US 654642 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 654,642. Patented my 3|; |900.V
J. c. JAMES. SUAP BUBBLE PIPE. (Application n led July 31, 1ab9.)`
NITED STATE-s PATENT Fir-Ien,
JUSTIN c. JAMEs, or cIIIoAco, ILLINOIS.
sPncIFIcArI'o-Nreeing pere of Lettere resent Ne. 654,642, desea Juiyl, Ieoo.
Appiie'esen nea my si. 189e.
To LZ2 wwm it ,may concern,.-
zen of the United States, residing at Chicago,
in the county of Cook and State of Illinois,
have invented a certain newand useful Improvement in Soap-Bubble Pipes, of which the following is a specification.
The object of my invention is to provide a soap-bubble pipe for blowing a' plurality of bubbles one within another and to provide a simple land economical construction of pipe for the foregoing purpose.
In a soap-bubble pipe characterized by my :inventionI provide the, stem-passage Awith a suitable extension or prolongation havinga' plurality of lateral apertures of varying lengths from which after dipping the pipe in soap-suds bubbles can be successively started and blown, the iirst starting from the mouth of the aperture of shortest length'. I also provide for blowing a supplemental independent bubble when so desired, and also provide certain details of construction which insure the successful formation of the bubbles.
In the'accompanying drawings, Figure l shows the pipe in perspective. 'Fig 2 is a section taken transversely throughy the same. Fig. 3 is an edge view showing several blown bubbles in outlineq.,`
The pipe comprises' a bodyfAiand a stem B. The stem and body maybe made in one` piece and of any suitable material, such as clay or metal; but as a matter of economy and further improvement the body 'Amay simply consist of a block of wood or other cheap material suitablybored to receive one end of the stem. The body A is bored transversely for a portion of its width to provide a passage a, which is in alinement with and arranged to form a continuation of the stempassage b. The passage a is provided with several laterally and separately arranged outlet-apertures of varying lengths--that is to say, apertures or bubble-openings which are separately arranged as distinguished from thoseof the prior art, which are in certain instances arrangedconcentrieally or one within' the: other. Of these said. apertures the iirst,ct',which is the shortest, extends from the passage a at a point back of the closed end a2 of the latter and opens through the side a3 of the pipe. The next longer aperture a4 'sehn No. 725,633. cio model.)
opens through the opposite side a5 of the body of the pipe and is conveniently arranged opposite the aperture a. The next longer aperture a6 opens through a5 of the body of the pipe and is in point of position .relatively nearer the stem than the foregoing-described aperture a4. The longest aperture ai opens centrally through the side a5 of the pipe and is arranged between the apertures a'L and a6. In order to increase the length of the apertures a and a7, the former extends through a raised portion C upon the side a5 of the body of the pipe, while the aperture a? extends through a further raised portion or `nipple D, which projects'4 laterally 'and centrally from the circular raised portion C upon the pipebody. Thus constructed my improved bubble-blower is provided with a couple of faces, the one being provided with a single duct or aperture and the other with a plurality of ducts or apertures, which are so relatively formed that a plurality of bubbles may beV successively `started and blown from their outer terminals, and the manner in which the bubbles are thus formed consists as follows:
The aperture a' is employed for blowing a supplemental independent bubble, and when such apertureis not to be used it can be closed by a' small plug E. If, however, the'aperture a is open and the body of the pipe i's dipped lin soap-suds, the act of blowing into the stem will cause the rst bubble to form at the mouth of the shortest aperture a', such aperture oering the least resistance to such operation. Continuing the operation of blowing soap-bubbles, the next bubble will form at the mouth of the next longer aperture a4, and by tilting and slightly manipulating the pipe with a tilting movement in different directions the larger bubble will speedily work around the boss or projection C on the body of the pipe, the side a5 of which affords a broad and suitable surface to which such bubble will adhere. Continuingthe operation, the next bubble will beformed at thelrnouth ofthe next longer aperture a6 and will not only be formed withinthe bubble last described, but will also ,speedily'work around the nipple D, so as to inclose the same. Further continuing the operation, the next bub- IOO ble will be formed at the mouth of the aper.-
