|Publication number||US6389778 B1|
|Application number||US 09/563,309|
|Publication date||May 21, 2002|
|Filing date||May 2, 2000|
|Priority date||May 2, 2000|
|Publication number||09563309, 563309, US 6389778 B1, US 6389778B1, US-B1-6389778, US6389778 B1, US6389778B1|
|Inventors||J. V. Strange|
|Original Assignee||Itec Steel Corporation|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (3), Referenced by (52), Classifications (19), Legal Events (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to wall structures, and more particularly to a modular shear metal wall structure unit that is prefabricated and adaptable for the bracing of and construction of building wall structures in light gauge steel that will withstand wind and seismic loads.
It has been common practice to build prefabricated roof structures of wood. Some wall structures have been fabricated also of wood. U.S. Pat. No. 4,648,216 describes several wood prefabricated wall and roof structures that use metal interconnecting plates.
U.S. Pat. No. 2,067,403, shows a metal building structure in which elements called channel elements are secured to gather to form the walls and other structures. The single channel elements are used to form the fame of the walls.
In U.S. Pat. No. 4,597,813, a building wall is made using a metal frame which is braced with stiffening members that have an I-beam shape.
The invention is a prefabricated wall section that is used in the construction of steel framed walls for buildings and performs as the bracing mechanism for the building structure. Each prefabricated section is placed separately or beside another section between a top plate and a bottom plate. Every other panel maybe upside down with respect to the adjacent panel so that the ends of a diagonal brace in each panel is adjacent to the diagonal brace in the adjacent panel, but multiple configurations may be used in which some adjacent panels are of the same orientation of the adjacent panel. Each panel may have a movable or swiveling section to accommodate an angled portion of the wall.
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of a wall panel according to the invention with the top and bottom plates;
FIG. 2 is a side view of a wall panel;
FIG. 3 is a bottom view of a wall panel;
FIG. 4 is a side view of three adjacent wall panels;
FIG. 5 is a partial view of a wall panel and part of a base plate;
FIG. 5a shows an example of a corner bracket in detail;
FIG. 5b shows an example of an angled bracket;
FIG. 6 shows two vertically aligned wall panels for first and second floors of a building; and
FIG. 7 shows a wall panel with two movable parts.
FIG. 8 shows a wall panel with two movable parts positioned at an angle with respect of the other.
FIG. 1 is an isometric view of wall panel 10. Panel 10 is constructed of two outside side C-shaped vertical metal members 11 and 13, central vertical member 12, a diagonal brace 14, and a top member 15 and a bottom member 16. Each of the vertical members, the top and bottom members, and the diagonal member are secured together, by one of, or a combination of, welding, bolts, angle cups, and metal screws. Diagonal brace 14 extends through an opening 19 in the central vertical member 12, and is secured on each end by corner brackets or panels 17 and 18. A corner bracket is secured to its respective vertical member (11 or 13) and to brace 14 by screws bolts, or welding, and panels 17 and 18 also form a brace between each of the outside vertical members 11 and 13, and the top member 15 and bottom member 16. Panels 17 are attached to, and may be a part of a shoe bracket having a foot 39 extend out from the vertical member and secured to the floor to brace the panel. More detail of a the corner bracket is illustrated in FIG. 5a.
Wall panel 10 is placed in the bottom track 21 of a building wall that is either an interior or exterior wall. Bottom track 21 is secured to the foundation, for example, a concrete slab. Panels 10 are mounted in bottom track 21 and secured to the track, and through the track to the foundation.
A second track 20 is placed over the top of a single or series of wall panels 10, where each of the panels 10 is secured to the top track 20. Depending upon the structural design of the building, for wind and seismic loads, another structure member maybe place over the top of continuous track 20, and track 20 is secured to this top additional structural member.
FIG. 2 is a side view of wall panel 10. In FIG. 2, each of vertical members 11 and 13 are attached to adjacent vertical members 11 a and 13 a, respectively. The adjacent members 11 a and 13 a are either a part of adjacent panels which are attached together by a plurality of screws or bolts, or wall framing for which the brace is required. For example, members 11 and 11 a are attached together by screws 34, and members 13 and 13 a are attached together by screws 33.
