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Publication numberUS6443265 B1
Publication typeGrant
Application numberUS 09/723,393
Publication dateSep 3, 2002
Filing dateNov 28, 2000
Priority dateDec 6, 1999
Fee statusLapsed
Also published asCN1165481C, CN1302764A, DE10060382A1
Publication number09723393, 723393, US 6443265 B1, US 6443265B1, US-B1-6443265, US6443265 B1, US6443265B1
InventorsMasanori Nakamori, Motohiro Higashide, Sai Seii
Original AssigneeOtis Elevator Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Safety device of the elevator door
US 6443265 B1
Abstract
A safety device for an elevator door characterized by the following facts: a lever (2) with one end (3) pivoted at an elevator door safety shoe (1) has its other end (4) fixed and supported on each floor in a rotatable manner; a polarized reflection plate (11) is supported at one end of a link lever (8) which has its other end pivoted to the aforementioned lever (5) to swing around a pivot point (9); a detector (12) facing the polarized reflection plate (11) is connected to a controller (15); and the controller is connected to the door operator (16).
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Claims(2)
We claim:
1. A safety device for an elevator door characterized by the following facts: a shoe lever with one end pivoted at an elevator door safety shoe and having its other end fixed and supported on each floor in a pivotable manner; a polarized reflection plate, supported at one end of a link lever and having its other end pivoted to the aforementioned shoe lever to swing around an intermediate pivot point; a detector facing the polarized reflection plate connected to a controller; and the controller being connected to the door operator.
2. The safety device of elevator door noted in claim 1, in which the detector has an LED as a light emitting element which is opposite an X-axis polarization filter and a photo diode as a light receiving element which is opposite a Y-axis polarization filter.
Description
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION

The present invention relates to a safety device for an elevator door. In particular, it relates to an improvement on the elevator door safety shoe which controls the opening and closing of an elevator door.

BACKGROUND

An elevator door safety shoe is a plate interposed in the space formed between the elevator car and the floor of each story, and is a safety device that prevents the elevator door from opening and closing when the elevator car makes an abnormal contact, such as colliding, etc. with the plate after the elevator car ascends and stops at each story.

Conventionally, this elevator door safety shoe was controlled with a microswitch which has a cable.

However, in an elevator door safety shoe controlled with a microswitch which had a cable, there were inconveniences concerning low reliability of the elevator door safety device since the cable is bent each time the door is opened and closed, eventually tending to disconnect easily along with the cost of maintenance increasing.

Therefore, the present invention aims to improve on the reliability of the elevator door safety device.

SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION

In order to solve the aforementioned problems a safety device for an elevator door characterized by the following facts: a lever with one end pivoted at an elevator door safety shoe has its other end fixed and supported on each floor in a rotatable manner; a polarized reflection plate is supported at one end of a link lever which has its other end pivoted to the aforementioned lever to swing around the pivot point; a detector facing the polarized reflection plate is connected to a controller; and the controller is connected to the door operator. Also, it is characterized by the fact that the detector has an LED as a light emitting element which is opposite an X-axis polarization filter and a photo diode as a light receiving element which is opposite a Y-axis polarization filter.

Therefore, when an abnormality occurs in the elevator door safety shoe, the lever and the link lever rotate in connection with the operation thereof, the polarized light reflection plate tilts, the infrared ray emitted from the detector exactly opposite to it ceases to be reflected at the polarized light reflection plate, an abnormality at the pertinent story is detected, and opening and closing of the elevator door becomes impossible. When the elevator door safety shoe returns to a normal state, the lever and the link rotate in reverse and are restored to the normal state so the polarized light reflection plate is exactly opposite the detector. This type of operation is executed via the lever and the link lever, so failure of the elevator door safety device caused by non-operation of the prior art microswitch due to disconnection of the cable is avoided.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWING

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram showing an application example of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE BEST MODE

Below, an embodiment of the present invention will be explained. In FIG. 1, 1 is the elevator door safety shoe, 2 the lever in which one end is pivotally supported 3 to elevator door safety shoe 1 and the other end part is pivotally supported 4 at each story to be able to swing, and 5 the link lever in which one end is pivotally supported 6 at the approximately center part of the lever 2 so as to be able to swing. The other end part of link lever 5 is linked to the one end of reflection plate support rod 8 via universal joint 7. Reflection plate support rod 8 is supported by bracket 10 to be able to swing at each story on pivot 9.

