US 648841 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 648,84I. Patentd May I, |900.
c. .1. BROSNAN.
P A P E R C L l P (Application led Sept. 21, 1899.)
UNITED STATES PATENT Ormea.
coRNELIfUs .L BROSNAN, or SPRINGFIELD,'NMnssncnusnfr'rs.l
SPECIFICATIONffOrmng part 0f Letters Patent/N0. 648,841, dated May 1, 1900.
Application filed September-21, 1899. SerialNo. 731,146. (No model.) 4
To @Z whom it may concern:
^ Be it known that I, CORNELIUS J. BROSNAN, a citizen of the United States of America, and a resident of Springfield, in the county of Hampden and State of Massachusetts, have invented certain new and useful'lmprovements in Paper-Gli ps, of which the following is a full, clear, and exact description.
This invention relates to an improved clip or binder for fastening together sheets of paper, the object being to provide a form of paper-fastener which may be rapidly and cheaply made in large quantities from spring- Wire, having the capability of being very con- `veniently applied in its fastening engagement with several sheets of paper, of holding the papers together with all required security,and yet of permitting its disengagement when desire The-invention consists in the paper fastener constructed of a single length of wire bent'to form a rectangular frame, with the end portion of the wire deflected inwardly within and near one end of the frame and extended longitudinally along and within the middle of the device and having its extreme end portion preferably formed into an eye, the entire clip so formed having all the portions thereof `normally disposed in a common plane ashereinafter described and adapted for use andexplained.
The device is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in whichv Figure lis a perspectiveview showing the clip as applied for holding together several sheets of paper. Fig.' 2 is a face View of the clip. Fig. 3 is an' edge view of the same shown as applied about the marginal portions of several sheets of paper. Fig. 4 is a face view of the clip. having minor modifications to be referred to.
The paper fastener or' clip A is formed of with an inturned portion near its outer end c, while the remaining portion of the wire is inturned, as at b, to a point Within and near one end of the frame, and the stemportion d,
constituted by the extremity of such wire,
thence extended substantiall'ylongitudinally,
terminating, preferably, in the edge f within .and near the other -end of the frame, and all parts of the device are normally disposed in a common plane, so that the clip is quite flat when not in use. The inturned portion b, especially where the bend is made more abrupt, as shown in Fig. 4, exerts a pressure upon the' papers at this pointand holds them more secu rely together than is thecase where no such Y intnrned portion is formed. The action exerted by that portion of the clip above the inturned portion b is most eect'ive when the paper is forced up in the lclip as high as possible, for this inturned portion .exerts a pressure like a knee bearing into the paper and gives the paper ,its final and most effective bind.
In placing the fastener in its engagement to hold several sheets of paper together the median tongue is by the thumb or finger deflected out of the normal plane of its occupancy, thereby developing a spring reaction, and the marginal portion of the several sheets of paper may be readily slipped between the frameat the one side and the tongue at the other to be gripped between said parts.
In placing the device over'the marginal por- ,render greater the tension required to disengage the clip.
The face at one side of the frame a and the stem at its opposite side may be advantageously and readilyl formed ratchet-like or with small serrations, as indicated at i in Fig. 3.
Having thus described my invention, what I claimand desire to secure by Letters Patent, is
1. A clipor paper-fastener constructed of f a single length of wire bent to form an elongated frame With'an end portion of the wire deliected inwardly within and near one end of the frame, and extended longitudinally adong and within the middle of the device,
and formed corrugated, and terminating in :in eye, substantially as described.
2. A clip or paper-fastener constructed of single length of wire bent to forrn an' elongated frame with an end portion of the wire deflected inwardly within and near one end of the frame, and extended longitudinally :doug an d within the middle of the device, terminating near the other end of the frame, the one side of the longitudinal portions of Ithe frame, and the opposite side of the median stem being formed, serrated, substantially as described. l
3. A clip or paper-fastener constructed of :t single length of wire bent to form an elon- 15 gated frame with an end portion of the Wire deflected inwardly within and near one end of the frame, and extended longitudinally along and within the middle of the device, and terminating in an eye near the other end of zo the frame, and all parte of the 'device being normally disposed in a common plane, substantially its described.
CORNELUS J. BROSNAN.
WM. S. BELLOWS, M. A. CAMPBELL.