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Publication numberUS640540 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1900
Filing dateJul 30, 1898
Priority dateJul 30, 1898
Publication numberUS 640540 A, US 640540A, US-A-640540, US640540 A, US640540A
InventorsRichard E Daniels
Original AssigneeRichard E Daniels
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Artificial lime.
US 640540 A
Abstract  available in
Images(8)
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

WFHNFHEIML UME.

(Application Bled July 30, X898.)

B Smets-Sheet 2,

(No Mulini.)

FUCHHRD EDWINDHNIELS HIS RTIORN lV S,

MU. 640540. lmmn'ted Balmt 2, i901). R. E. MHELS.

RTl-"HCIAL LIME.

(Application fxlcd July 30, 1898,)

(No Mudal.) H Sl1nuts-$hnt 3.

IVI

(Application flied July 30, 1808.)

NVEN TO Fl 5 HTTRNEV5- No. www@ Patented Jan. 2, i930. R. E. DMMELS.

RTFlElAL UWIB.

(Application mud July 30, 1.998,)

(No Molie.) 8 Sheds-Sheet 5.y

im @il D MM35..

BTWICL MME.

(Application filed July 30, 1898A 8 Sheets-Sham 5.

(No WIMIEI mi HTI'ORNEYS.

Wo. 640,546. Paented Jan. 2, i900 I?. E. DANIELS.'

ARTIFICIAL LIIIIBA {Applcutlun filed July 3() inw-I.'

8 Sheets-Sheet 7 MEN-VOR if RmHnRn EDWIN DHNIELQ ima ATTORNEYS.

Patented lam. '2, mt E. E. DMMLS.

Mwwimm.' um.

(Application lled July 30, 1608.)

(ma Madam Fmr/6.

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NVENTOH RIHHRD EDWIN D'WHELJQS Uw@ M@ www.)

HIS HTTO RNEYS I may in some cases connect the thigh to the4 rear or heel part of the foot (say the cap c) by a spring and strap, as dotted at Fig. 2, and dispense with the back strap g of the knee joint.

The sp1-in gs (/X tX Work withinthe metal loop i or strap g2 h2, respectively, and an adjustable sliding bridge-piece g3 h3, preferably made of leather, regulates the strength or resistance. of the spring g or hX.A A similar leather piece g4 7L, Fig. 4, lines the end of the metal loop,

and in the case of the rear spring g3 a collar g5 and leather or other buffer g6 are ixed on the central spindle to limit the action of the spring, or a rubber buer may be used instead of a metal spring, as seen at (/XX, Fig. 5,

The studs or pins a and d, forming the pivot and stop of the anklejoint, may be somewhat barrel-shaped or made with globular enlargement at the center, as shown detached at Figs. 6 and` 6, to allow lateral and diagonal flexion, as Well as the ordinary forward flexion, of the ankle-joint in case the foot e is pressed down on a small stone or uneven surface. In some cases 'the anklejoint pin a and stop-pin d may be fixed to the foot e, as seen at Fig. 3b, the

\ springs g hx'heing reversed and passing into a cavity in the foot e and the bearing c c.' c2 being fixed to the side irons of the shank. This Fig. 3" shows the side ironand the plate c combined in one piece, and in some cases Where'there isno room for the springs g 71, and their adjuncts above the foot (in the case of Very low` amputation) l use one central spring-link hXX, Fig. 2, in a cavity in the front of the foot and a lever tx, pivoted to the stoppind. This lever rests on the joint-pin a and Works around it when the anklejoint is bent until' the end of the lever is stopped by a projection eX on the plate c or foot e, and further motion is checked by the spring hXX, which bears against the under side of the projection e, and this cheeks the joint just before the" stop-pin d comes into contact with the bean ing c. In all eases these springs g hX hXX act `as eornpressonsprings and are already compressed to resist the extension of check straps or links which hold the joint in place, and this takes a great strain oit the joint-pins and y bearing-plates.

The front part of the foot e, Whether in the` form of a wooden block or shell-piece of aluminium or otherwise formed, is shorter than usual and inclined upward at e from the ball ot' the foot toward the front or point, and this part of the foot is inclosed in an inflated aix cushion 7c., forming the toe of the foot The foot e is preferably covered with a-ruhber cap c2, which protects the saine and also insures an air-tight joint with the pneuniatiel pneumatic case is at both toe and heel l have a pneumatic footV 7s with a Wooden or other core e therein, and there will be no sharp angle bearing upon the cushion and' likely to wear the saine.

kx is the initiating-tube for the cushion..