Polarized light reflection plate 11 is coupled to the other end of reflection plate support rod 8, and detector 12 is fixed and supported at the part facing this polarized light reflection plate 11. Detector 12 has x-axis polarization filter screen 13 which faces an LED (light emitting diode) as the built-in light emitting element and y-axis polarization filter 14 which faces a P.D. (photo diode) as the built-in light receiving element, and is composed to make the infrared ray emitted by the LED into infrared ray (a) which is polarized to the x axis at the x-axis polarization filter 13, this is reflected into polarized infrared ray (b) which is converted to the y-axis, is input into controller 15 by being received by the P.D., controller 15 inputs a safety signal to door operator 16, and based on this opens and closes the elevator door.

Therefore, when elevator door safety shoe 1 moves in the arrow F direction by the elevator car (not shown) colliding, etc., with elevator door safety shoe 1, as indicated by the virtual line in FIG. 1, lever 2 rotates with shaft 4 as the center so link lever 5 rotates, and by this, reflection plate support rod 8 rotates in the opposite direction from the arrow F direction, thus polarized light reflection plate 11 tilts and collapses and the infrared ray emitted from the LED is not reflected and polarized. Therefore, the elevator door takes on a state incapable of being opened and closed since the polarized infrared ray is not input to the P.D.

Therefore, when elevator door safety shoe 1 returns to the original state, lever 2 and link lever 5 rotate and polarized light reflection plate 11 is exactly opposite detector 12 so infrared ray (a) polarized to the x-axis is received in the P.D. as polarized infrared ray (b) which is converted to the y-axis, so the fact that it is in this state indicates that the opening and closing of the elevator door can be executed safely.

The present invention is composed to be able to detect an abnormality of the elevator door safety shoe by transmitting the operation of the elevator door safety shoe to the polarized light reflection plate with a lever instead of a cable, so the danger of detection incapability caused by disconnection of the cable can be avoided and improvement in the reliability of the elevator door safety device can be achieved, and thus the cost of maintenance can be reduced greatly.

Patent Citations
Cited PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4693340 *Sep 30, 1985Sep 15, 1987Shanks Ernest RBumper guide assembly for elevator doors
US5394961 *Apr 29, 1993Mar 7, 1995Montgomery Elevator CompanySafety edge assembly for elevator doorways
US5641951 *Aug 31, 1995Jun 24, 1997Otis Elevator CompanyElevator door safety device
JPH04286588A * Title not available
JPH05310390A * Title not available
JPH05330772A * Title not available
Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US6945363 *May 2, 2003Sep 20, 2005Inventio AgMethod of contactlessly monitoring elevator shaft doors
US7350625 *Sep 23, 2004Apr 1, 2008Inventio AgShaft door monitoring system for an elevator installation
Classifications
U.S. Classification187/317, 187/316
International ClassificationB66B13/26, B66B13/24
Cooperative ClassificationB66B13/24
European ClassificationB66B13/24
Legal Events
DateCodeEventDescription
Oct 26, 2010FPExpired due to failure to pay maintenance fee
Effective date: 20100903
Sep 3, 2010LAPSLapse for failure to pay maintenance fees
Apr 12, 2010REMIMaintenance fee reminder mailed
Feb 28, 2006FPAYFee payment
Year of fee payment: 4
Apr 23, 2001ASAssignment
Owner name: OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, CONNECTICUT
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NAKAMORI, MASANORI;HIGASHIDE, MOTOHIRO;SEII, SAI;REEL/FRAME:011741/0305
Effective date: 20001204
Owner name: OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY 10 FARM SPRINGS FARMINGTON
Owner name: OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY 10 FARM SPRINGSFARMINGTON, C
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNORS:NAKAMORI, MASANORI /AR;REEL/FRAME:011741/0305