|Publication number||US6439015 B1|
|Application number||US 09/673,679|
|Publication date||Aug 27, 2002|
|Filing date||Apr 3, 1999|
|Priority date||Apr 17, 1998|
|Also published as||EP1080289A1, EP1080289B1, EP1080289B9, WO1999054577A1|
|Publication number||09673679, 673679, PCT/1999/1060, PCT/DE/1999/001060, PCT/DE/1999/01060, PCT/DE/99/001060, PCT/DE/99/01060, PCT/DE1999/001060, PCT/DE1999/01060, PCT/DE1999001060, PCT/DE199901060, PCT/DE99/001060, PCT/DE99/01060, PCT/DE99001060, PCT/DE9901060, US 6439015 B1, US 6439015B1, US-B1-6439015, US6439015 B1, US6439015B1|
|Inventors||Manfred Sauerland, Rainer Hoffmann|
|Original Assignee||Emka Beschlagteile Gmbh & Co. Kg|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (15), Referenced by (8), Classifications (20), Legal Events (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention relates to a casement closure device for a door, in particular of switch cabinets or the like, with a housing that can be fixed to the door leaf or to the cabinet body, a key-operated lock cylinder arranged in the housing, and a locking tongue that can be rotated between an unlocking position and a locking position.
EP 0 504 144 B1 describes a casement closure device with the aforesaid, features. In one exemplary embodiment therein (FIG. 12), a lock cylinder for a key is arranged in the housing of the casement closure device, the housing to be fixed in a positive fit in an associated through-hole in the door. The lock cylinder is connected to a locking tongue attached to the end such that rotating the key inserted in the lock cylinder translates into rotating the locking tongue between its unlocking position and its locking position.
Such a casement closure device is associated with the disadvantage that the tightening torque that has to be applied via the lock cylinder, that is, by rotating the key, is not great enough to turn the locking tongue between its unlocking position and its locking position. If the door and the cabinet body are under opposing stress, there is a risk that the force that has to be applied to turn the locking tongue will cause the key to break off or will damage the lock cylinder. In addition, the casement closure device is not sufficiently secure against vandalism. That is, the entire casement closure device must be exchanged if the lock cylinder is intentionally destroyed or damaged such that the associated key can no longer be inserted therein.
The object of the invention is therefore to eliminate the aforesaid disadvantages in a casement closure device having the features cited in the foregoing and to make possible high tightening torque for actuating the locking tongue despite,using a lock cylinder for access.
This object is achieved, including advantageous embodiments and further developments of the invention, from the contents of the patent claims that follow this specification.
The basic idea behind the invention is that the lock cylinder is uncoupled from the locking tongue, and is locked in the housing when the key is withdrawn and can be removed from the housing when the key is inserted and moved to the unlocking position, and in that the locking tongue mounted on the housing has an actuation opening for engaging, in a positive locking manner, an actuating means that can be inserted in a housing channel, said channel being free when the lock cylinder is removed from the housing. The invention is associated with the advantage that the lock cylinder only protects the casement closure device against unauthorized opening but is not used for actuating the locking tongue. That is, once the key is inserted and the unlocking position has been achieved, the entire lock cylinder can be rotated in the housing and removed from its positive-fit connection to the housing. Then a separate actuating means that engages in the actuation opening of the locking tongue arranged at the end of the housing can be inserted into the housing channel, which is now free, so that the separate actuating means rotates the locking tongue. Subsequently the lock cylinder can be re-inserted into the housing channel of the housing and locked therein. If the lock cylinder is destroyed, intentionally or unintentionally, the lock cylinder can be drilled out of the housing, whereupon the casement closure device can still be operated and only the lock cylinder then has to be replaced.
In accordance with one exemplary embodiment of the invention, for fixing the lock cylinder in the housing it is provided that the housing has a pin that projects into the housing channel and the lock cylinder has a groove that runs around an exterior circumferential segment and that has an axially extending groove extension for engaging the pin, the extension extending to the free end of the lock cylinder.
In accordance with the invention the lock cylinder is uncoupled from the locking tongue, so in accordance with one exemplary embodiment of the invention the locking tongue is fixed in a shell or sleeve that is mounted on the housing and that can be rotated relative to the housing between the locking position and the unlocking position of the locking tongue, whereby in a preferred exemplary embodiment of the invention the sleeve can be embodied as a cap sleeve placed on the exterior of the housing at the rear.
For producing a positive fit connection that makes possible the required relative rotation of the cap sleeve bearing the locking tongue relative to the housing, in accordance with one exemplary embodiment of the invention it is provided that the housing has an exterior annular groove and in the wall of the cap sleeve is embodied two insertion channels running secant-wise for receiving a clamping spring that can be inserted into the cap sleeve and that radially engages with its spring legs the annular groove of the housing. This ensures that the connection is particularly simple to install and manage.
