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Publication numberUS644638 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMar 6, 1900
Filing dateJan 18, 1900
Priority dateJan 18, 1900
Publication numberUS 644638 A, US 644638A, US-A-644638, US644638 A, US644638A
InventorsJay B Rhodes
Original AssigneeFrederick C Austin
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rotating device for rotary drills.
US 644638 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 644,638. Patented Mar. 6, I900.

J. 'B. RHODES.

. ROTATING DEVICE FOR ROTARY DRILLS.

(Application filed Jan. 18, 1900.)

(No Model.)

'Tgl: NORRIS PETERS p0, PHOTO-LITHQ, wAsmNaYom B4 c.

No. 644 638. Patented Mar. 6, I900. J. B. RHODES.

ROTATING DEVICE FOR RUTABY DRILLS.

(Application filed Jan. 18, 1900.)

2 Sheets-Sheet 2,

4N0 Modal.)

UNITED STATES FFICE.

ATENT JAY B. RIIODES, OF HARVEY, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO FREDERICK C. AUSTIN, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.

ROTATING DEVICE FOR ROTARY DRILLS.

SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters IPatent No. 644,638, dated March 6, 1900.

Application filed January 18, 1900. Serial No. 1,900. (No model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JAY B. RHODES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Harvey, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Rotating Devices for Rotary Drills, of which the following is a specification.

The objects of my invention are to provide a simple, reliable, powerful, and an improved device for gripping and rotating the usual drill rod or spindle of an ordinary core-drill; to provide improved and highly efficient means for permitting; the drill rod or spindle to be rotated and at the same time allowed to descend for its full length without the necessity of readj usting the rotating device; to reduce the number of stoppages usually incident to drilling a well and to facilitate the operation generally; to provide a rotator or rotating device which may be easily, advantageously, and quickly adjusted; to provide improved means which will permit the use of drill rods or spindles of various sizes without the necessity of changing or substituting any of the various parts of the rotating device; to provide a construction of rotating device involving three relatively-equidistant gripping-rollst hat is to say, three rolls or rollers which are arranged about the drill-rod at equal distances from each other, whereby the drill-rod may be firmly gripped and rotated whether such rod or spindle be round, polygonal, oval, or irregular in cross-section; to provide a novel and highly-effective device by which various obj ects-such as pipes, rods, shafts, &c.-- may be gripped and rotated and at the same time allowed to shift or move longitudinally, and also to provide certain details tending to increase the general efficiency and to render a device of this description or character effective and thoroughly reliable.

To the foregoing andother useful ends my invention contemplates the provision of gripping-rolls, preferably three in number and arranged about the drill-rod at equal distances fromeach other, and also of suitable means for simultaneously adjusting such rolls or rollers for the purpose of causing them to either grip or release the drill-rod. The said rolls or rollers are preferably arranged about the drill-rod with their axes at right angles to the axis of the latter, and their peripheries are preferably grooved or otherwise adapted to bite or engage the drill-rod. Suitable means are, as stated, provided for simultaneously adjusting the three rollers toward or away from the drill-rod, so as to grip or release the latter, and the entire device is adapted and arranged for rotation for the purpose of rotating the drill. With this arrangement the rolls or rollers efiectively grip and rotate the drill-rod, but at the same time permit the latter to feed gradually downward as the rolls or rollers are free to turn on their axes as the drill works its way into the rock .or soil, and in this way the rolls permit the drill-rod to descend for its full length-without the necessity of a readjustment of the rotating device. These rolls or rollers may be forced into engagement with the drill-rod in any suitable manner; but as a matter of further improvement I mount the rolls and connect them for simultaneous adjustment along radial guideways. These guideways are preferably upwardly divergent and in such way adapted to afford inclined planes along which the rolls or rollers can be adjusted radially either toward or away from the drill-rod. As a result of such construction and arrangement a powerful and effective gripping of the drill-rod is secured regardless of the latters shape or size, and at the same time the rod is free to descend or feed downwardly by reason of its own weight. The three gripping rolls are preferably mounted and arranged in such manner as to be capable of a wide range of shift or adj ustment, so as to permit the use ofdrill-rods of various sizes without the necessity of substituting or changing any of the parts, and as a matter of further and special improvement provision is made whereby the gripping rolls or rollers may be quickly and easily adjusted without the use of tools.

