US 653779 A
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No. 653,779. Patented July l7, I900. R. M. G. PHILLIPS.
COMBINATION POCKET GUN AND CARTRIDGE HOLDER.
(Application filed Nov. 6, 1899.] (No'ModeL) 2 SheetsSheet I.
Patented July l7, I900. R.- M. G. PHILLIPS. COMBINATION POCKET GUN AND CARTRIDGE HOLDER.
(Application filed Nov. 6, 1899.)
2 Sheets-Sheet 2,
O l alwllrl iJNiTn STATES ATENT Enron.
ROSS M. G. PHILLIPS, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
COMBINATION POCKET-GUN AND CARTRIDGE-HOLDER.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 653,779, dated July 17, 1900.
Application filed November 6, 1899. Serial No. 786,078. (No model.)
To all whont it may concern:
Be it known that 1, Ross M. G. PHILLIPS, a citizen of the United States, residing at Los Angeles, in the county of Los Angeles and State of California, have invented a new and useful Combination Pocket-Gun and Cartridge=Holder, of which the following is a specification.
An object of thisinvention is to provide means by which an ofiioer or other person can carry a pocket-gun, such as a revolver or pistol, and an extra round of cartridges with perfect security against their falling out of the pocket, but at the same time providing for as ready drawing of the gun as though the holder were not in use; also, to keep the cartridges clean and allow the oificerto get them more readily and quickly.
In carrying out the invention there is provided a trigger guard pocket carried by a spring which is arranged to throw the trig.- ger-guard pocket inward to chamber the trigger-guard and to press the gun against the opposite wall of the gun-pocket, thereby holding the gun firmly in the gun-pocket to prevent any looseness or liability of rattling.
The invention is also applicable for guns carried in a holster fastened to a belt, and the accompanying drawings show the invention in several of the forms in which it may be applied.
Figure I is a perspective view of the p0cketgun and cartridge-holder detached and ready for inserting into the garment-pocket. A pocket-gun is shown held in place. Fig. II is a back view of the pocket-gun and cartridgeholder-that is to say, a view looking at that side of the guard or plate which will be worn next to the person. In this view the holder is shown'in place in the pocket, a fragment of the garment being shown. Fig. III is a fragmental View to illustrate the insertion or withdrawal of the pocket-gun. Dotted lines show the gun partially inserted or withdrawn. In solid lines the trigger-guard pocket is shown in section. Fig. IV is a view of a beltholstcr provided with theinvention. A fragment of the belt is shbwn. Fig. V is a fragmentary view showing a form of the invention adapted for a recoil-operated gun.
isa longitudinal sectional detail of the car- Fig. VI
portion of the tube with the cap. Fig. VIII is a cross section on line VIII VIII, Fig. VII.
In Figs. 1, II, and III, a indicates the pocket piece, guard, or plate, which is preferably made of leather, or may be made of any suitable material. It is provided on one side with a spring-containing cartridge-tube I), having pivoted at the top a spring-pressed cap 0. d
indicates a gun-holding pocket fastened to the plated and resting against the tube b. 6 indicates a wire spring fastened to the plate by suitable fasteners, as at 1 2, and extending upward at one edge of the plate and bent to form a catch 3, which projects from theedge of. the plate to catch under the rim 4 of the pocket 19 of the garment g,the other end of said spring e being provided with a catch 5 to catch over a projecting part of the gun f to hold it in the gun-pocket d. The catch shown in Figs. I, II, and III is formed to fit over the trigger-guard 6 of the gun f. v
In Fig. IV, (1 indicates the gun-pocket. 6 indicates the spring which carries the catch, and 5 indicates the catch. 1) indicates the cartridge-tube. h indicates the belt to which the gun-pocket d is attached.
In Fig. V, (1" indicates the gun-pocket for a recoil-operating gun f. The part which corresponds in function to the trigger-guard 6 (shown in Figs. I and III) is indicated by 6. 8 indicates the spring, and 5 indicates the catch which fits over the projection 6 of the finger-guard of the gun. 7 indicates a guard or pocket fastened to and projecting from the spring 0" to extend over the side of the gun f to help hold'the gun.
In Fig. II, 8 indicates a handle on the upper portion of the wire which forms the spring e. This handle serves to allow the operator to withdraw the catch 3,wl1en it is desired to remove the gun-pocket from the garment pocket. By preference the handle portion of the wire spring e is at the back of the plate, while the finger-guard pocket or catch 5 5' or 5". is on the opposite side. The spring 8 is composed of two members 11 and 12, the member 11 terminating in the fingerguard-chambering pocket or catch, as 5 or 5, to catch over and chamber'the finger-guard through which the pivots m pass.
and arranged to press the gun toward the opposite side of the gun-pocket to hold it thereagainst to prevent the gun from rattling, the
other limb 12 of the spring being bent at its upper portion, near the top of the plate, as at 3, to catch under the rim of the pocket of the garment and being thence extended partially across the back of the plate and bent to form the handle 8 for operating the spring to re: lease the catch. 9, Fig. II, indicates a stoploop on the back of the guard or plate a to.
hold the spring from being drawnvdown underan y strain brought to bear on the catch 3. j indicates a spring extending along the tube 6 to press upon the cap 0 to hold it inthe tube and stop the cap 0 from being thrown too far back. The cap 0 terminates in a' slightly-concave lid or cover 14', which fits over and slightly chambers ,the head of the topmost cartridge 1' when the cartridges-are in place in the tube, so that the head of the,
cartridge forms a catch for holding the cap closed, and a considerable force must be applied to the cap tothrow it back before it will push the cartridge down out of the way to release the cap.
