US 645421 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 645,42l. Patented Mar. I3, I900.
' E. A. LIBBY.
ATTACHMENT FOR INVALID BEDSTEADS.
(Application filed June 17, 1899.)
,JMTRQRMS PETERS co, PHOTO-LITHQ. WASHINGTON, u. a
port carrying a receptacle-holder adapted to UNITED STATES EDWIN A. LIBBY, OF KEENE, NEW HAMPSHIRE.
ATTACHMENT FO'R lNVALlD-BEDSTEADS.
srnorsrcA'rron forming part of Letters 2 atent No. 645,421, dated March 13, 1900.
Application filed June 17,1899. Serial N0-720,896- (No model.)
To aZZ- whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, EDWIN A. LIBBY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Keene, in the county of Cheshire, State of New Hampshire, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Attachments for Invalid- Bedsteads, of which the following is a description, reference being had to theaccornpanying drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon.
My invention relates to an attachment for invalid-bedsteads.
The objects of the invention are to provide an attachment which may be readily secured to the side rail of a bedstead to receive and support a patient during the giving of an enema, to provide such attachment with means for readily securing it to the side rail and with an outer vertically-adjustable suphold a receptacle under the patient-supporting saddle or seat to catch the discharge, to provide the attachment with a vertically-adjustable syringe-support, to provide theattachment with interchangeablesupports for the patient, to provide a removable back for one of the seats or supports, to provide the excreta-receptacle with a vertically-swinging hood over a portion of its top adapted to extend above the saddle or support for the patient and direct the discharge into the receptacle, and, finally, to construct such an attachment in a simple and durable manner, so that it may be operated by the inexperienced and notliable to get out of order. These objects I attain by the mechanism illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in Which- Figure 1 is an elevation of my improved attachment applied to a bedstead. Fig. 2 is a view at right angles to Fig. 1 with the side rail and bedding in section. Fig. 3 is a plan of the saddle or seat. Fig. 4 is a bottom plan of the same. Fig. 5 is a transverse section thereof on line 5 5, Fig. 3. Fig. 6 shows one of the hooked retaining-springs. Figs. 7 and 8 are perspective and bottom views, respectively, of an interchangeable seat; and Fig. 9 is an elevation of the removable back.
A designates the seat or saddle, formed of any suitable material and provided along its inner longitudinal side with a flange A, adapted to rest upon the edge of the bedding,
as shown in Figs. 1 and 2, so that the patient may be readily removed from the bed to the seat or saddle A whenever the exigencies'of the case require. To the under side of the saddle are hinged the braces a a, adapted to swing down at right angles, so as to pass between the inner side of the bedstead-rail B and the bedding and prevent outward movement of the seat or saddle. Beyond these braces 00 a are screw eyes a co, to which for engagement with the upper hooks c of contractile springs O exterior to the rail B and having hooks c on their lower ends to engage the lower edge of the rail B. These springs being under tension tend to press the flange A down upon the bedding. To the lower face of the saddle, at about the middle of its outer portion, a socket a is located, and into this socket projects the upper rounded end of an adjusting-screw D, having an operatin g hand-wheel (Z. The lower threaded portion of screw D works through anut d, mounted in the upper end of a vertically-adjustable member D of standard D the base d of which rests upon the floor. The nut d is removable with screw D and is held from turn- I ing in the tube D by means of interlocking notches and projections, as shown at 01 The member D is in the form of a split tube sliding on standard D and is held thereto by a metal clamp E, embracing and secured to the tube D. A screw E, having a hand-wheel 6, passes through the arms of 'clamp E and causes them to be brought together with sufficient force to bind the split tube frictionally upon the standard D A firm and adjustable support is thus afforded the outer portion of the saddle or seat A, while the flange A similarly supports its inner side.
