|Publication number||US6536138 B1|
|Application number||US 09/672,082|
|Publication date||Mar 25, 2003|
|Filing date||Sep 29, 2000|
|Priority date||Oct 1, 1999|
|Also published as||CA2321174A1, CN1144541C, CN1290500A, EP1088488A1|
|Publication number||09672082, 672082, US 6536138 B1, US 6536138B1, US-B1-6536138, US6536138 B1, US6536138B1|
|Original Assignee||Salomon S.A.|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Patent Citations (16), Referenced by (11), Classifications (13), Legal Events (4)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
This application is based upon French Application No. 99 12414, filed Oct. 1, 1999, the disclosure of which is hereby incorporated by reference thereto in its entirety and the priority of which is claimed under 35 USC 119.
1. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a device for guiding a flap of a closure or tightening mechanism. More particularly, the invention relates to such a device used in conjunction with an article of sports footwear, and which has at least two semi-rigid overlapping flaps. The device is preferably intended for binding the article of footwear, in the form of a boot, e.g., onto a sports apparatus, especially an apparatus used in a gliding sport, such as an in-line roller skate, that integrates therewith the article of footwear. More particularly, the invention relates to an article of footwear including a tightening mechanism which, in addition to a device for tightening the two flaps, includes a structural relationship for guiding one of the flaps beneath the other.
2. Description of Background and Relevant Information
In the field of sports boots, as in the field of devices for binding a sports boot to a gliding element, it is often necessary to ensure that the foot is properly held, either for reasons of efficiency in practicing the sport, or for reasons related to safety. To this end, it is known to equip his type of boot with a semi-rigid upper, or to equip the upper with semi-rigid upper components, such as a tightening collar. These uppers or upper components are most often equipped with overlapping portions, that can be position over one another, and which are adjusted by a tighten mechanism around the user's foot. Generally, for a good functioning of the boot, the relative position of the flaps with respect to one another is unique. Specifically, a lower flap must be located beneath an upper flap, when the flaps overlap. However, during use, the flap that should be underneath, i.e., the lower flap, frequently ends up on top.
This problem is particularly crucial when the flaps are designed to enable a complete opening, for example, in an ankle tightening collar of a walking shoe, a cross-country ski boot, or a roller skate boot.
Patent Application EP 819 390 describes a roller skate that includes a flexible liner retained at the front and rear in rigid components of the upper. Moreover, above the ankle, two semi-rigid portions of the upper ensure the holding of the user's lower leg due to a tightening mechanism having a notched strap. In this skate, the semi-rigid components of the upper, called flaps, are sized to never overlap because they are short. This choice males it possible to avoid the problem of incorrect relative positioning of the two flaps, but this can be achieved only at the expense of adequate holding of the user's foot and the comfort thereof. Indeed, in the central zone, the holding is not done by either flap, but by the notched strap.
Patent Application EP 500 479 and family member U.S. Pat. No. 5,279,052 disclose a ski boot constituted by a semi-rigid upper including four tightening hooks which can be divided into two groups. The hooks of the bottom of the foot close the bottom flaps of the boot. During normal use of the boot, this portion of the boot is not provided to open completely. Therefore, no device has been provided to prevent the flaps from incorrectly engaging with respect to one another (see FIG. 5 of EP 500 479). The top hooks, on the other hand, ensure the tightening of a portion of the upper that opens completely to allow putting on the boot. To limit the problem of incorrect engagement of the flaps with respect to one another, one of the elements of the tightening mechanism has been brought closer to the free end of one of the flaps (see FIG. 6 of this document).
If such an arrangement prevents the tightening of the flaps when they are incorrectly positioned with respect to one another, the user's attention is necessary however to ensure a correct engagement of the two flaps.
An object of the present invention is to overcome the aforementioned disadvantages. In particular, an object of the invention is to provide a device that ensures the perfect engagement of the two overlapping flaps.
The present invention primarily applies to any closure or tightening mechanism and, more particularly, that which is intended for an article of footwear, or any binding device including at least two rigid or semi-rigid elements, referred to as flaps, which overlap during the closing of same, or the adjustment of the article of footwear or of the binding device, thus defining an upper flap and a lower flap, the footwear, or the binding device, also being equipped with a tightening mechanism. In order to resolve the problem posed, the present invention provides for equipping the article of footwear with a structural arrangement that ensures the guiding of the lower flap beneath the upper flap, the guiding arrangement prohibiting the engagement of the lower flap over the upper flap.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the tightening mechanism includes two fixed portions, each of which is attached onto one of the flaps, a movable portion ensuring the linkage between these two fixed portions, and a keeper ensuring the guiding of a movable portion. In this embodiment, the arrangement for guiding the lower flap beneath the upper flap, which is constituted by at least one ramp, is associated with the tightening mechanism, the ramp or ramps particularly being arranged on the keeper ensuring the guiding of the movable portion of the tightening mechanism.
