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Publication numberUS650074 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 22, 1900
Filing dateSep 16, 1899
Priority dateSep 16, 1899
Publication numberUS 650074 A, US 650074A, US-A-650074, US650074 A, US650074A
InventorsJoseph Conley
Original AssigneeWilliam E Stubbs, Joseph Conley
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined knapsack, hammock, and wearing-apparel.
US 650074 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

No. 650,074. Patented May 22, I900.


(Application filed Sept. 16, 1899.)

2 Sheets-{Sheet (No Model.)

n8: NORM-S virus 60.. Puo'muma. WASHINGTON. a c..

No. 650,074. Patented May 22, won. J. CONLEY.

COMBINED KNAPSACK, HAMMOCK, AND WEARING APPAREL. (Application filed se tfle, 1899.)

(No Model.) 2 Sheeis-Shest 2 UNITED STATES PATENT QFFICE.



SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 650,074, dated May 22, 1900.

Application filed September 16, 1899. Serial No. 730,753. (N0 model.)

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I, JOSEPH OoNLnY, a citizen of the United States, residing at Mound City, in the county of Holt and State of Missouri, have invented new and useful Improvements in a Combined Knapsack, Hammock, and Wearing-Apparel, of which the following is a specification.

This invention relates to certain new and useful improvements in a combined knapsack, hammock, and wearing-apparel; and it consists in the construction or make-up of the several sections or parts so that they can be connected to provide a hammock, and when not used for such a purpose the parts may be used as a long overcoat and cape or a short coat without a cape, in which instance the skirts and cape may be folded to assume the shape of a knapsack, as will be hereinafter more fully set forth.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a view showing the several parts arranged for use as a garment, providing in this instance a coat with long skirts and a cape; a perspective view illustrating how the cape and skirts may be folded to provide a knapsack. Fig. 3 is a side elevation showing the parts assembled and used as a hammock, and Fig. 4 is a plan view.

The coat proper may be of the usual pattern, without skirts, and said coatA has a collar which is provided centrally with an eyelet, a reinforced opening, or a loop a. The collar adjacent to its junction with the body portion of the coat has eyeletsor equivalent means for attaching thereto, by means of a lacing-cord, a cape B, The lower portion of the coat A at a suitable distance above its lower edge, so as not to be exposed, has secured thereto a strip or inner facing a", which has eyelets or reinforced openings for attaching to the coat A skirts C, so that the style of coat may be varied from a box-coat, N orfolk jacket, or a regulation military coat to one with skirts.

The attachable skirt-section Q of the garment is provided at its upper edge with eyelets c, and adjacent to its lower edge is se cured an inner facing-strip which has eyelets c. Pockets are provided, which are stitched to the inner side of the section 0, and said Fig. 2 is.

pockets 0 have the openings covered by exterior flaps c and adjacent to the corners of the pockets on the outside of the skirt-section are secured loops c The skirt-section C may be attached to the lower edge of the coat A by means of a suitable lacing-cord, which is passed through the eyelets in the facing-strip of the coat. The upper edge of the skirt and the width of the lower edge of the coat are equal. The skirt may be slit at its rear in the usual manner, and the front may be provided with fastening means, the same as are used upon the front of the coat.

The capeB has its lower edge made in the same manner as the lower edge of the coat, the lower edge of the skirt being of similar construction. The width of the lower edge of the skirt and the lower edge of the cape are approximately the same and may be connected when desired. The cape is provided at its upper portion with a collar 1), which has a central eye 1) near the edge of the collar, and said cape adjacent to the collar has eyelets b for the reception of a cord which can be used for lacing the cape to the coat beneath its collar, the eyelets attached adjacent to the collar of the coat being covered when the collar of the coat is turned down, and said coat-collar may be folded over the collar of the cape.

The general appearance of the parts of the garment when worn together is not materially different in appearance from an overcoat having a cape, and the parts may be made up of waterproof fabric or'other such material,

as may be desired. For instance, the coat may be of any suitable fabric, and the cape and skirts, of waterproof material or of the same fabric as the coat, can be treated so as to be rendered waterproof. In the make-up of the parts instead of using eyelets and lacing-cords, hooks and eyes, buttons and buttonholes, or other fastening means can be employed to connect the parts, and instead of having eyelets or perforations through the collars of the coat and cape loops may be attached in lieu of eyelets. The several parts may be reinforced by longitudinal strips or by folding and stitching the fabric, so as to provide longitudinal plaits.

