US 644880 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Mar. 6, I900.
(Application filed Juhe 17, 1897.)
In Ii llNrrnn STATES PATENT FFICE.
WILLIAM VANDERMAN, OF VVILLIMANTIC, CONNECTICUT.
$PECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 644,880, dated March 6, 1900.
Application filed June 17,1897. Serial No. 641,129. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that I, WILLIAM VANDERMAN, a citizen of the United States,and a resident of Willimantic, in the county of tVindham and State of Connecticut, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in lVork- Benches, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description,whereby any one skilled in the art can make and use the same.
The object of my invention is to providea portable work-bench made of light and very strong material, capable of rough handling and extended use, and easily assembled.
To this end my invention consists of the sectional work-bench,with its frame made of structural iron or steel, with the parts combined and arranged substantially as described and more particularly as recited in the within claims.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a view in side elevation of my improved workbench with part cut away to show construction. Fig. 2 is a view in cross-section through the bench looking at the inner surface of one of the end sections. Fig. 3 is a View, on an enlarged scale, of the preferred form of foot. Fig. 4 is an edge view of the parts of the bench in .the knockdown form for packing.
In the accompanying drawings the letter Ct denotes the end section of a bench, and this is made up of the legs I) and c, which are of suitable angle-iron or rolled steel of L shape in cross-section. These legs are united at the upper ends by a cross-piece d of the same materia1,firmly secured to the upper ends of the legs by the rivets 1, and located at points a suitable distance apart to afford support for a shelf removably secured in place, as by means of bolts, are cross-pieces e,of the same material, also united to the legs by rivets 2. The web d of the cross p'iece 01 turns inward, as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings, and through holes bored in this bolts 3 are passed, and by means of nuts on the threaded ends of the bolts the planking forming the top f of the table is firmly united to the end sections.
Two such end sections as have been de scribed are secured together by lengthwise pieces 9 g h h of any desired length removably secured in place, as by means of bolts, and the end sections are secured against collapsing by suitable cross-braces dremovably secured to the respective upper and lower ends of the opposing end sections,as shown in Fig. 1 of the drawings. This cross-bracing is not essential when two lines of shelves are used; but it is a desirable strengthening element of the construction. A similar cross-brace 7o, (shown in Fig. 2 of the drawings,) is secured to the end, extending diagonally from the top of one leg to the bottom of the other leg. These cross-braces are preferably riveted or bolted to the horizontal pieces which support the shelves.
A shelf Z, madeof any number of planks or boards, fits within the framework formed by the horizontal connecting-pieces between the end sections and across the ends, the shelving being cut to a length which fits snugly between the upturned webs of the angle-iron along the side and across the ends.
The side pieces, which connect the end sections, are simply bolted at opposite ends, to the web or'flange of the legs at opposite ends, so that they may be removably secured in place, and in the.same way the cross-braces are bolted, so as to be' easily removed. By this construction of the parts the several sec tions of the bench may be packed into 0on venient form fortransportation, as illustrated in edge view in Fig. 4 of the drawings.
A foot m may be formed at the lower end of each upright leg by splitting the iron along its angle and turning out the material, or, if preferred, the foot may be formed bya sepa rate casting, such as is shown in top View in Fig. 3 of the drawings, and this is bolted or riveted onto the lower end of the leg.
An essential feature of my invention re= sides in the angular shape of the parts of the bench forming the supports, each branch, in the case of the legs, forming means to which are secured different parts of the bench, and in other instances one branch of a part at? fords the means by which said part is secured in place and the other branch affording a support for other portions of the bench. This construction of the supports of angular shape provides a maximum amount of strength with a minimum weight of material, the different branches of an angular piece being compara tively thin, affording ready means for attachment of the pieces or for the support of an other piece; but I do not desire to limit myself to the exact form of the supports herein shown and described.
I claim as my invention- 1. I11 combinationin a work-bench, end sections including legs and cross-pieces formed of angle-iron with the recesses in each instance facing inwardly, and a table secured to the outside of the horizontal branch of the top cross-piece.
2. In combination in a Work-bench, end sections including legs and cross-pieces formed of angle-iron with the recesses in each instance facing inwardly, lengthwise pieces connecting the end sections and secured to the insideof one branch of the legs, and a table secured to the outside of the horizontal branch of the top cross-pieces.
3. In combination in a work-bench, end sections including legs and cross-pieces formed secured to the outside of the horizontal branch of the top cross-piece.
ARTHUR B. JENKINS, ERMA P. COFFRIN.