|Publication number||US6402556 B1|
|Application number||US 09/741,534|
|Publication date||Jun 11, 2002|
|Filing date||Dec 19, 2000|
|Priority date||Dec 19, 2000|
|Also published as||US20020076985|
|Publication number||09741534, 741534, US 6402556 B1, US 6402556B1, US-B1-6402556, US6402556 B1, US6402556B1|
|Inventors||Harold Keith Lang, Martin Uche Ogbuokiri, Steve Anil Shah, Gregory D. Spanier, Irvin R. Triner|
|Original Assignee||Molex Incorporated|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Referenced by (10), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The present invention relates generally to circuit board connectors and, more particularly to a circuit board connector that uses flexible circuitry to effect a connection to a printed circuit board.
The power requirements of many chips and other integrated circuits have increased over the years. Current microprocessors and ones under development operate at very high speeds and require more power to operate at their peak efficiency. In the past, such microprocessors have been mounted directly to a circuit board, typically the mother board of a computer or other electronic device. In these applications, voltage regulators and power components have been mounted on the circuit board in proximity to the microprocessors. This type of arrangement takes up valuable real estate on the circuit board. In other arrangements, a microprocessor may be mounted on a circuit card or an insertable and removable module that plugs into a connector mounted on the main circuit board (the mother board). In these type applications, the microprocessor is inserted in a connector and the card itself is inserted into a computer. The use of connectors raises the inductance and resistance of the overall system.
Most circuit board connectors in the art utilize through-hole pins or surface mount tails to provide a connection, rather than flexible circuitry, in which the pitch of the contacts can be effectively controlled and which can provide a heat sink for power connections. When connectors are used that rely solely upon stamped and formed terminals that are soldered to circuit boards, the resistance and inductance of the connector system tends to increase. As these factors increase, so does the total impedance of the connector system. A need therefore exists, especially in chip module applications, for a connector with reduced bulk resistance and inductance, that results in a lower connector system impedance.
The present invention is therefore directed to an improved connector that has a reduced inductance and resistance compared to the prior art.
Accordingly, it is an object of the present invention to provide an improved connector for that requires no solder connections, and has better thermal properties and a lower bulk resistance than connectors presently available in the prior art.
A further object of the present invention is to provide a connector for connecting a processor module to a circuit board, the connector having a housing for receiving an edge of the module circuit board and having one or more extents of flexible circuitry that are held in contact with conductive pads on the module circuit board and which mimic the profile of the insertion edge of the circuit board.
A still further object of the present invention is to provide a connector having a housing that encloses and supports three spring members to which are mounted three discrete extents of flexible circuitry, each having contact and portions that are disposed within the connector housing in opposition to respective power, signal and ground contact pads disposed on a module circuit board, whereby the flexible circuitry provides lower bulk resistance and an improved inductance for the connector.
Yet another object of the present invention is to provide a connector for use in providing a connection between a processor module and another circuit board, in which the connector includes a housing having a slot disposed therein to receive the end of a circuit board therein, the circuit board being the substrate of the processor module, a multi-part circuit card-engaging assembly being held within the housing, the card-engaging assembly including three contact spring members, each spring having a flat body portion that terminates in a spring arm, each contact spring supporting an extent of flexible circuitry thereon, two of the springs being held together as an assembly by a first mating bar, the remaining spring being held within a second mating bar, the first and second mating bars being engageable with each other so that the spring arms of the springs support the flexible circuity within the housing on opposite sides of a centerline of the insertion slot, for engagement with airways of conductive pads disposed on the circuit board.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a connector with a contact assembly module that is insertable into a housing of the connector, the contact assembly having at least a pair of contact arms that are adapted to engage contact pads of a circuit board on opposite surfaces of the circuit board, the contact arms being formed as approximate mirror images of each other and each having a stepped body portion so that the contact arms cooperatively define a circuit board-securing cavity that emulates the configuration of the circuit board edge to thereby create a low profile within the connecting interface of the connector housing to thereby provide a lower inductance for the connector.
These objects are accomplished by the unique novel structure of the invention. In an important aspect of the present invention, the connector does not utilize stamped and formed terminals to substantially eliminate compliance problems. The connector also uses flexible circuitry that eliminates solder connections for better control of the impedance of the connector and the system in which it is used.