Other features and advantages of my invention will hereinafter more fully appear.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a plan of a rotating device constructed in accordance with my invention, the grippingrollers being shown in contact or engagement with the drill rod or spindle. Fig. 2 is a Vertical section of the same, taken on line or a" in Fig. 1. 4

The drill rod or spindle A, which it is understood is connected at its lower end with the usual core-barrel, drill, or bit, may be either solid or hollow, and the supportingbeams B may be either part of an independent framework or a portion of the frame affordingasupport for the engine and boiler of the ordinary well-machine. I

The rotating device comprises, preferably, a stationary bed-plate C and a rotary head D, which grips and rotates the drill rod or spindle A. For the purpose of reducing friction the upper surface of the said bed-plate is provided with an annular groove or ball-race c, and the lower surface of the rotary head is provided with a similar groove or ball-race (Z. \Vorking between the upper and lower ballraces thus provided are a number of antifriction-balls Z, and by such provision the friction between the bed-plate and rotary head is reduced to a minimum. The bed-plate O is also provided with a central opening a and may be secured to the beams B in any suitable manner-as, for example, by the bolts 0. The rotary head D consists of the lower base portion d, which is preferably a bevel-gear, and the Vertically-adjustable ring or upper portion (1 The said base or lower portion (1 is provided with a central opening (1 and also with radial recesses (1 leading therefrom. The said recesses are designed to afford guideways along which the gripping-rollers may be adjusted in directions which are lateral and preferably radial or substantially radial to the drill-rod, and to such end the outer walls or surfaces of the recesses are formed with grooves (1. Depending from the lower surface of the vertically-adjustable ring or portion (Z are a number of lugs d Pivoted to each lug by a pin (1 are a pair of swinging arms (i and mounted between the lower ends of the latter are the gripping-rollers d". The depending lugs d are arranged so that each pair of swinging arms (Z will lie within a recess d". In such position the said arms will rest or bear upon the outer walls of the recesses, while the grooves 61 will receive the peripheries of the rollers and thereby permit the latter to turn freely as the drill-rod descends. The rollers are preferably provided with short journals, which extend through and rotate within the ends of the arms (Z and the arms may therefore be said to practically form the bearings for the gripping-rollers. Peripheral grooves are also preferably formed upon the peripheries of the rollers, (see Fig. 1,) whereby the latter will be enabled to firmly grip or bite the drill-rod, and it will also be observed by reference to Fig. 1 that the recesses (Z are of such width that the arms (l fit snugly thereinthat is to say, each pair of swinging arms is embraced by the side walls of the recess wherein they lie, and for such reason the bevel-gear or base portion (1 may be said to sustain the torsional strain incident to a rapid rotation of the drill. The outer walls of the recesses 61 are preferably set at an angle of about forty-five degrees. The exact angle is immaterial, however, and may be varied as desired, for in the drawings I have, as a matter of fact, shown the said walls at an angle of thirty degrees to the drill-rod or sixty degrees to a horizontal. The result of thus forming the outer walls of the recesses is to provide a number of radial and upwardly-divergent guideways whereon the arms d may be adjusted back and forth and whereby the gripping-rollers may be made to approach or recede from the drill-rod, it being observed at this juncture that the provision ofthree relatively-equidistant gripping-rolls permits the drill-rod to adjust itself so as to permit each gripping-roll to bear firmly upon the said rod whether the latter be round, polygonal, oval, or irregular in cross-section, or, in other words, the arrangement permits the rod to center itself regardless, practically, of its form or shape. By lowering the ring or plate b the arms (Z will be simultaneously adjusted downwardly along the said upwardly-diverging guideways and the gripping-rollers (Z thereby simultaneously forced into contact or engagement with the drill-rod.

