US 654879 A
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No. 654,879. Patented luly 3l, I900. J. DINEEN.
DEVICE FOR DISPENSING BEVERAGES.
(Application filed Feb. 8, 1900.) (No Model.) 2 SheatsSheet a s PETERS 00.. PNOTO-LITMO" WASHINGTON. of.
Patented July 3 0. NNNNNNNNN A (No Model.) 2 Sheets8heef 2 NITE AT-ES I enn DlNEEN, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS.
. nsvlos FOR DISPENSING e EvERAeEs.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 654,879, dated. truly 31, 1966. Application filed February 8,1900. Serial No. 4,444. (No moans To all whom it may concern:
Be it known that 1, JOHN DINEEN, of Chicago, in the county of Cook and State of Illinois, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Devices for DispensingBeverages; and I do hereby declare that the following is a full, clear, and exact description thereof, reference beinghad to the accompanyin g drawings, and to the letters of reference marked thereon, which form a part of this specification.
This invention relates to a novel device for dispensing beverages, and refers more specifically to a device for compounding beverages known as liquor floats, wherein two or more liquors of different specific gravities are placed in one glass or receptacle with the different kinds of liquors-arranged in superposed layers, the purpose being to keep the several layers separate, so that the colors of the difierent layers will present an attractive appearance to the eye. As-an instance of such beverage may be mentioned lemonado-claret, in which the claret is poured over the liquid compound constituting the lemonade, or a pousse-cafj wherein a number of different liquors are placed in the same glass in superposed layers. l Heretofore it has been the common practice in compounding such beverages to pour the liquors constituting the several layers into the glass over a fiat article, such as a spoon, which spreads the liquor in a thin film, so that when it strikes the liquor in the glass'it will float thereon and be prevented from mixing therewith. One objection to this practice is that it requires a great amount of skill on the part of the dispenserto compound the beverage and also requires considerable time in order to prevent the mixing of the different liquors. A further objectionto said practice is that when the liquor constituting each separate layer is poured from a bottlethere is no means of accurately determining when a given quantity of liquor has been poured from the bot tle, so that the compound as a whole will contain disproportionate quantities of the various liquors.
7 It is the object of my invention to provide a device by which such beverages may be compounded by inexperienced and unskilled persons and in a less time than heretofore re quired for such work, and also to enable the dispenser, if he desires, to accurately determine the amount of each kind of liquor to be included in'the' beverage. To this end I pro vide a receptacle,.which maybe like an ordinary measuring-receptacle used by dispens ers of beverages and known as jigger, having at its lower end an opening which may or may not be controlled by a valve, and providing below said opening means for spreading or spraying the liquid discharged through said opening or otherwise controlling or retarding'its discharges, so as to prevent the liquid from leaving the device in a solid jet or stream, the purpose being to prevent the liquid from agitating the liquid in the re ceptacle into which it is being poured, so that when it strikes said liquid it will float on the top thereof and not mix therewith.
The invention consists in the mattershereinafter set forth, and more particularly point ed out in the appended claims.
As shown in the drawings, Figure 1 is a perspeotive view of a device embodying my invention. Fig. 2 is a central vertical section of the principal'parts thereof. Fig. 3 is a section similar toFigL-2, showing the device inposition to release the fluid from the receptacle. 1 Fig.4 is a detail of one form of means for giving relative movement to the parts constituting the closing means. Fig. 5 is a vertical section of the receptacle proper removedfrom the device. Fig. 6 is a vertical section of the outer casing removed from the device. Fig.7 is a detail plan view of the parts shown .in Fig'LA. Fig. 8 is a view of one of the spreader-disks removed. Fig. 9 is a side elevation of amodified form of the device. Fig. 10 is a vertical section thereof. Fig. 11 is a side elevation of another modification. Fig. 12 is a vertical section thereof.
As shown in the drawings, A designates, a cup or receptacle corresponding in general shape to what is usually termed in the trade as a jigger, in which the different liquids of a mixed beverage arepoured preparatory to compounding the same. Said receptacle is made conical and is provided at-its lower smaller end with a central tubular stem A,
the bore of which is in communication with the interior of the receptacle. Said stem is provided near its lower end with.a plurality of radial openings a a,leading outwardly from the bore of said tubular stem. The stem is with the sleeve and stem A and is adapted to bear at its lower margin against the upper surface of the disk B when the sleeve is in its lowermost position. The said sleeve'when in its lowermost position covers the radial openings a in the stem A, and at this time prevents the passage of liquid'from the receptacle through said stem. Moreovernvhen said sleeve is in its lowermost position the contact of the flange C with the upper face of the disk B serves as second closingmeans against the passage of liquid from the device. The said sleeve is providedat its lower end, at the base of said flange C and opposite to the radial openings at when the sleeve is in its uppermost position, with an annular concentric chamber 0, and the circumferential wall of said chamber is inwardly inclined, as shown in Figs. 2, 3, and 6. The liquid passing from said openings a is directed radially and impinges against said wall, which serves to deflect the liquid toward the center of the disk,so thatit will flow uniformly off. the same on all sides.