Bottom member 16 (FIG. 1) is mounted inside of bottom track 21 and is attached to track 21 by screws, bolts, or welding 31. Similarly, top member 15 (FIG. 1) is mounted in the top continuous track 20, and secured thereto by screws, bolts, or welding 30 (FIG. 2). Brace 14 extends through center vertical member 12 and is secured on each end by corner brackets 17 and 18, which also serve as braces between it respective vertical member and top, or bottom member. To additionally secure the wall panels to the floor or foundation, hold down brackets 39 (a part of panel 17) and 40 are secured to the vertical members 11 and 13, and to the floor or foundation with bolts, as shown in more detail in FIGS. 5 and 5a.
FIG. 3 is a view looking down upon the bottom member 16 inside continuous track 21. Brackets 39 and 40 are shown attached to vertical members 13 and 11, respectively. A plurality of screws or bolts 37 and 38 are shown attached bottom track 16 to continuous track 21, and to the floor or foundation.
FIG. 4 show a partial wall construction where three wall panels 10 (of FIGS. 1 and 2), A and B are mounted side by side with panel A inverted with respect to panel B. Panel A has vertical members 51, 52 and 53 and horizontal top and bottom members 54 and 60. Diagonal brace 66 extends between members 52 and 51 and are attached thereto and supported by panels 55 and 56. Panel B has vertical members 57, 58 and 59 and horizontal top and bottom members 61 and 67. Diagonal brace 68 extends between members 57 and 59 and are attached thereto and supported by corner brackets 65 and 56 a. Diagonal brace 68 is inclined to the right and diagonal brace 66 is inclined to the left so that they extend to common corners of panels A and B. The combination 50 of panels A and B are secured to the floor or foundation by angled brackets 62 and 69. Angled bracket is actually in panel 10, and the other end of panel 10 is secured by a bracket made up of panels 17 and bracket 39.
FIG. 5 shows in detail the attachment of panel C to a floor or foundation. The vertical member 70 and 71 of two adjacent panels are secured together and to base member 73. Center member 72 is shown attached to base 73. Panel C is placed in track 74 and secured therein by a plurality of screws 77. Also Panel C and the adjacent panel (only member 70 is shown) are attached to the floor or foundation by angled bracket 75 by a bolt 76. Bolt 76 may be a bolt, for example, partially embedded in a concrete foundation, or any other type anchor bolt that can be used to anchor in wood or concrete.
FIG. 5a shows shoe bracket BR that is made up of panels 17, a base 17 a, and a tapered section 17 c with a mounting hole 17 d. Tapered section and a part of base 17 a is placed in an opening 13 a in vertical member 13. A connecting wall 17 f, connecting the two panels 17, is attached to vertical member 13, and the vertical member, and bracket BR is attached to the mounting service by a bolt 17 d.
FIG. 5b shows an angled bracket 75 that is attached to a vertical members (70, 71 in FIG. 5) by screws through openings 75 a, or by welding, to hold the panel including vertical members 70, 17 to the mounting surface. An opening 7 b is used to secure the panel to a mounting surface.
FIG. 6 shows two vertically aligned wall panels for first and second floors of a building. Two panels, D and E, are aligned vertically, one over the other. Panel D has two vertical members 100 and 103, which are attached to member 101 and 104, respectively, of adjacent panels, or wall framing (not illustrated). Diagonal member 105 is attached to panels 112 and 113 and to a top member (not shown) that is in and secured to top track 106, and to a bottom member (not shown) that is in and secured to track 107. Panel D is secured to floor 132 by brackets 108 and 109.
Panel E has two vertical members 120 and 123, which are attached to member 121 and 124, respectively, of adjacent panels or wall framing (not illustrated). Diagonal member 125 is attached to corner brackets 133 and 134 and to a top member (not shown) that is in and secured to top track 126, and to a bottom member (not shown) that is in and secured to continuous track 127. Panel E is secured to floor 136 by brackets 128 and 129. Fixed bolts 130 and 131 may extend complete through floor 136 secure brackets 110, 111, 128 and 129 to floor 136.
FIG. 7 illustrates a panel 150 that may be angled to accommodate an angle or offset in a wall. Panel 150 has two vertical side members 151 and 154. There are two internal vertical members 152 and 152. The top member is in two parts 159 and 160 which are hinged together by strap 161 attached to each of 159 and 160 by rivets, screws or bolts 161 a and 161 b. Similarly, the bottom member is in two hinged parts 162 and 163. Parts 162 and 163 are hinged by strap 164 which is movably attached to each of parts 162 and 163 with rivets, screws or bolts 164 a and 164 b. There are two diagonal braces 155 and 156. Brace 155 extends between plates 157 and member 153, and brace 156 extends between plates 158 and member 152.
