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Publication numberUS647875 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 17, 1900
Filing dateFeb 9, 1900
Priority dateFeb 9, 1900
Publication numberUS 647875 A, US 647875A, US-A-647875, US647875 A, US647875A
InventorsErnest Piepenbrink
Original AssigneeErnest Piepenbrink
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fire-extinguishing apparatus.
US 647875 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 647,875. Patented Apr. l7, I900. E. PIEPENBBINK.


(Application filed Fab. 9, 1900.1

(No Model.)



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 647,875, dated April 17, 1900.

Application filed February 9, 1900; Serial No. 4,658. (No model.)

To all whom, it may concern:

Be it known that I, ERNEST PIEPENBRINK, a citizen of the United States, and a resident of Huntington, in the county of Huntington and State of Indiana, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Fire-Extinguishing Apparatus, of which the following is a specification.

My invention is an improvement in fire-extinguishing apparatus for buildings; and the object of the same is to provide a peculiar arrangement of water-distributing pipes and controlling devices by which the water can be caused to flow upon the roof and down the front of the building or directed into the same to effectually flood the interior.

The greatest amount of destruction of property by fire is due to the spreading of the fire from one building to another, and it is evident that if a building should be provided with facilities for flooding the roof and exposed sides the danger of fire being communicated to such a building would be greatly lessened, if not entirely overcome. "It is therefore the primary object of my invention to provide a building with facilities by which the roof and exposed sides can be quickly supplied with continuous streams of water to thoroughly protect the same, and in order that the interior of the building may be flooded in case a fire should originate therein, to thereby assist in extinguishing the fire or confine it within the building, I have also provided for controlling the supply of water so that it may be directed into the building.

The following specification enters into a detail description of my improved apparatus, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, and what I claim as new in the particular construction and arrangement of parts is more specifically set forth in the appended claim.

In the drawings, Figure 1 is a front elevation showing the application of my invention. Fig. 2is a sectional view. Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail view. Fig. 4C is a sectional View.

A designates a water-supply pipe which" leads from a water-main up one side of the house and is coupled to a discharge-pipe B, extending along the cornice, said dischargepipe being provided with several rows of holes I) and 1), opening out of the pipe at a tangent. This discharge-pipe is preferably located with respect to the cornice as shown in the accompanying drawings in order that the water which is discharged in streams may be directed against the under side of the cornice and down the front of the house from the holes I) and b and upon the roof by the holes I) and 19 Fig. 4, while the coupling 0 permits of the discharge-pipe being turnedto change the discharge of the water and direct it also into the house, as shown in Fig. 2, openings h and It being made through the cornice for the passage of the water therethrough. Where the house is not located in a row of houses and one side is also exposed, a branch pipe D is extended along the upper end of the exposed side and is provided with holes, Whichdischarge the water so that it will run down the said side of the housethis in addition to the pipe B, which discharges the water on the front and roof. As fires very often occur from defective flues, I also contemplate extending a perforated pipe around the chimney upon the roof.

The pipe B by discharging against the part 5 of the cornice will not only insure the said cornice being kept constantly wet, but will also direct the water so that it will run down the front of the building.

The discharge of the water is controlled by operating-rods E, connected to the pipe B, from which they depend to a convenient point, and the supply to the said discharge-pipe is controlled by a cock F, located in the Watersupply pipe A.

It will be understood that Where there is no water-main service from which to get a supply of water the supply may be furnished by an elevated tank or reservoir.

The operation of my improved apparatus is as follows: Supposing an adjoining building to be on fire, the discharge-pipe Bis first arranged as shown in Fig. 4, and when the wa ter is turned into said pipe by opening the cock F two streams of water will be discharged upon the roof and two against the cornice and front of the house and by keeptinuallywet will'efiectually prevent the fire being communicated to said building. Thus a system is provided that is always in place ing these exposed parts of the building 0011- and can be quicklyput into service to thoroughly protect the house to which the apparatus is applied. I Now in case a fire should originate in the house supplied with vthe improved apparatus the-pipe B is arranged, as shown in'Fig. 2, to direct streams of water into the house and upon the roof and front in suchmanner as to prevent spreading of the fire, and thereby confine it entirely within the ;ice in case of fire it may also be employed in the summerseason tocool the house off in the evening, and to do this the discharge-pipe is arranged, as shown in Fig. 4:, to direct the water onto'the roof and down the front of the house.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is

In an apparatus for the purposes set forth,

the combination with a cornice'having openings'through the top and back piece thereof,

of a twater-supply pipe A having a valve, a

distributing-pipe B rotatably supported in the cornice and coupled to the supply-pipe, said distributing-pipe being provided with holes b, b,b andb disposed as shown, rods connected to the distributing-pipe for turning the same to change the direction of the streams which issue from the aforesaid holes, and a strip 8 extending along the cornice to deflect the water, substantially as herein shown and described.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4330040 *May 12, 1980May 18, 1982Ence Gerald RFire prevention and cooling system
US5083618 *Sep 24, 1990Jan 28, 1992Hayes Gary DBush fire protection of buildings
US6167971 *Oct 6, 1998Jan 2, 2001Paul Van LingenFire Protection system
US6450264 *Oct 26, 2000Sep 17, 2002William ChristianSprinkler system
US6964379Apr 7, 2003Nov 15, 2005Crowley Joseph TExterior fire suppression system and method for installation
US20040216899 *Apr 7, 2003Nov 4, 2004Crowley Joseph TExterior fire suppression system and method for installation
US20060060362 *Nov 14, 2005Mar 23, 2006Crowley Joseph TExterior fire suppression system and method for installation
US20080000649 *Jun 8, 2007Jan 3, 2008Fire Quench Pty Ltd.Method, system and sprinkler head for fire protection
Cooperative ClassificationA62C35/605, A62C3/0214
European ClassificationA62C3/02D