US 650166 A
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yUNITED- STATES i NPnriiiwr OFFICE;
CHARLES NonA'n'r-zonnmor Minna-Arctis, MINNESOTA. f
PNEu-M'Arlo sYRuP-JAR FOR s-oDA-FoUNTAiNs.
l SPECIFICATION forming pari 'ofjnoiters raient No. 650,166, dated riay aa, reco. Application iiledd'uly17,1899 Serial No. 724,048; (No model.) i A l V To @ZZ whom *itin/ay conce-rn: f
Be vit'known that I, CHARLES N. CHAD BOURN, of Minneapolis, in the county of Hennepin, State of Minnesota, have invented certain Improvements in Pneumatic Syrup-.I ars for Soda-Fountains, of which the following is a speciiication.-
This inventionrelates to im provementsin syrup-jars for soda-fountains; and the objects I have in View are to provide a syrup-jar from which thesyrup may be forced by pneumatic pressure; also, to provide a series of such jars in connection with a single pump so arranged that the syrup maybe forced from any one of the jars at will also, to provide a jar that-can 4 b'e readily remoyed and refilled withnutremoving any'of the other jars; also, to provide a jarwith au outlet pipe ortubev in which any of the syrup remaining in the tube may be drawn back into the jar instead of being allowed to drip from the open end of the tube.
Other 'objects of the' inventionwill appearl from the fouowing detailed description, raken in connection with -the accompanyingdrawings, in which- 'i Figure 1 is a rear view of a number' of syrupjars embodying my invention, showing the arrangement of the jars in the soda-fountain. Fig. 2 is avertical section of a portion of a soda-fountain and one of the jars and its connections.
In 'the drawings, 2 represents a syrup-jar that may be of any ordinary or preferred con- I prefer to employ a common Mason glass jar having a -screwthreaded top,
. which is' adapted to be screwed into a screwthreaded cover 3. The cover 3 is provided with a suitable filling-orifice having a cap 4. The, cover 3 is also provided with an outlettube 5 andan air-inlet tube 6. The jar, with its connections, is' preferably located behind a narrow plate or slab 7, preferably of marble, and a series of -these slabs arrangedside by side, as shown -in Fig. 1, make up a section of i the*4 front of the soda fountain. These plates preferably rest on a marble or other slab' (see IFig.,2) and t against 'a stop 7".
Each' of said plates or slabs is preferably providedv with ya hook 8 atits lower end, which l Fig. 3 is a representation of a' pump that may be employed in Aconnection liivithfthe jar.l
hooks over a rod 9. (See Fig. 2.)r The weight of the jar holds the plate in position. When is desired to remove auyjar and plate, the 'handle 13 is grasped and the topof the plate is tipped outward until it clears the slab "or plate above, and then the plate is lifted to free the hook 8 from the rod 9'.' The jar-cover 3 is secured to the back ofthe plate or'slab 7 by a suitable bracket 8. The cover being held by the bracket and the jar being screwed into the cover, the jar is held suspended thereby, as shown in Fig. 2.- The tube 6 is 'connected to a cock 9, the plug l0 of4 which is provided with a hole or opening 11, and a stem i12 is connected to the plug 10 and Vpasses aliroagh the plateer stab 7 'and is provided with a handle 13, by means of which the plug may be turned. A pipe 14 is arranged above `the series of jars, as shown in Fig. 1, and each cock 9 is connected to thepipe 14 'bya rubber or other fie'xible tube land coupling 1'5, which permits any one of the jars to be'drawn forward a su cien't distance to enable it tobe filled or detachedat the coupling. A suitable air-pump is connected to the pipe 14 by any suitable means, as the tube 16, Fig. `1. In' Fig. 3 I have represented an air-pump provided with a barrel 17 and plunger-rod 18, having a cap or head 19 and surrounded by a spring 20. The'tube 16. is 'connected to the barrel of the air-pump. j
The cocks 9 are normallyclosed, so as to prevent air being forced into the jars. 'When it is desired to draw syrup from any jar, the `cock for that jar is opened, the pump is operated by. foot or other pressure, and air is forced into that jar and the syrup is forced out of the pipe 5.: In practice a partialstroke of the piston of the pump will force fromthe jar as much syrup as it will :be 'necessary to draw at one time, and the return'stroke of .the pump-piston will suck back into the jar any syrup there may bein th tube'. I
may also provide a lip or ledge 2 nearthe" end'of the tube,` so vchat any syrup' in #the tube when the` air-pressure ceases will' be compelled to run back into the jar, the tube -5 being preferably arranged onfaninclie. For the purpose of insuring the immediate stoppage of'the llow of the 4sj'frup when the Ioo pump is stopped and -the drawing back'intoj .ment of the'pistonceases and the pressure ,is removed from the piston-rod the spring begins to move lthe piston in the opposite direction and the movement of the piston' draws the air back into the jar through the tube 5, andl thereby sucks back into the jar any syrup there may be in this tube.
` I do not confine myself to any particular construction vor arrangement of the air-pump, but prefer to use a pump that may be operated by foot-power, as I consider this the most convenient. A hand-pump may, however, be used, if preferred.
The tube 5 is preferably provided with a movable .extension 23,.arranged to telescope over the lower end of .the tube for the purpose of adapting the tube for use with jars i of different heights.
Instead .of using a pump I may use any other suitable means for" creating a pressure of air'in thejar. Instead of using the screwthreaded connection between the cover and jar I may use yany'other clamp that will insure an air-tight closure of the jar.