Vertical adjustment of the Hat ring or contrally-apertured plate d may be accomplished in any known or suitable manner; but as a matter of further and special improvement I provide the base or bevel-gear d with a number of screw-threaded rods or standards (Z Each screw-threaded rod or standard is provided with an adjusting nut d",the latter having bosses (Z ,which extend through openings (6 in the flat ring (1 and each boss being provided at its end with a collar (1 By such arrangement the ring d is supported by the standards (1 through the medium of the ad justing-nuts d, the said ring being held between the nuts and the collars d ,and by rotating the nuts the ring or plate d may be adjusted vertically along the rods or standards d The adj Listing-nuts may be turned or rotated by hand; but for the purpose of simultaneously rotating the nuts the latter may be provided with sprocket-teeth (Z and a sprocketchain (1 arranged about the sprockets thus formed orprovided. (See Fig. 1.) One of the adjusting-nuts may be provided with a suitable hand-wheel d", and by turning the latter it is evident that the gripping-rolls may be caused to simultaneously grip or release the drill-rod, according to the direction in which the hand-wheel is rotated, for it will readily be seen that the arrangement is such that the ring and rolls may be regarded as being adjustable in a direction parallel with the drillrod and that the oblique guideways constitute means for causing the rolls to either swing outward or inward as they are moved up and down and for thus causing them to eithergrip or release the rod.

As a simple arrangement for driving the rotary head D the base portion (1 is, as proviously stated,provided with teeth and adapted for service as abevel-gear. The drivingshaft E is provided with a bevel-gear F, the teeth of which latter mesh with the teeth of bevel-gear d, and by connecting the drivingshaft with any suitable source of power it is obvious that the drill may be rotated at any desired speed. To prevent undue rise or displacement on the part of the rotary head, the bed-plate may be provided with guards 61*, which extend upwardly and over the base (1, and with such provision there will be no liability of the base d being forced from its bearings by the gear F. It is obvious, however, that the rotary head may be driven in various ways,and for such reason I do not limit myself to any particular device or arrangement for so doing.

In operation the drill-rod is first extended through the central openings of the bed-plate and rotary head and the ring 02 then adjusted by turning the hand-wheel 01 so as to cause the gripping-rollers to grip the said drill-rod. The rotary head D is then rotated for the purpose of rotating the drill, and the grippingrollers slowly turning in their bearings as the drill works its way into the rock or soil permit the drill-rod to descend for its full length without a readjustment of the rotating device. Thus it will be seen that I provide a device which may be firmly and positively locked against relative rotation on the part of the drill-rod, but which permits a free longitudinal or end movement of the latter relative to the rotating device; that by the combination of threaded standards and upwardly-divergent guideways I secure a powerful and effective gripping of the drill-rod, as by such combination the power of a screw is practically augmented by the power of a wedge; that the novel construction and arrangement permits the use of drill-rods of various sizes without substituting or changing the parts of the device, as the gripping-rollers maybe given a wide range of shift or adjustment and in such way adapted to firmly grip a drill-rod regardless of the latters size or thickness, and, as a further advantage, that the provision of three relatively-equidistant gripping-rolls insures a firm gripping of the rod regardless of its shape or form, as this number and arrangement of rolls permit each roll to be brought into contact with the rod whether the latter be round, polygonal, oval, or irregular in cross-section.

What I claim as my invention is- 1. A device for gripping and rotating drillrods or the like com prising a plurality of rolls having peripheries adapted to bite or engage the said rod or the like and movable to and from the latter; a roll adjusting member through which the said rod or the like extends and which is, together with the said rolls with which it has suitable connection, adjustable in a direction parallel with the axis of rotation; and means whereby said adjustment of the roll-adjusting member and rolls will cause the latter to move to or from the drill-rod or the like.

2. A device for rotating and gripping drillrods or well-tubes comprising a plurality of gripping-rolls which are movable to or from the rod; a ring or centrally-apertured plate through which the drill-rod extends and which is, together with the said gripping-rolls with which it is suitably connected, adjustable in a direction parallel with the said rod; and

means whereby such adjustment of the rolladjusting member and rolls will cause the latter to move toward or away from the drill; rod.

3. A device for gripping and rotating rotary drills or the like comprising a couple of members through which the drill-rod extends and which are connected for relative adjustment in a direction parallel, or substantially parallel, with the axis of rotation; a plurality of gripping-rolls which are movable toward or away from the drill-rod; means for connecting the said rolls with one of said members,

the connection being such that the relative adjustment of the two members operates to adjust both the rolls and the member with which the same are connected in a direction parallel, or substantially parallel, with the drill-rod; and means whereby said adjustment of the rolls and member with which they are connected will cause the rolls to either grip or release the drill-rod.

