Description
FIELD OF THE INVENTION

This invention relates generally to a technique of joining an electrically-conductive elongate member to an electrically-conductive termination component and, more particularly, to a technique for laser welding the member to the component. In one application, which is not intended to be restrictive of the invention, the novel technique is provided for conductively interconnecting electrical components in an implantable medical device such as a pacemaker, a defibrillator, or the like.

BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION

Implantable stimulation devices of the type having electrical circuit components are well known in the medical arts. In one particularly common form, the implantable stimulation device comprises a pacemaker unit having an appropriate electrical power supply and related control circuitry for use in electrically stimulating a patient muscle, such as the heart. Such pacemaker units commonly include a hermetically sealed case or housing within which the power supply and control circuitry are protectively encased, in combination with one or more conductive pacemaker leads extending from the housing to the selected muscle structure within the patient. Feed-through terminals on the pacemaker housing accommodate the hermetically sealed passage of electrical conductors to the housing exterior for appropriate connection to the pacemaker lead or leads, typically through the use of so-called connector blocks having set screws or the like for secure lead attachment. The connector blocks and associated feed-through conductors disposed externally of the pacemaker housing are commonly encased within a sealed head structure, such as an insulative head of cast epoxy or the like.

The commonly used form of welding which has heretofore been satisfactory for making connections in implantable stimulation devices between leads and either electrodes or connectors has been resistance welding which unfortunately is operator dependent with many variables including electrode wear, force, and voltage. The inventors and others have come to recognize that laser welding would be desirable for joining small diameter wire to electrodes and connectors, notwithstanding the fact that resistance welders are less expensive than laser welders.

In many instances, the present laser weld design concepts for joining small diameter wire, rod or coiled wire to electrodes and connectors cannot be used to reliably produce a joint. Components made from dissimilar materials having different melting temperatures, normal component fabrication variability, insignificant thermo-mass inherent with certain components, imprecise component alignment during assembly, and unlike materials with distinctly different melting temperatures, are all major factors that affect the reliability and repeatability of weld connections using conventional design concepts.

Typical of more recent developments in this regard is the disclosure presented in U.S. Pat. No. 5,458,629 to Baudino et al. In this instance, a ring electrode may be introduced onto an insulated lead so as to form an isodiametric lead construction. The outer layer of insulation forming the lead body is etched or notched, for example, by being laser etched or physically milled to provide a recess in the lead insulation having a depth corresponding to the thickness of the ring electrode intended to be provided at that location. A ring electrode is introduced onto the notched section on the lead in the form of a C-shaped sleeve adaptable to be introduced onto the notched portion of the lead and subsequently formable into a cylindrical shape when closed into position in the notched portion of the lead so that the edges of the C-shaped sleeve are brought to an abutting as opposed to overlapping relationship. A single conductor is brought through the insulation and aligned with a hole in the C-shaped sleeve to be welded to the sleeve, for example, by laser welding. The final affixation procedure involves laser welding the abutting surfaces of the sleeve together, thereby securely forming a ring electrode isodiametrically within the notch on the electrode.

Following Baudino et al., Mueller et al., in U.S. Pat. No. 5,869,804, disclosed an improved technique of welding an electrically-conductive termination component having first and second opposed surfaces to an electrically-conductive elongate member extending to a terminal end. That method comprises the steps of forming a substantially circular aperture through the termination component and defined by a rim having a diameter substantially equivalent to the transverse dimension of the elongate member. The terminal end of the elongate member is positioned proximate the termination component overlying the rim of the aperture such that the longitudinal axis of the elongate member is generally coplanar with the center of the aperture. Then, a laser beam is directed transversely of the termination component through the aperture therein toward and onto the elongate member to simultaneously melt the elongate member and the termination component in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the elongate member and the termination component within the aperture. Upon the cessation of operation of the laser beam, the mixture of the molten material solidifies within the aperture and between the termination component and the elongate member to thereby achieve a welded connection between the elongate member and the termination component. In a preferred embodiment, a ball member is formed at an end of the elongate member and the rim of the aperture in the termination component has a diameter smaller than that of the ball member and the ball member is positioned in engagement with the rim of the aperture.