FIG. 8 shows panel 150 with the two parts angled with respected to one another.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4235054 *||Nov 14, 1977||Nov 25, 1980||Angeles Metal Trim Co.||Building wall structure|
|US4648216 *||Jul 26, 1983||Mar 10, 1987||Gang-Nail Systems Inc.||Prefabricated building|
|US5685115 *||Feb 8, 1995||Nov 11, 1997||Colfer; James D.||Integrated wall system|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US6826885 *||Feb 6, 2002||Dec 7, 2004||Stephen S. Raskin||System for reinforcing extruded beams|
|US6941718 *||Jan 28, 2002||Sep 13, 2005||The Steel Network, Inc.||Wall structure|
|US7140155 *||Sep 15, 2003||Nov 28, 2006||Robert Nasimov||Joints for constructing a shear wall|
|US7231742 *||Apr 19, 2004||Jun 19, 2007||Kamran Reza Majlessi||Structural braced frame wall panel system|
|US7562500||Apr 25, 2005||Jul 21, 2009||Wilfred Wing-Chow Siu||Composite steel joist/composite beam floor system and steel stud wall systems|
|US7596923 *||Oct 1, 2004||Oct 6, 2009||Tammy Thomas||Method of constructing building foundation having wall structural element embedded in second foundation element located on top of first foundation element|
|US7607273||Sep 8, 2006||Oct 27, 2009||Henderson Andrew G||Building member|
|US7788878 *||Apr 3, 2008||Sep 7, 2010||The Steel Network, Inc.||Device and method for bracing a wall structure|
|US7992352 *||Oct 7, 2002||Aug 9, 2011||Bonds Delton J||Modular building frame|
|US8127508 *||Mar 1, 2006||Mar 6, 2012||Proverum Ag||Device for separating regions of a space|
|US8151533||Jan 30, 2008||Apr 10, 2012||Marlite, Inc.||Wall panel system|
|US8307608 *||Apr 13, 2009||Nov 13, 2012||Harig Christopher W||Modular panel wall assemblies|
|US8322102||Mar 12, 2012||Dec 4, 2012||Marlite, Inc.||Wall panel system|
|US8387321 *||May 19, 2009||Mar 5, 2013||The Steel Network, Inc.||Connector for connecting building components|
|US8458973 *||Oct 16, 2003||Jun 11, 2013||John Powers, Jr.||Tie beam formation apparatus and method|
|US8528294 *||Dec 9, 2010||Sep 10, 2013||Patco, Llc||Panelized structural system for building construction|
|US8688411||Dec 19, 2012||Apr 1, 2014||John Louis Vanker||Method and system of using standardized structural components|
|US8769887 *||Oct 16, 2007||Jul 8, 2014||Ray A. Proffitt, Jr.||Hold down clip and wall system|
|US8769908 *||Aug 29, 2012||Jul 8, 2014||Patrick J. Santini||Modular building panel|
|US8887459||May 20, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Virginia Tech Intellectual Properties, Inc.||Modular wall assembly system|
|US8887472 *||Aug 30, 2013||Nov 18, 2014||Patco, LL||Panelized structural system for building construction|
|US8925278 *||Feb 8, 2012||Jan 6, 2015||Sekisui House, Ltd.||Connecting fitting, bearing wall provided with same, and building using same|
|US9009011||Mar 15, 2013||Apr 14, 2015||Patco, Inc.||Integrated construction platform|
|US9081916||Mar 26, 2014||Jul 14, 2015||Patco, Llc||Method and system of using standardized structural components|
|US9424374||Apr 13, 2015||Aug 23, 2016||Patco, Llc||Integrated construction portal|
|US9424375||Jul 14, 2015||Aug 23, 2016||Patco, Llc||Method and system of using standardized structural components|
|US20030024174 *||Oct 7, 2002||Feb 6, 2003||Inter-Steel Structures, Inc.||Modular building frame|
|US20050229509 *||Apr 19, 2004||Oct 20, 2005||Majlessi Kamran R||Structural braced frame wall panel system|
|US20050279051 *||Jun 20, 2005||Dec 22, 2005||Mitek Holdings, Inc.||Structural wall framework|
|US20060236628 *||Apr 25, 2005||Oct 26, 2006||Siu Wilfred W||New steel stud load-bearing and/or perimeter wall systems, a new composite steel beam system supporting concrete-topped floor on open web steel joists, a new vehicle-proof perimeter metal stud wall for buildings, and a new shear-connection-ready open web steel joist|
|US20070022701 *||Jul 29, 2005||Feb 1, 2007||Surowiecki Matt F||Diagonally braced sheet metal framing wall|
|US20070119843 *||Nov 17, 2005||May 31, 2007||Lennar Homes Of California, Inc||Wall framing system|
|US20070227095 *||Mar 16, 2007||Oct 4, 2007||Peter Warren Hubbe||Separated Member Wood Framing|
