|Publication number||US6487346 B2|
|Application number||US 09/799,128|
|Publication date||Nov 26, 2002|
|Filing date||Mar 6, 2001|
|Priority date||Mar 7, 2000|
|Also published as||DE10010996A1, EP1132761A2, EP1132761A3, EP1132761B1, US20010021296|
|Publication number||09799128, 799128, US 6487346 B2, US 6487346B2, US-B2-6487346, US6487346 B2, US6487346B2|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (8), Non-Patent Citations (1), Referenced by (33), Classifications (6), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
The invention concerns an optical cable or cable element.
Known in the art is an optical cable consisting of a plurality of individual optical waveguides. The optical waveguides are collected into individual optical waveguide bundles, each optical waveguide bundle being surrounded by a plastic covering. Within the plastic covering, in addition to the optical waveguides, is a compound of incompressible material, e.g. petroleum jelly. Several such optical waveguide bundles are stranded together and the stranded assemblage is surrounded by a plastic jacket. Embedded opposite one another within the wall of the plastic jacket are two tensile-stress-and compression-resistant elements (International Wire & Cable Symposium Proceedings 1999, Page 106).
This known cable is distinguished by a high fibre density. Thus, the cable has up to 144 fibers, with a cable outer diameter of 13.5 mm. The two tensile-stress/compression elements present in the cable jacket give the cable a high load capability in respect of tensile stress and compression. A further advantage is that the fibers are easily accessible.
The object of the present invention is to provide for a cable which has the same advantages as the known cable but which has a smaller outer diameter with the same number of fibers or an equal outer diameter with a higher number of fibers.
This object is achieved by the optical cable or cable element with a plurality of optical waveguide elements which are stranded together and each consist of several optical waveguides, collected into a bundle, and of a plastic covering surrounding the bundle with a maximum free space of 0.1 mm, and of a non-compressible filling compound filling the intermediate spaces between the optical waveguides, and with a layer of longitudinally aligned glass or plastic fibers surrounding the optical waveguide elements and with an extruded outer jacket of a polymer, the outer jacket compressing the layer radially.
The essential advantage of the cable according to the invention compared with the known cable lies in the fact that the tensile-stress/compression elements in the wall of the jacket can be omitted. The bending behaviour of the cable is improved substantially as a result. The tensile-stress/compression stability is provided by the layer compressed by the outer jacket. In addition, the compressed layer protects the optical waveguides from transverse forces, which has a positive effect on the transmission characteristics. By comparison with the known cable, a cable diameter reduction of up to 25% is achieved.
The invention is described more fully with reference to the embodiment examples depicted schematically in FIGS. 1 to 3, wherein:
FIG. 1 shows a cable with 144 fibers
FIG. 2 shows a cable with 1008 fibers
FIG. 3 also shows a cable with 1008 fibers
The optical cable or cable element 1 depicted in FIG. 1 consists of twelve optical waveguide elements 2, which are stranded together, the direction of lay being always the same or changing after some turns (SZ stranding).
Each optical waveguide element contains twelve optical waveguides 3 which are disposed within a thin covering 4 of soft plastic. The thin, soft covering 4 renders possible removal of the covering 4 by the hands or fingers only, so that the optical waveguides 3 become accessible without additional tools.
An incompressible compound, which serves as a support for the thin covering 4 and also affords longitudinal water-tightness, can also be contained within the covering 4, between the optical waveguides 3.
The stranded assemblage formed from the optical waveguide elements 2 is surrounded by a layer 5 which acts as a tensile-stress/compression protection. The layer 5 preferably consists of glass yarns. Over the glass yarn layer 5 is a further jacket 6, e.g. of polyethylene, which is applied in such a way that the layer 5 below it is compressed.
The free spaces between the optical waveguide elements 2 and the layer 5 are either filled with a filling compound or are occupied by several threads or yarns 7 of a material which swells upon the ingress of water.
FIG. 2 shows an optical cable which consists of seven cable elements 1 stranded together, as depicted in FIG. 1. The cable elements 1 are stranded together in either the same or a reversing direction of lay. The stranded assemblage constructed from the cable elements 1 is surrounded by an outer jacket 8, e.g. of polyethylene. Disposed in the free spaces between the cable elements 1 and the outer jacket 8 are threads or yarns 9 of a material which swells upon the ingress of water. Alternatively, the free spaces can also be filled with a filling compound, e.g. petroleum jelly. In the case of this cable construction, a layer of glass fibers, not depicted, can be disposed between the stranded assemblage and the outer jacket 8, being compressed by the outer jacket 8 in the same manner as the layer 5 in FIG. 1.