The present invention will be better understood, and other characteristics thereof will become apparent from the description that follows, with reference to the annexed drawings showing, by way of non-limiting examples, a plurality of embodiments, and in which:
FIGS. 1 and 2 illustrate a device for tightening two flaps according to the prior art;
FIG. 3 shows a top view of two flaps of an article of footwear according to a first embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 4 shows a cross-section of the upper flap shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 shows a front view of the upper flap shown in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 shows a cross-section of the engagement of the two flaps shown in FIG. 3;
FIG. 7 shows a top view of two flaps of a footwear according to a second embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 8 shows a cross-section of the upper flap shown in FIG. 7;
FIG. 9 shows a front view of the upper flap shown in FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 shows in cross-section the start of engagement of the two flaps shown in FIG. 7;
FIG. 11 shows a view to FIG. 10 at the completion of the engagement of the two flaps;
FIG. 12 shows a view of the upper flap of an article of footwear according to a third embodiment of the invention;
FIG. 13 shows a view of the upper flap of an article of footwear according to a fourth embodiment of the invention;
FIGS. 14-18 show partial views of the upper flap belonging to footwear according to alternative embodiments of the invention; and
FIG. 19 illustrates an exemplary skate and boot thereof, with which the tightening mechanism of the invention is incorporated.
FIG. 1 illustrates a device for tightening two semi-rigid flaps according to the prior art.
The two flaps 1, 2 are tightened around the user's foot by means of a notched strap 3. The latter is fixed via a lever mechanism 4 on the first flap 1. A ratchet blocker 5 is fixed in the vicinity of the free end of the second flap 2. The two flaps can constitute, for example, the two free ends of a collar for tightening the ankle in a boot for roller skating.
To guarantee the maximum of tightening amplitude, the first flap 1 must necessarily pass beneath the second flap 2.
In the case where the first flap 1 passes over the second flap 2 (FIG. 2), a correct tightening cannot occur once the first flap 1 comes in contact with the ratchet blocker, because the further sliding of the flaps on one another is no longer possible.
FIGS. 3-6 show a first embodiment of the invention. FIG. 3 shows a top view of two portions of a rigid or semi-rigid boot upper or an element for binding a boot on a gliding apparatus constituting the lower flap 1 and the upper flap 2. The two flaps are equipped with a tightening mechanism having a flexible element in the form of a notched strap 3 and two fastening components or elements, namely, a lever 4 fixed on the lower flap 1 and a ratchet blocker 5 fixed on the upper flap 2. The upper flap 2 is further equipped with a structural arrangement 8 for guiding the lower flap 1 beneath the upper flap 2.
FIGS. 4 and 5 show two views of the upper flap 2. The ratchet blocker 5 is fixed on the upper flap 2 by means of at least one rivet 6. It is contemplated that other means of affixing the ratchet blocker 5 to the flap 2 could alternatively be used, including stitching or adhesive, for example. The arrangement 8 for guiding the lower flap 1 beneath the upper flap 2 is provided at the free end 2 a of the upper flap 2. It includes two bosses 10 that project outwardly beyond the free end 2 a of the upper flap 2. The spacing E which the two bosses create therebetween is less than the width Ri of the lower flap 1 and is greater than the width S of the notched strap. Each boss 10 has an inclined front surface forming a ramp 7. The ramps 7 are the surfaces of the two bosses 10 that are first placed in contact with the lower flap 1, i.e., with the free end 1 a of the lower flap. The ramp 7, together with the upper flap, forms an angle α comprised between 10° and 90°, preferably between 30° and 60°, whereby the ramp 7, i.e., the guiding surface for the lower flap, faces the lower flap. FIG. 6 shows how the lower flap 1 is naturally guided by the ramp 7 beneath the upper flap 2 during the closure of the lower 1 and upper 2 flaps.
As will be understood from this disclosure, the device prevents any incorrect engagement of the lower flap 1 over the upper flap 2. When the user wishes to close the component of the upper constituted by the two flaps 1 and 2, he/she naturally grabs the free end of the notched strap 3 so as to insert it into the ratchet blocker 5. The lower flap 1, which cannot then rise above the bosses 10 because the notched strap 3 prevents it from doing so, slides on the ramps 7 until it occupies its position beneath the upper flap 2 (FIG. 6).