The flexible circuitry that effects the connection with the processor module circuit board does so in a manner so that the flexible circuitry adopts a profile that is closer to the profile of the circuit board, thereby reducing the inductance of the connector. The flexible circuitry has a lower bulk resistance that formed terminals and the amount of conductive metal used with the flexible circuitry is such that the conductivity and thermal properties can be increased. This profile is accomplished by the configuration of the contact spring members, which each include a flat body portion and a curved contact head portion which are interconnected together by a stepped, or recessed portion which cooperates with another recessed portion to define a channel of the connector. The contact head portions extend inwardly from the stepped portion and protrude into the channel formed between the contact spring members. This channel receives the edge of a circuit card therein in a manner so that the edge of the circuit card preferably abuts the step between the stepped portion and the body portion of each contact spring. The flexible circuitry is supported along this stepped portion so that it comes as close as possible to emulating the actual profile of the edge card, thereby reducing the inductance of the connector system.
These and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will be clearly understood through consideration of the following detailed description.
In the course of the following detailed description reference will be frequently made to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of a connector assembly constructed in accordance with the principles of the present invention and illustrated attached to additional electronic components;
FIG. 2 is top plan view of the connector assembly of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a perspective view of the connector of FIG. 1 with the electronic components removed;
FIG. 4 is a vertical cross-sectional view of the connector of FIG. 3, taken along lines 4—4 thereof;
FIG. 5 is a horizontal cross-sectional view of the connector of FIG. 3, taken along lines 5—5 thereof;
FIG. 6 is a top plan view of the connector of FIG. 3;
FIG. 7 is side elevational view of the connector of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of one of the two card-engaging assembly components used in the connectors of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a side elevational view of the first card-engaging assembly of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a top plan view of the first card-engaging assembly of FIG. 7;
FIG. 11 is a top plan view of a second card-engaging assembly used in the connectors of the invention;
FIG. 12 is a side elevational view of the second card-engaging assembly of FIG. 11;
FIG. 13 is a perspective view of the two contact spring members which are used in the first card-engaging assembly of FIGS. 8-10 and with extents of flexible circuity supported thereon;
FIG. 14 is a perspective view of the bottom contact spring member of FIG. 13 with an extent of flexible circuitry supported thereon;
FIG. 15 is a side elevational view of the contact spring member of FIG. 14;
FIG. 16 is an enlarged detail elevational view of the contact spring member of FIG. 15; and,
FIG. 17 is a diagrammatic, sectional view of a circuit card inserted into the connector of the present invention.
FIG. 1 illustrates generally a connector 100 construction in accordance with the principles of the present invention. Such a connector 100 may be beneficially used in specialized power interconnection applications, especially in applications wherein the connector is used to form a connection between a processor, such as a microprocessor 90, that is mounted as a module that includes a printed circuit board 101. (FIG. 2.) In the art, it is known to mount voltage regulators and power assisting components, such as capacitors onto the circuit board on which the processor is mounted, but this type of arrangement takes up valuable real estate on the circuit board. Additionally, it has been known in the art to use conventional edge card connectors to provide a connection to the processor module. The contacts used in such applications utilize terminals that are stamped and formed, which increases the overall cost of the connector system.
The connectors of the present invention provide an interconnection that may be used with lower inductances and bulk resistance than known connectors of the art. The connector 100 is illustrated as having two secondary circuit boards 102, 103 connected thereto in a spaced-apart relationship from each other along what may be considered as the rear face 105 of the connector 100. The opposing, or front face 106, of the connector is used to engage a circuit board, typically the edge of a circuit board module upon which is mounted a microprocessor or the like.
The connector has an insulative housing 110 that as illustrated, preferably has a rectangular configuration. Along the front face 106 of the connector 100 (FIGS. 3-4), an insertion slot 111 is provided and it provides a means to communicate with the interior of the connector 100. The rear face 105 of the connector 100 is preferably open so as to permit the exit from the connector 100 of different lengths of flexible circuitry 112, 113 and 114. The housing 110 is preferably hollow, with an interior passage 108 extending therethrough between opposing front and rear faces, 105, 106 of the connector 100. This central passage 108 holds a card-engaging assembly 109 in place within the housing 110. The secondary circuit boards 102, 103 may contain certain components, such as capacitors and voltage regulators and the like.
FIG. 1 illustrates one application of the connector 100 where two secondary circuit boards 102, 103 are attached to two of the flexible circuitry extents 112 and 113, while the remaining flexible circuitry extent 114 has a surface mount connector 115 attached to its ends 117.
In an important aspect of the present invention, the flexible circuitry extents 112-114 are supported on two respective spring members 120-122 that are formed as part of a card-engaging assembly 109. As shown generally in FIGS. 4-17, each such spring member includes an elongated, generally planar body portion 120 a-122 a that terminates in a free end portion 120 b-122 b. Each such free end portion 120 b-122 b includes a curved contact head 120 c-122 c that is curved and which extends toward a centerline “C” of the card engaging assembly which may coincide with a centerline of the connector 100 and its connector housing insertion slot 111. As shown in FIGS. 14 and 15, the tips of the contact heads 120 c-122 c preferably extend in a plane P1 that is spaced apart from the plane P2 of the respective body portions 120 a-122 a and form a “crown” so as to provide a reliable contact force onto opposing contact pads disposed on opposite surfaces of a circuit board.