FIG. 3 depicts an optical cable which has a central tensile-stress/compression element 11, e.g. of glass-fibre reinforced plastic, around which seven cable elements 1—as depicted in FIG. 1—are stranded in the same or a reversing direction of lay. The stranded assemblage of the cable elements 1 is surrounded by an outer jacket 10, e.g. of polyethylene.
In this case, likewise, a plurality of threads or yarns 9 of a material which swells upon the ingress of moisture is disposed in the free spaces between the cable elements 1 and the outer jacket 10. Alternatively, the free spaces can be filled by a filling compound, e.g. a petroleum jelly based compound.
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|1||International Wire and Cable Symposium Proceedings 1999, "A New Type of High Fiber Count, Low Dimension Optical Cable with Simplified Installation Characteristics", by Stefan Pastuszka,, et al., pp. 106-111.|
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
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|US7796896||Sep 29, 2004||Sep 14, 2010||British Telecommunications Plc||Secure optical communication|
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|US7961331||Feb 1, 2007||Jun 14, 2011||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Sensing a disturbance along an optical path|
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|US7995197||Sep 26, 2005||Aug 9, 2011||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Distributed backscattering|
|US8000609||Apr 12, 2006||Aug 16, 2011||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Communicating or reproducing an audible sound|
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|US8396360||Mar 29, 2006||Mar 12, 2013||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Communicating information|
|US8620124||Mar 8, 2013||Dec 31, 2013||Corning Cable Systems Llc||Binder film for a fiber optic cable|
|US8670662||Mar 30, 2007||Mar 11, 2014||British Telecommunications Public Limited Company||Evaluating the position of an optical fiber disturbance|
|US8798417||Nov 27, 2013||Aug 5, 2014||Corning Cable Systems Llc||Binder film for a fiber optic cable|
|US8805144||Feb 27, 2014||Aug 12, 2014||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Stretchable fiber optic cable|
|US8913862||Apr 1, 2014||Dec 16, 2014||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Optical communication cable|
|US9075212||Jun 25, 2014||Jul 7, 2015||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Stretchable fiber optic cable|
|US9091830||Dec 20, 2013||Jul 28, 2015||Corning Cable Systems Llc||Binder film for a fiber optic cable|
|US9097875||Apr 10, 2014||Aug 4, 2015||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Binder film for a fiber optic cable|
|US9140867||Jun 26, 2014||Sep 22, 2015||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Armored optical fiber cable|
|US9400362 *||Jul 7, 2014||Jul 26, 2016||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Fiber optic cable|
|US9435972||Jun 26, 2015||Sep 6, 2016||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Binder film for a fiber optic cable|
|US20050196113 *||May 9, 2005||Sep 8, 2005||Hurley William C.||High density fiber optic cable|
|US20050244115 *||Apr 28, 2004||Nov 3, 2005||Furukawa Electric North America, Inc.||High count optical fiber cable|
|US20070264012 *||Sep 20, 2005||Nov 15, 2007||Peter Healey||Identifying or Locating Waveguides|
|US20080123085 *||Dec 15, 2005||May 29, 2008||Sikora Edmund Sr||Assessing A Network|
|US20080219660 *||Mar 29, 2006||Sep 11, 2008||Peter Healey||Communicating Information|
|US20090304338 *||Dec 23, 2005||Dec 10, 2009||Davidson Grant M||All-Dielectric Self-Supporting Cable Having High Fiber Count|
|US20150016790 *||Jul 7, 2014||Jan 15, 2015||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Fiber optic cable|
|US20150110451 *||Jun 27, 2014||Apr 23, 2015||Corning Optical Communications LLC||Optical fiber cable with reinforcement|
|WO2007073386A1 *||Dec 23, 2005||Jun 28, 2007||Prysmian Communications Cables And Systems Usa, Llc||All-dielectric self-supporting cable having high fiber count|
|U.S. Classification||385/109, 385/106|
|Cooperative Classification||G02B6/441, G02B6/4494|
|May 16, 2001||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: ALCATEL, FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:NOTHOFER, KLAUS;REEL/FRAME:011809/0434
Effective date: 20010404
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