US 654733 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 654,733` Patented luly 3l, |9110,
H. S. HUMES.
(Application led July* 17. 1899.)
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NITED STATES iPATENT' OFFICE.
HARRY S. HUMES, OF DENVER, COLORADO, ASSIGNOR OF ONE-HALF TO SINGLETON M. MORRISON, OF SAME PLACE.
srncrrroATIoN forming part qf :Letters raten@ No. 654,733, dated July 31, reco.
Application filed July 17, i899. Serial No. 724,133. (No model.)
o LZ-Z whom it may concern: Be it known that I, HARRY S. HUMES, a citizen of the United States, residing at Denver, in the county of Arapahoe and State of' disfigurement caused by the ends of the bricksv extending out to the face of the wall.
The objects of @my invention are to provide a wall-tie that will be efficient for binding a pressed-brick front to a brick backing, to a wooden backing, or to a frame building. It can be manufactured at a very low cost and can be used by brieklayers or masons without much eXtra labor.
I refer now to the drawings in further eX- plaining the nature and objects of my invention, in which-- Figure l is a perspective-view of a portion of an eight-inch wall tied by means of my new wall-tie. Fig. 2 is a view of the tie. Fig. 3 is a perspective view of a portion of a brick wall built with an air-chamber tied by means of my new tie. Fig. 4 is a inodied form of Fig. 1. Fig. 5 is a view of the tie represented in Fig. 4. Fig. 6 is another modified form of the tie.
A represents the f ront course of a brick wall, being the pressed brick, which are provided with holes or apertures A'. Into these holes or apertures A lits the short end B of the tie B. The long, end B2 of the tie B is hooked over the backing-course of brick, as shown in Fig. l. The wall in Fig. l is compact,there being no air-space. Henceiu using the same tie that I do in Fig. 3 I lay the tie diagonally acrossV the wall, which is as efficient as though it were `placed at right angles with the wall.
In Fig. 3 the wall has an air-space A2, but is firmly held together by means of my new tie.
In Fig. 4I employ astrap-tie C (fullyshown in Fig. 5) and'provide the pressed or front course of bricks with elongated slots or apertures A3. Into these slots orapertures AS lits the short hook C of the tie C, while the long -hook D. angles, forming the hooks D2 and D3.
` hook C2 is placed over the backing-course of brick in the wall A. l
The tie represented by Fig. 2 is constructed of a single piece of wire having right-angle bends at each end of various lengths, while the modified form represented by Fig. 5 is made vof a single strap of suitable metal having right-angle bends at each end designated by C and C2, which can be of any suitable length. The V-shaped tie represented in Fig.
6 is also constructed of a single piece of wire. The point is bent at right angles, forming the The ends areY also bent at right At the point a small loop E kis also provided, into which a nail or spike can be driven when desiring to` fasten the wall to the joist or other parts of the framework of the building.
The construction shown is what will generally be used by me. I dolnot confine n1y-A self to anyone mode of constructing my new tie, but desire to cover the principle by thisapplication and vary the construction to suit the uses and purposes for which it is designed. Sometimes it may be most efficient to make it V-shaped, as above described, having rightangle bends on the ends and also on the V- point, as 4shown in Fig. 6. In this way the point of theV willv hook over the backingcourse of brick or other material, while the rhooks on theends of the V will be inserted into the holes or apertures in the front course of brick. Thus a very efficient tie will be produced and will be effective'in its work, while very easy to adj ust in laying the courses of brick.
Having thus described the nature and objects of my invention, with the manner of constructing and applying the same, what I claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is- A p l. The combination, a wall comprising a front course of brick having holes or apertures in the center or other parts of the brick, the backing-course of brick, the hook or tie, one end designed to be inserted int-o the hole or aperture in the brick on the face or outside course, and the other end of the tie hooked over the backing course, substantially as specified.
2. As an article of manufacture, a wall-tie,
made of a single piece ofWiren V shape,
having the point of the V and the ends bentat right angles with the main portion of the tie, and also provided with a small loopnear the point, substantially as specified.
A3- In swell-tie, of the Glass descrbithe combination, comprising the bricks haring4 the apertures or holes, theV-shaped ti`e haii-' ing right-angled turned ends designed to hook into the apertures or holes 4A', A', andthe right-angleturned-up point of the V-shaped main portion over the backing-course, sub,-
stantially as specified. A
4. yIn a wall-tie, the combination, compris ing the bricks having the holes or apertures,"
serea' HARRY S. HUMES.V
Witnesses: SINGLETON M.V MORRISON, TEMILE C. NEUMEISTER.