I do not confine myself to the details of the construction shown and described, as the samemay be varied in many particulars without departing from my invention.
Iv claim as my invention- 1. The combination, with a movable plate or slab, of a screw-threaded cover secured thereto,an'd a syrup-jar having a threaded .whereto'each is joined by a valved connection, an open outlet for each jar discharging at a point above the levell of the liquid therein, and an air-pump connected with said pipe to force air into or draw air therefrom, accordingl to the direction in which the pump is operated.
8. The combination, in. a soda-water fountain, of the fountain-frame, the plurality of jars arranged therein and each attached to a plate or` panel in said frame, and removable therefrom with -said panel, an air-pipe provided in said frame, tiexible valved connections leading therefrom to each jar, means for forcing air into said .pipe or drawing -the same therefrom, and each jar having an outlet or discharge nozzle above the same, leading through the plate carrying the jar, substantially as described.
9. The combination, with'thc frame, of the pressure-pipe arranged therein, a suitable source of pressure connected therewith, two
or more jar-couplings provided on said frame,
connections kleading therefrom .to said pipe and containing pressure -.valves, the discharge-nozzles also leading from said couplings and extending beneath the same and on their lower ends provided with/yielding or movable extensions, and the common glass jars attached to said couplings, to contain from the pump, and means to shut off the top adapted to be screwed `into said cover, substantially as described.
f 2. The combination, with a series of movable nlates or slabs. of svrun-iars connected to'and supported by said plates or slabs, an air-pump connected to all of said jars and adapted to force air into or draw same from said jars, and means to shut olf the air-pressure from any jar, substantially as described.
3. The combination, in a soda-fountain, with a'series of movable plates or slabs, of syrup-jars supported upon said plates,an. airliex'ible connections between said pump and said jars permitting any plate and jar to be drawn out without disconnecting it pressure from Aany jar, substantially as described.
f1. The combination, in a 'soda-fountain, with a movable plate or slab, of `a cover secured thereto, and a syrupjar connected to said cover, the joint between said cover 4and jarbeing air-tight, substantially as described.
The combination,` with a pneumatic syrup-jar, of a pump provided with a doubleacting piston, and having a vali-ed connection syrup, substantially as described.
' 10. The combination, in asoda-waterfountain, of a suitable frame, with the plates or panels therein,' an -airpipe also provided therein, the jar heads or caps provided upon said panels and each havinga valved connection with said pipe, the valve-handle in each case being upon the face of the panel, eachsaid head also having a discharge-pipe appearing at the front of the panel, said panels and the parts attached thereto being removable from said frame as permitted by said connections, meansV for creating pressure or suction in said pipe, and the cylindrical glass syrup-jars removably attached to said heads or caps and closed thereby, substantially as described.
. 11. The combination, in a soda-water fountain, of a plurality of closed syrup-jars, having outlet or discharge tubes leading above said jars from the bottoms thereof, with a pressurepipe.having a valved connection with eachl` of said jars, upon the opening of which connections pressure may be exerted, throughsaid pipe, upon the liquid in a jar to force the'liquid out through its dischargetube, or suction created to draw the `liquid back into the jar, and means creating pressure and suction in said pipe, alternately,
only when desired, substantially as described.
12. The combination, in a soda-water fountain, of a plurality of closed syrup-jars, having outlet or discharge tubes leading above said jars from the bottoms thereof, with a pressure pipe having a valved connection with each of said jars, upon the opening of which connections pressure may be exerted, through said pipe, upon the liquid in a jar to force the liquid outthrough its dischargetube, or suction created to draw the liquid back into the jar, means creating pressure and suction in said pipe, alternately, only when desired, and said connections and suitable couplings between the said pipe and jars permitting the removal of said jars, substant-ially as described.
13. The combination, in a soda-water foun` tain, of a plurality of closed syrup-jars, having outlet or discharge tubes leading above said jars from the bottoms thereof, with a pressure -pipe having a valved connection with each of said jars, upon the opening of which connection pressure may be exerted, through said pipe, upon the liquid in a jar to force the liquid out through its dischargetube, or suction created to draw the liquid back into the jar, means creating pressure and suction in said pipe, alternately, only when desired, said connections and suitable couplings between the said pipe and jars permitting the removal of said jars, Without dismembering said connections, substantially as' described.
14:. The combination, in a soda-water foune tain, of a plurality of closed syrup-jars, each having an outlet or discharge tube leading above its jar from the bottoms thereof, a pressure-pipe having a valved connection with each of said jars upon the opening of which pressure may be exerted, through said pipe, upon the liquid in a jar, to force the liquid out through its discharge-tube, or suction created, to draw the liquid back into the jar, and means creating pressure and suction in said pipe alternately, only when desired, the said means being automatic in creating said suction, substantially as described.
15'. The combination, in a soda-water fountain, of a frame, with a plurality of plates or panels removably arranged therein and carrying jar heads or caps, suitable valves and discharge-ducts, and the round glass jars detachably secured to said heads and removable with said panels, substantially as described.
16. In a soda-water fountain, a common cylindrical glass jar, in combination with the cap thereof forming a permanent part of the fountain and provided with a discharge-D07'- zle, substantially as described.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand this 13th day of July, 1899.
CHARLES N. CHADBOURN.
A. C. PAUL, A. F. HOLMES.