Also for simplifying assembly, in accordance with one exemplary embodiment of the invention the locking tongue is fixed in the cap sleeve in a positive fit and is held on the housing by the installation of the cap sleeve.
It can also be provided that the locking tongue has a member that projects to the housing and that engages in a recessed area that is embodied in the end of the housing and that fixes the angle of rotation for rotating the cap sleeve relative to the housing.
The drawing illustrates one exemplary embodiment of the invention, which is described in the following. The sole FIGURE illustrates a side sectional-view of a casement closure device with assembled individual parts. E
The casement closure device comprises a housing 10 that has at its one end a flange 11 that is adjacent to a door leaf or cabinet body (not shown). Extending axially in the interior of the housing is a housing channel 12 in which is arranged a lock cylinder 13 into which a key, labeled 26, is inserted such that the tumblers 14 have
In its forward region, which is located in the interior of the housing channel 12, the lock cylinder 13 has a groove 15 that runs radially around its circumference and that transitions into a groove extension 16 that extends in the axial direction to the free forward end of the lock cylinder 13. Correspondingly, the housing 10 has a pin 17 that projects into its channel 12 and that engages in the groove extension 16 and groove 15.
Placed over the end of the housing opposing the flange 11 is a shell embodied as a cap sleeve 18 in which a locking tongue 19 is fixed in a positive fit by means of a positive fit design; the locking tongue 19 has an actuation opening 20 that is disposed in an extension of the housing channel 12 for engaging an actuating means.
The cap sleeve 18 is joined to the housing 10 in a positive fit but can be rotated relative to the housing 10 in that arranged in the wall of the cap sleeve are two insertion channels 24 that run secant-wise for which the housing 10 has a corresponding exterior annular groove 23. inserted in the insertion channels 24 is a clamping spring 25 that with its spring legs engages in the annular groove 23 of the housing 10 such that the cap sleeve 18 is held on the housing 10 in a positive fit but is also rotatable relative to the housing 10.
For limiting the possible rotation path of the cap sleeve 18 relative to the housing 10 with regard to fixing the unlocking position or locking position of the locking tongue 19 that is connected to the cop sleeve 18, the locking tongue 19 has projecting in the direction of the end of the housing 10 a projection or member 21 that engages in a recessed area 22 arranged at the end of the housing 10, whereby the recessed area extends over part of the circumference of the housing 10 and the limiting edges of the recessed area 22 constitute the stops for the rotational movement of the cap sleeve 18 with locking tongue 19.
In the position illustrated in FIG. 1 with the key 26 inserted, the lock cylinder 13 can now be rotated into the position in which the axial groove extension 16 becomes aligned with the pin 17 of the housing so that in this position th lock cylinder 13 can be withdrawn from the housing channel 10. This means that the path is free for inserting an actuating means (not shown) in the housing channel 12 until the actuating means engages in the actuation opening 20 of the locking tongue 19. Thus, when the actuating means is inserted the locking tongue 19 can be rotated with any desired amount of force. Once the closing or opening movement of the locking tongue 19 has concluded, the actuating means is withdrawn from the housing channel 12 and then the lock cylinder 13 is re-inserted into the housing channel 12, whereby the pin 17 first enters into the axial groove extension 16 until the pin 17 enters into the radial slot 15 when the lock cylinder 13 is inserted. In this position the lock cylinder 13 can be rotated, whereby now the pin 17, as it engages in the groove 15, fixes the lock cylinder 13 so that the key 26 can be withdrawn.
The features of the subject matter of this document as disclosed in the foregoing specification, in the patent claims, in the abstract, and in the drawing can be essential individually or in any combination for achieving the invention in its various embodiments.
The specification incorporates by reference the disclosure of German priority document 198 16 959.0 of Apr. 17, 1998 and International priority document PCT/DE99/01060 of Apr. 3, 1999.
The present invention is, of course, in no way restricted to the specific disclosure of the specification and drawings, but also encompasses any modifications within the scope of the appended claims.
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|U.S. Classification||70/368, 70/369, 70/379.00A, 70/379.00R|
|International Classification||E05B17/14, E05B35/00, E05B17/04, E05B17/00, E05B65/06, E05C3/04|
|Cooperative Classification||E05C3/042, Y10T70/765, E05B17/142, Y10T70/7644, E05B17/0025, Y10T70/7706, Y10T70/7718, E05B35/008|
|European Classification||E05B17/14B, E05C3/04B2|
|Dec 14, 2000||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: EMKA BESCHLAGTEILE GMBH & CO. KG, GERMANY
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:SAUERLAND, MANFRED;HOFFMANN, RAINER;REEL/FRAME:011422/0600
Effective date: 20001129
|Feb 23, 2006||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 4
|Feb 8, 2010||FPAY||Fee payment|
Year of fee payment: 8
|Apr 4, 2014||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Aug 27, 2014||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|Oct 14, 2014||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20140827