US 646572 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
N 646 572. Panted A r. e.l |900.
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(Application led Mar. 15, 1899.)
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ARCHIBALD C. FLOYD, 'OF CHATTANOOGA, TENNESSEE.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 646,572, dated April 3, 1900.
Application flied March 15, i899.
having a flexible cover and devices for holding the same distended, the coverbeingreadily removable for the purposes sof washing the same or for Vstoring it in'cornpact form g also, a practically-automatic opening making ingress easy and egress the work of a moment, so that a personlmay use it without assistance and without the least danger from re or overheating.
The invention consists in certain novel constructions and combinations of parts, as'willV be hereinafter described, and pointed out in the claim.
In the drawings, Figure l is a perspective view of the cabinet ready for use and with the doorway open, so a person can step in. Fig. 2 is a similar View of the cabinet in use. Fig. 3 is a top plan View of the cabinet as in use. Fig. t is a partia vertical section of the cabinet. Fig. 5 is a detail perspective View, partly broken away, of a portion of the lower end of the cabinet. Fig. 6 is a perspective view showing the cloth cover collapsed after the upright rods have been removed. Figs. 7 and 8 are detail perspective views, partly broken away, showing different forms of the supporting-rods and Fig. 9 shows the hinge-loop of the top ring in detail.
In constructing my cabinet I employ a cover composed of the side A and the top B, made of a suitable cloth7 preferably having a satin finish. At the juncture of the top B with the side portion A, I provide a ring-casing C,`and a similar casing D is provided at the lower edge of the side portion A. These casings C and D receive,l respectively, the rings C and D at Vthe top and bottom of the cabinet, each being provided at its ends with means whereby they maybe connected, which means may consist of a hook and eye, as best shown in Figs. 1 and 3.
The top B is provided with a neck-opening Serial'No. '709,23Q. (No model.)
B', surrounded by a suitable cloth B3, whose free edges may be drawn tightly around the neck` by the draw-string, as shown. A slit or division B2 leads from the neck-opening B', anda slit or divisionAA2 is also formed in the side portion A, practically in alinement with the slit or division B2. These slits or divisions A2 and B2 form adoorway through which the person may'step into or out of the cabi`net,"and ai flap or extension E is provided atone edge of and extending throughout the length of the slit A2 B2 to overlap the same when the cabinet is in use. When the ap E is applied, asshown in Fig. 2, it may be secured by the hook E and the eye E2, as willbe understood from Fig. l, wherein the dap'is thrown back to open the doorway.
From. the foregoing it will be seen that it is not necessary to put the cabinet on over the head, as the user can readily step in and out, it being only necessary to unhook the ends of the ring O and loosen the hook E',
.if such hook be employed, to open the cabinet, as shown in Fig. l. This construction avoids the danger from fire incident to those cabinets which have to be put on over the head and also provides a device which can be conveniently used without the necessity of an assistant.
Io support the cabinet in upright position, I provide the rods F, which are fitted in casings G, formed on the sides A, and bear between the upper and lower rings. This is well shown in Fig.V 2, wherein portions of one of the casings G are broken away to show the rod F. It may be preferred to make the rods F in sections jointed together at their meeting ends, as shown in Figs. 7 and 8. The ends may be connected by a threaded joint, as shown at Ff in Fig. 7, or by a bayonet-joint, as shown at F2 in Fig. S, or by other suitable construction.
The rods F bear between the upper and lower rings C and D. In this connection it will be noticed in the construction shown that the casings G are closed at their upper ends and terminate at such ends immediately beneath the ring C'. This is best shown in Fig.
4. At their lower ends the casin gs G are open sufciently to allow the insertion of the rods. At their lower ends the rods F bear upon the ring D', such ring forcing outward beneath ICO the rods and forming a base-support for the lower ends of saine. In carrying out this feature of my invention the lower ends of the rods may be eut square across, as shown in Fig. S, to rest upon the base-rings, or it may be preferred to render such bearing more positive by notching the lower end of the rods, as shown atfin Figs. 5 and 7. Vhen the rods are so notched, the base-ring D will fit snugly in the seatf and tend to hold the lower ends of the rods more securely in position. By causing the supporting-rods to bear between the upper and lower rings such rods not only serve to support the sides A, butthey also tend to hold said sides taut and preserve the cabinet in good shape when in use..
It will be seen that in effecting the abovedescribed result the rods bearin g between the upper and lower rings tend to hold the cover taut, and the tension of the latter, as well as the outward tension of the upper and lower rings, operates to hold the rods in engagement with the said upper and lower rings.
The top ring C is looped upon itself at C2 between its ends, such loop being adapted to serve as a hinge in opening the top ring. This loop C2 enables the wire to be moved apart at the front much easier than would otherwise be possible and also prevents the warping of the wire up and down, as it would do without the loop.
In operation the vapor may be supplied by means of a lamp under the chair of the occupant in the usual manner. When one has entered the cabinet and is ready for the bath, he can close the cabinet by simply pulling the draw-string at the neck and fastening a l single hook in the frame. The door-opening is in other respects entirely automatic in closing, because of the-tension of the top ring C. When it is desired to step from the cabinet, it is only necessary to release the hook and unfasten the drawstring.
When the iiexible cover is soiled, the top and base rings'and the supporting-rods may be readily removed and the cover cleansed by washing or in other desired manner. Vhen the cabinet is not in use, the rods will be removed and taken to pieces and the cabinety proper folded into collapsed form, as shown in Fig. 3. The rods being entirely detached from the rings makes this an easy matter and makes it possible to remove the cloth from the rings without diculty.
Having thus described my invention, what I claim, and' desire to secure by Letters Patent, is*
The improved bath-cabinet comprising the flexible cover having easings for the end rings and vertical casings for the uprights, such vertical easings terminating at their ends adjacent to the casings for the end rings, the rings tted in the end casings, and the rods fitting in the vertical casings and engaged with and bearing between the end rings, and operating to hold the cover taut, the tension of the cover tending in turn to hold the rods in engagement-with the end rings substantially as set forth.
ARCHIBALD o. rLoYn.
fitnessesz REAvEs Woon, CHAs. M. IlAYEs.