US 655661 A
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* rTno STATES PATENT OFFICE.
FUEL-RECEPTACLE FOR G ASOLENE-ENGINES.
SPECIFIGATIQN forming part of Letters Patent No. 655,661, dated August 7, 1900.
Application filed October 28, 1299.
T0 LtZZ whom it may concern.-
Be it known that LGUsrAF L. REENSTIERNA, a citizen of the UnitedStates, residing at Winchester, in the county of lVIiddleseX, State of Massachusetts, have invented a certain new and useful Improvement in Supplying-Receptacles for Gasolene-Engines and the Like, of which the following is a specification, reference being had therein to the accompanying drawings.
In self-propelled road-vehicles gasolene or similar highly explosive substance is frequently carried for the supply of a gasolencengine or for fuel in producing steam. The dangerously-explosive character of the gasolene renders it desirable to provide a tank or receptacle on the vehicle for carrying the supply which shall reduce the danger from fire or explosion to a minimum.
My invention has for its objectto provide such a receptacle.
In the accompanying drawings I have shown a device embodying my invention, and the same is fully set forth in the following description, in which reference is made to said drawings.
The novel features of the device are pointed out, and clearly defined in the claims at theend of this specification.
Referring to the drawings, Figure 1 is a side elevation, partially in section, of a roadvehicle with my device applied thereto. Fig. 2 is a section on line 2 2, Fig. 1, the vehiclebody being indicated in dotted outline.
The floor of the carriage is designated at 1, and the seat thereof at 2. The gasolene tank or receptacle is shown at 3.
4 is the inlet by means of which gasolene is supplied to the tank or receptacle and which is securely closedin any well-known manner when the receptacle is filled.
5 is the outlet=passage through which the supply of gasolene passes as the same is required for use.
The body of the receptacle is curved in cross-section to increase its strength. The precise shape of the tank, however, in horizontal or vertical section is not material; but I prefer to form it of the curved shape shown for greater strength. The bottom 6 of the tank is preferably fiat and is formed from a Serial No. 735,065. (No model.)
relatively-thin sheet of metal, which is se= ing preferably located below the said floor 1. I
The body of the tank projects downwardly, as shown at 8, below the bottom thereof. By this construction should an explosion occur in the receptacle the bottom being less strong'and withlesspower to resist strain than the body of the receptacle will be blown out and the gasolene discharged onto the ground, the vehicle passing over and away from it. The downwardly projecting portion 7 8 of the tank or receptacle serves to direct the gasolene toward the ground and prevent it from being spread over the adjacent parts of the vehicle.
The location of the tank or receptacle in the vehicle is not material. It should, however, be so located, preferably, that should an ex' plosion occur the gasolene will not be thrown onto any of the underlying portions of the vehicle which would be injured thereby. In practice I prefer to locate the tank or receptacle, as shown, underneath the seat of the vehicle for greater economy of space.
In lieu of constructing the entire bottom of the receptacle of less strength than the body a part only of the bottom may be'so constructed Without departing from my invention, or the portion having the least power of resistance may be a part of the wall or side of the tank or receptacle.
As will be clear, my invention is notliinited in its application to the safe carrying of gasolene, but is equally applicable to any explosive liquid or gas.
What I claim is 1. The combination with a vehicle,of a gaso lone-tank comprising a portion adapted to withstand a high pressure with its lower end exposed through the floor of the vehicle and having the bottom thereof adapted to with- Ice stand a less pressure, whereby it an explosion occurs the bottom will give Way, allowing the escape of the contents and leaving the stronger portion of the tank intact, substantially as described.
2. A gasolene-tank for road-vehicles comprising a portion adapted to Withstand a high pressure and having the bottom thereof adapted to withstand a less pressure, whereby if an explosion occurs the bottom will give way, allowing the escape of the contents and leaving 1he stronger portion of the tank intact, the said tank having a downwardly-projecting portion whereby to direct the escaping contents of the tank to the ground, substantially as described.
The combination in a road-vehicle with the floor thereof having an opening therein, of a gasolene-receptacle the body portion of which is adapted to withstand a high strain, the bottom of which is adapted to Withstand a less strain, the bottom of the tank being below the floor of the vehicle, substantially as set forth.
4E. The combination in a road-vehicle with the floor thereof having an opening therein, the tank or receptacle for gasolene set in said opening, the body portion of said tank being adapted to withstand a high strain, and the bottom thereof being adapted to withstand a less strain, said bottom being located beneath the floor of the vehicle and having a downwardly-projecting portion,whereby if the bottom of the tank is broken the contents thereof will be directed to the ground and prevented from spreading over the adjoining portions of the vehicle, substantially as set forth.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature in presence of two witnesses.
GUSTAF L. REENSTIERNA.
WM. A. MAoLEoD, ALICE H. MORRISON.