4. A rotary head for gripping and rotating drill-rods comprising a vertically-adjustable ring or centrally apertured plate through which the drill-rod extends; a plurality of gripping-rolls which are carried by the said rotary head and which are adjustable for alternately gripping and releasing the drill-rod; a plurality of screw-threaded rods or standards which are mounted upon said head and which extend through openings in said ring or plate; an adjusting-nut on each rod, and means for connecting the said adj usting-nuts with the said ring or plate; means forsimultaneously rotating the said adjusting-nuts for the purpose of adjusting the ring or plate along the screw-threaded rods in a direction parallel with the axis of the drill-rod, and means for causing such adjustment of the ring or plate to effect a lateral adjustment of the rolls relatively to the drill-rod; and suitable means for rotating the rotary head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

5. A rotary head for gripping and rotating a drill-rod or the like comprising a couple of circular members which are connected for relative adjustment in a direction parallel, or substantially parallel, with the axis of rotation; a plurality of gripping-rolls mounted upon swinging arms which are pivoted to one of said members, whereby the relative adjustment of the two members will cause the rolls and the member to which they are connected by the swinging arms to shift in a direction parallel, or substantially parallel, with the drill-rod; and means whereby said relative adjustment on the part of the two members will cause the said swinging arms to swing to or from the drill-rod and thereby cause the rolls to either grip or release the said rod.

6. A device forgripping and rotating rotary drills or the like comprising three relativelycquidistant grippingrolls; a roll-adjusting member through which the rod or the like extends and which is, together with the said three relatively-equidistant rolls with which it is suitably connected, adjustable in a direction parallel, or substantially parallel, with the axis of rotation, and means whereby such adjustment of the roll-adjusting member and the three rolls will cause the latter to move to or from the said rod.

7. A device whereby rods, shafts or pipes of various sizes and shapes may be effectively gripped and rotated and at the same time permitted to shift longitudinally, comprising three relatively-equidistan t, or substantiallyequidistant, gripping-rolls mounted upon a rotatable member and provided with peripheries adapted to bite the rod, pipe or shaft to be rotated; means for adjusting one or more of said rolls in a direction or directions radial to the said rod, pipe or shaft, and whereby the rolls may be caused to either grip or release the same; and means for rotating the said rotatable member.

8. A rotating device for rotary drills, comprising a rotary head through which the drillrod extends, the said head being provided withaplurality of upwardly-divergent guideways, a plurality of gripping-rolls provided with peripheries adapted to engage the drillrod and arranged for adjustment along the said guideways, a vertically-adjustable member with which the said rolls are suitably connected, means for adjusting the said vertically-adjustable member in a direction parallel with the axis of rotation, so as to cause the rolls to simultaneously slide along their respective guideways and thereby either grip or release the drill-rod, and means for rotating the rotary head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

9. A rotating device for rotary drills, comprising a rotary head provided with a plurality of upwardly-divergent guideways,and also with an opening through which the drill-rod extends; a plurality of adjustably-mounted gripping rolls provided with peripheries adapted to engage or bite the drill-rod and arranged about the latter with their axes at right angles to the same; means for simultaneously adjusting the gripping-rolls along the said upwardly-divergent guideways, so as to cause the rolls to either grip or release the drill-rod, the adjusting mechanism and the said upwardly-divergent guideways cooperating to force the gripping-rolls into contact with the drill-rod, and means for rotating the rotary head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

10. A rotating device for rotary drills comprising a rotary head having a central opening through which the drill-rod extends; a phi rality of adjustably-mounted gripping-rolls arranged about the drill-rod with their axes at right angles to the latterand provided with peripheries adapted to engage the said drillrod; the said rolls being also arranged to 00- cupy positions within a like number of radial recesses with which the rotary head is pro Vided; an adjusting device adapted and operative to simultaneously adjust the rolls in and out of said recesses for the purpose of causing the rolls to grip or release the drillrod, the said recesses being formed or constructed in such manner that their opposing side walls embrace the adjustable mountings which connect the grip ping-rolls with the said adjusting device and whereby the latter will be relieved from the torsional or twisting strain incident to a rapid rotation of the drill; and suitable means for rotating the said r0- tary head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

11. A rotating device for rotary drills COHP prising a rotary head having a central openin g through which the drill-rod extends,three radial recesses leading from said central opening and providing three upwardly-divergent guideways, three gripping-rolls mounted and arranged for adjustment along said upwardlydivergent guideways, the said rolls being adapted to bite the said drill-rod, means for simultaneously adjusting the said rolls along the said three upwardly-divergent guideways for the purpose of causing the three rolls to either grip or release the drill-rod, and means for rotating the said rotary head for the purpose of rotating the said drill.

