US 659296 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
No. 659,296. Patented Oct. 9, I900;
A. FLESHEB 8|. J. L.' CRI-SLER. CLOTHES POUNDER.
(Applicatinn filed Apr. 9, 1900.)
Inventors. JZZZeTZ' 1766M? Jase/vial. Casi/ 7. Z. Z
STATES ATENT OFFEE ALBERT FLESHER, OF ALERT, OKLAHOMA TERRITORY, AND JOSEPH L. CRIS- LER, Oll-PERTH, KANSAS; SAID FLESHER ASSIGNOR TO SAID ORISLER.
SPECIFIUATIQN forming part of Letters Patent No. 659,296, dated October 9, 1900. Application filed April 9,1900. Serial No. 12,264. (No model.)
To (tit whom it may concern:
Be it known that we, ALBERT FLEsHER, re-
siding at Alert, Kay county, Oklahoma Ter- This invention relates to wash ingm achin es,
of the class known as clot-hes -pounders; and the object in view is to provide a novel pounder-head simple in construction, easy of operation, and efficient in use.
The invention consists in a pounder-head embodying certain novel features and details of construction and arrangement of parts, as hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the drawings, and incorporated in the claim.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 is a perspective View of a 'pounder-head constructed in accordance with this invention, showing a part of the operating-handle. Fig. 2 is a bottom plan view of the same. Fig. 3 is a central vertical longitudinal section through the pounder-head.
Similar numerals of reference are employed to indicate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings.
The pounder-head contemplated in this invention comprises a conical body 1, the upper smaller end of which is permanently united at 2 to a handle socket-tube 3, which extends a short distance above the apex of the conical body 1. The tube 3 extends downward within the conical body 1 and is permanently united at 4 to a diaphragm 5, arranged in a plane parallel with the lower open mouth of the body 1. The tube 3 is adapted to receive a suitable handle 6 of any desired length.
The diaphragm 5 extends entirely across the interior of the body 1 and divides the interior of the body into an upper chamber 7 and a lower air-chamber 8. The body 1 is provided with lateral openings 9, leading outward from the chamber 7 and covered exteriorly by means of segmental hoods 10, which extend downward a short distance below the horizontal plane of the openings 9, and while I allowing the air and water to escape and the air to enter effectually prevent the water from splashing upon the clothes of the operator or upon the floor.
Within the lower air-chamber are arranged individual pounders 11, each of which is frusto-conical and has its upper contracted end permanently united to the diaphragm 5 and in communication with an opening 12, a series of openings 12 being provided corresponding to the number of conical individual pounders employed. In Fig. 2 we have illustrated four individual pounders 11, which are soldered or otherwise permanently united at their outer edges, at the points 13, to the inner surface of the conical body 1. In like manner the edges of the individual pounders 11 are permanently united at the points 14, where they touch each other. It will also be noticed in Fig. 3 that the open lower ends of the individual pounders 11 are arranged in a common plane, which plane is above the bottom edge of the conical body 1.
In the use of the pounder-head any suitable receptacle may be employed for containing the suds-Water and clothes, and the pounder-head, by means of the handle 6, is moved upward and downward, so as to come in contact with the suds-water and clothe i. 8:) When a downward pressure is exerted upon the pounder-head, the air contained in the air-chamber 8 is displaced by the water until the water and clothes reach the individual pounders, after which the water is caused to pass through the clothes and openings l2into the chamber 7. In order for the air to escape, it must pass upward through the clothes and enter the funnel or cone shaped individual pounders 11,whence it passes through the openings 12 into the chamber 7 and outward through the openings 9, near the top thereof. Any water that may be carried upward into the chamber 7 passes through the holes 9, where it is deflected downward by means of the hoods 10, thus preventing the splashing of the suds-water upon the floor or clothing of the operator. In the upward movement of the pounder-head the air enters through the holes 9 and permits the I00 pounder-head to be raised easily without suction.
The objectin placingtheiudividual pounders above the bottom of the pounder-head is to enable the air within the air'chamber8to pass upward by the short route, which is through the individual pounders. This obviates the air being forced outward below the bottom edge of the pounder-head and upward along the sides of the head.
Having thus described the invention,what is claimed as new is As an article of manufacture, a pounderhead comprising a hollow conical body having vent-openings in its upper portion, a horizontal diaphragm within said body dividing the same into two chambers and having, a plurality of openings, and a circular series of conical individual pounders open at both ALBERT FLESHER. JOSEPH L. CRISLER.
JAMES ANDREW, LIZZIE I. HELLER.