FIGS. 7-10 show a second embodiment of the invention in which the device for closing the flaps is equipped, in addition to the two fastening elements 4 and 5, with an arrangement in the form of a keeper 11 for guiding the notched strap. The keeper 11 is provided at the free end of the upper flap. It includes two lateral posts 12 connected by a bridge 13. The bridge 13 is substantially planar and forms a non-zero angle with the upper flap 2.
This construction has several advantages. Initially, the approaching phase of the notched strap 3 up to the ratchet 5 occurs more smoothly. Indeed, a keeper, whose bridge would form a zero angle with the upper flap 2, would require an overly sharp variation in the inclination of the notched strap, when the latter penetrates into the keeper. The second advantage of providing the bridge of the keeper with a non-zero inclination is such that the side of the keeper that faces the ratchet 5 is higher than the flap 2 and can thus serve as a deflector for protecting the ratchet 5 and for preventing an ill-timed unlatching of the ratchet 5. This aspect is shown in FIG. 11, where one sees how the ratchet 5 is protected by the keeper 11 during an undesired contact of the device with the ground 14 or any other surface. Finally, a third advantage lies in the fact that, due to a very wide opening 20 of the keeper 11 on the side of the ratchet, the risks of blocking the notched strap, when one desires to pull it back to space the two flaps apart, are limited.
Furthermore, the arrangement for guiding the lower flap is integrated in this keeper 11; it is constituted of a ramp 7 provided on each of the surfaces of the lateral posts 12 of the keeper.
The closing of the collar of a boot or of a device for binding a boot on a gliding apparatus occurs as follows. Initially, the notched strap 3 engages into the keeper 11. When the strap 3 engages further into the keeper 11, then into the ratchet blocker 5, the lower flap 1 comes in contact with the ramps 7. The ramps cause the lower flap to slide beneath the upper flap 2. FIG. 10 shows the end 15 of the lower flap 1 that is guided by the ramps 7 under the upper flap 2.
As in the embodiment that has just been described, when the device for guiding the flaps is associated with an arrangement for guiding the flexible element of the flap tightening mechanism, which is here in the form of a keeper 11, the user can close and then tighten the collar correctly without taking any particular precaution. He only needs to introduce the end of the flexible element into the keeper 11, and to perform the natural motion of closing the collar.
In the two previously described embodiments, the arrangement for guiding the lower flap is provided either on one or more projecting portions of the upper flap or on a keeper, inserted between the two fastening elements 4 and 5. In both cases, it is a single piece construction.
In a third embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 12, the keeper 11, which includes the arrangement for guiding the flap, is an attached piece fixed by any appropriate means, for example, rivets, to the free end of the upper flap 2. In the same way, one can envision attaching, on the upper flap, bosses that have a shape similar to the bosses 10 described in the first embodiment.
In a fourth embodiment of the invention shown in FIG. 13, the keeper 11 is a part of a sub-assembly 18 that also includes the means for fastening the upper flap, which, in this case, is a ratchet blocker 5.
FIGS. 14 and 15 show two examples of a keeper 11, on which the ramps 7 are provided according to the invention. The shape of these keepers 11 is not the same as the shape of the keepers shown in FIGS. 7-13; it is noted, however, that the opening 20 of the keeper on the side of the ratchet is oversized so as to avoid the blocking of the notched strap when one wishes to open or unfasten the collar constituted by the two flaps.
Generally, the rigid or semi-rigid upper components involved in this application are obtained by molding. For reasons related to the demolding rate and the manufacturing cost of the molds, one will seek to avoid the superposition of material, such as that present in the embodiment shown in FIGS. 7-11, where the bridge 13 of the keeper 11 is superposed on the end of the upper flap 2. FIGS. 16 and 17 show another embodiment in which the portion of the upper flap 2 located under the bridge 13 is eliminated. In this embodiment, the arrangement for guiding the lower flap beneath the upper flap is also in the form of ramps 7 provided on the front surfaces of the lateral posts 12 of the keeper 11.