The upper face of the seat is so shaped or concaved as to evenly and comfortably support the posterior portion of the patient, and
such upper surface is grooved or corrugated,
as shown at a, so as to lead to a dischargechannel a". Below the outer end of the channel a is the receptacle F, mounted removably on a shelf or holder F, having a clamp f,
adapted to be secured at any desired point upon the tube D by means of its adjustingscrew f operated by a hand-wheel f This receptacle has a cover or hood F extending across one end and projecting above the upper side of the saddle or seat A to direct any thing striking it down into the receptacle.
G is an extensible syrin ge-supportin g standard having a hook g at the upper end of its vertically-adj ustable member G, and a screw g holds the member G in its adjusted position. The lower end of the standard G fits upon a pin 9 projecting up from the saddle or seat A.
The operation is as follows: The shelf or holder F is placed in position on tube D, and the nut 61 and screw D are placed in the upper end of said tube with the screw turned down to about its lowest adjustment, and the tube D is adjusted to bring it about level with top of bed. The braces a a, are now swung down and the saddle A is brought to the bed with its flange A resting on the bedding and its braces extending between the bedding and side rail. The springs O are then hooked to the saddle and bed-rail, and the outer edge of the saddle is now raised to a level, thus tightening the springs and cans ing them to sink the inclined flange A into the bedding, so that the patient may be easily slid thereover upon the seat or saddle A, where he will be supported in proper position to receive an enema. The standard D will now be placed in position,- with its screw D resting at its upper end in socket (t when any further adjustment of the saddle or seat may be effected by the screw D. The receptacle F is now placed in position on the shelf or holder F and the syringe-bag hung upon the hook g. No further description is deemed necessary.- In lieu of the saddle or seat A the one shown in Figs. 7 and 8 may be employed, and this seat A is provided with the" same securing and supporting devices as have been previously described; but it does not have the flange A and rests on the side rail so as to allow of the bedclothes being changed when supporting patient. The seat A is provided with a large opening, like the seat of a water-closet, and is further provided at its rear edge with sockets a to receive the dowelpins a projecting from a detachable seatback A".
WVhat I claim is- 1. An attachment for beds, comprising a substantially-triangular seat or saddle A, provided along its inner longer side with a flange A to rest on the edge of the bedding, the upper face of the seat or saddle being concaved, grooves or corrugations a leading outwardly from said concaved portion to a discharge a, at the outer edge of the saddle or seat, and
means for supporting the saddle or seat; sub
stantially as described.
2. An attachment for beds, comprising a saddle or seat adapted to rest at its inner edge on the side of a bed, and having, its upper surface provided with grooves or corrugations leading to a discharge a. at the outer edge, a standard on which the outer portion of the saddle is supported, a shelf on the standard below the saddle, and a vessel mounted on shelf under the discharge a and provided with a hooded portion F projecting above the discharge edge of the seat or holder, substantially as described.
3. The combinationwith the saddle or seat having braces to pass down along the inner side of thebed-rail, hooked springs to connect the saddle with lower edge of bed-rail and an extensible support to support the outer edge of saddle from the floor.
4:. The combination with the saddle or seat having means to connect its inner side with a bed-rail, and a vertically-extensible support for its outer side, of a holder mounted on said outer support and extending under the sad dle or seat to hold a receptacle.
5. The combination with the saddle or seat having an inclined flange along its inner side to rest on the bedding and springs and braces to engage the bed-rail, of an outer adjustable standard to support the saddle or seat from the floor.
6. An attachment for beds, comprising a seat or saddle adapted to rest at its inner edge upon the bed and provided on the under side of its outer portion with a socket, a standard D having a vertically-adjustable member D provided in its upper end with a nut 61, a screw D provided with an operating handwhcel (Z and mounted in said nut, the upper rounded end of the screw engaging said socket, and a receptacle supporting shelf or holder below the saddle and having a clamp adjustable on the standard member D; substantially as described.
7. An attaehmentforbeds comprisingasaddie or seat having a brace to pass down along the inner side of a bed-rail, a hooked spring to connect the saddle or seat with the lower edge of said rail, and a support for the outer edge of the saddle or seat; substantially as described.
In testimony whereof-Taffix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
EDWIN A. LIBBY.
W. T. HART, CHARLES GALL SHEDD.