More specifically, in the Mueller et al. patent, either a regular wire, coiled wire or rod, is joined to a larger termination component by means of a laser welded ball and socket joint. The elongate material is fabricated with a spherical end to increase the thermo-mass and laser target assembly. The termination component (i.e., electrode or connector) is fabricated with a target construction hole somewhat smaller than the diameter of the ball. The target hole is located where the joint will be made. Assembly is accomplished by locating the ball in the target hole forming a ball and socket assembly. The assembly is completed by directing the laser through the opposite side of the target hole, directly at the top of the ball. The laser energy melts and fuses the ball and material surrounding the target hole. A capillary effect draws the molten material into the hole resulting in a concave weld fillet.

Other previously successful techniques employing lasers for the effective termination of electrical junctions for implantable medical devices are disclosed in U.S. Pat. No. 5,282,841 to Szyszkowski and U.S. Pat. No. 5,103,818 to Maston et al.

It was with knowledge of the foregoing that the present invention has been conceived and is now reduced to practice.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a technique of joining an electrically-conductive elongate member, which may be a multi-strand cable, to an electrically conductive electrode, possibly for an implantable medical device. This technique requires that the free end of the electrically-conductive elongate member be inserted axially into a longitudinally extending passage of a tubular crimp/weld sleeve. Thereupon, the crimp/weld sleeve is crimped onto the electrically-conductive elongate member to achieve firm engagement between the crimp/weld sleeve and the electrically-conductive elongate member. The crimp/weld sleeve is provided with a radially outward extending prominent member which may be one of a variety of shapes. The electrode is tubular, overlies the outer surface of a longitudinally extending lead body, and is formed with an aperture defined by a rim having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member. The crimp/weld sleeve is received in a recess adjacent the outer peripheral surface of the lead body and the prominent member is inserted into the aperture of the tubular electrode. A laser beam is directed transversely through the aperture of the electrode and onto the prominent member to simultaneously melt the prominent member and the electrode in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member and the electrode within the aperture. When operation of the laser beam ceases to allow solidification of the mixture of the molten material within the aperture, a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve and the electrode is achieved.

In short, a unique protrusion feature is integrated onto the outside surface area of the weld/crimp sleeve. In this design, this feature could be a weld tab, a dome-shaped knob, or a cylindrical post at or near the end of the sleeve away from the crimp zone. In the assembly set-up, the ring electrode is installed over the crimp/weld sleeve and locked in place where the hole of the ring electrode snaps onto the protrusion feature of the sleeve. This provides a reliable set-up for the following step, the laser weld operation. In this manner, a simple cable conductor termination/connection is performed by a simple and reliable connection assembly process.

Accordingly, a primary feature of the present invention is the provision of a technique for reliably welding an electrically-conductive elongate member to an electrically-conductive termination component and, more particularly, for laser welding the member to the component.

Another feature of the invention is a technique for conductively interconnecting electrical components in an implantable medical device such as a pacemaker, a defibrillator, or the like.

Still another feature of the present invention is the provision of such a technique which includes steps of providing an elongated crimp/weld sleeve having a longitudinally extending passage for axially receiving the electrically-conductive elongate member, inserting a free end of the electrically-conductive elongate member into the passage of the crimp/weld sleeve, crimping the crimp/weld sleeve onto the elongate member to achieve firm engagement between the crimp/weld sleeve and the elongate member, forming a radially outward extending prominent member on the crimp/weld sleeve, forming in the termination component an aperture defined by a rim having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member, inserting the prominent member into the aperture of the termination component, directing a laser beam transversely of the termination component through the aperture therein and onto the prominent member to simultaneously melt the prominent member and the termination component in the region of the aperture and create a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member and the termination component within the aperture, and discontinuing operation of the laser beam to allow solidification of the mixture of the molten material within the aperture to thereby achieve a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve and the termination component.

