US 650699 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 650,699. Patented May 29, |900.
' L. A. WILLIAMS.
FU RN I'TURE.
(Application Bled 'May 8, 1899.)
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srEoIFIcATIoN forming part of Letters Patent No. 650,699, dated MayV 29,4900.
Application ledMaf 8,1899. semina. 715,965. montan.)
To all whom, it may concern.
Be it known that I, LEONARD A. WILLAMs, a citizen of the United States, residing at Springfield, in the county of Greene and State of Missouri, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Furniture, of which the following is a full, clear, andeXact description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this speciiication.
My invention relates to an improvement in furniture provided with drawers, such as shown in Letters Patent granted to me March 9, 1897, No. 578,530.
The present invention consists in features of novelty hereinafter fully described, and pointed out in the claim.
Figure I is a horizontal sectional View taken on the line I I, Fig. II, through a piece of furniture constructed in accordance with my invention. Fig. II is a vertical cross-sectional view taken on the line II II, Fig. I. Fig. III is a horizontal sectional view taken on the line III III, Fig. II. Fig. IV is a view in front elevation of one of the upper corners of a piece of furniture with a part of the front corner-piece and parting-rail fitting therein shown in section. Fig. V is a cross-sectional view, partly broken out, of one of the drawers. Fig. VI is a perspective View of the interlocking parts at one end of the piece of furniture, illustrating the manner inV which they are placed together. Fig. VII is an inside perspective view of one of the intermediate parting-strips. Fig. VIII is a detail perspective view of the front end of one of the drawer-runners and the feather that fits therein. Fig. IX is a detail sectional view of one of the rear corner-pieces. Fig. X is a detail view of the under side of one of the end pieces, showing the connection of the stay-bar thereto.
1 1 designate the rear corner-pieces of the piece of furniture. These pieces are provided with vertical back grooves 2, (see Figs. I, II, III, and VL) that receive the back piece 5, that is fitted into said back grooves and suitably secured in place. In the forward side of each corner-piece 1 is an outer groove 3, that receives the end pieces 6. Parallel with the outer grooves 3 are inner grooves 4., the
'purpose of which will be hereinafter eri- `plained. l 7 designates the front corner-pieces,proa 'vided with outer grooves 8, that receive the 1 end pieces 6, and inner grooves 9, corresponding in position and purpose to the inner grooves 4.- in the rear corner-pieces. The front corner-pieces 7 are joined rby an upper parting-strip 10, a lower parting 1 strip 11, and intermediate parting-strips 12. The upper parting-strip is secured to the top 13 of the piece of furniture and depends therefrom between the front corner-pieces 7. The lower and intermediate parting-strips are secured to the front corner-pieces in the following manner: In the front corner-pieces are holes 7, extending forwardly from the rear of said pieces and in an' outwardly and laterally slanting direction, whereby the inner ends of said holes are rendered more removed from the facing edges of the cornerieces than are the entrances of the holes. hese holes 7L receive rounding tenons 14. on the ends of the parting-strips, and by reason of the holes eX- tending in such a slanting direction when the tenons are drawn forwardly into said holes they are made to bind tightly therein and effect a secure and stable joint that would not be eected were the holes produced in the corner-pieces in lines parallel to the opposing faces of the corner-pieces. In the rear edges of the parting-strips are grooves 15, that slant forwardly at locations near the ends of the strips.
16 designates drawer-runners the forward ends of which contain horizontal grooves that receive feathers 17. The feathers 17 are provided with beveled forward ends 17 a, adapted to seat in the slanting grooves 15 contained by the parting-strips. The rear ends of the drawer-runners are provided with tenons 16, that fit in holes 18, bored into the rear corner pieces 1, and the front ends with grooves 161.
In assembling the piece of furniture the parting-strips are put in place by inserting their tenons in the holes 7, and the drawerrunners are then put in place by inserting the tenons 16it into the holes 18 and the feathers 17V (which are glued into the grooves in the drawer-runners) into place in the slant ing grooves 15.
19 designates drawer-guides having rounded extensions 19 and arranged at one end of the piece of furniture in the inner grooves 4 and 9, contained by the corner-pieces7 and 2O are drawer-equalizers having rounded extensions 20a and arranged in the inner grooves 4 and 9 at the opposite end of the piece of furniture.
2l designates the drawers, the sides of which are formed with rounded extensions 22,that project below the bottom of the drawer and form runner-shoes that travel on the drawer-runners,thereby providing for a moreeasy sliding movement of the drawer in opening or closing it.
25 designates the drawer-openings, each drawer-opening being of greater height than the drawer-body adapted to occupy it, so as to permit vertical play of the drawer for the purpose hereinafter described.
The parting-strips 10 and 12 are each provided at their forward edges with upwardlygrooved extensions 10* and l2, the grooves of which are adapted to receive the upper edges of the drawer-fronts 2l behind the overlapping pendent flanges 10b 12b. The object in forming the grooves contained by the extensions 10L 12t is to provide means for securing the drawers in closed position without the necessity of locking them. In the use of other advantage in this feature of construction lies in the fact that the erevices between the tops of the drawers and the parting-strips may be thus eifeetually closed to prevent the ingress of varnish to the interior'of the drawers when the piece of furniture isbeing coated.
23 designates a stay-bar extending lengthwise of the piece of furniture and serving to strengthen the joints and hold the parts in proper relation to each other. The ends of this bar are provided with vertical tenons 24, that fit in upwardly-extending holes 6a (see Fig. X) in the lower edges of the ends 6. The holes 6 are bored slanting in a similar man- ,ner to those, 7, in the front corner-pieces, so
that when the stay-bar is put in place the tenons are drawn tightly to position in the holes 6, thereby causing them to become snugly and firmly fitted into said holes to bind the stay-bar and ends 6.
I claim as my invention- A piece of furniture comprising cornerpieces, back piece, end pieces, parting-strips, each formed with a forward extension having a groove and a pendent flange in front of the groove, and arranged to provide drawer-openings, runners, and drawers, each having a body of less height than the drawer-opening, and a front extending above the drawer-body and its opening, and adapted to occupy the groove in the extension located thercover; substantially as described.
LEONARD A. TILLIAMS In presence of- L. M. SMrr'r, Il. E. WRIGHT.