|US20080000177 *||Jun 30, 2007||Jan 3, 2008||Siu Wilfred W||Composite floor and composite steel stud wall construction systems|
|US20080016793 *||Jun 18, 2007||Jan 24, 2008||Majlessi Kamran R||Web hole reinforcing for metal wall stubs|
|US20080060876 *||Sep 8, 2006||Mar 13, 2008||Henderson Andrew G||Building member|
|US20080086963 *||Oct 16, 2007||Apr 17, 2008||Proffitt Ray A Jr||Hold Down Clip and Wall System|
|US20090020242 *||Mar 1, 2006||Jan 22, 2009||Proverum Ag||Device for separating regions of a space|
|US20090193734 *||Apr 13, 2009||Aug 6, 2009||Harig Christopher W||Modular Panel Wall Assemblies|
|US20090241447 *||Mar 26, 2008||Oct 1, 2009||Mark Vollan||Foundation Wall For Modular Structures|
|US20090249741 *||Dec 7, 2005||Oct 8, 2009||Canbrace Limited||Bracing panel|
|US20090272051 *||Apr 29, 2009||Nov 5, 2009||Weldon Saylor Sipe||Prefabricated temporary building system consisting of interchangeable panels and a plurality of connectors used to construct walls, roofs, and floors without the need of fasteners, or tools or heavy construction equipment|
|US20090272063 *||Jul 18, 2009||Nov 5, 2009||Wilfred Wing-Chow Siu||Composite steel joist/composite beam floor system and steel stud wall systems|
|US20100050548 *||Jan 30, 2008||Mar 4, 2010||Marlite, Inc.||Wall panel system|
|US20100126103 *||May 19, 2009||May 27, 2010||The Steel Network, Inc.||Connector for connecting building components|
|US20110146201 *||Dec 9, 2010||Jun 23, 2011||John Louis Vanker||Panelized structural system for building construction|
|US20130326978 *||Feb 8, 2012||Dec 12, 2013||Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation||Connecting fitting, bearing wall provided with same, and building using same|
|WO2003106779A2 *||Jun 11, 2003||Dec 24, 2003||United Steel Products Company, Inc.||Shearwall structure and method of making the same|
|WO2003106779A3 *||Jun 11, 2003||Aug 19, 2004||United Steel Products Company||Shearwall structure and method of making the same|
|WO2005121464A1 *||Jun 13, 2005||Dec 22, 2005||Sadef N.V.||Disaster area modular building and its building method|
|WO2011075394A1 *||Dec 9, 2010||Jun 23, 2011||Patco, Llc||Panelized structural system for building construction|
|WO2013171718A2||May 17, 2013||Nov 21, 2013||Faculdade De Arquitectura Da Universidade Técnica De Lisboa||Modification peripheral system of a building exterior facade|
|U.S. Classification||52/745.19, 52/238.1, 52/690, 52/350, 52/349, 52/664, 52/481.1, 52/242, 52/348, 52/281, 52/376, 52/656.1, 52/695, 52/210, 52/241, 52/220.1|
|May 2, 2000||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ITEC STEEL CORPORATION, TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:STRANGE, J.V.;REEL/FRAME:010778/0147
Effective date: 20000425
|Dec 7, 2005||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Apr 10, 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Apr 10, 2006||SULP||Surcharge for late payment|
|Oct 21, 2009||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Jan 5, 2010||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NUSTEEL COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, TEXAS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:ITEC STEEL, INC.;REEL/FRAME:023731/0383
Effective date: 20020731
Owner name: NUCON STEEL CORPORATION, TEXAS
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NUCON STEEL COMMERCIAL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:023731/0386
Effective date: 20091016
Owner name: NUCON STEEL COMMERCIAL CORPORATION, TEXAS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:NUSTEEL COMMERCIAL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:023731/0389
Effective date: 20020809
|Aug 13, 2012||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: NUCONSTEEL CORPORATION, TEXAS
Free format text: CHANGE OF NAME;ASSIGNOR:NUCON STEEL CORPORATION;REEL/FRAME:028776/0858
Effective date: 20090717
|Dec 27, 2013||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|May 21, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Jul 8, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20140521