Yet another feature of the present invention is the provision of such a technique wherein the electrically-conductive elongate member includes a lead comprised of a multi-strand cable, each with a free end and wherein each free end of the multi-strand cable is inserted into the passage of the crimp/weld sleeve.

Still a further feature of the present invention is the provision of such a technique wherein the aperture is formed large enough to allow the laser beam to pass therethrough yet small enough to allow the simultaneous melting of the rim of the aperture and the termination component.

Yet a further feature of the present invention is the provision of such a technique wherein the termination component is a cylinder having an inner peripheral surface proximately received on a lead body and wherein the crimp/weld sleeve is positioned within the cylinder such that the longitudinal axis of the crimp/weld sleeve is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the cylinder.

Still another feature of the present invention is the provision of such a technique wherein, in one instance, the prominent member is a radially outward extending cylindrical post, wherein in another instance, a pair of longitudinally-extending spaced-apart cuts through the crimp/weld sleeve define a tab member which, when bent about a transverse fold line, projects radially outward from the crimp/weld sleeve and wherein, in still another instance, the crimp/weld sleeve includes an outer peripheral surface and a peripheral flange lies in a plane extending transverse of the longitudinally extending passage axis and projecting radially outward beyond the outer peripheral surface thereof and wherein the termination component has a transversely extending slot for freely receiving a portion of the peripheral flange therein.

Other and further features, advantages, and benefits of the invention will become apparent in the following description taken in conjunction with the following drawings. It is to be understood that the foregoing general description and the following detailed description are exemplary and explanatory but are not to be restrictive of the invention. The accompanying drawings which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this invention, illustrate one of the embodiments of the invention, and together with the description, serve to explain the principles of the invention in general terms. Like numerals refer to like parts throughout the disclosure.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

The foregoing aspects and other features of the present invention are explained in the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, wherein:

FIG. 1 is a diagrammatic elevation view, partly in section, of a heart pacing system of the type which may utilize the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a side elevation view, partly cut away and in section, illustrating a known construction of a lead body near the location at which a tip end is engaged with the myocardial tissue of the heart;

FIG. 3 is a detail perspective view of a known crimp/weld sleeve before its use with a heart pacing system;

FIG. 4 is a detail perspective view of a known crimp/weld sleeve crimped into engagement with ends of a multi-strand cable;

FIG. 5 is a side elevation view, partly cut away and in section, similar to FIG. 2 but illustrating a modified construction utilizing a modified crimp/weld sleeve embodying the present invention;

FIG. 6 is an enlarged detail view of certain parts illustrated in FIG. 5;

FIG. 7 is a detail perspective view of the crimp/weld sleeve illustrated in FIG. 5 and crimped into engagement with ends of a multi-strand cable;

FIG. 8 is a detail top plan view of parts illustrated in FIG. 6;

FIG. 9 is a detail perspective view, similar to FIG. 7, illustrating a modified construction of the crimp/weld sleeve;

FIG. 10 is a detail perspective view, similar to FIGS. 7 and 9, illustrating another modified construction of the crimp/weld sleeve;

FIG. 11 is a detail top plan view, similar to FIG. 8, illustrating the FIG. 10 construction;

FIG. 12 is a detail perspective view, similar to FIGS. 7, 9, and 10 illustrating still another modified construction of the crimp/weld sleeve;

FIG. 13 is a detail top plan view, similar to FIGS. 8 and 11, illustrating the FIG. 12 construction; and

FIG. 14 is a cross section view taken generally along line 1414 in FIG. 13.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT

Referring to FIG. 1, there is shown in a diagrammatic manner an implantable medical system 20 of the type with which the present invention may be used. Although the present invention will be described with reference to the embodiments shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the present invention may be embodied in many alternative forms of embodiments. In addition, any suitable size, shape or type of elements or materials could be used.

In FIG. 1, a pacemaker 22, representative of a family of implantable medical devices with which the invention may be used, is illustrated as being implanted in the upper chest region of a user. A transvenous endocardial lead body 24 extends from the pacemaker 22 through the right atrium 26 of the heart 27 and through the tricuspid valve 28 into the right ventricle 30. An electrically-conductive electrode 32 at a distal end of the lead 24 is positioned near the location at which a tip end 34 is positioned in engagement with the myocardial tissue of the heart 27.

