US 655488 A
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Patented Aug. 7, l900 L. S. HAYES.
(Application flled m 23, 1900.
I UNITED ESTATES PATENT OFFICE. V
LEWIS s. HAYES, or CORTLAND, NEW YORK.
SPECIFICATION forming part of Letters Patent No. 655,488, dated August 7, 1960.
Application filed May 23, 1900. Serial No, 17,739. (No model.)
To all whom it may concern.-
Be it known that I, LEWIS S. HAYES, a citiien of the United States, residing at Cortland, in the county of Cortland and State of New York, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Separable Chairs; and I do hereby declare the following to be a full, clear, and exact description of the invention, such as will enable others skilled in the art to which it appertains to make and use the same.
My invention relates generally to that class of chairs commonly known to the trade as knockdown chairs, but more particularly to what may be termed separable chairs; and it consists, essentially, of four principal parts-the seat, the back, and the two side panels, each part complete in itself-detachably joined together.
The invention further consists in the novel manner in which the several parts are joined together, as will be hereinafter more fully described, and particularly stated in the claims.
The primary object of the invention is to construct a chair of four separable and complete parts, so that said parts may be closely packed together for shipment and storage and when desired may be readily and quickly joined together,
Another object of the invention is to simplify and cheapen the cost of construction of the class of chairs hereinafter referred to without impairing the durability of the same.
Other objects will become apparent upon further description of the invention.
These objects are attained by means of the structure illustrated in the accompanying drawings, in which- Figure 1 is a perspective View of my improved chair properly joined together; Fig. 2, a front elevation of the back, and Fig. 3 an inside view of one of the side panels.
Referring to the several views,the letter A indicates the seat, 13 the side panels, and C the back. Each particular part is complete in itself and may be of any suitable or desired shape, although I prefer to make the side panels of the shape shown in the drawings. Each side panel is composed of an arm I) and two diverging legs I), the upper ends of the legs being socketed in the arm a slight distance apart and the lower ends in the sockets D. Each of the legs on its inner side is provided with a notch or groove 19 into which is received the seat A; The notches afford a firm support for the seat, which is se curely held in position by screws b passing through the legs into the seat.
The back posts a of the back are provided with notches of, into which fit the iearedge' of the seat. The back posts are rigidly socured to the seat by screws 0 and the arms are secured to the back posts by screws 0' In order to prevent undue strain upon the screws 0 the arms are provided with recesses 13 at the point where the arms are in contact with the back. By providing the arms with the recesses the arms are made to partially encircle the back posts, and thereby take up the strain caused by rocking that would otherwise be upon the securing-screws.
In a chair thus constructed all rounds or stretchers in the lower part thereof are dispensed with, thereby greatly reducing the cost of construction without in the least im= pairing its strength and durability.
By making the several parts of the chair complete and separable a great saving in shipping is effected, as they can be closely packed and shipped as second-class freight--- namely, K. D. flat. Another advantage to be gained by making the parts of the chair separable is the freedom from abrasion and breakage and the securing of the most con venient form in which to store surplus or reserve stock.
In ordinary floor rocking-chairs the rocker extends so far behind the back leg that a great leverage is brought upon the rocker in the rocking motion,- which sometimes causes the rocker to break at the juncture of the back leg with the rocker. In my improved chair the slant of the back leg brings its place of juncture with the rocker farther toward the rear of the rocker-,th us decreasing the leverage and for the most part bringing the wear on the rocker between the legs, where it is the strongest.
After reaching its destination the chair may be readily and quickly put together by an unskilled workman using an ordinaryscrewdriver, no glue being required.
In constructing the ordinary floorchairs without the rockers after my invention a round may be placed between the front and rear legs, if desired, to prevent strain upon the screws 6 and any tendency of the legs spreading.
Having thus fully described my invention, what I claim, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
1. In a separable chair, the combination with a suitable seat and a back having its posts notched to receive the rear edges of the seat, of the diverging side legs, notched to receive the side edges of said seat and connected at their upper ends by suitable arms, and
screws for securing the posts together.
2. In a separable chair, the combination with a suitable seat and a back having its posts notched at their lower ends to receive the rear edge of the seat, of side panels consisting each of two diverging legs connected at their upper ends by an arm, the legs of each panel being notched to receive a side edge of the seat and the rear end of each arm being provided with a recess, whereby the said arms are caused to partially encircle said posts, so
as to relieve the strain upon the securingscrews for firmly securing the several parts together. In testimony whereof I affix my signature in the presence of two witnesses.
LEWIS S. HAYES. lVitnesses:
LILLIAN HAYES, LEWIs HAYES.