US 641206 A
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(Application led Apr. 26, 1899.)
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IinTartT SAMUEL IIEDGES, OF LOS ANGELS, CALIFORNIA.
f SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 641,206, dated January 9, 1900.
Application filed April 26, 1899. Serial No.V 714,583. (No model.)
To all 'Lu/2.0712, t may con/cern,.-
Be it known that I, SAMUEL HEDG-Es, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Veneered Flooring, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, which form a part of this specification.
My invention relates to an improved construction of veneered flooring; and my invention consists in certain features of novelty hereinafter described and claimed.
Figure I is a perspective view showing the different steps taken in constructing my improved iiooring. Fig. II is a sectional view taken on line II II, Fig. I. Fig. III is a side elevation of the metallic brad for holding the body of the flooring. Fig. IV is an edge view of the metallic brad. Fig. V is a transverse section of lthe key.
Referring to the drawings, l represents a girder, of which there may be any desired number, and 2 a series of iioor-joists.
3 represents bridging-strips for bracing and holding the floor-joists apart, said bridging being of the common construction used .for bracing joists.
4t represents a Hoor-backing whichinstead of being placed flush with each other are spaced apart, leaving apertures 5 between each strip of the backing, thus dispensing with a large amount of material and creating a large saving in the construction of the flooring.
6 represents the iiooring proper laid upon the backing 4 and secured thereto by means of brads 7. The flooring G is provided with beveled faces 8, the greatest Width of the iiooring bein g at the bottom, which rests upon the backing 4. The brads 7 are driven into the beveled faces S of the flooring proper, having their heads countersunk, as shown at 9, thus leaving the beveled face S entirely smooth. The brads 7 are driven into the flooring proper and the backing 4t on an ineline, thus forming a dovetail hold, as shown at l0. The fiooring-boards 6 are laid some distance apart and fixed by means of the brads described, thus leaving an intervening space between the flooring-boards, as shown l at ll. This space is filled by means of my improved iiooring-key l2. The flooring-key is preferably somewhat narrower than the flooring-boards and is provided with beveled faces 13, that extend in the opposite direction to the beveled faces of the flooring-boards, said key forming a wedge that is forced down between the respective sections of the flooring-boards. The key l2 is made slightly Wider than the intervening space 11 between the flooring-boards, and When pressed into position in said space forms a flooring-surface in which it is a difleult matter to distinguish the line between the key and the flooringboard. I preferably hold the key in position in the space 11 by means of glue placed on its beveled faces and upon the bottom, which rests upon the backing 4. I do not, however, confine myself to the use of glue for holding the key in position.
In Fig. V, I have shown a variation in my improved key without departing from the spirit of my invention, said change consisting of a knuckle-joint 14 between the dooring-board 6 and the key 12, the knuckle-joint la being made up of a longitudinal recess l5 in the beveled faces of the boards and a knuckle 16 on the key which fits into the recess 15. This form may be preferably used in some styles of Work, and the knuckle-joint may be used either in combination with glue or not, according to circumstances. per part of the recess l5 is formed in a gradual slope, so that the key can readily be forced into the recess, the slight spring of the material retaining it in its position.
I claim as my inventionl. A veneered flooring comprising a backing, beveled faced iiooring-boards, brads whereby the iiooring-boards are secured to the backing, so driven that those from opposite sides of a board converge, and beveled faced keys inserted between the flooringboards; substantially as described.
2. A veneered ooring comprising a backing, beveled-faced flooring-boards, and beveled-faced flooring-keys havin g knuckle-joint connections with, and inserted between the iiooring-boards;` substantially as set forth.
3. A veneered flooring comprising a backing, beveled-faced flooring boards, brads whereby the flooring-boards are secured to The up- 1o forming the backing, beveled-faced flooringboards laid upon the backing, and having intervening spaces, and beveled-faced keys havkn tickle-joint connections and inserted in the spaces between the ooring-boards; substan-A tally as set forth.
JAS. E. KNIGHT, J. W. KEMP.