FIG. 2 illustrates a known construction of the lead body 24 near the location at which the tip end 34 is engaged with the myocardial tissue of the heart. This known lead body 24 has an outer peripheral surface 36 and a pair of longitudinally extending lumens, 38, 40. In this instance, a bipolar system is depicted with one electrically-conductive elongate member 42 received in the lumen 38 extending to an electrode at the tip end 34 and a second electrically-conductive elongate member 44 received in the lumen 40 extending to a free end 46. The lead body 24 is formed with a recess 48 adjacent the outer peripheral surface 36 and in communication with the lumen 40.

An elongated crimp/weld sleeve 50 (FIG. 3) with a longitudinally extending passage 52 is positioned in the recess 48 (FIG. 2) for axially receiving the free end of the electrically-conductive elongate member 44 in the passage. So positioned, the crimp/weld sleeve 50 is crimped (FIG. 4) into firm engagement with the elongate member 44. In FIG. 4, the electrically-conductive elongate member 44 is depicted as a multi-strand cable having a pair of ends 44A, 44B although many more ends may actually be present in any one instance. A tubular electrically-conductive termination component 54 or ring electrode, having an aperture 56, is mounted on the lead body 24 so as to overlie the recess 48 with the aperture 56 being coextensive with the crimp/weld sleeve 50. With this known construction, it is customary to direct a laser beam 58 from a suitable laser pumping device 60 transversely of the termination component 54 through the aperture 56 and onto the crimp/weld sleeve 50. The intent is to simultaneously melt the crimp/weld sleeve 50 and the termination component 54 in the region of the aperture 56 and thereby join the two components. Unfortunately, as earlier stated, due to tolerance stack-up of the lead body 24, the elongate member 44, the crimp/weld sleeve 50, and of the ring electrode 54, it is difficult to maintain a good physical contact between the ring electrode 54 and the weld/crimp sleeve 50 which is required for a good and reliable laser weld.

With the foregoing description as background, turn now, initially, to FIGS. 5, 6, and 7 for a discussion of the present invention in which three digit numbers will be used, adding a third digit to the two digit numbers of the prior art constructions. Also, there will be no redundant description where there is no change in the construction of the invention as compared to the prior art.

In this instance, a crimp/weld sleeve 500 is used in conjunction with a lead body 240 having an outer peripheral surface 360 and longitudinally extending lumens 380, 400. The crimp/weld sleeve 500 is received within a recess 480 adjacent the outer peripheral surface 360 and in communication with the lumen 400. An electrically-conductive elongate member 440 is received in the lumen 400 and has a free end received in a longitudinally extending passage 520 of the elongated crimp/weld sleeve 500 which is then crimped into firm engagement with the elongate member 440. As a major feature of the present invention, the crimp/weld sleeve 500 is formed with a radially outward extending prominent member 620 which may be a post, pin, or other protuberance, affixed to or integral with the outer surface of the crimp/weld sleeve 500. An electrically-conductive termination component 540, or ring electrode, is a tubular member having an inner peripheral surface 542 proximately received on the lead body 240. The crimp/weld sleeve 500 is positioned within the tubular member, that is, the termination component 540, or ring electrode, such that the longitudinal axis of the crimp/weld sleeve 500 is parallel to a longitudinal axis of the termination component 540.

The termination component 540, or ring electrode, has an aperture 560 defined by a rim 640 (FIG. 8) having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member 620. The prominent member 620 is inserted into the aperture 560 in such a manner that a laser beam 580 from a suitable laser pumping device 600 is directed transversely of the termination component 540 through the aperture 560 and impinges on the prominent member 620 to simultaneously melt the prominent member 620 and the termination component 540 in the region of the aperture 560. This operation creates a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member 620 and the termination component 540 within the aperture which, when solidified, achieves a strong welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve 500 and the termination component 540.