12. In a device for the purpose specified, the combination of the bevel-gear provided with upwardly-divergent guideways and a central opening, gripping-rolls mounted for adjustment along said upwardly-divergent guideways, adjusting-screws for simultaneously adjusting the rolls along said upwardlydivergent guideways, the said adjustingscrews and upwardly-divergent guideways cooperating to force the rolls into contact with the drill-rod, and means for rotating the said device for the purpose of rotating the drill.

13. In a rotating device for rotary drills, the combination of the rotary base portion having a central opening through which extends the drill-rod, the said base portion being also provided with radial guideways, the ring or centrally-apertured plate arranged above the said base portion, a plurality of swinging arms depending from said ring or plate and arranged to slide in said guideways, gripping-rolls mounted at the free ends of said arms, means for causing a relative shift or adjustment of the said ring or plate and base portion, whereby the gripping-rolls may be adjusted toward or away from the drill-rod, and means for rotating the device for the purpose of rotating the drill.

14. A rotating device for rotary drills, comprising a rotary head provided with a plurality of upwardly-divergent guideways, and also with an opening through which the drillrod extends; a plurality of swinging arms mounted upon the said rotary head and adapted to slide in said guideways, and a plurality of gripping-rollers journaled in the free ends of said arms; the said rollers being provided with peripheries adapted to engage the drillrod, andarranged about the latter with their axes at right angles to the said drill-rod; means for simultaneously adjusting the swinging arms along the said guideways so as to cause the rollers to grip or release the drill-rod, and means for rotating the rotary head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

15. A rotating device for rotary drills comprising a rotary head through which the drillrod extends, and a bed-plate adapted to afford a suitable bearing for the rotary head; the said rotary head consisting of a base portion provided with radial recesses adapted to afford a plurality of upwardlydivergent guideways, and an upper portion adapted and arranged for vertical adjustment relative to the said base portion; a plurality of swinging arms supported by the said upper adjustable portion,the said arms being adapted to rest and slide upon the guideways afforded by the said radial recesses, and a plurality of gripping-rollers journaled in the free ends of said arms; the said rollers being arranged about the drill-rod with their axes at right angles to the latter, and provided with peripheries adapted to engage the said drillrod; means for adjusting the saidupper portion of .the head, so as to cause the grippingrollers to grip or release the drill-rod, and means for rotating the rotary head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

16. A rotating device for rotary drills, condprising the bed-plate and the rotary head adapted to rotate thereon; the said rotary head consisting of a base portion provided with a central opening through which the drill-rod extends and also provided with a plurality of radial recesses adapted to afford upwardly-divergent guideways,an upper ring supported upon screw-threaded rods or standards which rise from the said base portion, an adjusting-nut on each rod and means for connecting the said nuts with the said ring, the adjusting nuts being provided with sprocket-teeth and a sprocket-chain being arranged about the sprocket-s thus formed and provided, a handwheel on one or more of said sprockets, swinging arms pivotally sup ported from said ring and adapted to slide upon the said guideways, gripping-rollers journaled in the free ends of said arms and provided with peripheries adapted to engage the drill-rod; and means for rotating the said head for the purpose of rotating the drill.

17. A rotating device for rotary drills, comprising the stationary bed-plate having a central opening, the bevel-gear having a central opening and supported for rotation upon the bed-plate, the vertically-adjustable ring supported upon the said bevel-gear, the gripping-rollers supported from the under side of the ring and arranged for adjustment along upwardly-divergent guideways formed in the said bevel-gear, the said guideways being provided with grooves which permit the gripping-rollers to turn on their respective axes, means for adjusting the said ring so as to cause the gripping-rollers to engage the drillrod with their peripheries, and a bevel-gear for rotating the aforesaid bevel-gear.

. JAY B. RHODES. Witnesses:

VAOLOV J ELINEK,

FREDERICK HOWARD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2591859 *Jan 16, 1948Apr 8, 1952Otis Herbert CGripping device
US2829414 *May 18, 1953Apr 8, 1958Albert ThomasLink
US7028787 *Dec 30, 2003Apr 18, 2006Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.Tong for wellbore operations
Classifications
Cooperative ClassificationE21B3/04