The contact head portions 120 c, 121 c are interconnected to their respective body portions 120 a, 121 a by intervening stepped, or diverging portions 120 e, 121 e that include portions at 120 f, 121 f which first extend in an offset or diverging manner, away from the centerline C of the channel 126 which may be considered as occurring along the same extent as the two opposing exterior surfaces of the flexible circuitry extents 112, 113 that abut each other along the body portions 120 a, 121 a of the contact spring members 120, 121. The contact spring members then next extend generally parallel along portions 120 e, 121 e before they terminate in the free end portion 120 b, 121 b.
Each of the spring members 120-122 supports a single extent of flexible circuitry 112-114 in what may be considered as intimate contact by way of adhesive or other manner of bonding so that the flexible circuity extents 112-114 will follow the contour of the spring members 120-122. In order to facilitate engagement of the connector to various circuit boards and ensure good contact compliance, each spring member 120-122 as illustrated in FIGS. 15 and 16, may include an elastomeric layer 126 supported thereon that is interposed between the flexible circuitry and the contact spring members in the area of the contact head portions 120 c-122 c. This elastomeric layer 126 assists in increasing the compliance factor of the connector inasmuch as it is deformable under pressure and facilitates reliable engagement with circuit cards that may be out of tolerances.
Two of the contact spring members 120, 121 are aligned in opposition with each other and are closely spaced together along their body portions 120 a, 121 a. The body portions 120 a, 121 a end in tail portions 120 d, 121 d that diverge therefrom in the same direction as their associated respective contact head portions 120 c, 121 c. The diverging portion 120 e, 121 e of the two contact spring members 120, 121 define a channel 128 by virtue of their offset nature. This channel 128 receives the edge of a primary circuit board 101 therein. The contact head portion 120 c, 121 c extend into this channel 128 as illustrated. When the circuit board 101 is inserted into this channel 128, the contact head portions 120 c, 121 c deflect slightly outwardly under the pressure of the circuit board inasmuch as the thickness T of the circuit board is greater than the at rest spacing E between the two contact head portions 120 c, 121 c as illustrated in FIG. 4. In this manner and as illustrated in FIG. 17, the flexible circuitry extents 112, 113 are held more closely along the profile of the circuit board approaching the ideal condition where the flexible circuitry would follow the circuit board contour exactly as if it were adhered to the exterior surfaces of the circuit board. In this regard, the flexible circuitry is supported on the contact spring member 120 e, 121 e and 130 c, 120 f so that it extends along the insertion edge of the circuit board and a short distance along the circuit card.
This contour-following aspect and the cantilevered nature of the contact spring members lowers the inductance of the connection made between the connector and the circuit board. The contour-following aspect of the connector 100 is established by the structure of the two contact spring members 120, 121. As mentioned previously, each of the contact spring members 120, 121 has a stepped portion that serves to define a support surface that is U-shaped at what may be considered to be the “bottom” of the card-receiving channel 126 that serves to support the flexible circuitry extents in a U-shaped configuration that closely approaches the actual configuration of the circuit card edge. The contact spring members 120-122 are preferably formed from copper or an alloy thereof, which have excellent thermal characteristics and therefore serve as a heat sink for power applications.
For the card-engaging assembly 109, two of the three contact spring members 120, 121 are first placed into opposition with each other along their respective body portions 120 a, 121 a. These two contact spring members 120,121 support two separate extents of flexible circuitry 112, 113 thereon, and as is known in the art, the flexible extents 112, 113 extend from the free ends 120 b, 121 b to and past the body portions 120 a, 121 a.
As shown in FIG. 8, the two contact spring members and the associated flexible circuitry extents 112, 113 may be integrated together by orienting two of the three contact spring members 120, 121 and their associated flexible circuitry extents 112, 113 in opposition with each other as shown in FIG. 13, where the body portions 120 a, 121 a thereof abut each other, separated by the flexible circuitry which they support. The two contact spring members 120, 121 are preferably held together in this orientation by overmolding a support 130, shown as an elongated bar member, that extends widthwise of the contact spring members 120, 121. This first support 130 serves two purposes. One purpose is to hold the body portion in place so that the contact head portions 120 c, 121 c of the contact spring members 120, 121 extend longitudinally therefrom in a cantilevered fashion. This cantilevered structure imparts a measure of flexibility to the contact head portions 120 c, 121 c of the two contact spring members 120, 121, which reduces the insertion force required to insert a circuit card into the connector 100.