As a convenient meansfor giving endwise movement to the sleeve to open or close the valve constituted by the sleeve and apertured tubular stem, the said sleeve is connected at its upper end with a conical casing 0 which ,fits outside of and surrounds the receptacle,
A. Said casing extends to near the top of the receptacle A and is provided at its upper edge, at one side thereof, with a notch 0 having a cam-shaped bottom, which is'adapted to be engaged bya radial pin A projecting outwardly from the receptacle A near the top thereof. The said sleeve 0 andcasing O are made to rotate on the receptacle A and its.
stem and will desirably be made integral. When the pin A engages the higher edge of the notch 0 as shown in Figs. 2 and 4-, it will hold the sleeve 0 downwardly in position to close the radial openings (land the annular flange 0 thereof in contact with the disk 13, and thereby prevent passage of theliquid from the device; When it is desired to permit the liquid to pass from said receptacle, the casing C will be rotated in a direction to bring the lowest part of the notch C inline with the pin A when the said casing and sleeve may be raisedupwardly, so as to uncover the openings a and to move the flange C out of contact with the disk B. At this time the liquid will be free to pass through Said sleeve is imperforate and fits the stem out over the disk and esca'peinto the glass into which the lower end of the device is held. When the device is to be closed,
the casing G will be rotated in the reverse direction, and the cam-shaped bottom of the notch C will act to move the casing and sleeve downwardly into position to close the device. The upperedge of the casing is provided at the entering end of the. cam-notch C with a stop-shoulder G which projects outwardly into the path of the radial pin A so as to limit the relative movement of the receptacle and easing, it being obviously unnecessary to rotate the casing further, as
the full opening will be produced when the pin engages the extreme upper edge of the notch. The upper edge of the receptacle A is bent outwardly to form a curved flange A which covers the upper edge of the casing C and conceals the cam-notch O and pin A The receptacle A is provided on its inner surface with a plurality of graduating-marks a a -to indicate to the dispenser of the beverage when the receptaclecontains a given or selected quantity of liquid. Desirably the outer surface of the casing C will be provided with a knurled surface 0 to afford a firm finger-grip on the casing. When saidcasing is to be rotated, the upper edge of the receptacle will be grasped in one hand and the casing in the other hand at the knurled surface c.' The disk B is made detachable from the stem, so that it may be removed and another of adliferent size (shown in Fig. S) substituted to be used with glasses of different sizes.
The operation of the device is as follows: Thedevice is first closed in the manner above stated and the desired quantity of the'liquor constituting one of the layers to be included in the beverage is poured into-the receptacle A1,, The lower end of the receptacle containing thev disk B is then lowered into the receptacle just above the layer of liquid already contained in the glass or receptacle and the casing is rotated with respect to the receptacle A to open thevalve at the lower end of the device. When the valve is opened, the liquid passes from the openings a'into contact with the inclined circumferential Wall of the recess 0, and from thence is distributed uniformly upon the disk B toward the center thereof. Said liquid flows off the diskB in all directions and in the form of a thin film, in which state it passes onto the upper layers of liquid in the glass and floats'thereon.
With this device a person entirely unskilled in the art of mixing liquors may produce what is known as a float beverage, and in much less time than has 'heretofore'been required by skilled persons in accordance with the prior practice. Moreover, as before stated, the receptacle A being graduated, the dispenser 'of the beverage may determineaccurately the quantity of each kind of liquor which is to be included in the beverage, and
not only properly proportion the quantities the stem A.
but produce a considerable saving by reason of being able to exactly determine the amount of each liquorbeingincluded in the beverage.
In Figs. 9 and 10 the casing O terminates near the bottom of the receptacle A and is provided on its upper edge with a notch C corresponding to the notch C of Fig. 4, which cooperates with a radial pin A projecting from the lower end of the receptacle A. The flange A is in this construction omitted. The receptacle is provided near its upper end with an annular knurled surface a to afiord a finger-grip thereon, and the sleeve C is provided at its upper end with a knurled head 0 which is grasped by the finger when the sleeve is to be rotated to discharge the liquid from the device. The notch C is provided witha stop which limits rotation of the sleeve on The remaining parts of the device are similar to like parts of the construction previously described, and the operation of the device is in all essential respects the same as the operation of the construction previously described.
In Figs. 11 and 12 relative movement of the stem A and sleeve 0 is provided by screwthreaded connections between said parts. In said figures said stem is provided near its upper end externally thereof with a screwthreaded section 0. which engages internal screw-threads in the sleeve, so that when the sleeve is rotated the sleeve is caused to move endwise with respect to the stem. The upper end of the sleeve is continued above the level of the bottom of the receptacle to form a flange C, which incloscs a recess 0 into which the lower end of the receptacle fits. The bottom of said recess constitutes a shoulder 0 which limits the upward movement of the sleeve on the stem when said sleeve has been moved upwardly to discharge liquid from the receptacle. The screw-threads on the sleeve and stem may, however, be made of such length as to limit the movement of said parts at the proper time and constitute a stop for this purpose. The flange O is knurled, and the receptacle Ais provided with an annular knurled surface a to facilitate rotation of the parts.