ture a7, and this last bubble willbe inclosed bossor projection C forms a corresponding` surface 'for the next sinallerlbubble, it being lwill preserve its symmetrical form after it has shifted or spread across the face of the Aanother openingfrom which a second bubble i .bodied-the side GFT, hereinbefore stated to -pro- 'a4 be continued and subdivided into portions within the bubble last described. AAs thebubbles are blown they will increase in'size in an attractive waythe outer bubble be'-V coming quite large, while the inner smallest bubble before attaining the size of either of the outer surrounding bubbles will readily drop from the nipple, butat the same" time has dropped into the next inclosing bubble@ When desired, the aperture al may be closed by a plug, in which case the bubble blowgL from the aperture al will be directly inclosed within the bubble blownfroin the aperture a4. The bubbles at .the side a5 of the pi-pecan be blown, as hereinbefore described, regardless of the fact that the.. aperture 01, may bejQpene'd/olr closed. As hereinbefore stated, the 'sided/5 provides a suitable formi ing and vattaching 'surface for the bubble primarily blown from the aperture a4, while the Y similar or smaller flat circular surface of the seen that the formation of the nipple D per:- mits the inner bubble to be readily shaken od. The first bubble, `which is formed at the mouth Iof the opening di, will shirt or spread laterally across4 the adhering vsurface e135 until y itcompletely'covers or incloses the openings a? and all A'second bubble can, as stated,` then be blown from the mouth of the opening ctsuoh second bubble being of course inclosed within the first, and after this second bubble bess C a third bubble can then be blown from the inouth of the opening a7. In this way, 2 therefore, my. invention may be'said to eony template the provision not only of separater bgfubble-ofpenii1gs, but also of suitable adhe'r-Hy ingsurfaee whereon a bubble blewn from the meuth 'of one opening can shift .or spread laterallyuntil it covers or incloses the mouth of anotheropening, substantially as shown and dOfSQribed. Y A From the foregoing it 'wi-ll be obvious that the pipe lor bubble-blower is provided with a plurality of bubble openings or apertures, from which bubbles are successively blown, and that it has a plurality of such openings with suitable adhering surface whereon a bubble blown from one opening can shift or spreadflaterally'from the mouth of such openf ingY until it covers Aor incloses the mouth-of canbe blown within the first, and that so-far 1 as the present illustration of aform of device l in which the principle of 'myinvention is eint videra suitable'forming and attaching surface for the bubble Yfirst blown from opening orl ape'rturea4, is, in a broad sense, continued by any further surface at such side of the pipe, whether the adhering surface for the opening for a multipjlieity of ether openings, the whole .l
What I claim as my invention 4is--'- e 1. A bubble-blower provided with a plurality of yseparate bubble-openings from which bubbles are successively blown and having also suitable adhering surface whereon abubble blown from one opening can shift or spreadlaterally fromthemouth of such opening`until it covers or incloses the mouth of is then blown within the iirst.
2. A bubble-blower provided with a pluralityof separate bubble-openings of dierent 4lengthsfrom which bubbles are successively blown and havin g also suitable adhering surface whereon a bubble blown from one open- 'which a Vsec/ond bubbleis then blown within the irst. A f Y 1 3. A bubble-blower cemfprisir'lg a bodyprovided with a pl'uralityof separate bubble` passages which extend laterally` and open through one side of thesaidbody, and the side of the body thus provided withsaid open ings'being also provided withsu'itable yadhering surface'whereon a bubble. blownfrom one opening can shiftorl spread laterally from .the
closes fthe mouth of another-opening from the rst'. l Y
4. A bubble-blower compris-ing a bodyhaving a bore formedin continuation-ofthe stem.-
` 'passageand having also a plurality offseparate bubble-blowing passages .or ,du'ctsiwhich through one side of said body,.the side of the body thus providedw-ithtsaid. bubble-openings vbein g also :provided'with suitable adher ing surface whereon a bubble blown .from fone ing apertures relatively-lof .diiferent lengths,
Ithe longer. of said apertures being Aformed 'with its outlet through a nippleat one side of the pipe-body, the next shorteraperture being formedthrough a boss or projecting .por-
tially as set forth.
having a passage connected with the stemd passage and .provided with a couple o'fbublengths, saidpipe-bodly being :formed witha centrally-arranged nipple vthroughwhich .the longest of said aperturesopens and having a boss or projection formed -at'the base of .said nipple and at one side of the lshortest one of coming under the generic term adhering surface.'" Y A s y y the 4said two apertures, Vsubstantially as del scribed, g
ing can shiftr or spread laterally from thev mouth of such opening-'until it co`vers or in` closes the mouthof another opening from.
mouth of such opening until itv coversor in which a second bubble is then blown. within extend laterally from said bore and openopening canshift orspreadilateral'ly fromthe mouthof such opening until .itcovers -or incloses the mouth of another opening, substantion around vthe base, of the nipple, substan- 6. A soap-bubble .pipe comprising abodyn ble-blowingapertures of different relative i another? Opening from which a second bubble IOO IIO
I'7. A soap-bubble pipe comprising a body passage to and through its opposite datsened provided with a suitable stem and having opsides.
posite flat surfaces said body bein@ bored transversely to provide a passage cfosed at JUSTIN C' JAMES 5 one end and connected with the stem-passage, Wltnesses:
said body being also provided with apertures extending from said Jfransvcrsely-arranged OHAS. G. PAGE, AGNES A. DEVINE.