The heelot' the foot e is mortised or groqved, as seen at Fig. 3, and a block of rubber e' (see also Figs. l, 2, 3, 3, 4, and 7) is let into the groove or mortise to form an elastic cushion for the heel, the. groove ih- Which is tapered inward to fit the taper of the dovetailed part of the block e. (Shown at Fig. 3f.) The upper part ot' the foot is hallowed out for the bearing and to allow free play ot the foot e, the bottom of the shank tting into the foot. (See Figs. 1, 2, and The shank is formed of the side irons Zi, before named, and at oertain parts is made with side projections li er extensions in Width, to which bands or halbands of metal l, Fig. l, may be riveted at ZX to complete a frame upon which canvas or other suitable material may be stretched or built 'to form the leg. These projecting parts b', may alsobe made with upwardly-extend ing points or lingers b, upon which the easing may be suspended by suitable sockets or pockets, or Wooden shell-pieees may be used or other partsl or sections forming the shape' ot' a natural limb. The extensions o allow of the riveting ot' parts to the side irons l) without weakening the latter, which have really to support the weight put on the leg or foot,

IOC)

and the points b2 allow for readily removing the casin g to get at the inclosed Working parts for adjustment or repair. The side irons?) are jointed to extensions or further `side irons b3 on the thigh-cover for thigh-pieee, and the irons b3 are providedwith a stop b4, the upper end of the shank side irons .7i being provided with a cam-shaped piece b5 to` prevent the knee-joint thus formed from bending in- IIO ward-thatis,backward-onitspi'votl. (See y (seen dotachedat Fig. l0,) and along the other edge with a removable lisp or tongue n2, having holes it, into which the hooks enbetween the projections b'.

esatto gage. This dispenses with the usual lacing, which is a tedious operation. The inner upper edge of the thigh-coverf is provided with a pulley o and guides o', Fig. Il, under which a suspending-cord p is passed, and this cord p is attached to straps or bands or webbing q, connected to a yoke, preferably of webbing o', provided with a loop q2, through which is passed the arm and shoulder at the side of the body opposite to the artificial limb, one of the straps q passing over the second shoulder. (Sec l2.) The two straps q, connected to the same yoke q, are passed also at liront and baclr of the second shoulder and connected together at their lower end, where they are attached to a spring-buckle g4, pivoted at g5 to the outer side of thethigircoverf. This forms a if'ery easy-itiing efficient snpport for the artificial limb, which is thus hung directly from the shoulder immediately above it, and the raising, of the limb by this shoulder is quite natural when walking. In the case of amputation of both legs q2 might be dispensed with.

The side irons Z) and b3 may be made hollow or tubular, and those of the shank may bc made in parts, so as to be adjustable in length, if desired. This is effected, as seen at tig. 2, the two parts being connected together by a plate h6, which can be replaced by a longer plate h6, (seen detached at Fig. 22",) if desired. The side irons h3 are made with a series of rivet-holes b3, so that they can be let down upon the cover f, as seen at Fig. if), to lengthen the thigh, if desired. rlhose of the shank are so arranged also as to carry more weight at the back of the kneejoint pin than at the front, and thus they will swing,r forward automatically at every step in walking'.

I propose to fasten a strip or strips of lcatherj"i around the top of the rear part of the thigli-coyerfto strengthen the saine.

The bnelrle i', which I vhave invented for the suspension of thelimb, (or for other parts requiring such a buckle,) is made with the prong or prongs i" in one part with the' frame (see Figs. lb and lll) and, if desired, in one with a spring' r9, holding it or them to the frame r.

For a spring-brittle, seen at Figs. l2, l5, and l5, I lit a spring s around each prong v" or around all the prongs r', Fig. I7, bearingT against the crossbar r2 and against a looped strap r, through which the prongs pass and which is connected to one of the ends or parts "to be joined by the buckle, the frame frbeing Afastened, as usual, by the prongs 1" to the other end or part, that the weight oi" the limb is suspended on. the springs .v

I sew the cover ff of the limb to both sides of the side irons, Aas seen at Fig. l, and I pro tent the` stitching by stripsofleather i', placed This prevents the irons from working up and down and allows the cover supported by the stitching.

to be in some cases entirely I claim as my invention;-

l. A joint for ankle or knee consisting of a pivot-pin and a stop-pin secured to one part and a bearing-block of soit material secured by suitable plates and bolts to the other part, substantially as described.

2. A joint for ankle or knee consisting," ot' a pivot-pin stop-pin, bearing-block of soft materialand securingplate a spring connection beingsnade between the front of the bearingr block and a point on the shank and a checkstrap between the two parts jointed together substantially as hereinbefore described.

A joint for ankle or knee consisting of a pivot-pin, stop-pin and bearing-bloeit ot soft material, and securing-plate, 'a spring con nection being1 made between lthe front ci" the bearing-block and a point on the shank anda spring check-strap between the two parts jointed together substantially as hereinbefore described.