In practical use the appliance, with or without the gun fin place and with a round of cartridges inthe tube b, is inserted into the pocket, As the gun-pocket enters the pocket of the garment, the member or limb 12 of spring a will be sprung inward by the garment and come into position below the -rim 4 of the garment-pocket, as indicated in Fig.
-.II, and when the catch 3 comes below the rim of the pocket the spring flies outward, thus bringing the catch 3 into position under the rim to prevent the withdrawal of the plate ct from the pocket. I
The finger-guard pocket or catch 5 is preferably curved in an ogce, as indicated in Fig. III, thus providing a lip 15 to receive the finger-guard or projecting portion of the gun in inserting, thereby to allow such finger-guard or projecting portion of the gun to press upon the catch'when the gun in inserted into the gun-pocket. \Vhen the gun is being withdrawn from the gun'po'cket, the trigger-guard throws the trigger-guard pocket back, and is thus released automatically.
The resiliency of the arm 11 of the spring is sufficient to hold the gun against accidental removal from the gun-pocket.
To remove the appliance from the garmentpocket, the handle 8 will be thrown inward to withdraw the catch 3 from beneath the rim 4 of the pocket, and then the appliance is readily withdrawn. By throwing the 'cap 0 back from over the end ofthe tube b the cartridges z are released, and the spring 8 throws them out of the tube 1) in the'ordinary manner. The top of the cap a is roughened, as at t, and isalso provided with a projection to to be caught by the thumb or fingerto enable the cap to be readily thrown back when it is desired to release the'cartridges.
'1; indicates a slot in the lower-limb of the cap to chamber the endof spring j, so that lateral movement of the trigger-guard pocket with relation to the trigger-guard, and the plate a is made wide enough to allow the trigger-guard pocket to spring readily, so that there is never anyliability of any obstruction which will hold the catch from being readily thrown out by the trigger-guard to release the gun in the act of withdrawing the gun.
w indicates a reinforcing-strip or cap-guard fastened to the upper end of the tube 1) on the side which is presented toward the gun. This reinforcing-strip and guard protects the tube from wear of the gun, and also protects the cap from being accidentally thrown open by the gun when the gun is being withdrawn or inserted.
What I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States, is-- 1. A combination pocket gun and cartridgeholder-comprising a pocket piece or plate provided at one side with a'spring-containing cartridge-tube having pivotedat the top a spring-pressed cap; a gun-holding pocket fastened to the plate and resting against the tube; and a wire spring fastened to the plate and extending upward and bent to form a catch to catch under the rim of the pocket of a garment and the other end of said spring being provided with acatch to catch over a projecting part of the gun to hold it in the gun-pocket.
2. The combination of a plate'with a gun pocket on oneside thereof; a bent wire spring fastened to the plate and having one limb terminating on one side of the plate and provided with a catch to catch upon a projecting part of the gun and the other limb of the spring being bent at its upper portion near the top of the plate to catch under the rim of the pocket ofga garment and terminating in a handleon the other side of the plate.
3. The combination of a plate provided on one side with a gun-pocket; a catch connected with the plate to catch on a projecting part of the gun; and a wire fastened to the plate and extending up to near the top of said plate and there being bent to form a catch to catch under the rim of the pocket of a garment and being thence extended partially acrossthe back of the plate and bent to form a handle for operating the spring to release the catch.
4. In a combination pocket-gun and cartridge-holder, a cartridge-tube containing a spring for throwing the cartridges outset the :tube and provided with a cap pivoted to the tube below the top thereof and conformed to the tube and provided at its upper end with and to receive'and slightly chamber the upper end of the topmost inclosed cartridge.
6. The combination with a gun-pocket, of a spring -pressed ogeeshaped triggerguard pocket to fit over and chamber the triggerguard of the gun to hold it in the gun-pocket.
7. The combination with a gun-pocket, of a trigger-guard pocket; and a spring arranged to throw the trigger-guard pocket inward to chamber the trigger-guard and to press the gun against the opposite wall of the gun-' pocket. i
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification, in the presence of two subscribing witnesses, at Los Angeles, California, this 16th day of October, 1899. ROSS M. G. PHILLIPS. Witnesses:
JAMES R. TOWNSEND, FRANCIS M. TOWNSEND.