While the invention works well when the electrically-conductive elongate member 440 includes a lead comprised of a single strand cable, it is particularly effective with a multi-strand cable, with free ends 460, 462 (FIG. 7) received into the passage 520 of the crimp/weld sleeve 500. Thereupon, the crimp/weld sleeve 500 is crimped into firm engagement with each strand of the multi-strand cable.

The aperture 560 in the termination component 540 is large enough to allow the laser beam 580 to pass through the opening yet small enough to allow the rim 640 of the aperture 560 and the termination component 540 to melt simultaneously. This creates a mixture of the molten material of both the prominent member 620 and the termination component 540 within the aperture 560 after which operation of the laser pumping device 600 is discontinued. This allows solidification of the mixture of the molten material within the aperture 560 to thereby achieve a welded connection between the crimp/weld sleeve 560 and the termination component 540.

A variation on the construction of a post or pin as the prominent member 620 illustrated in FIG. 7 is presented in FIG. 9. In this instance, a crimp/weld sleeve 502 includes a prominent member in the form of a radially outward projecting dome-shaped knob 660 which serves in much a similar manner as the post or pin 620.

Turn now to FIG. 10 which illustrates still another modified crimp/weld sleeve 504 extending between first and second opposed ends, 680, 700. A pair of longitudinally-extending spaced-apart cuts 702, 704 through the crimp/weld sleeve at the end 680 define a tab member 706 which, when bent about a transverse fold line 708, projects radially outward from the sleeve. In this instance, as seen in FIG. 11, a termination component 542, or ring electrode, has an aperture 562 defined by a rectangular rim 642, as before, having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member 706. The prominent member 706 is inserted into the aperture 562 in such a manner that the laser beam directed transversely of the termination component through the aperture 562 impinges on the prominent member 706 to simultaneously melt the prominent member 706 and the termination component in the region of the aperture 562.

Turn now to FIGS. 12, 13, and 14 which illustrate still another modified crimp/weld sleeve 506 extending between first and second opposed ends, 720, 740 and an outer peripheral surface 760. In this instance, a peripheral flange 780 at the end 720 lies in a plane extending transverse of the longitudinally extending passage axis and projects radially outward beyond the outer peripheral surface 760.

In this instance, as seen in FIGS. 13 and 14, a termination component 544, or ring electrode, has an aperture 564 defined by a transversely extending slot or rectangular rim 644 for freely receiving an arcuate portion of the peripheral flange 780 therein and, as before, having a transverse dimension greater than the transverse dimension of the prominent member. The prominent member is the peripheral flange 780 and an arcuate portion thereof is inserted into the aperture 564 in such a manner that the laser beam, directed transversely of the termination component 544 through the aperture 564, impinges on the prominent member 780 to simultaneously melt the prominent member 780 and the termination component 544 in the region of the aperture 564.