When thecoat is worn and itis desired to carry the other parts of the garment and have a knapsack, the cape and skirt are folded so that the flaps of the pockets in the latter part will be outward and on the inner and outer sides of the package to -provide receptacles, and the package ismaintained inshape bycordsid d,

"which are passed through the loops-c nearthe corner of said pockets or receptacles, and shoulder-straps (1, having at their ends hooks for engagement with the loops on the inger l he side of the package, are usedto carry same after the manner of a knapsack. A

blanket'or tent can'befolded within the rams of the cape and skirt or maybe made into rolls and attached to the upper. and lower edgesof the rectangular package, whichis foldedto be of the same size-as the regula-' tion knapsack, and the parts'being of waterproof material will protect what is folded within the same from the weather.

of the receptacle or knapsack D, so that they will boot easy access. The shoulder-straps are adjustablein the usual manner, and ,if desired, the package D may be carried after the manner of a haversack.

When itis' desired to convert the several parts or sections intoa hammock, the cape is detached from the coat and its lower edgeis fastened to the lower edge of the skirt-section, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 of the'draw in gs, and when thecollars are folded outward 5 from the parts to which they are secured and the structure is suspended from said collars itwill assume a shape which provides a comforta'ble hammock of suflicierit length to be usedby'the wearer of'the garment. 1 I

I As a convenient means for supporting the hammock I employ short standards E, which have-flat bases 2, and stay said standards by' the shoulder-straps at of the knapsack and the "cordsd d, one endof the cords'and straps being.- attached either to the upper end of the standards or to the openings throughthe col.-

lar of the coat-shaped section and the collar of the cape-shaped section. I

ture is used as shown in Fig. 1 the"stand-. ards may be carried without inconvenience" by beingpassed through the loopsc at the rear of the skirt-section, and when the skirt- When thestrucsection is folded in knapsack form thestandards can be carried therein.

7 Having thus. described myinvention, what Iclai'm as new, and desire to secureby Letters I Patent, is'

L A-hammock madeup of a coat-shaped It will be also noted that the pockets are'on the outside" T collar-shaped extensionswith means for suspending the, parts therefrom-,- and a skirtfshapedsectionthe width of the ends thereof being approxima'telyj the same as the width of the wider ends of the other sections, and means for attaching the sections together, ;the 'atta'chingcmea'ns' being adjacent to the wider ends of the coat shaped andc'ape-shaped 'gsections andfa t both of the ends'of the skirtishaped SCtiOHJi 3'. A garinent'withsleeves whichhas at one end suspendin'g'means and near theother and wider end an'inner flap, a skirt-section i'a'dapted to be attached to the aforesaid flap,

isaid' skirt=section having a similarflap atone fend, a cape-shaped section the widerend of which has a flap and the narrower end suspending means, and connecting means where= by. thefseveral sections may be assembled, for

use-as a' garment or to form a hammock, for

:the purpose set forth.

4. In combination with a bod y=garment having sleeves and means for attachingthe lower fedg'e thereof to a skirt, of a skirt the lower edge of. which is provided with meansfor'connectin g thereto the wider end of a-cape-shaped fgarr'nent, the skirt having pockets with exte ;1-ior flaps and loops, substantially as'shown f whereby the skirt may be folded-in knapsack ,formgtogether with means attached to the" loops for retaining such form and'ca'rrying thesamer I 5. In combination witha coat, said coat having'adjacent to its lower edge fastening.

devices, of a'c'ape thewider end of whichis provided with fastening devices,- substantiallyas shown, whereby the two widerends" of the garments canbe connected; for the purpose setforth. i

In; testimony whereof I'h'ave hereunto set myghand-in presence of two subscribing witnesses. I I JOSEPH GONLEY.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3837006 *Sep 4, 1973Sep 24, 1974B LasemanSportsman{40 s tent
US4103377 *Jan 27, 1977Aug 1, 1978Mel A. PfreizerKnapsack-parka sleeping bag
US6421834Jan 9, 2001Jul 23, 2002Robert J. KesterSurvival jacket
US6698029 *Mar 20, 2003Mar 2, 2004Michael TadrosPants convertible into hammock
US20030196243 *Mar 20, 2003Oct 23, 2003Michael TadrosPants convertible into hammock
US20050016981 *Jul 24, 2003Jan 27, 2005George IrvinPersonal blind heat containment apparatus and method therefor
WO2003079834A1 *Mar 21, 2003Oct 2, 2003Tadros MichaelPants convertible into hammock
Cooperative ClassificationA41D15/04