The second purpose of the support 130 is to provide a means for engaging the connector housing 110 and supporting the card-engaging assembly 109 in place therein, as well as supporting the third contact spring member 122. As shown in FIG. 11, this third contact spring member 122 also supports an extent of flexible circuitry 114 on its card-engaging surface 140, and also includes a second support 131 that is dimensioned similar to the first support 130. This second support 131 also preferably has the shape of a bar that is overmolded to the spring member 122 and also extends widthwise of the spring member. Posts 142, or other suitable means, may be provided to facilitate the engagement of the second support base 131 with the first support base 130. The two supports 130, 131 preferably have similar lengths and width so they may be combined into a single support bar for the entire card-engaging assembly 109.
As mentioned above, the connector 100 includes an outer insulative housing 110 with an interior passage 108 that receives the card-engaging assembly 109 therein. One of the two support bases, shown as 130, may include at its opposite ends, a pair of engagement arms 132 that extend out from the support base 130 and which terminate in angled engagement heads 133. The connector housing 110 has a similar pair of engagement arms 135 formed thereon and oriented in an opposite direction to the support base engagement arms 132. These engagement arms 135 may be formed as part of the housing sidewalls 136 and may be surrounded by slots 137 to increase their flexibility. They extend in a direction opposite that of the support base engagement arms so that their common engagement heads will engage each other when the card-engaging assembly 109 is inserted into the connector housing 110.
It will be understood that with connectors of the present invention, the overall system inductance and bulk resistance are lowered. The use of soldered joints between the processor module, (its circuit board) is eliminated and the connector is directly effected between the processor module circuit board and the flexible circuitry. The use of flexible circuitry also grants the system improved thermal performance in that the construction of the flexible circuitry is such that it uses a large amount of copper in its traces, which has a high thermal conductivity, that alone or in concert with the contact spring members, may serve as a heat sink for the connector. In addition, the use of flexible circuitry as the contacts of the connector permits the use of wide ground paths in the flexible circuitry as well as wide power conducting traces.
While the preferred embodiment of the invention have been shown and described, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined by the appended claims.
|Cited Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US4298237 *||Dec 20, 1979||Nov 3, 1981||Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated||Printed wiring board interconnection apparatus|
|US4795897 *||Apr 18, 1988||Jan 3, 1989||U.S. Philips Corp.||Apparatus for establishing data transfers with a portable electronic card|
|US4969824 *||Jun 8, 1990||Nov 13, 1990||Amp Incorporated||Electrical connector|
|US5196994 *||Sep 19, 1990||Mar 23, 1993||Oki Electric Industry Co., Ltd.||Card type integrated circuit and respective 8/16-bit card connector|
|US5726432 *||May 16, 1994||Mar 10, 1998||Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh||Contacting system or reader for chip cards|
|US5831256 *||Feb 21, 1997||Nov 3, 1998||U.S. Philips Corporation||Electronic card reader for reading cards of different formats, and portable telephone including such a reader|
|US5980267||Jan 12, 1998||Nov 9, 1999||Intel Corporation||Connector scheme for a power pod power delivery system|
|US6105868 *||Sep 11, 1997||Aug 22, 2000||Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh||Chip card contacting device|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US7187556||Oct 14, 2003||Mar 6, 2007||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||Power distribution system|
|US7358446||Oct 14, 2003||Apr 15, 2008||Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.||Power distribution system|
|US7450149 *||Mar 24, 2003||Nov 11, 2008||Polycom, Inc.||Conferencing system with integrated audio driver and network interface device|
|US8506333||Nov 22, 2011||Aug 13, 2013||Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., Ltd.||Connector assembly having front and rear rows of terminals with differently leveled contacting portions|
|US20040012669 *||Mar 24, 2003||Jan 22, 2004||David Drell||Conferencing system with integrated audio driver and network interface device|
|US20050078463 *||Oct 14, 2003||Apr 14, 2005||Chheda Sachin Navin||Power distribution system|
|US20050078467 *||Oct 14, 2003||Apr 14, 2005||Andrew Barr||Power distribution system|
|US20050105278 *||Mar 26, 2004||May 19, 2005||Shintani Peter R.||Apparatus and method for dissipating thermal energy generated by a peripheral card|
|US20140094063 *||Sep 28, 2012||Apr 3, 2014||Gregory M. Daly||System, circuit module, and circuit module connector|
|WO2013174466A1 *||Apr 6, 2013||Nov 28, 2013||Amphenol-Tuchel Electronics Gmbh||Contact-making apparatus|
|U.S. Classification||439/632, 439/60|
|International Classification||H01R12/71, H01R24/00|
|Apr 11, 2001||AS||Assignment|
|Dec 28, 2005||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Jun 12, 2006||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Aug 8, 2006||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20060611