It should be understood that the foregoing description is only illustrative of the invention. Various alternatives and modifications can be devised by those skilled in the art without departing from the invention. Accordingly, the present invention is intended to embrace all such alternatives, modifications and variances which fall within the scope of the appended claims.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4105037May 6, 1977Aug 8, 1978Biotronik Mess- Und Therapiegerate Gmbh & Co.Releasable electrical connecting means for the electrode terminal of an implantable artificial cardiac pacemaker
US4469104Jul 16, 1982Sep 4, 1984Cordis CorporationMultipolar connector for pacing lead
US4712557Apr 28, 1986Dec 15, 1987Cordis Leads, Inc.A pacer including a multiple connector assembly with removable wedge and method of use
US5012807May 3, 1990May 7, 1991Siemens-Pacesetter, Inc.Multi-part molded pacemaker connector and method of making same
US5016646Jul 24, 1989May 21, 1991Telectronics, N.V.Thin electrode lead and connections
US5067903Nov 20, 1989Nov 26, 1991Siemens-Pacesetter, Inc.Ribbon conductor set and method
US5103818Nov 13, 1990Apr 14, 1992Siemens-Pacesetter, Inc.System and method for completing electrical connections in an implantable medical device
US5235742Jun 24, 1991Aug 17, 1993Siemens Pacesetter, Inc.Interconnecting components
US5282841Oct 14, 1992Feb 1, 1994Siemens Pacesetter, Inc.Implantable stimulation device and method of making same
US5458629Feb 18, 1994Oct 17, 1995Medtronic, Inc.Implantable lead ring electrode and method of making
US5571146Oct 31, 1995Nov 5, 1996Pacesetter, Inc.Technique for welding dissimilar metals
US5649974 *Aug 28, 1995Jul 22, 1997Angeion CorporationLow profile defibrillation catheter
US5650759Nov 9, 1995Jul 22, 1997Hittman Materials & Medical Components, Inc.Filtered feedthrough assembly having a mounted chip capacitor for medical implantable devices and method of manufacture therefor
US5676694 *Jun 7, 1996Oct 14, 1997Medtronic, Inc.Medical electrical lead
US5869804Jun 28, 1996Feb 9, 1999Pacesetter, Inc.Laser-welded ball-and-socket connection
US5871514Aug 1, 1997Feb 16, 1999Medtronic, Inc.Attachment apparatus for an implantable medical device employing ultrasonic energy
US5871515Aug 27, 1998Feb 16, 1999Medtronic, Inc.Attachment apparatus and method for an implantable medical device employing ultrasonic energy
US5897578Aug 27, 1998Apr 27, 1999Medtronic, Inc.Attachment apparatus and method for an implantable medical device employing ultrasonic energy
US5919215Aug 27, 1998Jul 6, 1999Medtronic, Inc.Attachment apparatus for an implantable medical device employing ultrasonic energy
US6185463 *May 1, 1997Feb 6, 2001Medtronic, Inc.Implantable short resistant lead
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6990376Dec 6, 2002Jan 24, 2006The Regents Of The University Of CaliforniaMethods and systems for selective control of bladder function
US7168165Mar 7, 2005Jan 30, 2007Medtronic, Inc.Fabrication of electrical medical leads employing multi-filar wire conductors
US7383090Oct 19, 2004Jun 3, 2008Greatbatch Ltd.Connection for a coiled lead to an electrical contact for an implantable medical device
US7546163 *Apr 17, 2002Jun 9, 2009Medtronic, Inc.Insulating member for a medical electrical lead and method for assembly
US7546165Dec 19, 2005Jun 9, 2009Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Interconnections of implantable lead conductors and electrodes and reinforcement therefor
US7561917 *Mar 22, 2006Jul 14, 2009Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Feedthrough assembly including sleeve and methods related thereto
US7643880Aug 9, 2005Jan 5, 2010The Regents Of The University Of CaliforniaMethods and systems for selectively inhibiting neural transmission of somatic fibers
US7702398Mar 6, 2007Apr 20, 2010Greatbatch Ltd.Connection for a coiled lead to an electrical contact for an implantable medical device
US7715923Mar 6, 2007May 11, 2010Greatbatch Ltd.Connection for a coiled lead to an electrical contact for an implantable medical device
US7715926Apr 23, 2004May 11, 2010Medtronic, Inc.Medical device conductor junctions
US7818070 *Dec 21, 2007Oct 19, 2010Medtronic, Inc.Method of manufacturing an implantable lead
US7856707Apr 11, 2003Dec 28, 2010Medtronic, Inc.Method for performing a coplanar connection between a conductor and a contact on an implantable lead
US7899548Jul 5, 2007Mar 1, 2011Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationLead with contacts formed by coiled conductor and methods of manufacture and use