In a variation of the previous embodiment, shown in FIGS. 17 and 18, the arrangement for guiding the lower flap beneath the upper flap is simply constituted by the lower edges 19 of the lateral posts 12. According to the invention, whether the guiding arrangement is provided by ramp structures 7 or 19, such guiding arrangement can be said to be integrated or incorporated with a flap for guiding and thereby positioning the other flap. That is, the guiding arrangement is fixed with regard to the flap, either by being affixed against movement therewith or by being made unitarily therewith. It can be seen in the various embodiments of the invention, the surface of the guide for the lower flap, such as the ramp structures 7 or 19, faces the lower flap.
For reasons of simplicity of the disclosure, a choice was made to represent the tightening mechanism as including, on the upper flap 2, a ratchet adapted to cooperate with a notched strap, which is itself fixed on the lower flap 1 by means of a lever 4. This is only an example, and all of the tightening mechanisms currently used in sporting equipment are perfectly adaptable to be combined with an arrangement ensuring the guiding of the lower flap beneath the upper flap according to the invention. For reference, one cites the case here where the notched strap is fixed directly on one of the flaps, whereas the ratchet is fed on the other flap by means of a lever (EP 819 390), or the case where the flexible element of the tightening system is a tie rod or buckle associated with a lever and where the second fastening element is a rack (EP 500 479 and U.S. Pat. No. 5,279,052). These last two types of tightening mechanisms lend themselves especially to the use of the guiding device according to the invention, because they include a flexible portion that extends beyond the flap. For this purpose, therefore, the disclosures of EP 819 390; EP 500 479; and U.S. Pat. No. 5,279,052 are hereby incorporated by reference thereto in their entireties.
The disclosure of the invention has been confined to a general description of the invention, in the sense that only the free ends of the upper and lower flaps, adapted to overlap, have been described. The invention is however particularly adapted to any sporting equipment having at least two rigid or semi-rigid flaps, i.e., roller skates, ski boots, snowboard boots and bindings, for example. In this latter case, the binding device is generally constituted of a plurality of tightening collars or buckles that hold the boot of the snowboard user at various points. An arrangement for guiding one of the flaps of the collar beneath the other, as provided by the invention, can be used on each of these buckles.
FIG. 19 shows an example of the guiding device, constructed according to an embodiment of the invention, embodied in an in-line roller skate 21, which includes a boot 22 and a chassis 23. Of course, as mentioned above, the device could be applied merely to a boot, independent of any skate, ski, or other sports item. As shown in FIG. 19, the boot 22 of the skate includes a pair of flaps 1, 2, in which the upper flap 2 has mounted thereon the ratchet blocker 5 and the keeper 11, and the lower flap 1 has mounted thereon the notched strap 3 and lever mechanism 4.
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|US7958655||Feb 5, 2009||Jun 14, 2011||Fox Head, Inc.||Fold-over thermal laminate for footwear|
|US7963546||Jun 21, 2011||Salomon S.A.S.||Article including a strap for retaining or tightening a foot or a boot|
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|US8763209||Aug 23, 2011||Jul 1, 2014||The Burton Corporation||Ratchet buckle and strap assembly|
|US20070101615 *||Jul 17, 2006||May 10, 2007||Fox Racing, Inc.||Integrated buckle strap receiver for footwear|
|US20080150259 *||Dec 19, 2007||Jun 26, 2008||Salomon S.A.||Article including a strap for retaining or tightening a foot or a boot|
|US20090188133 *||Feb 5, 2009||Jul 30, 2009||Fox Racing, Inc.||Fold-over thermal laminate for footwear|
|US20090277046 *||Apr 28, 2009||Nov 12, 2009||Mario Sartor||Ski boot, in particular for ski mountaineering|
|US20100095494 *||Oct 16, 2008||Apr 22, 2010||Daniel Joshua Martin||Bicycle Shoe Strap Assembly|
|U.S. Classification||36/50.1, 36/117.1, 24/70.0SK, 36/50.5|
|International Classification||A43B5/04, A43C11/14|
|Cooperative Classification||A43C11/1406, A43B5/0415, A43C11/1473, Y10T24/2106|
|European Classification||A43C11/14B6M, A43B5/04D, A43C11/14B|
|Nov 13, 2000||AS||Assignment|
Owner name: SALOMON S.A., FRANCE
Free format text: ASSIGNMENT OF ASSIGNORS INTEREST;ASSIGNOR:MIRALLES, THIERRY;REEL/FRAME:011273/0577
Effective date: 20001030
|Oct 12, 2006||REMI||Maintenance fee reminder mailed|
|Mar 25, 2007||LAPS||Lapse for failure to pay maintenance fees|
|May 22, 2007||FP||Expired due to failure to pay maintenance fee|
Effective date: 20070325