'l. In an ankle-joint of the above description. an ankle-joint pin made larger at the central part to allow lateral and diagonal. exions oli' the ankle-joint, substantially as hereinbefore described.

5. A knce-joint with cam-piece on the shank sido iron and reversible stop-plate on the thigh side iron, substantially as hereinbci'ore described.

G. ./"i knee-joint with front spring conoce'- tion and back checl-:strap conneetiom'as and for the purposes sot forth.

' 7. '.lhe side irons of 'an artificial leg made with side enlargements and bands secrcd to said enlargements to which a casing; is at tached, as and for the purposes described.

8. Side irons for an artificial ieg made with side enlargements having vertical pegs, and a casingadapted to be hung thereon, snbstaniially as described.

9. A pneumatic Yfoot having a wooden core part extending from the licei forwardly toward the toe, covered with a flexible inatorial vulcanized thereto around the anlrlc or instep, said covering.;` extendingl beyond the front ofthe core and forming' an aiiiamber at the toe, as and for the purposes .t forth.

l0. An artificial limb provided with means for suspending it, consisting ol' straps adapt` ed to pass over one shoulder and secured to the limb, and a yoke secured to said straps and adapted to pass over the other shoulder, substantially as described.

ll. An artificial limb, provided "with means for sus iondine' it, consistinfr ol' straf s ada tn :1

ed to pass over the shoulder, a pulley and a spring secured to the limb and to the straps,

snbstfirntially as described.

in testimony whereof l have signed my name to this specification iu the presence ol' two sun.fniribirrgr witnesses.

RICHARD ll. I'JNilillli. Wi tn csses CHARLES n Davies, JNO. 'ilumine'.

tof;

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2427457 *Oct 16, 1944Sep 16, 1947Huck Rudolf EArtificial limb
US5314499 *Apr 4, 1991May 24, 1994Collier Jr Milo SArtificial limb including a shin, ankle and foot
US7211115Mar 29, 2002May 1, 2007Townsend Barry WProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7226485Oct 4, 2002Jun 5, 2007Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7364593Apr 8, 2003Apr 29, 2008Bioquest Prosthetics LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7374578Sep 26, 2002May 20, 2008Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7410503Apr 1, 2004Aug 12, 2008Bioquest Prosthetics LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7429272Mar 29, 2002Sep 30, 2008Bioquest Prosthetics LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7507259Mar 29, 2002Mar 24, 2009Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7578852Mar 31, 2003Aug 25, 2009Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance and improved vertical load/shock absorption
US7611543Nov 3, 2009Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7708784Mar 28, 2008May 4, 2010Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US7955399Apr 1, 2005Jun 7, 2011Bioquest Prosthetics, LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US8070829Apr 1, 2005Dec 6, 2011Bioquest Prosthetics LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US8236062Apr 1, 2005Aug 7, 2012Bioquest Prosthetics LlcProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US8574314Sep 21, 2010Nov 5, 2013Bioquest Prosthetics LlcResilient prosthetic and orthotic components which incorporate a plurality of sagittally oriented struts
US8808395Aug 21, 2013Aug 19, 2014Bioquest Prosthetics, LLC.Resilient prosthetic and orthotic components which incorporate a plurality of sagittally oriented struts
US20030028256 *Oct 4, 2002Feb 6, 2003Townsend Barry W.Prosthetic foot with tunable performance
US20030191540 *Apr 8, 2003Oct 9, 2003Townsend Barry W.Prosthetic foot with tunable performance
US20040117036 *Mar 29, 2002Jun 17, 2004Townsend Barry WProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US20040186590 *Apr 1, 2004Sep 23, 2004Townsend Barry W.Prosthetic foot with tunable performance
US20040186592 *Apr 1, 2004Sep 23, 2004Townsend Barry W.Prosthetic foot with tunable performance
US20050177250 *Mar 29, 2002Aug 11, 2005Townsend Barry W.Prosthetic foot with tunable performance
US20060178754 *Mar 31, 2003Aug 10, 2006Townsend Barry WProsthetic foot with tunable performance and improved vertical load/shock absorption
US20070213840 *Apr 1, 2005Sep 13, 2007Townsend Barry WProsthetic Foot with Tunable Performance
US20070213841 *Dec 22, 2006Sep 13, 2007Townsend Barry WProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US20070219643 *Apr 1, 2005Sep 20, 2007Townsend Barry WProsthetic Foot With Tunable Performance
US20080183302 *Mar 28, 2008Jul 31, 2008Townsend Barry WProsthetic foot with tunable performance
US20110071650 *Sep 21, 2010Mar 24, 2011Townsend Barry WResilient prosthetic and orthotic components which incorporate a plurality of sagittally oriented struts
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2/78