US7917229Aug 31, 2006Mar 29, 2011Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Lead assembly including a polymer interconnect and methods related thereto
US7953496 *Apr 11, 2003May 31, 2011Medtronic, Inc.Implantable lead with isolated contact coupling
US8000802 *Apr 22, 2002Aug 16, 2011Medtronic, Inc.Implantable lead with coplanar contact coupling
US8055354May 18, 2009Nov 8, 2011Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Interconnections of implantable lead conductors and electrodes and reinforcement therefor
US8214054Apr 7, 2009Jul 3, 2012Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationSystems and methods for coupling conductors to conductive contacts of electrical stimulation systems
US8219211Jun 9, 2009Jul 10, 2012Medtronic, Inc.Insulating member for a medical electrical lead and method for assembly
US8224448Apr 16, 2009Jul 17, 2012Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Feedthrough assembly including sleeve
US8249721Jul 13, 2009Aug 21, 2012Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationMethod for fabricating a neurostimulation lead contact array
US8271100Mar 18, 2010Sep 18, 2012Medtronic, Inc.Medical device conductor junctions
US8306631Aug 5, 2011Nov 6, 2012Medtronic, Inc.Implantable lead with coplanar contact coupling
US8316537 *Dec 4, 2009Nov 27, 2012Advanced Neuromodulation Systems, Inc.Method of forming a lead
US8364282Jan 13, 2011Jan 29, 2013Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Lead assembly including a polymer interconnect and methods related thereto
US8386055 *Apr 28, 2011Feb 26, 2013Medtronic, Inc.Implantable lead with isolated contact coupling
US8406896 *Jun 29, 2009Mar 26, 2013Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationMulti-element contact assemblies for electrical stimulation systems and systems and methods of making and using
US8406897Aug 19, 2009Mar 26, 2013Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationSystems and methods for disposing one or more layers of material between lead conductor segments of electrical stimulation systems
US8442646May 17, 2010May 14, 2013Medtronic, Inc.Forming conductive couplings in medical electrical leads
US8442648Jun 18, 2012May 14, 2013Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Implantable medical lead having reduced dimension tubing transition
US8504168Dec 7, 2010Aug 6, 2013Medtronic, Inc.Implantable lead with coplanar contact coupling
US8565893May 6, 2013Oct 22, 2013Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Implantable medical lead having reduced dimension tubing transition
US8567055Mar 18, 2011Oct 29, 2013Medtronic, Inc.Method of assembling an in-line connector terminal
US8588933 *Jan 11, 2010Nov 19, 2013Cyberonics, Inc.Medical lead termination sleeve for implantable medical devices
US8694124 *Jul 6, 2012Apr 8, 2014Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationMethod for fabricating a neurostimulation lead contact array
US8738152Dec 21, 2012May 27, 2014Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.Lead assembly including a polymer interconnect and methods related thereto
US20100077606 *Dec 4, 2009Apr 1, 2010Damon Ray BlackMethod of forming a lead
US20100179627 *Jan 11, 2010Jul 15, 2010Jared FloydMedical Lead Termination Sleeve for Implantable Medical Devices
US20110277324 *Jul 27, 2011Nov 17, 2011Pacesetter, Inc.Side-loading compact crimp termination
US20120277838 *Jul 6, 2012Nov 1, 2012Boston Scientific Neuromodulation CorporationMethod for fabricating a neurostimulation lead contact array
WO2007078360A2 *Sep 26, 2006Jul 12, 2007Cardiac Pacemakers IncLead interconnections and reinforcement
WO2011146168A1 *Apr 7, 2011Nov 24, 2011Medtronic, Inc.Forming conductive couplings in medical electrical leads
Classifications
U.S. Classification607/122, 29/825
International ClassificationA61N1/05
Cooperative ClassificationA61N1/056, A61N1/05
European ClassificationA61N1/05, A61N1/05N
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Nov 22, 2013SULPSurcharge for late payment
Year of fee payment: 11
Nov 22, 2013FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 12
Nov 8, 2013REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Oct 2, 2009FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 8
Oct 3, 2005FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Mar 1, 2000ASAssignment
Owner name: PACESETTER, INC., CALIFORNIA
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:DOAN, PHONG D.;SCHIMKE, KERWYN;SAFAREVICH, SERGEY;REEL/FRAME:010662/0591
Effective date: 20000301
Owner name: PACESETTER, INC. 15900 VALLEY VIEW COURT SYLMAR CA