US 654654 A
Abstract available in
Claims available in
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
UNTTED STATES l PATENT EETCE.
nENRY T. LAWRENCE, OFEYNDON STATION, WISCONSIN.
WATER-WH sii-zii.. i
sPEcIFrcATIoN frmiag m of nettet. patent No. 654,654, dated .my 31, 190e. liminaire nea March 2o, 1900. serai Nb. 9,441. un man.)
To all 'wh/671i, t may con/ecrit: o
Beit knownthat I, HENRY T. LWRENCE", 'a citiZen of the United States, residing at Lynl don Station, in the countypof Juneau and State of Wisconsin, have invented a new leful Water-Wheel, of which the following 1s1=a specification. ,LQ l The invention relates to 'u'iprovemeuts in` water-Wheels. One object of the present invention is to improve the construction of Water-wheels and to increase their efficiency4 and to enable a inaXim'um amount of p oWer'to' be obtained from a given current of Water.`
A further object of the invention is to pro-` vide a Water-wheel adapted tobe operated in series and capable 0f being arranged in a vertical or a horizontal position.
The invention consists in the construction and novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter fully7 described, illustrated in the accompanyingvdrawings, and pointed out in the claim hereto appended;`
In the drawings, Figure l isa longitudinal sectional View of a pair of water-wheels constructed and arranged in accordance with this invention. Fig. 2 is'an end elevation. Fig. 3 is a detail perspective view of the pair of Wheels. Fig. 4 is-a detail perspective view of the circular frame, illustrating the arrange mentof the annular series of radial detlectors.
Like numerals of reference designate cor-` responding parts in all the figures offthed raw- 1ngs. f
l and 2 designate reversely-rotating Water- Wheels designed to be arranged in pairs and located within aA cylindrical casing 3 and mounted for rotation upon a shaft 4, located at the center of the casing and extending 1ongitudinally thereof. The' cylindrical casing, which is designed to be arranged at a fiume, is preferably constructed of sections, and it may be of any length to accommodate the desired number of Water-Wheels, it being apparent that one orA more pairs may be Vsimultaneously. operated: by the same current of Water. The shaft is supported by transverse bars or braces 5 and 6,- suitably connected to the opposite sides of the cylindrical casing,
and the water-Wheels, which are supported byv the Shaft, are provided at ltheir with annular Series of angularly-disposed peripheries `in position.
blades 7 and 8, arranged in opposite direc! tions, as lclearly illustrated in Fig. 3 of the accompanying drawings, whereby a current of water passing through thecasing will drive 1 the Water-wheels in opposite directions.v
l The waterwheels are spaced apart and are 4provided at their inner faces `vvith gears 9 and lO, consisting ot' annular series Iof spur-teeth located at the peripheries of the Wheelsand meshing' with a pinion 1 1, which is interposed between the said Wheels at the top thereof when the casing is arranged ina horizontal position. The pinion 11 is provided with an extended hub or sleeve l2`and is fixed to a transverse shaft 13,l extending outward through the adjacent side of theA cylindrical casing andhaving its inner endstepped in a suitable bearing 14 at the centerof the longitudinal shaft. The bearing'lfispreferably in the form of a sleeve and is interposed between the' Water-Wheels andI isladapted to space the same apart, asclea'rly" shown in Fig. l.` The gears 9 and 10 of the inner faces of the Water-wheels may be constructed in Vany suitable manner and may, as illustrated in Fig. 1 of the accompanying drawings,'con sist of complete gear-wheels secured to the adjacent faces of the body portions of the Water-wheels. The outer end of the transverse shaft 13 ,is connected by beveled gears 15 and 16 lwith a longitudinal shaft 17, located ontside of the casing and adaptedto be connected with any number of pairs of Water-Wheels in the manner illustrated in Fig. 1. The longitudinal shaft 17 may beaconnected by gearing with any suitable machinery or device to be operated, and it is adapted to be arranged in a vertical or a horizontal position, according to the arrangement of the casing;
The ends of the central interiorly-arranged longitudinally-disposed shaft are threaded for the reception of nuts 1S and 19, located at opposite sides of the transverse bars and 6 of the casing, and the front end of the central shaft supports a conical delector 20,1vhichis provided With interior screw-threads to engage those of the shaft. These screw-threads may be formed by a nut seated in the inner Hat face of the conical deilector, which also serves to retain a transverse disk or frame 21 The frame 21 consists of a central circular portion 22, a marginal rim 23,
and a series of angularly-disposed deectors or blades 24, connecting the rim with the cen- `tral circular portion and arranged around direct the constricted current of Water against the faces vof the said blades 7 to increase the eiect of the current.
The casing is provided with a cylindrical extension orsection 25,and
the conical deflector forms a tapering annular li space between it and the said extension or section for the purpose of restricting the current otwater', and thereby increasing its force before it reaches the annular series of ployed. The current of Water passing through the cylindrical casing is constricted in the .annular space between the conical delector and the cylindrical casing, and it is directed against the-faces of the blades 7 of the Water- Wheel l-by the annular series of angularlydisposed radial deectors 24, which are arranged at the inner end of the tapering, an-
nular space or passage for the Water. v
It vwill be seen that the apparatus is simple and comparatively inexpensive in construction, that it is adapted to secure a maximum effect lf rom a given current of Water, and that a .series of wheels may be conveniently operated by a `single current of Water.` It will The cylindrical extension or s ec-V also be apparent that the Water-wheels may be loperated, ina vertical, horizontal, or inclined Aposition and"that a comparativelysmall current of Water may be utilized for this purpose. I Y
The combination of a cylindrical casing provided with a cylindrical extension or section 25, transverse bars mounted Within the casing, a central longitudinal shaft supported by the said bars,Water-Wheels arranged Wit-hin the casing o'n the said -shaft and located between the transverse bars, the conical deilector disposed within -the extension or section 25, and secured to the adjacent end of the central shaft, the circular frame arranged vWithin the casing at the inner endof the eX- tension orsection 25 and provided with an inner disk to4 fit against the base of the conical deiiector and having an annular series of blades and provided with an outer rim, gear- Wheels mounted on the adjacent faces of the Water-Wheels, a transverse shaft extending through the casing andprovided with inner andouter pinions, thev inner pinion meshing with the said gear-wheels, and the exterior longitudinal shaft located at the outer end of the transverse shaft and provided with a pinion meshing With the outer pinion, substantiallyvas described.V Y
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as l my oWn I have hereto affixed my signature in the presence of two Witnesses. y
HENRY T. LAWRENCE.
" Witnessesfv l 'THOMAS POLLARD, ALBERT GOEMER.