From the foregoing it will be seen that the closure for the opening in the bottom of the receptacle A may be variously made. Moreover, in case it is not desired to measure the different liquors which go to make up a compound beverage the valve or closure may be omitted. In this event the device may be held with the lower end in the receptacle in which the beverage is being compounded and the liquor poured therein from a bottle, and.
the operation of the device in other respects will be the same as that above described. I do not wish, furthermore, to be limited, except as hereinafter made the subject of specific claims, to the particular construct-ion herein shown for spreading or retarding the flow of the liquor as it is discharged from the device, but wish to have included within the' scope of. the invention any means for produc-:
ing this result, whereby the liquor as it is dis- 7 charged from the receptacle upon a subjacent layer of liquor will not become mixed with such subjacent layer, but will float thereon.
I claim as my invention-- 1. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle provided in its lower end with. an opening, and means associated with said opening for discharging the fluid therefrom in a thin film.
2. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle provided in its lower end with a valved opening, and means for dis charging the fluid therefrom in a thin film.
3. Adevice for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle provided in its lower end with avalved opening, and a horizontal plate immediately below said opening.
4. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle provided in its bottom with a valved opening, means located under said opening for discharging the liquid fromthe device in a film, and horizontal graduating-marks on the inner surface of said receptacle.
5. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle, a tubular stem connected with the lower end thereof, a spreader-plate sleeve surrounding and fitting closely on the stem.
7. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle, a tubular stem connected with the lower end thereof, said stem being provided nearits lower end with one or more radial openings, a spreader-plate on the stem below the openings, an endwisemovable sleeve surrounding and fitting closely on the stem, and means for giving endwise movement to said sleeve.
8. A device for the purpose set forth, com
prising a receptacle, a tubular stem at the lower end thereofwhich is provided near its lower end with one or more radial openings, a sleeve surrounding said stem and fitting closely thereto, and movable endwise there= on, a spreader-plate on the stem below said sleeve, and an annular flange on the lower end of the sleeve'adapted for engagement with said plate.
9. A device for the purpose set forth, com prising a receptacle, a tubular stem at the lower end thereof, provided near its lower end with one or more radial openings, a spreader-plate attached to the lower end of said stem, a sleeve surrounding the stem and having rotative and endwise movement there on, and which normally covers said radial 1 openings in the stem, means for giving endwise movement to said sleeve to .open and close said radial openings, and a stop forlimiti'ng the rotation of the" sleeve.
10. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle provided at its lower end with a valved opening, a spreader-plate concentric with said opening, and detachably connected with said receptacle below said opening.
11. A device for the purpose set'forth, comprising a receptacle provided at its lower end with a tubular stein, said stem being provided near its lower end with one or more radial openings, a sleeve surrounding said tubular stem,
and adapted to cover said radial openings,
' means for giving longitudinal movement to said sleeve to open or close the openings, and a spreader-plate concentric with said stem and detachably connected therewith.
' 12. A device for the purpose set forth, comprising a receptacle, a tubular stem at the lower end thereof provided near its lower end with one or more radial openings, a spreader plate connected with the lower end of said stem and concentric therewith,a sleeve surrounding said stem and adapted to cover said radial openings, a casing connected with said sleeve and'surrounding said receptacle, and means for giving relative endwise movement to said casing and sleeve. v
13. A device for the purposeset forth, comprising a receptacle, a tubular stem on the lower end thereof provided near its lower end with one or more radial openings, a spreaderplate connected with the lower end of said stem and concentric therewith, a sleeve surrounding said stem and adapted to cover said radial openings, a casing connected withsaid sleeve and surrounding said receptacle, and a radial pin on the upper end of said receptacle adapted to engage a cam-notch in the upper edge of the casing.
let. A device for the purpose set forth comprising a receptacle, a tubular stern on the lower end thereof provided near its lower end with one or more radial openings, at spreader plate connected with the lower end of said stem and concentric therewith, a sleeve surrounding said stem and adapted to cover said radial openings, a casing connected with said sleeve and surrounding said receptacle, a radial pin on the upper end of said receptacle adapted to engage a cam-notch in the upperedge of the casing, and a stop for li1niting the rotation of the casing and sleeve.
15. Adevice for the purpose set forth comprising a receptacle provided at its lower end with an opening and means for breaking the jet or stream discharged through said opening so that when the liquid strikes a subja- Gent layer of liquid it will float thereon.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my invention I aflix my signature, in presence of two witnesses, this 2d day of February, A. D. 1900.
- JOHN DINEEN.
TAYLOR E. BRoWN, FRANK DINEEN.